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Question Bank (Solutions): Hydrocarbons | Chemistry Class 11 - NEET PDF Download

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FAQs on Question Bank (Solutions): Hydrocarbons - Chemistry Class 11 - NEET

1. What are hydrocarbons and why are they important?
Ans. Hydrocarbons are organic compounds composed of hydrogen and carbon atoms. They are important because they serve as the main component of fossil fuels such as petroleum, natural gas, and coal. Hydrocarbons play a crucial role in energy production, transportation, and various industrial processes.
2. What are the different types of hydrocarbons?
Ans. Hydrocarbons can be classified into two main types: aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons. Aliphatic hydrocarbons include alkanes, alkenes, and alkynes, which are characterized by straight or branched carbon chains. Aromatic hydrocarbons, on the other hand, have a ring-like structure and include compounds such as benzene and toluene.
3. How are hydrocarbons formed in nature?
Ans. Hydrocarbons are formed in nature through various processes. One common process is the decomposition of organic matter over millions of years, resulting in the formation of fossil fuels. Another process involves the action of heat and pressure on organic materials, such as the transformation of dead marine organisms into crude oil.
4. What are the environmental impacts of hydrocarbons?
Ans. Hydrocarbons, particularly when burned as fossil fuels, contribute to environmental issues such as air pollution and climate change. The combustion of hydrocarbons releases carbon dioxide (CO2) and other greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, leading to global warming. Additionally, the extraction and transportation of hydrocarbons can result in habitat destruction and oil spills, causing harm to ecosystems.
5. How are hydrocarbons used in everyday life?
Ans. Hydrocarbons have a wide range of everyday uses. They are used as fuels for transportation, heating, and electricity generation. Hydrocarbon-based products such as plastics, rubber, and synthetic fibers are essential in various industries. Additionally, hydrocarbons serve as raw materials for the production of pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, and many other consumer goods.
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