Class 9 Exam  >  Class 9 Questions  >  What were the main causes of the french revol... Start Learning for Free
What were the main causes of the french revolution?
Most Upvoted Answer
What were the main causes of the french revolution? Related: NCERT Te...
The Main Causes of the French Revolution

The French Revolution, which occurred from 1789 to 1799, was a period of significant social and political upheaval in France. It was marked by the overthrow of the Bourbon monarchy, the rise of radical political groups, and the eventual ascent of Napoleon Bonaparte to power. Several factors contributed to the outbreak of the revolution:

Social Inequality and Unfair Taxation:
- French society was divided into three estates. The first estate comprised the clergy, the second estate consisted of the nobility, and the third estate encompassed the commoners.
- The third estate, which constituted the majority of the population, faced severe social and economic disparities.
- The privileged first and second estates enjoyed numerous privileges and exemptions, while the third estate bore the burden of heavy taxes.
- The taxation system was highly skewed, with the third estate paying the majority of taxes, leading to widespread resentment and discontent.

Economic Crisis:
- France faced a severe economic crisis in the 1780s due to decades of extravagant spending by the monarchy, costly wars, and poor harvests.
- The country was burdened with massive debts, leading to rising inflation and increased poverty among the common people.
- The economic hardship further exacerbated social tensions and fueled the desire for change.

Influence of Enlightenment Ideas:
- Enlightenment thinkers such as Voltaire, Rousseau, and Montesquieu popularized ideas about equality, freedom, and representative government.
- Their writings inspired many French intellectuals, who began questioning the existing social and political structures.
- The spread of these enlightened ideas among the educated class played a significant role in shaping the revolutionary sentiment.

Inefficiency and Corruption in the Monarchy:
- The absolute monarchy under Louis XVI was characterized by inefficiency, corruption, and a lack of accountability.
- The monarchy's extravagant lifestyle and failure to address the grievances of the common people undermined its legitimacy.
- The financial crisis further highlighted the monarchy's inability to govern and manage the country's affairs.

Influence of the American Revolution:
- The success of the American Revolution against British colonial rule inspired the French revolutionaries.
- The American Revolution demonstrated that it was possible to overthrow a tyrannical regime and establish a democratic system based on the principles of liberty and equality.

Conclusion:
In conclusion, the main causes of the French Revolution can be attributed to social inequality and unfair taxation, economic crisis, the influence of Enlightenment ideas, inefficiency and corruption in the monarchy, and the inspiration drawn from the American Revolution. These factors combined to create a volatile atmosphere in France, leading to the outbreak of the revolution and the subsequent transformation of French society and politics.
Attention Class 9 Students!
To make sure you are not studying endlessly, EduRev has designed Class 9 study material, with Structured Courses, Videos, & Test Series. Plus get personalized analysis, doubt solving and improvement plans to achieve a great score in Class 9.
Explore Courses for Class 9 exam
What were the main causes of the french revolution? Related: NCERT Textbook Chapter 1 - The French Revolution , Class 9, SST
Question Description
What were the main causes of the french revolution? Related: NCERT Textbook Chapter 1 - The French Revolution , Class 9, SST for Class 9 2024 is part of Class 9 preparation. The Question and answers have been prepared according to the Class 9 exam syllabus. Information about What were the main causes of the french revolution? Related: NCERT Textbook Chapter 1 - The French Revolution , Class 9, SST covers all topics & solutions for Class 9 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, meanings, examples, exercises and tests below for What were the main causes of the french revolution? Related: NCERT Textbook Chapter 1 - The French Revolution , Class 9, SST.
Solutions for What were the main causes of the french revolution? Related: NCERT Textbook Chapter 1 - The French Revolution , Class 9, SST in English & in Hindi are available as part of our courses for Class 9. Download more important topics, notes, lectures and mock test series for Class 9 Exam by signing up for free.
Here you can find the meaning of What were the main causes of the french revolution? Related: NCERT Textbook Chapter 1 - The French Revolution , Class 9, SST defined & explained in the simplest way possible. Besides giving the explanation of What were the main causes of the french revolution? Related: NCERT Textbook Chapter 1 - The French Revolution , Class 9, SST, a detailed solution for What were the main causes of the french revolution? Related: NCERT Textbook Chapter 1 - The French Revolution , Class 9, SST has been provided alongside types of What were the main causes of the french revolution? Related: NCERT Textbook Chapter 1 - The French Revolution , Class 9, SST theory, EduRev gives you an ample number of questions to practice What were the main causes of the french revolution? Related: NCERT Textbook Chapter 1 - The French Revolution , Class 9, SST tests, examples and also practice Class 9 tests.
Explore Courses for Class 9 exam
Signup for Free!
Signup to see your scores go up within 7 days! Learn & Practice with 1000+ FREE Notes, Videos & Tests.
10M+ students study on EduRev