Industrialization in Rajasthan has been a recent phenomenon, as prior to the independence the development of industries was restricted by the following factors:-
RICCO has been established as an apex body for the development of industries in the state, with the following objectives:-
Major hurdles in the industrial development of the state are as follows:-
Industries of Rajasthan can be categorized into following based on the type of raw material:-
There is a regional variation in the industrial development of the state as the northern part with better communication network is more developed then the southern part of the state. Marusthali and Banger region of the state are the most economically backward regions of the state.
Following are the major Industries of Rajasthan:-
A new generation of biotechnology developed as a result of intensive work in India has opened up new opportunities for economic development in the country. The country is also rapidly emerging as a major market for biotech products. The small-scale sector is expected to play a major role in the growth of the biotech industry.
Rajasthan is very rich in bio resources. The state provides tremendous bio diversity, rarely to be found in any other State. Rajasthan is very rich in cattle breed also. State has highest livestock population and there is good potential in animal husbandry and genetic engineering. Thus, Rajasthan has great potential to create immense industrial activity in Biotechnology and modern Biotech products involving recombinant DNA based products and Bio Informatics.
To attract investment in BT sector, RIICO is considering developing state-of-art Bio Tech Parks at Jaipur, Jodhpur and Bhiwadi (Alwar). The infrastructure in terms of developed plots, continuous power, High Speed Data Com Facility, Roads, common testing facility etc. are being developed in Bio Tech Parks.
Investment Opportunities in Biotechnology
Agro Based Industries
Rajasthan, being leading producer of bajra, barley, pulses, coriander, Cummins and a number of Ayurveda herbals, offers huge potential for agro-based industries. The government of Rajasthan has given utmost priority to and attention for development of agro-food parks. The following concessions are being provided to the units located in agro food parks developed by RIICO:
Mineral based Industries
Rajasthan is the county's second largest mineral producing state after Bihar. Abundant availability of minerals such as limestone, zinc concentrate, gypsum, fluorite, asbestos, calcite, wollastonite, jasper, garnets, marble, lead & tungsten concentrates, phosphate rock, clay, soapstone, sandstone, limestone and feldspar. Substantial quantities of lignite and natural gas have also been identified in the desert areas of the state. Rajasthan is already exporting wollastonite, soapstone and a variety of dimensional stones. Export oriented units are given a priority while granting mining leases.
Rajasthan is among the largest producers of cement in the country. Large reserves of clay and silica sand, raw materials for the ceramic and refractory industry, are available in the state. Further, the state has locational advantage as large north Indian markets for ceramics is easily accessible from the state. With large reserves of rock phosphate in the state, manufacture of phosphoric acid/DAP is a viable venture.
The discovery of natural gas in the state has opened up possibilities for additional investment in the chemical and ceramic sector.
There is also a good potential for locating new base metal deposits. Accordingly, beneficiation and smelting plants may be set up based on newly located deposits. Rajasthan also has enormous resources of Dimensional Stones that are widely spread all over the state.
Information Technology and IT enabled Services
Software and services exports continued to remain on top of the IT industry's revenue. The export-driven software sector saw major long-term projects come to Indian ICT leaders and Indian Companies bagging a larger and larger share of the global outsourced business.
The state of Rajasthan offers huge investment opportunities in IT sector especially Its. Rajasthan State Industrial Development and investment Corporation Limited (RIICO) has developed state of art IT parks at Jaipur, Kota, Udaipur and Jodhpur to attract investment in IT sector. RIICO is also considering developing such IT parks at Bhiwadi (Alwar). The infrastructure in terms of developed plots, continuous power High-Speed Data Com Facility through satellite earth station, road etc. are being made available to the IT industries in IT parks.
The major industries are Electrolux, Ericsson, GE, Samcor, Instrumentation, Rajasthan Electronics & Instruments (REIL), Genus overseas, Allied Electronic, CompuCom, Cistems software, Lippi Data, Aksh Opt fibre etc.
An investor friendly IT policy is already in place and provides lucrative incentives to IT industries.
The Major Issues faced by Service Sector in Rajasthan are as follows:-
1. Our infrastructure is inadequate not only in the rural areas but also in the urban areas. For example, power shortage and traffic congestions are very common in Bangalore, the silicon city of India. These effect the quality of services provided.
2. Though service sector has been the fastest growing sector in the last decade and has contributed more than 57% of the GDP, it provides less than 25 % of the total employment.
3. India has great potential in the tourism sector. But there is a need to create proper setup for attracting tourists. Foreign tourists often get harassed and cheated in the hands of babus and officialdom, touts and conmen.
4. Etiquettes and good behaviour are the hallmarks of the service sector. Indian service providers whether they are banks, hotels and restaurants, hospitals or public administration, they need to be trained thoroughly in public dealing, etiquettes, hospitality and manners.
5. The airports, railways etc. in India are not clear and well organized. They need to be revamped and reorganized.
6. Our consular division also is not proper. It takes many days to issue visas. This hampers the growth of the tourism sector. For this, we need to have a system which entails single window clearance.
7. Service trade also faces a number of problems. These include lack of setup like export promotion councils (other than for computer software), various visible and invisible barriers to service trade like visa restrictions, sector specific restrictions and preferential market