5. Railways, Air Transport and Industries of Rajasthan, Population Distribution, Rajasthan Geography UPSC Notes | EduRev

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Rajasthan: Railways of Rajasthan

At the time of independence, the western portion of Jodhpur and Bikaner Railway was ceded to the government of Pakistan. The rest portion was taken over by Rajasthan state in 1949. The Western Railway was created on 5th November 1951 by the merger of several state-owned railways, including the B.B. &C.I. Railway and the Saurashtra Railway, Rajput Ana Railway and Jaipur State Railway. The Narrow gauge lines of Cutch State Railway was also merged into it. The divisions of railway in Rajasthan were Jaipur division, Ajmer division and kota division.

5. Railways, Air Transport and Industries of Rajasthan, Population Distribution, Rajasthan Geography UPSC Notes | EduRev

NORTHERN RAILWAY

The Northern Railway came in to existence in 1952. It was one of the Indian Railways largest zones. Bikaner division and Jodhpur division were attached with it.

 

NORTH-WESTERN RAILWAY

The Jaipur and Ajmer divisions of the Western Railway, and Jodhpur and Bikaner divisions of Northern railway became part of newly created North Western Railway in 2002. The total length of this railway in Rajasthan is 5,459 kms.

 

WEST-CENTRAL RAILWAY

Kota division of the Western Railway became part of the newly created West Central Railway in April 2003.

 

PRESENT SCENERIO

Today, there is 5780.06 kms of railway track available in Rajasthan, out of which 4465.12 kms of broad gauge, 1228.24 kms of metre gauge and 86.70 kms of narrow gauge. Rail is playing an important role in gross state domestic product and providing employment to lacs of people in Rajasthan. Life cannot be imagined without rail.

Rajasthan: Air Transport of Rajasthan

As far as air transport is concerned, Jaipur airport is Rajasthan's only international airport. There are other airports atJodhpur Udaipur while the one at Jaisalmer is only open from October to March. Indian Airlines and Jet Airways operate regular flights to Rajasthan from New Delhi and Mumbai. Most foreign tourists land either at New Delhi or Mumbai and then take a convenient connecting flight to any of the above-mentioned destinations of Rajasthan.

Name of Airports of Rajasthan are:-

  1. Jaipur-Sangner
  2. Udaipur-Dabok
  3. Jodhpur-Ratananda
  4. Kota-Kota

 

Rajasthan: Industries of Rajasthan

  • Rajasthan State Industrial Development and Investment Corporation (RIICO) is an apex organization engaged in fostering growth of industrialization in the state.
  • Various schemes and initiatives:-
  • PM Employment Generation Programme-by promoting rural and urban commercial activities
  • Industrial Promotion Camps- at district and panchayatsamiti level
  • Household industry scheme- to make women self-dependent
  • Mahatma Gandhi BunkarBimaYojna
  • Rajasthan Investment Promotion Scheme-2014– Exemption and subsidies to investors in stamp duty, land tax,conversion charges and electricity bills
  • Rural Non-Farm DevelopmentAgency(RUDA)- promoting self-employment of rural artisans by cluster approach
  • GI Indicator for – Blue pottery, Bangru Hand Block Prints and Kota Dorian
  • Resurgent Rajasthan Partnership Submit 2015-314575 crore proposed investment and 239244 employment generation.
  • Scheduled Caste and Tribal Sub Plan- 50% rebate in allotment of plots up to 2000 Sq.
  • Japanese Park at Neemrana(Alwar)
  •  Korean Investment Zone at Ghiloth(Alwar)
  • Two SEZ for gems and jewellery at Sitapur and Jaipur
  • Rajasthan Start-up Fest 2015

 

Rajasthan: Population distribution and census of Rajasthan

Description

2011

2001

Approximate Population

6.86 Crores

5.65 Crore

Actual Population

6,85,48,437

5,65,07,188

Male

3,55,50,997

2,94,20,011

Female

3,29,97,440

2,70,87,177

Population Growth

21.31%

28.33%

Percentage of total Population

5.66%

5.49%

Sex Ratio

928

921

Child Sex Ratio

888

909

Density/km2

200

165

Density/mi2

519

428

Area(Km2)

3,42,239

3,42,239

Area mi2

1,32,139

1,32,139

Total Child Population (0-6 Age)

1,06,49,504

1,06,51,002

Male Population (0-6 Age)

56,39,176

55,79,616

Female Population (0-6 Age)

50,10,328

50,71,386

Literacy

66.11%

60.41%

Male Literacy

79.19%

75.70%

Female Literacy

52.12%

43.85%

Total Literate

3,82,75,282

2,77,02,010

Male Literate

2,36,88,412

1,80,47,157

Female Literate

1,45,86,870

96,54,853

 

Rajasthan: Population Density,Growth,Sex Ratio and Literacyof Rajasthan census 2011 (District wise) 

District

Population

Male population

Female population

Growth

Sex ratio

Literacy

Density

Ajmer

2584913

1325911

1259002

18.48

950

70.46

305

Alwar

3671999

1938929

1733070

22.7

894

71.68

438

Banswara

1798194

908755

889439

26.58

979

57.2

399

Baran

1223921

635495

588426

19.8

926

67.38

175

Barmer

2604453

1370494

1233959

32.55

900

57.49

92

Bharatpur

2549121

1357896

1191225

21.32

877

71.16

503

Bhilwara

2410459

1224483

1026650

19.7

969

62.71

230

Bikaner

2367745

1243916

1123829

41.42

903

65.92

78

Bundi

1113725

579385

534340

15.7

922

62.31

193

Chittaurgarh

1544392

784054

760338

16.09

970

62.51

193

Churu

2041172

1053375

987797

6.1

938

67.46

148

Dausa

1637226

859821

777405

24.31

904

69.17

476

Dhaulpur

1207293

654344

552949

22.78

845

70.14

398

Dungarpur

1388906

698069

690837

25.39

990

60.78

368

Ganganagar

1969520

1043730

925790

10.06

887

70.25

179

Hanumangarh

1779650

933660

845990

17.24

906

68.37

184

Jaipur

6663971

3490787

3173184

26.91

909

76.44

598

Jaisalmer

672008

363346

308662

32.22

849

58.04

17

Jalor

1830151

937918

892233

26.31

951

55.58

172

Jhalawar

1411327

725667

685660

19.57

945

62.13

227

Jhunjhunun

2139658

1097390

1042268

11.81

950

74.72

361

Jodhpur

3685681

1924326

1761355

27.69

915

67.09

161

Karauli

1458459

784943

673516

20.57

858

67.34

264

Kota

1950491

1023153

927338

24.35

906

77.48

374

Nagaur

3309234

1698760

1610474

19.25

948

64.08

187

Pali

2038533

1025895

1012638

11.99

987

63.23

165

Pratapgarh

868231

437950

430281

22.84

982

56.3

211

Rajsamand

1158283

582670

575613

17.35

988

63.93

302

SawaiMadhopur

1338114

706558

631556

19.79

894

66.19

297

Sikar

2677737

1377120

1300617

17.04

944

72.98

346

Sirohi

1037185

535115

502070

21.86

938

56.02

202

Tonk

1421711

729390

692321

17.33

949

62.46

198

Udaipur

3067549

1566781

1500768

23.66

958

62.74

242

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