Additional Questions Solutions- Constructions Notes | Study Mathematics (Maths) Class 9 - Class 9

Class 9: Additional Questions Solutions- Constructions Notes | Study Mathematics (Maths) Class 9 - Class 9

The document Additional Questions Solutions- Constructions Notes | Study Mathematics (Maths) Class 9 - Class 9 is a part of the Class 9 Course Mathematics (Maths) Class 9.
All you need of Class 9 at this link: Class 9

Additional Questions Solutions- Constructions Notes | Study Mathematics (Maths) Class 9 - Class 9

Q1. Construct a triangle ABC in which BC = 7.5 cm, ∠ B = 45º and the difference between the other two sides is 4 cm.

Steps of construction:

  • Take BC = 7.5 cm.
  • Construct ∠CBX = 45º.
  • From Additional Questions Solutions- Constructions Notes | Study Mathematics (Maths) Class 9 - Class 9 cut off BD = 4 cm.Additional Questions Solutions- Constructions Notes | Study Mathematics (Maths) Class 9 - Class 9
  • Join D and C.
  • Draw the perpendicular bisector of DC which intersects Additional Questions Solutions- Constructions Notes | Study Mathematics (Maths) Class 9 - Class 9 at A.
  • Join A and C.

Thus, ABC is the required triangle.


Q2. Construct a ΔABC whose perimeter is 12 cm and sides are in the ratio 2 : 3 : 4.

Steps of construction:

Additional Questions Solutions- Constructions Notes | Study Mathematics (Maths) Class 9 - Class 9

  • Draw Additional Questions Solutions- Constructions Notes | Study Mathematics (Maths) Class 9 - Class 9 = 12 cm.
  • Draw Additional Questions Solutions- Constructions Notes | Study Mathematics (Maths) Class 9 - Class 9, making an acute angle with XY in the downward direction.
  • From X, set off (2 + 3 + 4 = 9) nine equal distances along XZ.
  • Mark points P, Q and R on XZ such that XP = 2 units PQ = 3 units QR = 4 units
  • Join RY.
  • Draw QC || RY and PB || RY.
  • With centre B and radius BX, draw an arc.
  • With centre C and radius CY, draw an arc that intersects the previous arc at A.
  • Join AB and AC.  

Thus, ΔABC is the required triangle.


Q3. Construct ΔABC, in which ∠ B = 60º and ∠ C = 45º and the perpendicular from the vertex A to the base BC is 5.2 cm.

Steps of construction:

Additional Questions Solutions- Constructions Notes | Study Mathematics (Maths) Class 9 - Class 9

  • Draw a line PQ.
  • Mark a point L on PQ.
  • Draw LM ⊥ PQ.
  • From Additional Questions Solutions- Constructions Notes | Study Mathematics (Maths) Class 9 - Class 9 cut off LA = 5.2 cm.
  • Draw XY || PQ, through A.
  • Construct ∠XAB = 60º and ∠YAC = 45º meeting PQ at B and C respectively.

Thus, ΔABC is the required triangle.


Q4. Construct an equilateral triangle if its altitude is 6 cm. Give justification for your construction.

Steps of construction:

Additional Questions Solutions- Constructions Notes | Study Mathematics (Maths) Class 9 - Class 9

  • Draw a line XY and mark a point D on it.
  • Construct perpendicular PD on XY.
  • Cut off AD = 6 cm
  • Make ∠CAD = 30° and ∠BAD = 30° at A on both sides of AD, such that B and C lie on XY.

Thus, ABC is the required triangle.
Justification: 
∵ ∠CAD = 30° and ∠ADC = 90°
∴ In ΔADC, ∠C = 180 ∠ (90° + 30°) = 60°
Similarly, ∠B = 60° Also, ∠BAD + ∠CAD = 60°
⇒ ∠A = 60°
Thus, ΔABC is an equilateral triangle in which altitude AD = 6 cm.


Q5. Why we cannot construct a ∆ABC, if ∠A = 60°, AB = 6 cm and AC + BC = 5 cm but construction of ∆ABC is possible if ∠A = 60°, AB = 6 cm and AC – BC = 5 cm?

We know that, by triangle inequality property, construction of triangle is possible if sum of two sides of a triangle is greater than the third side. Here, AC + BC = 5 cm which is less than AB (6 cm) Thus, ∆ABC is not possible.
Also, by triangle inequality property, construction of triangle is possible, if difference of two sides of a triangle is less than the third side
Here, AC – BC = 5 cm, which is less than AB (6 cm)
Thus, ∆ABC is possible.


Q6. Construct an angle of 90° at the initial point of the given ray.

Steps of Construction:
Additional Questions Solutions- Constructions Notes | Study Mathematics (Maths) Class 9 - Class 9

  • Draw a ray OA. 
  • With O as centre and any convenient radius, draw an arc, cutting OA at P. 
  • With P as centre and same radius, draw an arc cutting the arc drawn in step 2 at Q. 
  • With Q as centre and the same radius as in steps 2 and 3, draw an arc, cutting the arc drawn in step 2 at R. 
  • With Q and R as centres and same radius, draw two arcs, cutting each other in S. 
  • Join OS and produce to B. 
  • Thus, ∠AOB is the required angle of 90°


Q7. Draw a straight angle. Using compass bisect it. Name the angles obtained.

Steps of Construction:
Additional Questions Solutions- Constructions Notes | Study Mathematics (Maths) Class 9 - Class 9

  • Draw any straight angle (say ∠AOC). 
  • Bisect ∠AOC and join BO. 
  • ∠AOB is the required bisector of straight angle AOC.


Q8. Construct a ∆ABC such that BC = 3.2 cm, ∠B = 45° and AC – AB = 2.1 cm.

Steps of Construction:
Additional Questions Solutions- Constructions Notes | Study Mathematics (Maths) Class 9 - Class 9

  • Draw a line segment BC = 3.2 cm.
  • At B, construct an angle ∠CBX = 45° and produce it to point X’.
  • Cut-off BD = 2.1 cm and join CD.
  • Draw the perpendicular bisector of CD and let it intersect X’BX in A. Join AC.
  • Thus, ∆ABC is the required triangle.


Q9. Construct a triangle ABC in which BC = 4.7 cm, AB + AC = 8.2 cm and ∠C = 60°.

Additional Questions Solutions- Constructions Notes | Study Mathematics (Maths) Class 9 - Class 9

Given: In ∆ABC, BC = 4.7 cm, AB + AC = 8.2 cm and ∠C = 60°.
Required: To construct ∆ABC.
Steps of Construction: 

  • Draw BC = 4.7 cm. 
  • Draw From ray CX, cut off CD = 8.2 cm. 
  • Join BD. Draw the perpendicular bisector of BD meeting CD at A. 
  • Join AB to obtain the required triangle ABC. 

Justification: 
∵ A lies on the perpendicular bisector of BD, therefore, AB = AD
Now, CD = 8.2 cm
⇒ AC + AD = 8.2 cm
⇒ AC + AB = 8.2 cm.


Q10. To construct a triangle, with perimeter 10 cm and base angles 60° and 45°.

Additional Questions Solutions- Constructions Notes | Study Mathematics (Maths) Class 9 - Class 9

Given: In ∆ABC,
AB + BC + CA = 10 cm,
∠B = 60° and ∠C = 45°.
Required: To construct ∆ABC.
Steps of Construction:

  • Draw DE = 10 cm. 
  • At D, construct ∠EDP= 5 of 60°= 30° and at E, construct DEQ = 1 of 45° = 22°
  • Let DP and EQ meet at A.
  • Draw perpendicular bisector of AD to meet DE at B.
  • Draw perpendicular bisector of AE to meet DE at C.
  • Join AB and AC.
  • Thus, ABC is the required triangle.
The document Additional Questions Solutions- Constructions Notes | Study Mathematics (Maths) Class 9 - Class 9 is a part of the Class 9 Course Mathematics (Maths) Class 9.
All you need of Class 9 at this link: Class 9

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