Alphabet (Part 2) CLAT Notes | EduRev

Logical Reasoning for CLAT

CLAT : Alphabet (Part 2) CLAT Notes | EduRev

The document Alphabet (Part 2) CLAT Notes | EduRev is a part of the CLAT Course Logical Reasoning for CLAT.
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Alphabet (Part 2) - Reasoning for CLAT 2018 Preparation

 

RULE 7:   RELATIVE DISTANCE BETWEEN PAIRS OF LETTERS 

In this type of questions, you are required to find out such pairs of letters in the given word which have as many letters between them in the word as in the alphabet.

If the word is a small one, we can just do the exercise mentally and find out the respective pairs.

In the word ‘arc’, the letters ‘a’ and ‘c’ are separated by one letter ‘r’ only; and in the English alphabet both these letters ‘a’ and ‘c’ are also separated by one letter ‘b’. From it, we conclude that there is ‘one’ such pair in the word arc, which has as much distance between them as in the English alphabet.

But, if the word has many letters in it, in such a case, we should note down their place values, because counting is easier than moving between the letters of the English alphabet.

In the word ‘SUPERSONIC’, there are ten letters, and their place values are as under:

Alphabet (Part 2) CLAT Notes | EduRev

So, there are five such pairs of letters.

Now consider the more examples:

Ex 42:How many such pairs of letters are there in the word BRIGHTER which have as many letters between them in the word as in the English alphabet?                       

Ans 42:
Alphabet (Part 2) CLAT Notes | EduRev 

Thus, there are three such pairs of letters.

 

Ex 43: How many such pairs of letters are there in the word DABBLE each of which has as many letters between them in the word as in the English alphabet?

Ans 43: 

Alphabet (Part 2) CLAT Notes | EduRev

Thus, there are four such pairs of letters.

 

Ex 44:  How many such pairs of letters are there in the word PENCIL each of which has as many letters between them as in the alphabet?

Ans 44:

Alphabet (Part 2) CLAT Notes | EduRev

 

Thus, there are two such pairs of letters.

Ex 45:  How many such pairs of letters are there in the word ADEQUATELY each of which has as many letters between them in the word as in the English alphabet?

Ans 45:

Alphabet (Part 2) CLAT Notes | EduRev

Thus, there are three such pair of letters.

Ex 46: How many such pairs of letters are there in the word SURPRISE each of which has as many letters between them in the word as in the English alphabet?

 Ans:

 

Alphabet (Part 2) CLAT Notes | EduRev

Thus, there are three such pairs of letters.

 

RULE 8:  NEW WORD FORMATION

In this type of questions, you are required to form meaningful word(s) using the specified letters of a keyword using each letter only once. Here a key word is given and some letters of that word are singled out. With the help of those letters you are required to form a new meaningful word and then, point out the required letter of the word so formed. These questions thus test your vocabulary. Generally, simple and common words are asked and, therefore, you can solve these questions easily. However, sufficient practice is necessary to save time.

Now consider the following examples:

 

Ex 47:  If it is possible to make only one meaningful word with the Second, the five, and the eight letters of the word “CARETAKER”, which of the following will be the first letter of that word? If more than one such word can be made, give ‘M’ as the answer and if no such word can be made, give ‘X’ as the answer.                                                                                                                

(1) I                                            (2) N                                       (3) X                                       (4) M  

Ans (4)

Solution:

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

C

A

R

E

T

A

K

E

R

The 2nd, 5th, and the 8th letters of this word are A, T and E and following words can be formed from these letters:

 

Meaningful word ⇒

EAT

Meaningful word ⇒

TEA

Meaningful word ⇒

ATE

More than one word are formed so the answer as per the choice given is ‘M”

 

The 2nd, 5th, and the 8th letters of this word are A, T and E and following words can be formed from these letters:

 

Ex 48:  If it is possible to make only one meaningful word with the second, the fifth, and the eight and tenth letters of the word “SPONTANEOUS”, which of the following will be the first letter of that word? If more than one such word can be made, give ‘M’ as the answer and if no such word can be made, give ‘X’ as the answer.

(1) S                                        (2) O                                       (3) M                    (4) X                                                                                                                     
Ans (4)

Solution:

 

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

S

P

O

N

T

A

N

E

O

U

S

 

 

Here, the 2nd, 5th, 8th and the 10th letters are ‘P, T, E and U’. It is not possible to make any word from these letters, so the answer here is ‘X’.

Ex 49:   If it is possible to make a meaningful word with the fourth, the seventh, the eleventh and the thirteen letters of the word CATEGORISATION, which of the following will be the second letter of that word? If more than one such word can be formed, give ‘M’ as the answer and if no such word can be formed give ‘X’ as the answer.        

(1) T                                       (2) R                                       (3) X                                       (4) M      

Ans (4)

     

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

C

A

T

E

G

O

R

I

S

A

T

I

O

N

The letters as per the question are ‘E, R T and O’

                               

Meaningful word ⇒

T

O

R

E

Meaningful word ⇒

R

O

T

E

Because, more than one word is formed from these four letters, so the answer as per option is ‘M’.

 

Ex 50:   If it is possible to make a meaningful word from the first, the forth, the five and the ninth letters of the word “INTERPRETATION”, last letter of the word is your answer. If more than one such word can be formed, give ‘M’ as your answer and if no such word can be formed give ‘N’ as your answer.                                                                                                                       

(1) I                                        (2) N                                       (3) N                                       (4) M      

Ans (4)    

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

I

N

T

E

R

P

R

E

T

A

T

I

O

 

Specified letters I, E, R, T

Meaningful word ⇒

T

I

E

R

Meaningful word ⇒

R

I

T

E

Meaningful word ⇒

T

I

R

E

More than one word is formed, so the answer is ‘N’

 

Ex 51:   If it is possible to make a meaningful word with the second, third, fifth and twelfth letters of the word METROPOLITAN, using each letter only once, then what is the last letter of that word? It more than one such word can be formed mark ‘M’ as the answer and it no such word can be formed mark ‘X’ as the answer.

 (1) O                                       (2) E                                       (3) X                                       (4) M    

Ans (4)

Solution :

   1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

M

E

T

R

O

P

O

L

I

T

A

N

 

 

Specified letters ⇒ E, T, O, N

Meaningful word ⇒

N

O

T

E

Meaningful word ⇒

T

O

N

E

More than one word is formed, so the answer is ‘M’.

 

RULE 9:   INTERCHANGE POSITION OF ALPHABET

 

Ex 52:  If the new word is formed such as the new word starts with last four letters of the word CONCENTRATION  written in reverse order followed by next two in reverse order, then the next three in reverse order and then followed by first four in the reverse order, which letter would be eighth from the right end?

C

O

N

C

E

N

T

R

A

T

I

O

N

N

O

I

T

A

R

T

N

E

C

N

O

C

It is clear from diagram that R is at 8th position from the right end.

Ex 53: If the 1 & 3, 2 & 4, 5 & 7, 6 & 8 letters of the word PLEASURE are interchanged in the word , which will be second from right?

Solution :  There are eight letters in the word ‘PLEASURE’ and the  second letter from right will be 7th letter from left side. The 7th letter is getting exchanged with the 5th letter, so the 5th letter ‘S’ will now occupy the place at present occupied by R.

P

L

E

A

S

U

R

E

E

A

P

L

R

E

S

U

It is clear from diagram that 2nd from the right is S.

Ex 54:  If the first and second letters of the word ‘DEPRESSION’ were interchanged, also the third and fourth letters the fifth and the sixth letters and so on, which of the following would be the seventh letter from the right? 

Solution: There are ‘eleven’ letters in the word and the ‘seventh’ from right will be ‘fifth’ from left. The fifth letter is getting exchanged with the ‘fourth’ letter ‘P’, so the letter P will occupy the seventh place  from right side.    

D

E

P

R

E

S

S

I

O

N

E

D

R

P

S

E

I

S

N

O

 
 

Ex 55:  If position of 5th & 12th, 4th & 14th, 3rd & 10th, 2nd & 11th, 1st & 13th. if the word “GLORIFICATIONS”  are interchanged. What will be 12th letter from right end? 

Sol.  We want the position 12th from right end. There are ‘fourteen’ letters in this word, so the 12th letter from right means 15 – 12= 3rd from left side.

But 3rd letter is interchanged with 10th letter so the answer is ‘T’.

 

Ex 56: In the word, “GLORIFICATIONS”, if the first letter is changed with last letter, second letter with second last and so on. Which letter will come after T in the new arrangement? 

Sol:  After T, comes ‘A’. The result of these changes will be that the whole sequence of alphabets will be reversed. So, now A will come after ‘T’.  

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