CBSE Marking Scheme with Solution History (2019-20) Humanities/Arts Notes | EduRev

History Class 12

Humanities/Arts : CBSE Marking Scheme with Solution History (2019-20) Humanities/Arts Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


1 | P a g e 
 
                                              MARKING SCHEME 
                                                      HISTORY-027 
                                                        CLASS-XII 
 PART-A  
1. b. 2 and 3                                                                                   Theme 1                
Pg 23 
1 
2. Nageshwar and Balakot.                                                             Theme1                 
Pg 11      
½+½=1 
3. Votive inscription record gifts made to religious institutions.   
                                                                                                   Theme 2                 
pg 43              
1 
4. Polygyny is the practice of a man having several wives and 
Polyandry is the practice of a woman having several husbands. 
                                                                                                   Theme 3                            
Pg 57,60,76 
½+½=1 
5. C. People were dissatisfied with the existing social practices. Theme 4  
  Pg 94 
1 
6. Dhamma mahamatta.                                                               Theme 2   
  Pg 34 
1 
7. B. Perfect crop                                                                         Theme 8     
Pg 200 
1 
8. C.Francois Bernier                                                                    Theme 5    
Pg 135 
1 
9. B.Worship of idols.                                                                    Theme 6   
Pg 153 
1 
10. Ibn Battuta                                                                                Theme 5    
Pg 118 
1 
11. B.Payment of salaries                                                                Theme 9   
Pg 245 
1 
12. C.Humayun Nama : Gulbadan Begum                                     Theme 9 
 Pg 227,230,231,243 
1 
13. It was a gateway to the subcontinent, both laid claims over it.            
 Pg 248                                                                                      Theme 9                                                                  
1 
14. Untouchables(literally,born outside the caste system).             Theme 5                                                                               
 Pg 125 
1 
15. 1.Good maps were necessary to understand the landscape and 
know the topography. 
2.Town maps give information regarding the location of hills,rivers 
and vegetation,all important for planning structures for defense 
purposes. 
3.They also show the location of ghats,density and quality of 
1 
Page 2


1 | P a g e 
 
                                              MARKING SCHEME 
                                                      HISTORY-027 
                                                        CLASS-XII 
 PART-A  
1. b. 2 and 3                                                                                   Theme 1                
Pg 23 
1 
2. Nageshwar and Balakot.                                                             Theme1                 
Pg 11      
½+½=1 
3. Votive inscription record gifts made to religious institutions.   
                                                                                                   Theme 2                 
pg 43              
1 
4. Polygyny is the practice of a man having several wives and 
Polyandry is the practice of a woman having several husbands. 
                                                                                                   Theme 3                            
Pg 57,60,76 
½+½=1 
5. C. People were dissatisfied with the existing social practices. Theme 4  
  Pg 94 
1 
6. Dhamma mahamatta.                                                               Theme 2   
  Pg 34 
1 
7. B. Perfect crop                                                                         Theme 8     
Pg 200 
1 
8. C.Francois Bernier                                                                    Theme 5    
Pg 135 
1 
9. B.Worship of idols.                                                                    Theme 6   
Pg 153 
1 
10. Ibn Battuta                                                                                Theme 5    
Pg 118 
1 
11. B.Payment of salaries                                                                Theme 9   
Pg 245 
1 
12. C.Humayun Nama : Gulbadan Begum                                     Theme 9 
 Pg 227,230,231,243 
1 
13. It was a gateway to the subcontinent, both laid claims over it.            
 Pg 248                                                                                      Theme 9                                                                  
1 
14. Untouchables(literally,born outside the caste system).             Theme 5                                                                               
 Pg 125 
1 
15. 1.Good maps were necessary to understand the landscape and 
know the topography. 
2.Town maps give information regarding the location of hills,rivers 
and vegetation,all important for planning structures for defense 
purposes. 
3.They also show the location of ghats,density and quality of 
1 
2 | P a g e 
 
houses and alignment of roads,used to gauge commercial 
possibilites and plan strategies of taxation 
.(any one point to be given)                                                     Theme 12              
Pg 320  
16. d. 3,4,2,1                                                                                  Theme 13 
   Pg 350,362,389 
1 
17. D. They were claiming identities associated with lower status. 
                                                                                                 Theme 12 
    Pg 321,322 
                                        OR  
C. The committee built houses for the labouring poor. 
                                                                                                 Theme 12 
  Pg 336 
1 
18. d. I,II and III                                                                             Theme 10         
 Pg  258,259 
1 
19. a. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of  A. 
                                                                                                Theme 15   
Pg 425         
1 
20. The image represents the Varaha or boar avatar of Vishnu. 
                                                                                                   Theme 4                                                         
Pg104                               
                              OR 
The image represents a sculpture in Mahabalipuram.    
                                                                                                   Theme 4                                     
Pg 109 
 
 
For Visually impaired candidates only in lieu of Q.No.20: 
 
The first woman to be ordained as a Bhikkhuni was Mahapajapati 
Gotami.                                                                                     Theme 4 
Pg 92 
                                     OR 
In Jainism the teachers who guide men and women across the river of 
existence are called Tirthankaras.                                            Theme 4 
Pg 88 
1 
  
PART-B 
 
21. The elements that Historians considered while analysing the 
Mahabharata :  
1 Language in which the text was written- Pali, Prakrit, Sanskrit.  
2 Kind of text- devoted to mantras meant to be learnt and chanted  
3 Author of the text.  
4 Audience- for whom the text is written.  
5 Date and place of composition.  
(To be assessed as a whole)                                                   Theme 3  
  Pg72,73 
 
3 
Page 3


1 | P a g e 
 
                                              MARKING SCHEME 
                                                      HISTORY-027 
                                                        CLASS-XII 
 PART-A  
1. b. 2 and 3                                                                                   Theme 1                
Pg 23 
1 
2. Nageshwar and Balakot.                                                             Theme1                 
Pg 11      
½+½=1 
3. Votive inscription record gifts made to religious institutions.   
                                                                                                   Theme 2                 
pg 43              
1 
4. Polygyny is the practice of a man having several wives and 
Polyandry is the practice of a woman having several husbands. 
                                                                                                   Theme 3                            
Pg 57,60,76 
½+½=1 
5. C. People were dissatisfied with the existing social practices. Theme 4  
  Pg 94 
1 
6. Dhamma mahamatta.                                                               Theme 2   
  Pg 34 
1 
7. B. Perfect crop                                                                         Theme 8     
Pg 200 
1 
8. C.Francois Bernier                                                                    Theme 5    
Pg 135 
1 
9. B.Worship of idols.                                                                    Theme 6   
Pg 153 
1 
10. Ibn Battuta                                                                                Theme 5    
Pg 118 
1 
11. B.Payment of salaries                                                                Theme 9   
Pg 245 
1 
12. C.Humayun Nama : Gulbadan Begum                                     Theme 9 
 Pg 227,230,231,243 
1 
13. It was a gateway to the subcontinent, both laid claims over it.            
 Pg 248                                                                                      Theme 9                                                                  
1 
14. Untouchables(literally,born outside the caste system).             Theme 5                                                                               
 Pg 125 
1 
15. 1.Good maps were necessary to understand the landscape and 
know the topography. 
2.Town maps give information regarding the location of hills,rivers 
and vegetation,all important for planning structures for defense 
purposes. 
3.They also show the location of ghats,density and quality of 
1 
2 | P a g e 
 
houses and alignment of roads,used to gauge commercial 
possibilites and plan strategies of taxation 
.(any one point to be given)                                                     Theme 12              
Pg 320  
16. d. 3,4,2,1                                                                                  Theme 13 
   Pg 350,362,389 
1 
17. D. They were claiming identities associated with lower status. 
                                                                                                 Theme 12 
    Pg 321,322 
                                        OR  
C. The committee built houses for the labouring poor. 
                                                                                                 Theme 12 
  Pg 336 
1 
18. d. I,II and III                                                                             Theme 10         
 Pg  258,259 
1 
19. a. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of  A. 
                                                                                                Theme 15   
Pg 425         
1 
20. The image represents the Varaha or boar avatar of Vishnu. 
                                                                                                   Theme 4                                                         
Pg104                               
                              OR 
The image represents a sculpture in Mahabalipuram.    
                                                                                                   Theme 4                                     
Pg 109 
 
 
For Visually impaired candidates only in lieu of Q.No.20: 
 
The first woman to be ordained as a Bhikkhuni was Mahapajapati 
Gotami.                                                                                     Theme 4 
Pg 92 
                                     OR 
In Jainism the teachers who guide men and women across the river of 
existence are called Tirthankaras.                                            Theme 4 
Pg 88 
1 
  
PART-B 
 
21. The elements that Historians considered while analysing the 
Mahabharata :  
1 Language in which the text was written- Pali, Prakrit, Sanskrit.  
2 Kind of text- devoted to mantras meant to be learnt and chanted  
3 Author of the text.  
4 Audience- for whom the text is written.  
5 Date and place of composition.  
(To be assessed as a whole)                                                   Theme 3  
  Pg72,73 
 
3 
3 | P a g e 
 
22. Architectural features of Vitthala temple: 
1 Chariot Street 
2 Gopurams 
3 Garbhagriha 
4 Mandapa 
5 Combined with other sources of information like literature, 
Inscriptions and popular traditions buildings are an important 
source material for reconstruction of the past. But we need to 
keep in mind that architectural features do not reflect the views 
of ordinary men.  
(To be assessed as a whole )                                                 Theme 7 
Pg185 to188,191 
3 
 OR  
 Expansion and consolidation of the Vijayanagara empire under 
Krishnadeva Raya: 
 
1 Krishnadeva Raya’s reign is marked by peace, prosperity and 
military preparedness. 
2 Foreign travellers speak of his efficient administration and 
prosperity of the empire.  
3 Agriculture flourished and to increase production the Raya’s 
undertook wise irrigation policy like the construction of 
Kamalapuram tank.  
4 There was flourishing inland, coastal and overseas trade which 
was an important source of general prosperity.  
5 Krishnadeva Raya was also a great builder. 
6 He is credited with building some fine temples and adding 
impressive gopurams to many temples.  
7 He built a new town near Vijayanagara named Nagalapuram 
after his mother.  
8 He was a gifted scholar and patron of Telugu,Kannada and 
Tamil poets. 
9 He worked for the welfare of his subjects.  
(Any three points to be justified)                                            Theme 7                                                               
Pg173 
1+1+1=3 
23. The power of the Jotedars within the village was more effective than 
that of the Zamindars: 
1 Jotedars were located in villages while Zamindars lived in urban 
areas.  
2 Indirectly controlled the ryots by advancing money, controlling 
local trade.  
3 Withholding payment of revenue.  
4 Holding benami lands. 
5 Purchased the auctioned estates of Zamindars.  
6 They became alternate source of power in villages.  
(Any three points to be explained)                                          Theme 10                                 
 Pg261 
1+1+1=3 
24
. 
The Sepoys complained of: 
1 Low levels of pay. 
2 Difficulty in getting leave.  
1+1+1= 3 
 
Page 4


1 | P a g e 
 
                                              MARKING SCHEME 
                                                      HISTORY-027 
                                                        CLASS-XII 
 PART-A  
1. b. 2 and 3                                                                                   Theme 1                
Pg 23 
1 
2. Nageshwar and Balakot.                                                             Theme1                 
Pg 11      
½+½=1 
3. Votive inscription record gifts made to religious institutions.   
                                                                                                   Theme 2                 
pg 43              
1 
4. Polygyny is the practice of a man having several wives and 
Polyandry is the practice of a woman having several husbands. 
                                                                                                   Theme 3                            
Pg 57,60,76 
½+½=1 
5. C. People were dissatisfied with the existing social practices. Theme 4  
  Pg 94 
1 
6. Dhamma mahamatta.                                                               Theme 2   
  Pg 34 
1 
7. B. Perfect crop                                                                         Theme 8     
Pg 200 
1 
8. C.Francois Bernier                                                                    Theme 5    
Pg 135 
1 
9. B.Worship of idols.                                                                    Theme 6   
Pg 153 
1 
10. Ibn Battuta                                                                                Theme 5    
Pg 118 
1 
11. B.Payment of salaries                                                                Theme 9   
Pg 245 
1 
12. C.Humayun Nama : Gulbadan Begum                                     Theme 9 
 Pg 227,230,231,243 
1 
13. It was a gateway to the subcontinent, both laid claims over it.            
 Pg 248                                                                                      Theme 9                                                                  
1 
14. Untouchables(literally,born outside the caste system).             Theme 5                                                                               
 Pg 125 
1 
15. 1.Good maps were necessary to understand the landscape and 
know the topography. 
2.Town maps give information regarding the location of hills,rivers 
and vegetation,all important for planning structures for defense 
purposes. 
3.They also show the location of ghats,density and quality of 
1 
2 | P a g e 
 
houses and alignment of roads,used to gauge commercial 
possibilites and plan strategies of taxation 
.(any one point to be given)                                                     Theme 12              
Pg 320  
16. d. 3,4,2,1                                                                                  Theme 13 
   Pg 350,362,389 
1 
17. D. They were claiming identities associated with lower status. 
                                                                                                 Theme 12 
    Pg 321,322 
                                        OR  
C. The committee built houses for the labouring poor. 
                                                                                                 Theme 12 
  Pg 336 
1 
18. d. I,II and III                                                                             Theme 10         
 Pg  258,259 
1 
19. a. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of  A. 
                                                                                                Theme 15   
Pg 425         
1 
20. The image represents the Varaha or boar avatar of Vishnu. 
                                                                                                   Theme 4                                                         
Pg104                               
                              OR 
The image represents a sculpture in Mahabalipuram.    
                                                                                                   Theme 4                                     
Pg 109 
 
 
For Visually impaired candidates only in lieu of Q.No.20: 
 
The first woman to be ordained as a Bhikkhuni was Mahapajapati 
Gotami.                                                                                     Theme 4 
Pg 92 
                                     OR 
In Jainism the teachers who guide men and women across the river of 
existence are called Tirthankaras.                                            Theme 4 
Pg 88 
1 
  
PART-B 
 
21. The elements that Historians considered while analysing the 
Mahabharata :  
1 Language in which the text was written- Pali, Prakrit, Sanskrit.  
2 Kind of text- devoted to mantras meant to be learnt and chanted  
3 Author of the text.  
4 Audience- for whom the text is written.  
5 Date and place of composition.  
(To be assessed as a whole)                                                   Theme 3  
  Pg72,73 
 
3 
3 | P a g e 
 
22. Architectural features of Vitthala temple: 
1 Chariot Street 
2 Gopurams 
3 Garbhagriha 
4 Mandapa 
5 Combined with other sources of information like literature, 
Inscriptions and popular traditions buildings are an important 
source material for reconstruction of the past. But we need to 
keep in mind that architectural features do not reflect the views 
of ordinary men.  
(To be assessed as a whole )                                                 Theme 7 
Pg185 to188,191 
3 
 OR  
 Expansion and consolidation of the Vijayanagara empire under 
Krishnadeva Raya: 
 
1 Krishnadeva Raya’s reign is marked by peace, prosperity and 
military preparedness. 
2 Foreign travellers speak of his efficient administration and 
prosperity of the empire.  
3 Agriculture flourished and to increase production the Raya’s 
undertook wise irrigation policy like the construction of 
Kamalapuram tank.  
4 There was flourishing inland, coastal and overseas trade which 
was an important source of general prosperity.  
5 Krishnadeva Raya was also a great builder. 
6 He is credited with building some fine temples and adding 
impressive gopurams to many temples.  
7 He built a new town near Vijayanagara named Nagalapuram 
after his mother.  
8 He was a gifted scholar and patron of Telugu,Kannada and 
Tamil poets. 
9 He worked for the welfare of his subjects.  
(Any three points to be justified)                                            Theme 7                                                               
Pg173 
1+1+1=3 
23. The power of the Jotedars within the village was more effective than 
that of the Zamindars: 
1 Jotedars were located in villages while Zamindars lived in urban 
areas.  
2 Indirectly controlled the ryots by advancing money, controlling 
local trade.  
3 Withholding payment of revenue.  
4 Holding benami lands. 
5 Purchased the auctioned estates of Zamindars.  
6 They became alternate source of power in villages.  
(Any three points to be explained)                                          Theme 10                                 
 Pg261 
1+1+1=3 
24
. 
The Sepoys complained of: 
1 Low levels of pay. 
2 Difficulty in getting leave.  
1+1+1= 3 
 
4 | P a g e 
 
3 Policy of racial discrimination adopted by the British officers in 
terms of physical abuse,promotion,pension and terms of 
service.  
4 Rumours about the use of animal fat in cartridges, flour etc. 
(Any three points to be explained)                                 Theme 11                                                
Pg 94,299,300, 
 PART-C  
25
. 
Historians often try to understand the meaning of sculpture by 
comparing it with textual evidence: 
1 To understand sculpture that may seem like a rural scene,one 
needs to know the story-for example Vessantra Jataka. 
2 Art historians read hagiographies of Buddha to understand 
sculpture-symbols of worship-Buddha’s presence shown 
through symbols. 
3 The empty seat meant meditation. 
4 Wheel-first sermon of the Buddha. 
5 These symbols stand for certain events in his life. They help 
historians to understand literary traditions. 
6 Others such as Shalabhanjika-a woman whose touch caused 
trees to flower. 
7 Animal depictions-jataka depicted animals,also to create lively 
scenes. 
8 Woman surrounded by elephants-identified as Maya, Buddha’s 
mother. 
9 Serpents lead some art historians to believe Sanchi as center of 
serpent worship.This was before they were familiar with 
Buddhist literature-only looking at images.   
(To be assessed as a whole)                                          Theme 4                                              
Pg 99 to103 
8 
                                               OR  
 Sanchi survived because: 
1 It escaped the eyes of railway contractors, builders and 
Europeans.  
2 It was discovered in 1818 after the scholars had understood the 
value of finds. 
3 When it was discovered three of its gateways were still standing 
and the fourth was lying on the spot where it had fallen and the 
mound was in good condition.  
4 Due to the efforts of the rulers of Bhopal the mound could be 
preserved.  
Amaravati did not survive because: 
 1   It was discovered in 1796 before the scholars understood the 
value of finds. 
2  Local Raja who stumbled on the finds used the stones to 
    build a temple.           
3 Walter Elliot collected several structured panels and took them 
away to Madras (Elliot’s Marbles). 
4 Slabs of Amravati adorned the gardens of British officials, London 
office, Asiatic Society of Bengal. 
5 H H Cole’s plea for preservation were ignored.  
4+4=8 
Page 5


1 | P a g e 
 
                                              MARKING SCHEME 
                                                      HISTORY-027 
                                                        CLASS-XII 
 PART-A  
1. b. 2 and 3                                                                                   Theme 1                
Pg 23 
1 
2. Nageshwar and Balakot.                                                             Theme1                 
Pg 11      
½+½=1 
3. Votive inscription record gifts made to religious institutions.   
                                                                                                   Theme 2                 
pg 43              
1 
4. Polygyny is the practice of a man having several wives and 
Polyandry is the practice of a woman having several husbands. 
                                                                                                   Theme 3                            
Pg 57,60,76 
½+½=1 
5. C. People were dissatisfied with the existing social practices. Theme 4  
  Pg 94 
1 
6. Dhamma mahamatta.                                                               Theme 2   
  Pg 34 
1 
7. B. Perfect crop                                                                         Theme 8     
Pg 200 
1 
8. C.Francois Bernier                                                                    Theme 5    
Pg 135 
1 
9. B.Worship of idols.                                                                    Theme 6   
Pg 153 
1 
10. Ibn Battuta                                                                                Theme 5    
Pg 118 
1 
11. B.Payment of salaries                                                                Theme 9   
Pg 245 
1 
12. C.Humayun Nama : Gulbadan Begum                                     Theme 9 
 Pg 227,230,231,243 
1 
13. It was a gateway to the subcontinent, both laid claims over it.            
 Pg 248                                                                                      Theme 9                                                                  
1 
14. Untouchables(literally,born outside the caste system).             Theme 5                                                                               
 Pg 125 
1 
15. 1.Good maps were necessary to understand the landscape and 
know the topography. 
2.Town maps give information regarding the location of hills,rivers 
and vegetation,all important for planning structures for defense 
purposes. 
3.They also show the location of ghats,density and quality of 
1 
2 | P a g e 
 
houses and alignment of roads,used to gauge commercial 
possibilites and plan strategies of taxation 
.(any one point to be given)                                                     Theme 12              
Pg 320  
16. d. 3,4,2,1                                                                                  Theme 13 
   Pg 350,362,389 
1 
17. D. They were claiming identities associated with lower status. 
                                                                                                 Theme 12 
    Pg 321,322 
                                        OR  
C. The committee built houses for the labouring poor. 
                                                                                                 Theme 12 
  Pg 336 
1 
18. d. I,II and III                                                                             Theme 10         
 Pg  258,259 
1 
19. a. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of  A. 
                                                                                                Theme 15   
Pg 425         
1 
20. The image represents the Varaha or boar avatar of Vishnu. 
                                                                                                   Theme 4                                                         
Pg104                               
                              OR 
The image represents a sculpture in Mahabalipuram.    
                                                                                                   Theme 4                                     
Pg 109 
 
 
For Visually impaired candidates only in lieu of Q.No.20: 
 
The first woman to be ordained as a Bhikkhuni was Mahapajapati 
Gotami.                                                                                     Theme 4 
Pg 92 
                                     OR 
In Jainism the teachers who guide men and women across the river of 
existence are called Tirthankaras.                                            Theme 4 
Pg 88 
1 
  
PART-B 
 
21. The elements that Historians considered while analysing the 
Mahabharata :  
1 Language in which the text was written- Pali, Prakrit, Sanskrit.  
2 Kind of text- devoted to mantras meant to be learnt and chanted  
3 Author of the text.  
4 Audience- for whom the text is written.  
5 Date and place of composition.  
(To be assessed as a whole)                                                   Theme 3  
  Pg72,73 
 
3 
3 | P a g e 
 
22. Architectural features of Vitthala temple: 
1 Chariot Street 
2 Gopurams 
3 Garbhagriha 
4 Mandapa 
5 Combined with other sources of information like literature, 
Inscriptions and popular traditions buildings are an important 
source material for reconstruction of the past. But we need to 
keep in mind that architectural features do not reflect the views 
of ordinary men.  
(To be assessed as a whole )                                                 Theme 7 
Pg185 to188,191 
3 
 OR  
 Expansion and consolidation of the Vijayanagara empire under 
Krishnadeva Raya: 
 
1 Krishnadeva Raya’s reign is marked by peace, prosperity and 
military preparedness. 
2 Foreign travellers speak of his efficient administration and 
prosperity of the empire.  
3 Agriculture flourished and to increase production the Raya’s 
undertook wise irrigation policy like the construction of 
Kamalapuram tank.  
4 There was flourishing inland, coastal and overseas trade which 
was an important source of general prosperity.  
5 Krishnadeva Raya was also a great builder. 
6 He is credited with building some fine temples and adding 
impressive gopurams to many temples.  
7 He built a new town near Vijayanagara named Nagalapuram 
after his mother.  
8 He was a gifted scholar and patron of Telugu,Kannada and 
Tamil poets. 
9 He worked for the welfare of his subjects.  
(Any three points to be justified)                                            Theme 7                                                               
Pg173 
1+1+1=3 
23. The power of the Jotedars within the village was more effective than 
that of the Zamindars: 
1 Jotedars were located in villages while Zamindars lived in urban 
areas.  
2 Indirectly controlled the ryots by advancing money, controlling 
local trade.  
3 Withholding payment of revenue.  
4 Holding benami lands. 
5 Purchased the auctioned estates of Zamindars.  
6 They became alternate source of power in villages.  
(Any three points to be explained)                                          Theme 10                                 
 Pg261 
1+1+1=3 
24
. 
The Sepoys complained of: 
1 Low levels of pay. 
2 Difficulty in getting leave.  
1+1+1= 3 
 
4 | P a g e 
 
3 Policy of racial discrimination adopted by the British officers in 
terms of physical abuse,promotion,pension and terms of 
service.  
4 Rumours about the use of animal fat in cartridges, flour etc. 
(Any three points to be explained)                                 Theme 11                                                
Pg 94,299,300, 
 PART-C  
25
. 
Historians often try to understand the meaning of sculpture by 
comparing it with textual evidence: 
1 To understand sculpture that may seem like a rural scene,one 
needs to know the story-for example Vessantra Jataka. 
2 Art historians read hagiographies of Buddha to understand 
sculpture-symbols of worship-Buddha’s presence shown 
through symbols. 
3 The empty seat meant meditation. 
4 Wheel-first sermon of the Buddha. 
5 These symbols stand for certain events in his life. They help 
historians to understand literary traditions. 
6 Others such as Shalabhanjika-a woman whose touch caused 
trees to flower. 
7 Animal depictions-jataka depicted animals,also to create lively 
scenes. 
8 Woman surrounded by elephants-identified as Maya, Buddha’s 
mother. 
9 Serpents lead some art historians to believe Sanchi as center of 
serpent worship.This was before they were familiar with 
Buddhist literature-only looking at images.   
(To be assessed as a whole)                                          Theme 4                                              
Pg 99 to103 
8 
                                               OR  
 Sanchi survived because: 
1 It escaped the eyes of railway contractors, builders and 
Europeans.  
2 It was discovered in 1818 after the scholars had understood the 
value of finds. 
3 When it was discovered three of its gateways were still standing 
and the fourth was lying on the spot where it had fallen and the 
mound was in good condition.  
4 Due to the efforts of the rulers of Bhopal the mound could be 
preserved.  
Amaravati did not survive because: 
 1   It was discovered in 1796 before the scholars understood the 
value of finds. 
2  Local Raja who stumbled on the finds used the stones to 
    build a temple.           
3 Walter Elliot collected several structured panels and took them 
away to Madras (Elliot’s Marbles). 
4 Slabs of Amravati adorned the gardens of British officials, London 
office, Asiatic Society of Bengal. 
5 H H Cole’s plea for preservation were ignored.  
4+4=8 
5 | P a g e 
 
                                                                             Theme 4 
Pg 83,98,99                                                                                               
 
26
. 
Relations between the state and the Bhakti and Sufi traditions: 
 
1 Bhakti traditions- Chola rulers supported Brahmanical and 
Bhakti traditions.  
2 They extended royal patronage to Nayanar saints and made 
lavish grants for building of temples.  
3 Some of the temples include those at 
Chidambaram,Thanjavur,Gangaikondacholapuram. 
4 Images of saints were carried during festivals.  
5 Kings introduced singing of Tamil Shiva hymns in temples.  
6 These hymns were organised in a text called Tevaram. 
7 Conflicts among Nayanars and other traditions like Jainism and 
Buddhism for royal patronage. 
1  Sufi traditions- Visiting the shrine/Dargah 
2 Rulers wanting their tombs and shrines to be in the vicinity of 
Sufi shrine  
3 Funding the construction of the tomb of Shaikh Muinuddin by 
Ghiyas-ud-din Khalji. 
4 Sultans set up charitable trusts for hospice, made donations.  
5 Granted tax free land.  
6 Sufis provided legitimisation to the power of Sultans 
7 Conflicts among Sufis and Sultans on rituals like kissing of feet 
and prostration, adopting high sounding titles.  
(Four points for each to be explained)                             Theme 6                                                  
Pg146,159 
4+4=8 
                                                  OR  
  Teaching of Baba Guru Nanak 
1 Nirguna Bhakti i.e, God,the absolute ‘rab’ had no gender or 
form. 
2 Rejected rituals of Hindus and Muslims. 
3 Rejected image worship. 
4 Shabad. 
5 Repetition of the divine name to connect with the divine. 
6 Simple mode of worship. 
7 Teachings in local language of the region- Punjabi. 
8 He formed a community of devotees. 
9 Started the tradition of Gurus. 
10 The hymns called ‘Gurbani’ are translated into various 
languages. 
 
His teachings appeal because of the simplicity, practicality and feeling 
of community.(Any other relevant answer) 
(To be assessed as a whole)                                          Theme 6                                         
Pg163 
 8 
27
. 
Base of Indian National Movement broadened under Gandhiji: 
1 Gandhiji as people’s leader:It was no longer a movement of 
professionals and intellectuals,now hundreds of thousands of 
8 
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