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Carbon and its Compounds - Chemistry; General Science; Exam Preparation Video Lecture | Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT

125 videos|593 docs|31 tests

FAQs on Carbon and its Compounds - Chemistry; General Science; Exam Preparation Video Lecture - Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT

1. What is carbon and its compounds?
Ans. Carbon is a chemical element that is essential for life and is found in all living organisms. It is known for its ability to form a wide variety of compounds due to its unique bonding properties. Carbon compounds, also known as organic compounds, are molecules that contain carbon atoms bonded to other elements such as hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and many others.
2. What are the different types of carbon compounds?
Ans. There are several types of carbon compounds, including hydrocarbons, alcohols, aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids, esters, ethers, amines, and amides. Hydrocarbons are compounds consisting of only carbon and hydrogen atoms, while other types of carbon compounds contain additional elements such as oxygen, nitrogen, or halogens.
3. How is carbon dioxide formed and what are its properties?
Ans. Carbon dioxide (CO2) is formed when carbon compounds undergo combustion or oxidation. It is a colorless and odorless gas that is a byproduct of various natural processes and human activities. Carbon dioxide is known for its role in climate change as a greenhouse gas. It is also used in various industrial applications such as carbonation of beverages and in fire extinguishers.
4. What is the importance of carbon compounds in everyday life?
Ans. Carbon compounds have significant importance in everyday life. They are the basis of all organic matter and are found in various substances such as food, fuels, medicines, plastics, and textiles. Carbon compounds also play a crucial role in biological processes, including photosynthesis, respiration, and metabolism.
5. How are carbon compounds classified?
Ans. Carbon compounds are classified based on their functional groups, which are specific arrangements of atoms that determine the compound's chemical properties and reactivity. Common functional groups include hydroxyl, carbonyl, carboxyl, amino, and ester groups. By identifying the functional group present in a carbon compound, it is possible to classify it into different categories with similar chemical behavior.
125 videos|593 docs|31 tests

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