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The carry logic circuit shown in Fig. 5.8.7 prevents the carry flag being set in rotate right mode, as bits rotate from bit 0 and re-enter the shift register at bit 7, therefore allowing correct carry flag operation in both left and right rotate modes.
When the ROTATE input is at logic 1, the Rotate Select circuit in Fig 5.8.7 allows COUT from the shift register to be fed back to the shift register CIN input for continuous bit rotation.
To perform an addition, input data B is added to A. This is achieved by putting logic 1 on the control inputs of multiplexers 1, 2 and 3. This causes data A and B to be applied to the adder inputs. Also, to allow any carry bit from the CIN input to be included in the addition, the 1 bit carry multiplexer must have logic 0 on its control input. The shift register is only used as a PIPO register in addition mode, so its input lines R/~L and ROTATE must be at logic 0. SHIFT/~LE must also be at logic 0 to enable parallel loading of the shift register, which will hold the result of the addition (A plus B) after the application of a single CK pulse.