Chapter 16 - Who will do this work?, NCERT Textbook of CBSE Class 5 EVS (Environmental Science) Class 5 Notes | EduRev

EVS Class 5

Class 5 : Chapter 16 - Who will do this work?, NCERT Textbook of CBSE Class 5 EVS (Environmental Science) Class 5 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


16. Who will do this Work?
Have you seen such scenes around you?
147
Sudharak Olve
Have you ever thought of people who do this work? Can you imagine
how they would feel?
Why do you think people need to do this kind of work?
Page 2


16. Who will do this Work?
Have you seen such scenes around you?
147
Sudharak Olve
Have you ever thought of people who do this work? Can you imagine
how they would feel?
Why do you think people need to do this kind of work?
148 Looking Around
Q. Since when have you been doing this work?
A. About twenty years. Since I completed my studies.
Q. Why did you not study further? You could have got
some other job?
A. You need money for studies. And even after that most
of our people continue to do this kind of work.
Q. What do you mean?
A. Since our great grandfathers’ times... or even
before that, most people of our community have
been doing this work. Even after getting a college
degree, our people do not get any other kind of job. So
they have to do this work.
Q. Why is that so?
A. That is the way it is. In the entire city, all the people who do this kind of
work are from our community. It has always been so.
Interview (adapted) from the documentary film ‘India Untouched’ by Stalin. K.
Teacher’s Note : Before children talk with the staff which does cleaning , discuss
the kinds of questions that could be asked. Sensitise children to be respectful
during their interactions.
Write
Talk with people who do the cleaning job around your house
and school.
w w w w w Since when have they been doing this work?
w w w w w How much have they studied?
w w w w w Have they tried to look for some other work?
w w w w w Did the elders in their family also do this work?
w w w w w What kind of difficulties do they face in doing this work?
Our friends spoke to some staff who do cleaning jobs. Here
are some of the things they told us.
Page 3


16. Who will do this Work?
Have you seen such scenes around you?
147
Sudharak Olve
Have you ever thought of people who do this work? Can you imagine
how they would feel?
Why do you think people need to do this kind of work?
148 Looking Around
Q. Since when have you been doing this work?
A. About twenty years. Since I completed my studies.
Q. Why did you not study further? You could have got
some other job?
A. You need money for studies. And even after that most
of our people continue to do this kind of work.
Q. What do you mean?
A. Since our great grandfathers’ times... or even
before that, most people of our community have
been doing this work. Even after getting a college
degree, our people do not get any other kind of job. So
they have to do this work.
Q. Why is that so?
A. That is the way it is. In the entire city, all the people who do this kind of
work are from our community. It has always been so.
Interview (adapted) from the documentary film ‘India Untouched’ by Stalin. K.
Teacher’s Note : Before children talk with the staff which does cleaning , discuss
the kinds of questions that could be asked. Sensitise children to be respectful
during their interactions.
Write
Talk with people who do the cleaning job around your house
and school.
w w w w w Since when have they been doing this work?
w w w w w How much have they studied?
w w w w w Have they tried to look for some other work?
w w w w w Did the elders in their family also do this work?
w w w w w What kind of difficulties do they face in doing this work?
Our friends spoke to some staff who do cleaning jobs. Here
are some of the things they told us.
Who will do this Work? 149
w w w w w What are the different kinds of work being done in this drawing?
List any five of these.
w w w w w If you were asked to do any five jobs shown in this picture,
which would you choose?
w w w w w Which five jobs would you not choose? Why?
Page 4


16. Who will do this Work?
Have you seen such scenes around you?
147
Sudharak Olve
Have you ever thought of people who do this work? Can you imagine
how they would feel?
Why do you think people need to do this kind of work?
148 Looking Around
Q. Since when have you been doing this work?
A. About twenty years. Since I completed my studies.
Q. Why did you not study further? You could have got
some other job?
A. You need money for studies. And even after that most
of our people continue to do this kind of work.
Q. What do you mean?
A. Since our great grandfathers’ times... or even
before that, most people of our community have
been doing this work. Even after getting a college
degree, our people do not get any other kind of job. So
they have to do this work.
Q. Why is that so?
A. That is the way it is. In the entire city, all the people who do this kind of
work are from our community. It has always been so.
Interview (adapted) from the documentary film ‘India Untouched’ by Stalin. K.
Teacher’s Note : Before children talk with the staff which does cleaning , discuss
the kinds of questions that could be asked. Sensitise children to be respectful
during their interactions.
Write
Talk with people who do the cleaning job around your house
and school.
w w w w w Since when have they been doing this work?
w w w w w How much have they studied?
w w w w w Have they tried to look for some other work?
w w w w w Did the elders in their family also do this work?
w w w w w What kind of difficulties do they face in doing this work?
Our friends spoke to some staff who do cleaning jobs. Here
are some of the things they told us.
Who will do this Work? 149
w w w w w What are the different kinds of work being done in this drawing?
List any five of these.
w w w w w If you were asked to do any five jobs shown in this picture,
which would you choose?
w w w w w Which five jobs would you not choose? Why?
150 Looking Around
Imagine
w w w w w What would happen if nobody did this work? If nobody
cleared the garbage lying outside your school or your house
for one week, then what would happen?
Think of some ways (machines,
or other things) so that people
would not have to do the work
they don't like to do. Draw a
picture of what you thought.
(These pictures are also made by
children)
Do you think that anyone has ever tried to change this
situation? Yes, many people have tried. People are trying even
today. But it is not easy to change this. One such person was
Mahatma Gandhi. Gandhiji had a friend Mahadevbhai Desai.
Mahadevbhai’s son Narayan also stayed with Gandhiji when
he was young. This incident is from Narayan's book.
Teacher’s Note : Discussion can be organised with the people who are involved
in bringing such changes in the community. News items on issues related to
‘untouchability’ can be used in the class to develop sensitivity.
Discuss
w w w w w What kinds of work or jobs do people not want to do?
Why?
w w w w w So, who does this kind of work? Why do people do this
kind of work that others do not want to do?
Page 5


16. Who will do this Work?
Have you seen such scenes around you?
147
Sudharak Olve
Have you ever thought of people who do this work? Can you imagine
how they would feel?
Why do you think people need to do this kind of work?
148 Looking Around
Q. Since when have you been doing this work?
A. About twenty years. Since I completed my studies.
Q. Why did you not study further? You could have got
some other job?
A. You need money for studies. And even after that most
of our people continue to do this kind of work.
Q. What do you mean?
A. Since our great grandfathers’ times... or even
before that, most people of our community have
been doing this work. Even after getting a college
degree, our people do not get any other kind of job. So
they have to do this work.
Q. Why is that so?
A. That is the way it is. In the entire city, all the people who do this kind of
work are from our community. It has always been so.
Interview (adapted) from the documentary film ‘India Untouched’ by Stalin. K.
Teacher’s Note : Before children talk with the staff which does cleaning , discuss
the kinds of questions that could be asked. Sensitise children to be respectful
during their interactions.
Write
Talk with people who do the cleaning job around your house
and school.
w w w w w Since when have they been doing this work?
w w w w w How much have they studied?
w w w w w Have they tried to look for some other work?
w w w w w Did the elders in their family also do this work?
w w w w w What kind of difficulties do they face in doing this work?
Our friends spoke to some staff who do cleaning jobs. Here
are some of the things they told us.
Who will do this Work? 149
w w w w w What are the different kinds of work being done in this drawing?
List any five of these.
w w w w w If you were asked to do any five jobs shown in this picture,
which would you choose?
w w w w w Which five jobs would you not choose? Why?
150 Looking Around
Imagine
w w w w w What would happen if nobody did this work? If nobody
cleared the garbage lying outside your school or your house
for one week, then what would happen?
Think of some ways (machines,
or other things) so that people
would not have to do the work
they don't like to do. Draw a
picture of what you thought.
(These pictures are also made by
children)
Do you think that anyone has ever tried to change this
situation? Yes, many people have tried. People are trying even
today. But it is not easy to change this. One such person was
Mahatma Gandhi. Gandhiji had a friend Mahadevbhai Desai.
Mahadevbhai’s son Narayan also stayed with Gandhiji when
he was young. This incident is from Narayan's book.
Teacher’s Note : Discussion can be organised with the people who are involved
in bringing such changes in the community. News items on issues related to
‘untouchability’ can be used in the class to develop sensitivity.
Discuss
w w w w w What kinds of work or jobs do people not want to do?
Why?
w w w w w So, who does this kind of work? Why do people do this
kind of work that others do not want to do?
Who will do this Work? 151
Remembering those days
When Narayan (Babla) was about 11 years old, he was staying in Gandhiji’s
Sabarmati Ashram. Like everyone else in the Ashram, he had to do various
kinds of work. One of his jobs was to teach the guests how to clean the
toilets. In those days, the toilets were not what we know today. There used
to be holes under which baskets were kept. People sat on the holes. Later
the baskets had to be lifted by hand, to be emptied.
It was the usual practice that people from a particular community would
do this work. But in Gandhiji’s Ashram, every person had to carry the
basket to the compost pit and empty it there. No one was excused from this
task - not even the guests. Narayanbhai remembers how some people used
to try and avoid this work. Some even left the Ashram because of this.
Some years later Gandhiji went to stay at a village, near Wardha in
Maharashtra. Gandhiji, Mahadevbhai and others started to clean the toilets
in the village. They did this for some months. One morning a man coming
from the toilet, saw Mahadevbhai. He pointed to him and said “There is a
lot of dirt over there. Go and clean that!” When Babla saw this, he was very
angry. He thought, the villagers felt that this was not their work. This was
for Gandhiji and his team to do. He asked Gandhiji why this was so. Gandhiji
replied, “Untouchability is a serious matter. Lot of hardwork will be required
to change this.”
Narayan knew that the people who usually did this work were thought
to be untouchable. He asked “What is the use if the village people do not
change their thinking? They have become used to someone else doing this
work for them.”
Gandhiji replied, “Why”? Don’t you think the people who clean also benefit
from it. They also learn a lesson. To learn something is like learning a new
skill. Even if it is a cleaning job.”
Little Narayan was not convinced. He again argued, “Those who make a
place dirty but do not clean it should also learn lessons.” Gandhiji and
Narayan continued to argue about this. But when he grew up Narayan
always followed the path shown by Gandhiji.
From the book in Gujarati by Narayanbhai Desai – Sant-Charan-Raj, Sevita, Sahaj
Tell
w w w w w Why did Gandhiji and his team start doing the job of
cleaning. What do you think about this?
w w w w w Do you know any such people in your area who try to help
others in solving their problems? Find out.
w w w w w Guests at Gandhiji’s Ashram had to learn this work also.
If you were one of these guests, what would you do?
Read More
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