Chapter Notes: Addition and Subtraction Up to 20

# Chapter Notes: Addition and Subtraction Up to 20 Notes | Study Mathematics for Class 1 - Class 1

## Document Description: Chapter Notes: Addition and Subtraction Up to 20 for Class 1 2022 is part of Mathematics for Class 1 preparation. The notes and questions for Chapter Notes: Addition and Subtraction Up to 20 have been prepared according to the Class 1 exam syllabus. Information about Chapter Notes: Addition and Subtraction Up to 20 covers topics like Addition, Addition up to 20, Subtraction, Subtracting within 20, Addition and Subtraction Relationship and Chapter Notes: Addition and Subtraction Up to 20 Example, for Class 1 2022 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises and tests below for Chapter Notes: Addition and Subtraction Up to 20.

Introduction of Chapter Notes: Addition and Subtraction Up to 20 in English is available as part of our Mathematics for Class 1 for Class 1 & Chapter Notes: Addition and Subtraction Up to 20 in Hindi for Mathematics for Class 1 course. Download more important topics related with notes, lectures and mock test series for Class 1 Exam by signing up for free. Class 1: Chapter Notes: Addition and Subtraction Up to 20 Notes | Study Mathematics for Class 1 - Class 1
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• To add 6 and 3, we start from 6 and count forward by 3 as:

We reach at 9. So, 6 + 3 = 9.

EduRev Tips: It is easy to add if we start from the bigger number while doing addition by counting forward.

• To add 7 and 3, we start from 7 on the number line and move 3 steps (ones) forward.
We reach at 10. So, 7 + 3 = 10.

• To add 6 and 2, we arrange the numbers one below the other and add as we do by forward counting as shown.

Start from the bigger number 6 and count forward by 2 as:

So, 6 + 2 = 8.

Let us look at the following situations to know the properties of addition.

1. Adding two numbers by changing their order

While adding two numbers, the sum does not change, even if we change the order of the numbers.

2. Adding 0 to a number
There are 4 friends playing. No more friends joined them.

When we add 0 to a number, the sum is the number itself.

EduRev Tips: To add 1-digit number to 10, just replace the 0 with the number. It becomes the ones place of the ‘sum’.

Addition: Counting Together by Making a Group of 10

• Let us add two single digit numbers say 8 and 5 by making tens. 8 X-mas stars and 5 X-mas stars together give 13 X-mas stars.

So, the sum of 8 and 5 is 13.

EduRev Tips: Adding by making a group of 10 changes the question to “adding to 10”.

• Let us add a 2-digit number and a 1-digit number say, 12 and 5.

So, the sum of 12 and 5 is 17.

Addition: Counting Forward on a Number Line

• Look at the given number line. It shows the numbers from 0 to 20.

• Let us add 11 and 6 using the number line. To find 11 + 6, start with the bigger number, 11.
• Now, take 6 steps (ones) forward as shown.
We reach at 17. So, 11 + 6 = 17.

• Ms Yashvi is hosting a holiday cookie party for kids. Ms Yashvi helps them in adding the number of cookies they want.

Step 2: Now, count on to add the third number in the answer you got in step 1.

Thus, Ms Yashvi got the answer 9 cookies because 3 + 2 + 4 = 9.

EduRev Tips: While adding three numbers, it makes no difference which two numbers are added first.

Addition Stories in Real Life Situations

• There are 15 students in Ms Karki's class. 3 new students join the class.
How many students are there in the class now?
There are 15 + 3 = 18 students in the class now.

Subtraction

Subtraction by Crossing Out

• There are 8 carrots in the basket. A rabbit takes away 3 carrots. How many carrots are left in the basket now?
• To find how many carrots are left, we cross out 3 carrots and count the remaining uncrossed carrots.
• There are 5 uncrossed carrots.
So, 5 carrots are left in the basket.
We can write it as:
8 - 3 = 5 Or

EduRev Tips: When we write the smaller number below the bigger number for subtraction,
it is called vertical subtraction.

Subtraction by Counting Backward

• To subtract 4 from 7 by backward counting, we start with the bigger number 7 and count backward 4 ones as:

We reach at 3. So, 7 - 4 = 3.

EduRev Tips: We count backward by ones to subtract. The number we stop at is the difference.

Properties of Subtraction

Let us look at the following situations to know the properties of subtraction.

1. Subtracting 0 from a number
A monkey has 6 bananas. The monkey ate none. Now, 6 bananas are left with him.

When 0 is subtracted from a number, the difference is the same number.

2. Subtracting 1 from a number
A monkey has 5 bananas. The monkey ate 1 banana. Now, 4 bananas are left with him.

When 1 is subtracted from a number, the difference is the number that is just before it.

3. Subtracting a number from itself
A monkey has 4 bananas. The monkey ate all of them. No bananas are left with him now.

When a number is subtracted from itself the difference is 0.

Subtraction Using Backward Counting on a Number Line

• To subtract 4 from 10, we first start with the bigger number 10 then move 4 steps (ones) backward as shown.
We reach at 6. So, 10 - 4 = 6.

Subtracting within 20

Subtracting a 1-digit number from a 2-digit number

Case 1: When the ones digit is same in both the numbers.

• Yajur has 15 paperclips. He lost 5 of them. How many paperclips are left with him?
• To find how many paperclips are left, we subtract the ones digit first. 5 ones - 5 ones = 0 ones. (As subtracting the number from itself gives 0.)
• Write tens digit (1) as it is.
So, 15 - 5 = 10.

Case 2: When the ones digit in a 2-digit number is greater than the 1-digit number.

• There were 16 ants in a line. 4 ants diverged from the line. How many ants are left in the line now?
• To find how many ants are left in the line, we subtract the ones digit first.
• 6 ones - 4 ones = 2 ones. Write 2 below the ones column.
Now, write 1 as it is in the tens place as shown.
So, 16 - 4 = 12.

Thus, there are 12 ants left in the line now.

Subtracting by Backward Counting

• To subtract 5 from 17, we begin at 17 and count 5 ones backward.

We reach 12. So, 17 - 5 = 12.

Subtraction: Backward Counting on a Number Line

• Look at the number line shown below. It shows the numbers from 0 to 20.
• Let us subtract 6 from 14. We start with the bigger number 14 and jump back 6 steps (ones).
We reach at 8. So, 14 - 6 = 8.

Subtraction Stories in Real Life Situations

• Sheetal has 19 pencils. She gave 5 pencils to her brother Parag.

Parag: How many pencils are left with you now?
Sheetal: 14
Parag: How?
Sheetal: I subtracted the pencils given to you from the total number of pencils I had as follows.

So, 19 - 5 = 14.
You can also count backward to subtract. Start from 19 and count back 5 ones as 19, 18, 17, 16, 15, 14.
Sheetal: This is how I am left with 14 pencils.

• Dhruv, Manisha and Aryan have three number cards as  and

Manisha: Add 10 and 5 in any order, the answer will remain the same.
10 + 5 = 15 or 5 + 10 = 15
Dhruv: I can write two subtraction statements for 10 + 5 = 15
or 5 + 10 = 15 as follows:
15 - 5 = 10 and 15 - 10 = 5.
Aryan: To each addition fact there are two subtraction facts.

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