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Chapter Notes: Bones, Muscles & Postures Notes | Study Science for Class 2 - Class 2

Document Description: Chapter Notes: Bones, Muscles & Postures for Class 2 2022 is part of Science for Class 2 preparation. The notes and questions for Chapter Notes: Bones, Muscles & Postures have been prepared according to the Class 2 exam syllabus. Information about Chapter Notes: Bones, Muscles & Postures covers topics like Bones, Joints, Muscles and Chapter Notes: Bones, Muscles & Postures Example, for Class 2 2022 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises and tests below for Chapter Notes: Bones, Muscles & Postures.

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Table of contents
Bones
Joints
Muscles
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Our body has both hard and soft parts. The hard parts are the bones while the soft parts are the muscles. Our skin covers both these parts. 

Bones, muscles, and joints hold our body together and support freedom of movement.Bones, muscles, and joints hold our body together and support freedom of movement.

Bones

Bones provide support for our bodies and help form our shape.  
  • Look at the picture shown below. It shows the various bones of our body. 
  • All our bones together make up the skeleton. There are 206 bones in our body.

The human skeletonThe human skeleton

  • Bones give shape to our body. Our backbone helps us to stand straight.
  • Bones also protect the soft parts inside our body. 
  • For example, our ribs protect our heart and lungs. Our skull protects our brain.
Do you know?
When a baby is born, it has about 300 bones! As the baby grows, some of the bones fuse together. This is why, after people grow into adults, they only have 206 bones in their body. The longest bone in our body is our thigh bone.

Joints

The place where two or more bones are joined together is called a joint.

  • Take a look at the picture shown below. Do you notice that some bones are joined together?
    Joints in our body
    Joints in our body
  • Look at the following pictures now. At each of these joints, we can bend or turn our body in many ways.

Some joints of our bodySome joints of our body

Do you know?
X-rays are special pictures of the inside of your body. An X-ray of a fractured hand is shown here. A fracture means breaking of a bone. Look at the bones, and also look at the joints in the X-ray shown here.

Muscles

The bones cannot move on their own. The muscles help them to move. They pull at the bones to make them move. The muscles cover the bones and are fixed to them.

Muscles of the Human BodyMuscles of the Human Body

Do you know?
There are more than 30 muscles in your face! That is how you can smile or frown, look sad or happy.
  • Some muscles of our bodywork all the time. The muscles of the lungs which help us to breathe, work non-stop. 
  • Our heart is made up of strong muscles. These muscles also work without stopping throughout our life.

The Heart is made up of MusclesThe Heart is made up of Muscles

  • Together, our bones and muscles help us to carry out all our activities like working and playing.
    Together, our bones and muscles help us to carry out all our activities like working and playing.
    Together, our bones and muscles help us to carry out all our activities like working and playing.
  • We should do regular exercise and eat healthy food to make our bones and muscles strong. Jogging and running are good for healthy bones and muscles. Healthy bones and muscles help us to work and play without getting tired.
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