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Chapter Notes: Maps Notes | Study Social Studies (SST) Class 6 - Class 6

Document Description: Chapter Notes: Maps for Class 6 2022 is part of Social Studies (SST) Class 6 preparation. The notes and questions for Chapter Notes: Maps have been prepared according to the Class 6 exam syllabus. Information about Chapter Notes: Maps covers topics like Types of Maps, Components of Maps, (Frequently Asked Questions) FAQs and Chapter Notes: Maps Example, for Class 6 2022 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises and tests below for Chapter Notes: Maps.

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Table of contents
Types of Maps
Components of Maps
(Frequently Asked Questions) FAQs
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A map is a representation or a drawing of the earth’s surface or part of it, drawn on a flat surface according to a scale.

Representation of a small part of an area in the form of a mapRepresentation of a small part of an area in the form of a map

  • We may utilise maps for many different things. One map displays a tiny region and a few details. As many facts could be found on another map as in a large book. 
  • An atlas is created when many maps are combined. Sizes of atlases vary, and dimensions are depicted using various scales.
    Chapter Notes: Maps Notes | Study Social Studies (SST) Class 6 - Class 6
  • Maps provide more information than a globe. They are of different types. 

Question for Chapter Notes: Maps
Try yourself:What is a map?
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Types of Maps

Chapter Notes: Maps Notes | Study Social Studies (SST) Class 6 - Class 6

  1. Maps showing natural features of the earth such as mountains, plateaus, plains, rivers, oceans etc., are called physical or relief maps.
  2. Maps showing cities, towns and villages, countries and states of the world with their boundaries are called political maps.
  3. Some maps focus on specific information like rainfall maps, road maps, and maps of tourist places are called thematic maps.

Question for Chapter Notes: Maps
Try yourself:What is physical map?
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Components of Maps

There are three components of maps:

(a) Distance

  • Distance is measured in terms of scale. Scale is the ratio between the actual distance on the ground and the distance shown on the map.
    Chapter Notes: Maps Notes | Study Social Studies (SST) Class 6 - Class 6
  • If you know the scale, you will be able to calculate the distance between any two places on a map. 
  • When large areas like continents or countries are to be shown on paper, then we use a small scale. It is called a small-scale map. Their scale covers a large distance on a small scale. For example, 100 km is shown in 1 cm. These maps have less information about the places shown on the map.
    Small scale vs Large scale map
    Small scale vs Large scale map
  • When a small area like your village or town is to be shown on paper, then we use a large scale that is 5 cm. It is called a large-scale map. These maps generally show detailed information including roads and buildings present in a village or town.
    Large scale map
    Large scale map

Question for Chapter Notes: Maps
Try yourself:Which map gives more information?
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(b) Direction

  • There are four major directions, North, South, East and West. They are called cardinal points.
    Chapter Notes: Maps Notes | Study Social Studies (SST) Class 6 - Class 6
  • Other four intermediate directions are north-east (NE), southeast (SE), south-west (SW) and north-west (NW).
    Chapter Notes: Maps Notes | Study Social Studies (SST) Class 6 - Class 6
  • We can find out the direction of a place with the help of a compass. It is an instrument used to find out main directions. Its magnetic needle always points towards north-south direction.
    Compass
    Compass

(c) Symbol

  • Symbols are certain letters, shades, colours, pictures and lines, which give us information about a limited place.  
  • It is the third important component of a map. It is not possible to draw on a map the actual shape and size of different features such as buildings, roads, etc. So, they are shown by using certain letters, shades, colours, pictures and lines. 
    Chapter Notes: Maps Notes | Study Social Studies (SST) Class 6 - Class 6
  • Maps have a universal language that can be understood by all. There is an international agreement regarding the use of these symbols. These are called conventional symbols.
  • Various colours are used for the same purpose. For example, generally blue is used for showing water bodies, brown for mountains, yellow for plateau and green is used for plains.

Question for Chapter Notes: Maps
Try yourself:The blue colour is used for showing:
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Sketch

  • A sketch is a drawing mainly based on memory and spot observation and not to scale. 
  • Sometimes a rough drawing is required of an area to tell where a particular place is located with respect to other places.
    SketchSketch
  • Such a rough drawing is drawn without scale and is called a sketch map.

Plan

  • A plan is a drawing of a small area on a large scale.
    PlanPlan
  • A large-scale map gives a lot of information, but there are certain things, which we may sometimes want to know, for example the length and breadth of a room, which can’t be shown in a map. At that time, we can refer drawings drawn to scale called a plan.

(Frequently Asked Questions) FAQs

Ques: What is a ‘Thematic map’?

Answer: A thematic map is also called a special-purpose, single-topic or statistical map.

Ques: What are the uses of ‘Maps’?

Answer:

  1. General reference
  2. Topographical
  3. Navigational uses

The document Chapter Notes: Maps Notes | Study Social Studies (SST) Class 6 - Class 6 is a part of the Class 6 Course Social Studies (SST) Class 6.
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