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Chapter Notes - Maps
i)Maps are of several types.
ii)Maps showing natural features of the earth are called physical or relief maps.
iii)Maps showing cities, towns and villages, countries and states of the world with their boundaries are called political maps.
iv)Some maps focus on specific information like rainfall map, road maps, maps of tourist places are called thematic maps.
Components of Maps:
i)There are three components of maps-distance, direction and symbol.
ii) Distance is measured in terms of scale. Scale is the ratio between the actual distance on the ground and the distance shown on the map.
iii) When large areas like continents or countries are to be shown on a paper, then we use a small scale.
iv) When a small area like your village to town in to be shown on paper, then we use a large scale map.
v) Directions are cardinal points like North, South, East and West.
vi) Symbols are certain letters, shades, colours, pictures and lines, which give us information about a limited place.
vii) Various other things like sketches and plans are used to draw an area of a large scale.