Chapter Notes - Rural Livelihoods
•There are several kinds of livelihoods in rural areas.
Fig: Rural areas
(i) Kalpattu in Tamil Nadu is a village near to the sea coast.
(ii) Ploughing is not done here. People are busy in activities like making pots, utensils, weaving baskets and making bricks in kilns.
(iii) It has a number of shops, Tea, cloth, barber, shop, tailor, etc. are some major shops found here.
Life in Rural Areas:
i) Women have to do their domestic duties and event work outside.
ii) People find it difficult even to meet their base existence or basic necessities.
iii) Work in rural areas in found only in the harvesting season.
iv) People work as a daily labourers.
v) Since farmers do not have money they fall in a debt trap.
vi) About two-third of India’s agricultural labourers are landless labourers.
Agricultural Labourers and Farmers in India:
(i) In India only 20% of farmer can boast of a good lifestyle.
(ii) Hoarding makes farmers suffer.
(i) People in coastal areas into face a tough life.
(ii) Fishing is their main occupation. But when the fishermen are out, it is not known whether they will come back or not.
(iii) Fishermen are unsafe for four months during monsoon season. It is a lean period for the fishermen.
(iv) There is constant battle for survival among majority of people in rural areas.
Fig: Coastal areas