1. What Development Promises
(b) Desires of people
(c) Different goals for different people.
Example: Landless laborer require better wages and work, Adivasi from Narmada Valley - need rehabilitation
(d) Sometime conflicting aim.
Example: dams, are a reason for displacement of some but provide electricity for the industrialists.
(e) Development for one, but destruction for other.
2. Income and Other Goals
(a) Regular and steady source of income
(b) Equal treatment in society
(c) Freedom, security
(d) Respect of others
(e) Mix of goals for Development
3. National Development: Different persons have different notions about national development goals such as industrial development or agricultural progress or computer literacy.
4. How to Compare Different Countries or States
(a) Income as most important attributes but average income or per capita income more useful than total income.
(b) World Bank’s criterion — 2016: Rich countries - US $ 12236 per annum and above, low income countries — US $ 1005 per annum or less, India — low middle income country — US $ 1840 per annum.
5. Income and Other Criteria
(a) Infant Mortality Rate
(b) Literacy Rate
(c) Net Attendance Ratio
(d) Comparison - Haryana, Kerala and Bihar
(i) Haryana has the highest per capita income
(ii) Kerala - Literacy rate 94%, Infant Mortality Rate 12, Haryana better than Kerala.
6. Public Facilities
(a) Public Education
(c) Public Distribution System
(d) UNDP on the basis of educational level, health status and per capita income
(e) Comparison with neighboring countries - Sri Lanka much better in per capita income, life expectancy, HDI rank etc.
7. Sustainability of Development
(a) To keep in mind the necessity of future generations
(b) Judicious use of non-renewable resources
(c) To conserve the environment from degradation.