(A) INSIDE – OUTSIDE
Amit wants to go in the space.
He is standing outside a rocket.
Now, he gets inside the rocket – all set to go !!
Reema is saying good-bye to her twin sister Seema who is going on a school trip
Reema is outside the train coach. Seema is inside the train coach.
(B) BIG – SMALL
Some objects or persons are big in size. Some are small in size.
Bigger – Smaller
The bigger pumpkin. The smaller pumpkin
The smaller apple. The bigger apple.
Biggest – Smallest
(C) TOP – BOTTOM
The cat unfurled the flag.
Tweety is sitting on the top of the flag. Kitty is at the bottom.
She is now at the bottom.
(D) NEAR – FAR
Near mean close to an object or person. Far means away from it.
The pet dog is near the girl
The pet dog is far from the girl.
Tortoise and rabbit had a race. Rabbit slept during the race.
Tortoise is near the finishing line. Rabbit is far from it.
Slow and steady tortoise won the race !!
Nearer – Farther
Nearer and farther are used when comparing 2 objects or persons with another object or person.
Pink bird is nearer to the home. Yellow bird is farther from the home.
Nearest – Farthest
Nearest and farthest are used when comparing more than 2 objects or persons with another object or person.
Lion is nearest to the train engine. Giraffe is farthest from the train engine.
(E) ON – UNDER
The kitty is on the chair.
The kitty is under the table
The flower vase is on the table
The slippers are under the table.
(F) ABOVE – BELOW
The boy is sleeping above the table.
The dog is sleeping below the table.
The lion in blue T-shirt is above. The lion in green T-shirt is below.
2D and 3D Shapes
Shape in 2 Dimensions
Shape in 3 Dimensions
| Circle|| Sphere|
| Triangle|| Cone|
| Rectangle|| Cuboid|
| Square|| Cube|
| Cylindrical shape|
Sorting means arranging shapes by clubbing all similar shapes together. For example, the following shapes have been sorted.
(H) ROLLING– SLIDING
The shape of an object affects whether it will roll or slide.
Objects that roll
Objects that slide