Chapter Notes - Shapes and Space Notes | EduRev

Mathematics (Maths) for Class 1

Created by: Yashina Kapoor

Class 1 : Chapter Notes - Shapes and Space Notes | EduRev

The document Chapter Notes - Shapes and Space Notes | EduRev is a part of the Class 1 Course Mathematics (Maths) for Class 1.
All you need of Class 1 at this link: Class 1

(A) INSIDE – OUTSIDE
Example 1:

  • Outside -

Chapter Notes - Shapes and Space Notes | EduRevAmit wants to go in the space.
He is standing outside a rocket.

  • Inside -

Chapter Notes - Shapes and Space Notes | EduRevNow, he gets inside the rocket – all set to go !!


Example 2:

  • Outside -
    Chapter Notes - Shapes and Space Notes | EduRevKitty is playing the game – hide and seek. She is outside the box.
  • Inside -
    Chapter Notes - Shapes and Space Notes | EduRevNow, the Kitty is inside the box. 


Example 3: 
Reema is saying good-bye to her twin sister Seema who is going on a school trip

Chapter Notes - Shapes and Space Notes | EduRev

Reema is outside the train coach. Seema is inside the train coach.

(B) BIG – SMALL
Some objects or persons are big in size. Some are small in size.

Bigger – Smaller

  • Any object or person that is large in size is called Bigger.
  • Any object or item or person that is small in size is called Smaller.

Example 1:

Chapter Notes - Shapes and Space Notes | EduRevThe bigger pumpkin. The smaller pumpkin


Example 2:
Chapter Notes - Shapes and Space Notes | EduRev
Example 3:
Chapter Notes - Shapes and Space Notes | EduRevThe smaller apple. The bigger apple.


Biggest – Smallest

  • Biggest means largest in size when more than 2 objects or things are compared.
  • Smallest means smallest in size in size when more than 2 objects or things are compared.

Example 1:

Chapter Notes - Shapes and Space Notes | EduRev


Example 2:

Chapter Notes - Shapes and Space Notes | EduRev


Example 3:
Chapter Notes - Shapes and Space Notes | EduRev
(C) TOP – BOTTOM

Example 1:Chapter Notes - Shapes and Space Notes | EduRev
Example 2:

The cat unfurled the flag.
Chapter Notes - Shapes and Space Notes | EduRevTweety is sitting on the top of the flag. Kitty is at the bottom.

Example 3:

  • Top -Chapter Notes - Shapes and Space Notes | EduRevThe girl is on the top of the swing.
  • Bottom -

Chapter Notes - Shapes and Space Notes | EduRevShe is now at the bottom. 

(D) NEAR – FAR

Example 1:
Near mean close to an object or person. Far means away from it.

  • Near -

Chapter Notes - Shapes and Space Notes | EduRevThe pet dog is near the girl

  • Far -

Chapter Notes - Shapes and Space Notes | EduRev

The pet dog is far from the girl.


Example 2:
Tortoise and rabbit had a race. Rabbit slept during the race.

Chapter Notes - Shapes and Space Notes | EduRevTortoise is near the finishing line. Rabbit is far from it.
Chapter Notes - Shapes and Space Notes | EduRevSlow and steady tortoise won the race !!


Nearer – Farther

Example 1:
Nearer and farther are used when comparing 2 objects or persons with another object or person.

Chapter Notes - Shapes and Space Notes | EduRev

  • Earth is nearer to the Sun.
  • Jupiter is farther from the Sun

Example 2:Chapter Notes - Shapes and Space Notes | EduRev

Pink bird is nearer to the home. Yellow bird is farther from the home.


Nearest – Farthest

Example 1:
Nearest and farthest are used when comparing more than 2 objects or persons with another object or person.
Chapter Notes - Shapes and Space Notes | EduRev

Lion is nearest to the train engine. Giraffe is farthest from the train engine.

Example 2:
Chapter Notes - Shapes and Space Notes | EduRev

  • The old lady is farthest from the ticket counter.
  • The kid is nearest to the ticket counter.

(E) ON – UNDER
Example 1:

  • On -

Chapter Notes - Shapes and Space Notes | EduRev

The kitty is on the chair.

  • Under -

Chapter Notes - Shapes and Space Notes | EduRev

The kitty is under the table

Example 2:

  • On -

Chapter Notes - Shapes and Space Notes | EduRev

The flower vase is on the table

  • Under - 

Chapter Notes - Shapes and Space Notes | EduRev

Example 3:

The slippers are under the table.

Chapter Notes - Shapes and Space Notes | EduRev


(F) ABOVE – BELOW

Example 1:

The boy is sleeping above the table.

Chapter Notes - Shapes and Space Notes | EduRev


Example 2:
The dog is sleeping below the table.

Chapter Notes - Shapes and Space Notes | EduRevThe lion in blue T-shirt is above. The lion in green T-shirt is below.


Let’s REVISE

Chapter Notes - Shapes and Space Notes | EduRev


(G) SHAPES

2D and 3D Shapes

  • 2-D shapes are shapes in two dimensions. These are geometrical shapes like circle, triangle, rectangle and square.
  • 3-D shapes are shapes in three dimensions. These are shapes of objects like sphere, cone, cuboid, cube and cylinder.

Shape in 2 Dimensions

 (2D)

Shape in 3 Dimensions

 (3D)
 Circle
Chapter Notes - Shapes and Space Notes | EduRev
 Sphere
Chapter Notes - Shapes and Space Notes | EduRev
Basket ball
 Triangle
Chapter Notes - Shapes and Space Notes | EduRev
 Cone
Chapter Notes - Shapes and Space Notes | EduRevIce-cream cone
 Rectangle
Chapter Notes - Shapes and Space Notes | EduRev
 Cuboid
Chapter Notes - Shapes and Space Notes | EduRevShoe box
 Square
Chapter Notes - Shapes and Space Notes | EduRev
 Cube
Chapter Notes - Shapes and Space Notes | EduRevRubik cube

 Cylindrical shape
Chapter Notes - Shapes and Space Notes | EduRevBattery cell


Sorting

Sorting means arranging shapes by clubbing all similar shapes together. For example, the following shapes have been sorted.

Chapter Notes - Shapes and Space Notes | EduRev


(H) ROLLING– SLIDING
The shape of an object affects whether it will roll or slide.

  • Objects with round shape roll.
  • Object with flat surfaces slide

Chapter Notes - Shapes and Space Notes | EduRev

Chapter Notes - Shapes and Space Notes | EduRev

Objects that roll
 Objects that slide
Chapter Notes - Shapes and Space Notes | EduRev Chapter Notes - Shapes and Space Notes | EduRev
  Chapter Notes - Shapes and Space Notes | EduRev Chapter Notes - Shapes and Space Notes | EduRev
Chapter Notes - Shapes and Space Notes | EduRev   Chapter Notes - Shapes and Space Notes | EduRev
  Chapter Notes - Shapes and Space Notes | EduRev  Chapter Notes - Shapes and Space Notes | EduRev
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