Commands and Requests Notes | Study English Grammar Class 10 - Class 10

Class 10: Commands and Requests Notes | Study English Grammar Class 10 - Class 10

The document Commands and Requests Notes | Study English Grammar Class 10 - Class 10 is a part of the Class 10 Course English Grammar Class 10.
All you need of Class 10 at this link: Class 10

Changing Commands and Requests into Indirect Speech

  • In imperative sentences having commands, the reporting verb is changed into command, order, tell, allow, request, etc.
  • The imperative mood is changed into the infinitive mood by putting ‘to’, before the verb. In case of negative sentences, the auxiliary ‘do’ is dropped and ‘to’ is placed after ‘not’:

Examples:

  • Direct: She said to me, “Open the window.”
    Indirect: She ordered me to open the window.
  • Direct: The captain said to the soldiers, “Attack the enemy.”
    Indirect: The captain commanded the soldiers to attack the enemy.
  • Direct: I said to him, “Leave this place at once.”
    Indirect: I told him to leave that place at once.
  • Direct: The teacher said to the students, “Listen to me attentively.”
    Indirect: The teacher asked the students to listen to him attentively.
  • Direct: The Principal said to the peon, “Ring the bell.”
    Indirect: The Principal ordered the peon to ring the bell.
  • Direct: The master said to the servant, “Fetch me a glass of water.”
    Indirect: The master ordered the servant to fetch him a glass of water.
  • Direct: I said to him, “Please bring me a glass of water.”
    Indirect: I requested him to bring me a glass of water.
  • Direct: I said to my friend, “Please lend me your book.”
    Indirect: I requested my friend to lend me his book.

Sentences with ‘Let’.

  • ‘Let’ is used in various meanings.

(i) ‘Let’ is used to make a proposal:

  • First change the reporting verb into ‘proposed’ or ‘suggested’.
  • Use ‘should’ instead of ‘let’.
    Example:
    Direct: 
    He said to me, “Let us go home.”
    Indirect: He suggested to me that we should go home.

(ii) ‘Let’ is used as ‘to allow’:

  • In Indirect Speech, we change the reporting verb to ‘requested’ or ‘ordered’.We start Reported Speech with ‘to’.
    Example:
    Direct: Ram said to Mohan, “Let him do it.”
    Indirect: Ram ordered Mohan to let him do that.
    Or
    Ram told Mohan that he might be allowed to do that.
The document Commands and Requests Notes | Study English Grammar Class 10 - Class 10 is a part of the Class 10 Course English Grammar Class 10.
All you need of Class 10 at this link: Class 10

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