Common and Scientific Names CLAT Notes | EduRev

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CLAT : Common and Scientific Names CLAT Notes | EduRev

The document Common and Scientific Names CLAT Notes | EduRev is a part of the CLAT Course Static GK for Exam Preparation.
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The names that we use to refer to things and beings around us are not the same as the names used in the scientific community. Often derived from Greek, Latin or other foreign languages scientific names can be a tad bit difficult to keep in mind. This is precisely why you should be prepared with them for CLAT! Remember that the scientific name will change depending on the species and genus. Therefore be careful and keep in mind the specific kind while answering questions about scientific names.

Animals

  1. Common name: Cat
    Scientific name: Felis catus
  2. Common name: Dog
    Scientific name:  Canis familiaris
  3. Common name: Horse
    Scientific name: Equus caballus
  4. Common name: Cow
    Scientific name: Bos Taurus
  5. Common name: Goat
    Scientific name: Capra aegagrus hircus
  6. Common name: Pig
    Scientific name: Sus scrofa domesticus
  7. Common name: Rabbit
    Scientific name: Oryctolagus cuniculus
  8. Common name: Common Zebra
    Scientific name: Equus quagga
  9. Common name: Red fox
    Scientific name: Vulpes vulpes
  10. Common name: Lion
    Scientific name: Panthera leo
  11. Common name: Tiger
    Scientific name: Panthera tigris
  12. Common name: Brown Bear
    Scientific name: Ursus arctos
  13. Common name: African Elephant
    Scientific name:  Loxodonta
  14. Common name: Arabian Camel
    Scientific name: Camelus dromedaries
  15. Common name: Sheep
    Scientific name: Ovis aries
  16. Common name: Grey wolf
    Scientific name: Canis lupus
  17. Common name: Giraffe
    Scientific name: Giraffa camelopardalis
  18. Common name: Brown Rat
    Scientific name: Rattus norvegicus
  19. Common name: Donkey
    Scientific name: Equus africanus asinus
  20. Common name: Red Kangaroo
    Scientific name: Macropus rufus

Birds

  1. Common name: Pigeon
    Scientific name: Columbia livia
  2. Common name: Owl
    Scientific name: Strigidae
  3. Common name: Peacock
    Scientific name: Pavo cristatus
  4. Common name: Bee Hummingbird
    Scientific name: Mellisuga helenae
  5. Common name: Common Cuckoo
    Scientific name: Cuculus canorus
  6. Common name: Domestic duck
    Scientific name: Anas platyrhynchos domesticus
  7. Common name: Common Moorhen
    Scientific name: Gallinula chloropus
  8. Common name: Little Spotted Kiwi
    Scientific name: Apteryx owenii
  9. Common name: Canada Goose
    Scientific name: Branta Canadensis
  10. Common name: House Crow
    Scientific name: Corvus splendens
  11. Common name: Penguin
    Scientific name: Spheniscidae
  12. Common name: Great White Pelican
    Scientific name: Pelecanus onocrotalus
  13. Common name: Greater Flamingo
    Scientific name: Phoenicopterus roseus
  14. Common name: Bald Eagle
    Scientific name: Haliaeetus leucocephalus
  15. Common name: Black Vulture
    Scientific name: Coragyps atratus

Insects

  1. Common name: Honey bee
    Scientific name: Apis mellifera
  2. Common name: Fire Ant
    Scientific name: Solenopsis
  3. Common name: Common Butterfly
    Scientific name: Rhopalocera
  4. Common name: Housefly
    Scientific name: Musca domestica
  5. Common name: Common House Spider
    Scientific name: Parasteatoda tepidariorum
  6. Common name: Asian Cockroach
    Scientific name: Blattella asahinai
  7. Common name: Mosquito
    Scientific name: Culicidae
  8. Common name: Seven spotted Ladybird
    Scientific name: Coccinella septempunctata
  9. Common name: Firefly
    Scientific name: Lampyridae
  10. Common name: Grasshopper
    Scientific name: Caelifera
  11. Common name: House Cricket
    Scientific name: Acheta domesticus
  12. Common name: Beetle
    Scientific name: Coleoptera
  13. Common name: Earwig
    Scientific name: Dermaptera
  14. Common name: Human Flea
    Scientific name: Pulex irritans
  15. Common name: Silkworm
    Scientific name: Bombyx mori

Plants

  1. Common name: Neem
    Scientific name: Azadirachta indica
  2. Common name: Rose
    Scientific name: Rosa (virginiana/multiflora)
  3. Common name: Mango
    Scientific name: Mangifera indica
  4. Common name: Bamboo
    Scientific name: Bambuseae
  5. Common name: Coconut
    Scientific name: Cocos nucifera
  6. Common name: Fennel
    Scientific name: Quercus canariensis
  7. Common name: Lavender
    Scientific name: Lavandula
  8. Common name: Mulberry
    Scientific name: Morus (rubra/alba)
  9. Common name: Algerian Oak
    Scientific name: Quercus canariensis
  10. Common name: Peach
    Scientific name: Prunus persica
  11. Common name: Poison Ivy
    Scientific name: Toxicodendron radicans
  12. Common name: Asian Rice
    Scientific name: Oryza sativa
  13. Common name: Sunflower
    Scientific name: Helianthus annuus
  14. Common name: Tea
    Scientific name: Camellia sinensis
  15. Common name: Tomato
    Scientific name: Solanum lycopersicum
  16. Common name: California Walnut
    Scientific name: Juglans californica
  17. Common name: Coyote Willow
    Scientific name: Salix exigua
  18. Common name: Tulsi (Holy Basil)
    Scientific name: Ocimum tenuiflorum (Also Ocimum sanctum)

Elements and Compounds

  1. Common name: Baking soda
    Scientific name: Sodium Bicarbonate
  2. Common name: Common Salt
    Scientific name: Sodium Chloride
  3. Common name: Epsom Salt
    Scientific name: Magnesium Sulphate Heptahydrate
  4. Common name: Milk of Magnesia
    Scientific name: Magnesium Hydroxide
  5. Common name: Oil of Vitriol
    Scientific name: Sulphuric Acid
  6. Common name: Quicksilver
    Scientific name: Mercury
  7. Common name: Marble
    Scientific name: Calcium Carbonate
  8. Common name: Saltpeter
    Scientific name: Potassium Nitrate
  9. Common name: Laughing Gas
    Scientific name: Dinitrogen Monoxide
  10. Common name: Graphite
    Scientific name: Carbon
  11. Common name: Lime
    Scientific name: Calcium Oxide
  12. Common name: Slaked Lime
    Scientific name: Calcium Hydroxide
  13. Common name: Rubbing Alcohol
    Scientific name: Isopropyl Alcohol
  14. Common name: Muriatic Acid
    Scientific name: Hydrochloric Acid
  15. Common name: Wood Alcohol
    Scientific name: Methyl Alcohol
  16. Common name: Washing Soda
    Scientific name: Sodium Carbonate
  17. Common name: Gypsum
    Scientific name: Calcium Sulphate Dihydrate
  18. Common name: Cream of Tartar
    Scientific name: Potassium Hydrogen Tartrate
  19. Common name: Vinegar
    Scientific name: Acetic Acid
  20. Common name: Plaster of Paris
    Scientific name: Calcium Sulphate Hemihydrate
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