Comprehension Questions with Answers Verbal Notes | EduRev

English Language for SSC CGL

Banking Exams : Comprehension Questions with Answers Verbal Notes | EduRev

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Question 1: The word “pantheon” in the passage refers to
A. A temple of all the gods
B. All the gods collectively of a religion
C. A monument or building commemorating a nation's dead heroes
D. A domed circular temple at Rome, erected a.d. 120–124 by Hadrian
Answer: All the gods collectively of a religion
Explanation:
We find the word "pantheon" in the following line of the passage:
"The Roman historian Tacitus tells us that Odin (“Mercury” in the interpretatio romana) was already established as the dominant god in the pantheons of many of the Germanic tribes by the first century."
Here, clearly, it refers to Odin being the dominant god amongst all gods of the Germanic tribes.
So option b is the correct choice.
The question is "Choose the Correct option "
Hence, the answer is B

Choice B is the correct answer.

Question 2: Which of the following statements is incorrect?
A. Unlike the Latin alphabet, which is an essentially utilitarian script, the runes are symbols of some of the most powerful forces in the cosmos
B. Runic writing was probably first used in southern Europe and was carried north by Germanic tribes.
C. The word “rune” and its meaning was derived from the runic alphabet.
D. The first runic alphabets date back to the 1st century CE.
Answer: The word “rune” and its meaning was derived from the runic alphabet.
Explanation:
Let us consider the statements in order.
Statement 1 - Unlike the Latin alphabet, which is an essentially utilitarian script, the runes are symbols of some of the most powerful forces in the cosmos.
From the passage, we know this to be true. Runes functioned as letters, but they were much more than just letters. Each rune was an ideographic or pictographic symbol of some cosmological power.
Statement 2 - Runic writing was probably first used in southern Europe and was carried north by Germanic tribes.
Again, this is stated in the passage and is correct.
Statement 3 - The word “rune” and its meaning was derived from the runic alphabet
The word “rune” means both “letter” and “secret” and its original meaning predated the adoption of the runic alphabet. Hence statement 3 is incorrect.
Statement 4 - The first runic alphabets date back to the 1st century CE.
Indeed, according to the passage, the development of the Elder Futhark had begun by the first century. So this statement is correct.
The question is "Choose the Correct option "
Hence, the answer is C

Choice C is the correct answer.

Question 3: Which of the following can be inferred from the passage?
A. Runic script was most likely derived from Old Italic script.
B. Runes were not used so much as a simple writing system, but rather as magical signs to be used for charms.
C. In the Proto-Germanic period, the god Tiwaz was associated with war, victory, marriage and the diurnal sky.
D. The knowledge of the meanings attributed to the runes of the Younger Futhark is derived from the three Rune poems.
A. All the above
B. ii and iv
C. i, ii and iv
D. i and iii
Answer: i and iii
Explanation:
Statement i - Runic script was most likely derived from Italic script.
True. The runes are presumed to have been derived from one of the many Old Italic alphabets in use among the Mediterranean peoples of the first century CE, who lived to the south of the Germanic tribes.
Statement ii - Runes were not used so much as a simple writing system, but rather as magical signs to be used for charms.
False. Runes were used as a writing system. They were also used as magical signs. They were more than letters as we understand them today, not just magical signs.
Statement iii - In the Proto-Germanic period, the god Tiwaz was associated with war, victory, marriage and the diurnal sky.
True. We understand from the passage that Tiwaz was perceived to dwell within the daytime sky, had martial role and was associated with victory in battle.
Statement iv - The knowledge of the meanings attributed to the runes of the Younger Futhark is derived from the three Rune poems.
False. The Younger Futhark is treated in the Icelandic and Norwegian Rune Poems only, not all three rune poems as suggested in the statement above.
So, of the four statements above only i and iii can be inferred from the passage.
The question is "Choose the Correct option "
Hence, the answer is D

Choice D is the correct answer.

Question 4: Which of the following cannot be reasonably inferred with regard to the beliefs of the Proto-Germanic people?
A. Odin came upon the runes after going through a lot of torment.
B. The name of a rune was almost always the first sound of a God’s name
C. The cosmological power represented by a rune was invoked by writing it.
D. Proto-German Gods were modeled on humans.
Answer: The name of a rune was almost always the first sound of a God’s name
Explanation:
Let us consider the statements in order.
Statement a - Odin came upon the runes after going through a lot of torment.
True, stated in the last couple of paragraphs.
Statement b - The name of a rune was almost always the first sound of a God’s name.
False. Each rune had a name which was almost always the first sound of the rune’s name. Though the example of the T rune and Tiwaz is given in the passage, it is not stated as a general rule that the name of a rune is the first sound of a God’s name. It is the first sound of the rune’s name.
Statement c - The cosmological power represented by a rune was invoked by writing it.
True.
Statement d- Proto-German Gods were modeled on humans.
True. The passage gives the example of Woðanaz, the divine model of the human warband leader.
So the correct answer choice is option b.
The question is "Choose the Correct option"
Hence, the answer is B

Choice B is the correct answer.

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