Decline of Mughal Empire UPSC Notes | EduRev

संशोधन नोटस Revision notes for UPSC (Hindi)

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UPSC : Decline of Mughal Empire UPSC Notes | EduRev

The document Decline of Mughal Empire UPSC Notes | EduRev is a part of the UPSC Course संशोधन नोटस Revision notes for UPSC (Hindi).
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  • The most important reason for the worsening of state finances during the reign of Bahadur Shah was reckless grant of jagirs and promotions.
  • The action of Bahadur Shah which could be called a great diplomatic move was the release of Sahu, the son of Sambhaji, from the Mughal captivity.
  • The most powerful noble during the reign of Bahadur Shah and Jahandar Shah was Zulfiqar Khan.
  • The last Mughal emperor who was deported to Rangoon by the English on the charge of par-ticipating in the revolt of 1857 was Bahadur Shah II.
  • A courtesan called Lal Kunwar dominated the affairs of the Mughal empire during the reign of Jahandar Shah.
  • The main reason for the defeat of the Mughal forces at the hands of Nadir Shah was disunity, poor leadership, mutual jealousies and distrust were responsible for the defeat.
  • The Saiyid Brothers came into prominence and emerged powerful during the reign of Farrukh siyar.
  • Defeat of the Marathas in the Third Battle of Panipat became practically inevitable on account of postponement of battle for two and a half months by Bhau.
  • The number of Later Mughal rulers placed on and overthrown from the throne by the Saiyid Brothers was Four.
  • In the early eighteenth century several areas in the South were called do-amlis, where the Mughal and Maratha or some other dual rule was forced on the peopleDecline of Mughal Empire UPSC Notes | EduRev
    Fig: Shah Alam II
  • The Later Mughal emperor Shah Alam II was actually known as Ali Gauhar.
  • In 1788 the Later Mughal emperor Shah Alam II was blinded by an Afghan chief called Ghulam Kadir.
  • At the time of Third Battle of Panipat, the Mughal emperor was Shah Jahan II.
  • Murshid Quli Khan, the Mughal governor of Bengal, was originally A South Indian Brahmin.
  • The governorship of Bengal became hereditary with Shujauddin Khan.
  • From 1761 to 1770, the supreme dictator of Delhi was Najib Khan.
  • After nearly twelve years of exile, Shah Alam II was escorted back to the throne of Delhi by Mahadi Sindhia.
  • The Nawab of Bengal who shifted the capital from Dacca to Murshidabad was Murshid Quli Khan.
  • The Nawab of Bengal who concluded a treaty with the Marathas and agreed to pay them an annual tribute as chauth and ceded to them the revenue of part of Orissa was Alivardi Khan.
  • Nadir Shah defeated the Mughal emperor Muhammad Shah in the battle of Karnal.
  • “Everywhere in lane and bazar lay the headless trunks of the slain. For seven days following the general slaughter, the water (in the Yamuna) flowed of a blood-red colour”. The statement describes the sack of Delhi during the invasion of Ahmad Shah Abdali.
  • The early capital of the nawabs of Awadh was Fyzabad.
  • The nawab of Awadh who committed suicide to save himself from disgrace at the hands of Nadir Shah was Saadat KhanDecline of Mughal Empire UPSC Notes | EduRev
    Fig: Ahmad Shah Abdali
  • After the Third Battle of Panipat Ahmad Shah Abdali invaded India three more times to punish The Sikhs.
  • The emergence of the Sikhs as a territorial power synchronised with their organisation into misls or confederacies.
  • The Sikhs were transformed from a devotional religious sect into a militant anti-Muslim brotherhood in the seventeenth century. The Sikh Guru who started this transformation was Guru Hargobind.
  • After Guru Gobind Singh’s death, the institution of Guruship came to an end and the spiritual authority passed to Granth Sahib.
  • The backbone of the armies of the misls was the cavalry
  • From Shah Shuja to Ranjit Singh acquired the world-famous diamond—the Koh-i-noor.
  • The primary reason for the defeat of the Sikh army in the First Anglo-Sikh War was half-heartedness and treachery of the Sikh generals.
  • Saadat Khan was the founder of the autonomous kingdom of Awadh or Oudh.Decline of Mughal Empire UPSC Notes | EduRev
    Fig: Saadat Khan
  • The nawab of Awadh who was appointed the wazir of the Mughal empire was Safdarjang.
  • The Nawab of Bengal whose sense of justice was so famous that the people believed that they “lived in Naushirvan’s reign” was Shujauddin.
  • Chin Qulich Khan founded the state of Hyderabad.
  • The sarkar of Guntur was the bone of contention between Nizam Ali, the ruler of Hyderabad, and the English.
  • Lord Wellesley’s main objective in concl-uding a subsidiary treaty (1798) with the Nizam was to exterminate French influence and intrigues in India.Decline of Mughal Empire UPSC Notes | EduRev
    Fig: Lord Wellesley
  • A distinguished Rajput ruler of the eighteenth century who was a great law maker, astronomer, town-planner and scientist, was Sawai Jai Singh of Amber.
  • The greatest contribution of Sultan Tipu to Malabar was Building a chain of roads.
  • A Hindu ruler of the eighteenth century who performed two asvamedha sacrifices was Sawai Jai Singh of Amber.
  • Surajmal is known as the ‘Plato of the Jat tribe’.
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