Distance and Direction Notes | Study Logical Reasoning for CLAT - CLAT

CLAT: Distance and Direction Notes | Study Logical Reasoning for CLAT - CLAT

The document Distance and Direction Notes | Study Logical Reasoning for CLAT - CLAT is a part of the CLAT Course Logical Reasoning for CLAT.
All you need of CLAT at this link: CLAT

What is Direction?

Direction is the information contained in the relative position of one point with respect to another point without the distance information. Directions may be either relative to some indicated reference or absolute according to some previously agreed upon frame of reference.

Cardinal directions: The four cardinal directions or cardinal points are:

  • North
  • East
  • South
  • West

Distance and Direction Notes | Study Logical Reasoning for CLAT - CLAT

Their initials commonly denote these directions: N, E, S, W. East and West are at right angles to North and South, with east being in the clockwise direction of rotation from north and west being directly opposite east.

The intermediate directions of the four cardinal directions are:

  • North – West
  • North – East
  • South – West
  • South – East

Distance and Direction Notes | Study Logical Reasoning for CLAT - CLAT




Assumptions:

The direction of the top of the page is always considered as North unless specified in the question.

LEFT / RIGHT SIDE OF PARTICULAR DIRECTIONS

Distance and Direction Notes | Study Logical Reasoning for CLAT - CLAT



Example 1: Mr Deepak Mohan walks 5 km towards the south and then turns to the right. After walking 3 km he turns to the left and walks 5 km. What direction is he facing right now?

(a) West

(b) South

(c) North-East

(d) South-West

The correct answer is option (b)

Distance and Direction Notes | Study Logical Reasoning for CLAT - CLAT

The path traced by Deepak Mohan

The right and left movements are with respect to Mr. Deepak Mohan. After walking 5 km towards the South, he takes a right turn and now will be facing West. After walking 3 more km he turns left and walks 5 more km. Now he is facing South.

Try yourself:Sowmya Krishnan walked 20 m towards the north. Then she turned right and walks 30 m. Then she turns right and walks 35 m. Then she turns left and walks 15 m. Finally she turns left and walks 15 m. In which direction and how many meters is she from the starting position?
View Solution


FINDING OUT DISTANCE:  The student is generally expected to find out the distance between the starting point and the Destination. And, we are expected to find out the shortest distance between the two points i.e. starting point and the Destination Point. To find out this distance, one should draw the diagram, which shows actual path followed by the person, along with the distance traveled by him. Finally, the starting point and Destination are joined by a straight line and distance is observed. For this we use Pythagoras theorem which is as follows:-

PYTHAGORAS THEOREM

Distance and Direction Notes | Study Logical Reasoning for CLAT - CLATDistance and Direction Notes | Study Logical Reasoning for CLAT - CLAT


RULES FOR QUESTIONS REGARDING SHADOWS:-

Timing

Sun

Shadow

Answer

Sunrise

East

West

North or South

Afternoon

South

North

East or West

Evening

West

East

North or South

Example 2: One morning after sunrise, Nandita and Ravi were sitting in a lawn with their backs towards each other. Nandita’s shadow fell exactly towards her left-hand side. Which direction was Ravi facing?

(a) East

(b) West

(c) North

(d) South

The correct answer is option (d)

Solution:

Since it was morning and Nandita’s shadow fell exactly to her left-hand side, Nandita was facing North and hence Ravi should be facing South. 

 
The document Distance and Direction Notes | Study Logical Reasoning for CLAT - CLAT is a part of the CLAT Course Logical Reasoning for CLAT.
All you need of CLAT at this link: CLAT

Related Searches

Objective type Questions

,

video lectures

,

Distance and Direction Notes | Study Logical Reasoning for CLAT - CLAT

,

Sample Paper

,

Previous Year Questions with Solutions

,

study material

,

Semester Notes

,

practice quizzes

,

Extra Questions

,

mock tests for examination

,

Free

,

MCQs

,

Exam

,

Distance and Direction Notes | Study Logical Reasoning for CLAT - CLAT

,

Important questions

,

Summary

,

pdf

,

shortcuts and tricks

,

ppt

,

Viva Questions

,

Distance and Direction Notes | Study Logical Reasoning for CLAT - CLAT

,

past year papers

;