The subject ‘Power’ appears in the concurrent list of the Constitution and as such responsibility of its development lies both with Central and State governments.
Soils in India
Types of crops
1. ALLUVIAL SOIL
Largest and most important soil group covers about 24% of the total land surface. Generally deficient in Nitrogen. and humus Profiles lacks. stratification
Indo Gangetic plain-river deltas and coastal plains
Suitable for the cultivation of cereals, pulses, oilseeds, cotton, sugarcane and vegetables.
2. RED SOIL
Mainly formed due to decom- positon of ancient crystalline rocks like granite. Red colour due to presence of iron oxides. Poor in nitrogen, phosphorous humus. Rich in potash.
Comprise 2/3rd of Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh.
Suitable for growing vegetables, Rice, Ragi and tobacco. Potato and Groundnut are also grown.
3. BLACK SOIL (REGUR SOIL)
Derive from the Deccan Traps, Black colour is due to the presence of titanium iron and some other organic compounds.
High moisture relatively, low percentages of phosphorous Nitrogen and organic matter.
Maharashtra, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh
Suitable for Cotton, oilseeds, citrus, furits, sugar cane, tobacco, vegetables.
4. LATERITE SOIL
Formed due to in situ decay and decomposition of basalts and other aluminous rock under humid and warm conditions. cultivated. Deficient in Nitrogen
Summit hills of Western and Eastern Ghats. Chotanagpur plateau.
Wheat, maize, barley, tea, coffee and tropical fruit and spices are cultivated Rice,
5. DESERT SOIL
Contain high percentage of soluble salts, poor in organic matter and nitrogen. Rich in phosphate.
Haryana,Rajasthan ,Punjab and Uttar Pradesh
Suitable for the growth of cotton and cereals after proper caring.
Oil and Natural Gas
1. Cotton Textiles
Gujarat Ahmedabad, Maharashta- Bombay-Tamil Nadu Coimbatore- Uttar Pradesh - Kanpur
2. Woolen Textiles
Uttar Pradesh-Kanpur-Punjab- Ludhiana
3. Jute Textiles
4. Silk Textiles
5. Sugar Industry
Uttar Pradesh-Gorakhpur, Basti, Meerut, Saran, Champaran. Maharastra-Pune, Satara, Kolhapur, Haryana-Rohtak
6. Vegetable Oil Industry
7. Leather Goods Industry
West Bengal, M.P.
9. Rubber Goods Industry
Hoogly Belt and Bombay Hinterland
10. Glass Industry
Uttar Pradesh-Firozabad, Karna- taka-Belgaum
1 1 . Iron and steel
Bokaro, Bhilai, Rourkela, Durga pur, Bhadrawati, Salem, Vishaka- patnam, Jamshedpur. Jagdishpur (U.P.)
Ranchi, Durgapur, Hyderabad, Varnasi
Bangalore, Hyderabad, Kalamas- sery (Kerala),Pinjore (Haryana)
Tamil Nadu, M.P., Gujarat, Bihar
15. Sulphuric Acid
Kerala, Tamil Nadu
16. Sodium Chloride limestone
Udyogamandal (Kerala), Rasayani (Maharastra) Delhi
Energy from Urban Waste
Bagasse Based Power Plants