The Indian armed force is basically constituted of the Indian army, Indian navy, and Indian Air Force. The Indian Army is responsible for the maintenance of peace and security inside the nation by securing the borders of the nation. Indian army is a land-based defense force and constitutes the largest portion of the Indian Armed Force.
The Indian army had fought bravely four wars from Pakistan and once from China. Operation Vijay, Operation Meghdoot, Operation Cactus are few other operations that have been performed by the Indian army.
History of Indian Army
The presence of today’s Indian National Army traces its routes from the military forces which were formed initially by the East India Company. Later the forces employed during the East India Company were transformed by the Britishers and there was the formation of the British Indian Army. After India gained Independence, the Colonization ended. The Indian National Army came into action after independence.
The Framework of Indian Army
- The President is having supreme command over all the three branches of the Indian armed force namely the Indian army, Indian navy, Indian air force.
- The co-ordination and working are monitored by the Chief of Army Staff (COAS). At present in 2020, Manoj Mukund Narvane is the Chief of army staff.
- The Indian Army consists of seven commands. The six commands are operational and one is the training command. The headquarters of the Indian army is in New Delhi and all the commands are linked to it.
- The seven commands are Eastern Command (Headquarter Kolkata), Central Command (Headquarter Lucknow), Northern Command (Headquarter Udhampur), Southern Command (Headquarter Pune), South-Western Command (Headquarter Jaipur), Western Command (Headquarter Chandigarh) and Training Command (Headquarter Shimla).
Organization of Indian Army
The Indian army is organized in a hierarchical manner in the Commands.
Corps: The corps consists of 3-4 divisions. The head of the army corps is Lieutenant General with a three-star military rank. There are two or more corps in a command. The Headquarter of the corps is the highest field formation in the army.
Division: There are 37 divisions in the Indian army. The Division consists of 3-4 Brigades. The head of the division is Major General with two-star military rank. The divisions can be classified as 4 Rapid Action Divisions, 18 Infantry Divisions, 10 mountain divisions, 3 Armoured Divisions, and 2 Artillery Divisions.
Brigade: It mainly consists of combating troops and supporting elements. The Brigade is headed by the Brigadier with one-star military rank. The army can have independent Brigades also.
Battalion: This is the actual fighting unit of the infantry. It is headed by Colonel. Three platoons make a battalion.
Company: It consists of 120 soldiers. Two or more platoons make up the Company. It is headed by the Major.
Platoon: A Platoon consists of 32 troops. The Platoon is headed by a lieutenant.
Section: It is the smallest unit of the Indian army and consists of 10-12 soldiers. It is headed by a non commissioned officer called Havaldar.
Importance of Indian Army
The Indian Army is one of the active defense branches of the Indian Armed forces. The army is providing security to the people of the nation. They are regularly working day and night without fearing for the loss of their lives. They put a check on terrorist activities, wars, foreign attacks, etc. The army also helps in the completion of rescue operations which is resulting from disasters and natural calamities like earthquakes, hurricanes, cyclones, etc.
The Indian Army is working continuously for our protection and peace and integrity. They are devoid of family life to give us a good family life and peaceful sleep. The immense effort and dedication of the army for serving the motherland of India are of great pride. The soldiers are ready for any kind of battle or attack. They never move back in fear of losing lives instead they happily sacrifice their life for the motherland. This passion of the Indian Army is subject to salutation.