Indian politics is related to the attaining or transfer of power from one political party to another after elections. The successful formation of government is possible due to Indian politics. The government helps in the proper functioning and development of the country. Indian National Congress won the first general election in 1951 after Independence and ruled for many years. It was succeeded by different ruling parties till 2014 when Bhartiya Janta Party became the ruling party by majority after winning the elections of 2014 and 2019.
Parliamentary Form of Government in India
India is a secular democratic country. There is the existence of a parliamentary form of government in India. In this type of government, the real head of the country becomes Prime Minister with whom all the powers are vested. The president is called the nominal head of the country.
The people of the country are free to select the representative of their choice. Every citizen of the country above 18 years of age has the right to vote. The government is formed for a period of five years.
Political Parties in Indian Politics
India has become a democratic nation after its independence from British rule. Democracy is related to the concept of government to be formed by the choice of people. Political parties are groups that are formed by the different sections and regions. Numerous political parties were formed after independence. The parties are designated as National and State political parties.
It is essential for a political party either national or State to have a symbol as a sign of their party. Symbols for the political parties are necessary as people can easily recognize the party and can vote properly. The political parties need to be registered with the Election Commission of India. The different political parties make people aware of the different programs and policies. They also tell about the achievements made by their party in the ruling period by arranging rallies and campaigns in order to ask for votes.
The different political parties in the Indian Political system are Bharatiya Janata Party, Congress Party, Samajwadi Party, Bahujan Samaj Party, Aam Aadmi Party, etc.
Negative Phase of Indian Politics
There are a lot of problems existing in Indian politics. They need to be ended for the betterment and development of the nation.
- The most important factor which is weakening Indian politics is corruption. The process of paying bribes for the completion of wrong deeds but presented in the right manner. There is a lot of corruption in government jobs. Every year most of the recruitments are done on the basis of depositing excessive money to the politicians. This is darkening the future of bright students and the country too. The politicians also bribe people to get their votes.
- The politicians before the election are so polite and shower a bundle of promises and policies. The scenario changes after they win the election. They do not care about people and the problems faced by them. They are busy in money-making and exercising the power for their own benefit.
- The right person could never win the elections because of the already existing powerful politicians. They win the election by applying different tactics. They distribute money and alcohol to the public. The poor people are in need of money therefore they are easily trapped in fake promises of such politicians.
- The politicians of the ruling party never want to lose power and control. They continuously spread fake rumours, talk rubbish about them, and bribe media to spread false information. This way false information spread in the public, paving the way for the existing party to win again.
- Most of the political parties are having insufficient youth participation. There are leaders of old age and they are still in power serving the public. The reality is that they could not walk properly neither could read nor see in an efficient manner. The parties are carrying these personalities because of their personal interest. These people must be replaced by young leaders with a lot of potentials.
Indian politics is a mixture of good, bad, and worst experiences. The people are granted power in a democratic country to form the government of their choice. This choice must be made in a rational way so that the development of the nation would be possible in a fair manner.