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Essay on Why Republic Day is celebrated on 26 January - Notes | Study Essays for Class 9 - Class 9

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Introduction
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Introduction
The national festival of Republic Day fills us with patriotism. Republic day is celebrated on the 26th of January every year in India. It is a national festival and is celebrated by the people of every religion and caste. We enjoy the joy of getting totally independent and adapting our constitution on this date in the year 1950.

Commemoration of Republic Day 2021
The Republic day in the coming year will be celebrated on 26 January, Tuesday. India will be celebrating its 72nd republic day of India in 2021. Chandrikapersad Santokhi (president of Suriname) will be the chief guest of the republic day parade 2021. It was confirmed after the cancellation of the UK's Prime Minister Boris Johnson's trip due to the Covid crisis. The preparations of programmes are in progress along with necessary precautions against COVID-19.

The Reason behind Celebrating Republic Day on 26 January
Every festival that we celebrate or enjoy in our country has a reason or story behind its celebration. Do you know why 26th January is only observed as Republic day? It could be some other day too but there is a story behind celebrating our republic day on this date only. The event traces its roots from the demand of Poorna Swaraj by Jawaharlal Nehru in 1930 and the story begins from here.

  • Demand for Poorna Swaraj: India got independent from British rule on 15 August 1947, but the initiation was made 17 years before by our former Prime Minister Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru. He asked for Poorna Swaraj in the session held in Lahore on 28th December 1930. This brought the feeling of getting full independence among the citizens of the nation. The demand for getting Poorna Swaraj by Pt. Nehru gradually became the demand of the people of the nation. For the first time, our national flag was hoisted before independence on the river banks on Ravi in Lahore on 26 January 1930. In this way, the foundation of republic day was set during 1930 and people started observing this day as Republic Day.
  • Formation of the Constitution: India got its independence on 15 August 1947 from the Britishers. This freedom was not enough as it did not grant the people any kind of rights or duties and freedom to do anything. Therefore there was a necessity for some laws by which the country must be governed and social evils eradicated. The constitution was formed by the regular hard work of the group of committees under the leadership of Dr. Rajendra Prasad and most important the Drafting committee under the leadership of Dr. B.R Ambedkar. It took 2 years 11 months and 18 days in making our constitution that is the world’s lengthiest hand-written constitution.
  • Adopting the Constitution : The constitution was formed and was ready on 26 November 1949 but was declared and adopted on 26 January 1950. This is because 26 January had been regarded as symbolic republic day from 26 January 1930 onwards. The first President Dr. Rajendra Prasad hoisted the national Flag and the guest of honor was Mr. Sukarno, the President of Indonesia.

The Need for Making India a Republic Nation
In 1947 India got free from British rule but people were devoid of any kind of freedom. The social evils like untouchability, discrimination on the basis of caste, sex, and religion continued. People did not have the right to enjoy their rights and speak for anything. There was the utmost need for some laws or constitution to provide the basic rights to citizens without discrimination. The development of people and the nation could be possible only when the nation is democratic, sovereign, secular, and republic. This led to the advent of the constitution that we have now. It was 26 January only when the constitution was adopted by India.

Celebration of Republic Day in India
Every year from 26 January 1950, we have been celebrating republic day in our country. The Government head of other countries is invited as a chief guest every year on this day. The celebration takes place in New Delhi on the Raj Path. The president of India hoists the National flag after the salute of 21 guns. He further salutes the national flag that is followed by singing the national anthem. Many programs and processions representing the rich amalgamation of varied cultures and traditions of India are presented on that day.

Essay on Why Republic Day is celebrated on 26 January - Notes | Study Essays for Class 9 - Class 9The defense ministry of India organizes a parade from Rashtrapati Bhavan to India gate in New Delhi. A tableau of the country’s military and weapon power is shown by the Indian armed forces to render tribute to the nation. There are bands from all the divisions of the armed forces and they take part in the programs and parades. The awards like Padma Vibhushan, Padma Shree, and Padma Bhusan, and Gallantry awards are distributed by the honorable President to the civilians. The martyrs are paid honor for their sacrifice for the nation. We enjoy the live telecast of the programs in New Delhi.

How do We Celebrate Republic Day in School?
January is the colder month of the year and it is the first event we celebrate in school after the ending of our winter vacations and the beginning of school. It is a gazetted holiday on this day but a short program is organized in the school on this day. The National Flag is hoisted by the chief guest of the day. We are advised to wear a white uniform on that day and pin-up the national flag badge. The celebration begins after the national anthem is sung. The chief guest distributes certificates and medals to the meritorious students. Sweets are distributed among the students after the end of the program.

The Significance of Celebrating 26 January as Republic Day in India
It was the day on which the constitution of India was adopted and came into effect. The country became a sovereign, secular, and republic nation on 26 January 1950. The people got fully independent on this day and the nation attained democracy. The constitution guarantees freedom and right to all citizens without any discrimination on any basis.

Conclusion
This day marks historic importance as the constitution of India has been declared on this day. People from different parts of India visit New Delhi to enjoy and become spectators of the event. The day is a proud moment for every Indian and people celebrate it with great enthusiasm and happiness.

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