Ethylene Derivatives: Ethylene Oxide,Ethylene Glycol, Ethylene Dichloride And Vinyl Chloride
Ethylene is one of the most versatile petrochemicals and its production has steadily increased over the years. Ethylene is called as king of chemicals and surpasses all organic chemicals in production and in amount sold. Ethylene is the basic building block for petrochemicals. Product profile of ethylene is given in Table M- VII 5.1. Because of its ready availability at low cost and high purity & reactivity, ethylene has become one of the important raw materials for large number of petrochemicals and products.
Ethylene has replaced the earliest route of production of vinyl chloride, acetaldehyde, vinyl acetate and other chemicals through acetylene route. Installed and production capacity of ethylene and its derivatives is mention in Table M- VII 5.2. Large tonnage of ethylene is being used for the manufacture of polyethylene, ethylene oxide, ethylene glycol and styrene. World requirement of ethylene is given in Figure M- VII 5.1. World ethylene capacity is shown in Figure M- VII 5.2. World ethylene complexes, capacity and top 10 producers are mention in Table M- VII 5.3, Table M- VII 5.4 and Table M- VII 5.5 respectively.
Global ethylene capacity growth is given in Table M- VII 5.6
Table M-VII 5.1: Product Profile of Ethylene
Films, moldings, pipes, cable covering, netting
Ethylene oxide & Ethylene glycol
Antifreeze, polyester, solvents, detergent, textile, ethanol amine
Synthetic rubber and polystyrene
Industrial solvent and Chemical intermediates
Acetaldehyde (from ethyl alcohol)
Acetic acid (Peracetic acid), Acetic anhydride, Cellulose acetate, Vinyl acetate, Pyridine, Butyraldehyde (ethyl hexanol)
n-Butenes, Synthetic detergent, Oxo alcohols, Synthetic lubricants
Tri chl oroethyl ene, Perchl oroethyl ene
Tetraethyl lead, Chemical intermediates
Polyvinyl acetate, Polyvinyl alcohol
Installed capacity 2008-09, “000”MT
2009-10, “000” MT
Table M- VII 5.3: World Top Ethylene Complexes
Formosa Petrochemical Corp.
Mailiao, Taiwan, China
Nova Chemicals Corp.
Arabian Petrochemical Co.
Jubai, Saudi Arabia
Exxon Mobi Chemical Co.
Chevron Philips Chemical Co.
Dow Chemical Co.
Ineos Olifins& Polymers
Chocolate Bayou, Tex.
Equistar Chemicals LP
Yanbu Petrochemical Co.
Yanbu, Saudi Arabia
Equate Petrochemical Co.
Ethylene Capacity, tpy
Middle East, Africa
Table M-VII 5.5: Top 10 Ethylene Producers
Of Entire Complexes
With Only Company Partial Interests
Saudi Basic Industries Corp.
Dow Chemical Co.
ExxonMobil Chemical Co.
Royal Dutch Shell PLC
Chevron Philips Chemicals Co.
National Petrochemical Co.
Figure M- VII 5.1: World Ethylene Supply/Demand Profile 2008 production = 117.3 million metric tons
Table M-VII 5.6: Global Ethylene Capacity Growth (-000-Tons)
08 to '13 Delta
Middle East / Africa
Detergent, Soap solvent, Cosmetics, Morpholine
Mono Ethylene Glycol
Polyester, Staple fiber yarn, PET Bottles, Film
Coolants, Pesticides, Rubber Compounding, Plasticizer, Polyurethane,
Tri ethylene Glycol
Natural gas conditioning agents plasticizer
Pharmaceuticals, Brake Fluid, cosmetics
Textile auxiliaries, Binders, Dyes, Pesticides, Pharmaceuticals, Cosmetics
Brake Fluid and Protective Coating