Ethylene Derivatives (Part - 1) Chemical Engineering Notes | EduRev

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Chemical Engineering : Ethylene Derivatives (Part - 1) Chemical Engineering Notes | EduRev

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Ethylene Derivatives: Ethylene Oxide,Ethylene Glycol, Ethylene Dichloride And Vinyl Chloride

Ethylene is one of the most versatile petrochemicals and its production has steadily increased over the years. Ethylene is called as king of chemicals and surpasses all organic chemicals in production and in amount sold. Ethylene is the basic building block for petrochemicals. Product profile of ethylene is given in Table M- VII 5.1. Because of its ready availability at low cost and high purity & reactivity, ethylene has become one of the important raw materials for large number of petrochemicals and products.

Ethylene has replaced the earliest route of production of vinyl chloride, acetaldehyde, vinyl acetate and other chemicals through acetylene route. Installed and production capacity of ethylene and its derivatives is mention in Table M- VII 5.2. Large tonnage of ethylene is being used for the manufacture of polyethylene, ethylene oxide, ethylene glycol and styrene. World requirement of ethylene is given in Figure M- VII 5.1. World ethylene capacity is shown in Figure M- VII 5.2. World ethylene complexes, capacity and top 10 producers are mention in Table M- VII 5.3, Table M- VII 5.4 and Table M- VII 5.5 respectively.
Global ethylene capacity growth is given in Table M- VII 5.6

Table M-VII 5.1: Product Profile of Ethylene

 

Product

Uses

Polyethylene LDPE,

LLDPE, HDPE

Films, moldings, pipes, cable covering, netting

Ethylene oxide & Ethylene glycol

Antifreeze, polyester, solvents, detergent, textile, ethanol amine

Styrene

Synthetic rubber and polystyrene

Ethyl alcohol

Industrial solvent and Chemical intermediates

Acetaldehyde (from ethyl alcohol)

Acetic acid (Peracetic acid), Acetic anhydride, Cellulose acetate, Vinyl acetate, Pyridine, Butyraldehyde (ethyl hexanol)

Olefin

n-Butenes, Synthetic detergent, Oxo alcohols, Synthetic lubricants

Chlorinated Solvents

Tri chl oroethyl ene, Perchl oroethyl ene

Ethyl Chloride

Tetraethyl lead, Chemical intermediates

Vinyl Acetate

Polyvinyl acetate, Polyvinyl alcohol

Vinyl Chloride

Polyvinyl chloride(PVC)

 
Table M- VII 5.2: Installed Capcity and production of Important Ethylene & Ethylene Derivatives in India 

Product

Installed capacity 2008-09, “000”MT

Production

2009-10, “000” MT

Ethylene

2841

2515

Ethylene oxide

120

117

Monoethyl;ene glycol

820

738

Acetaldehyde

238

59.2

Acetic anhydride

59

43.42

Ethanol amine

10

7.0

Ethyl acetate

132.0

103.96

Table M- VII 5.3: World Top Ethylene Complexes

 

Company

Location

Capacity, TPY

1

Formosa Petrochemical Corp.

Mailiao, Taiwan, China

2935000

2

Nova Chemicals Corp.

Joffre, Alta

2811792

3

Arabian Petrochemical Co.

Jubai, Saudi Arabia

2250000

4

Exxon Mobi Chemical Co.

Baytown, Tex.

2197000

5

Chevron Philips Chemical Co.

Sweeny, Tex.

1865000

6

Dow Chemical Co.

Terneuzen, Netherlands

1800000

7

Ineos Olifins& Polymers

Chocolate Bayou, Tex.

1752000

8

Equistar Chemicals LP

Channelview, Tex.

1750000

9

Yanbu Petrochemical Co.

Yanbu, Saudi Arabia

1705000

10

Equate Petrochemical Co.

Shuaiba, Kuwait

1650000

 
 
Table M- VII 5.4: Regional Capacity Breakdown

 

Ethylene Capacity, tpy

Asia-Pacific

42631000

Eastern Europe

7971000

Middle East, Africa

23357000

North America

34508000

South America

5083500

Western Europe

24904000

Total Capacity

138454500


Table M-VII 5.5: Top 10 Ethylene Producers

Company

Sites

Capacity, TPY

Of Entire Complexes

With Only Company Partial Interests

Saudi Basic Industries Corp.

15

13392245

10273759

Dow Chemical Co.

21

13044841

10529421

ExxonMobil Chemical Co.

19

12515000

8550550

Royal Dutch Shell PLC

13

9358385

5946693

Sinopec

13

7575000

7275000

Total AS

11

5933000

3471750

Chevron Philips Chemicals Co.

8

5607000

5352000

Lyondell Basell

8

5200000

5200000

National Petrochemical Co.

7

4734000

4734000

Ineos

6

4656000

4286000

 

                             Ethylene Derivatives (Part - 1) Chemical Engineering Notes | EduRevEthylene Derivatives (Part - 1) Chemical Engineering Notes | EduRev

Figure M- VII 5.1: World Ethylene Supply/Demand Profile 2008 production = 117.3 million metric tons

Table M-VII 5.6: Global Ethylene Capacity Growth (-000-Tons)

 

Major Region

2008

Capacity

2013

Capacity

08 to '13 Delta

Middle East / Africa

19,711

34,461

14,751

Asia Pacific

39,617

56,349

16,732

America's

40,421

40,434

12

Europe

30,953

31,293

340

World Total

130,702

162,537

31,836

 
 
                                      Ethylene Derivatives (Part - 1) Chemical Engineering Notes | EduRev
Figure M- VII 5.2: World Ethylene Capacity (120 Million tonnes 2008)
 
Etylene Oxide (Eo)
 
Ethylene oxide is one of the important petrochemical intermediate used for the manufacture of large number of products; some of the major uses are in the manufacture monoethylene glycol, glycol ethers which is made by reaction of ethylne oxide and alcohols, ethanol amines. Surfactant indutry is one of largest user of EO, both for industrial and house hold applications. Product profile of ethylene oxide is given in Table M- VII 5.7.
 
Table M-VII 5.7: Product Profile of Ethylene Oxide
 

Product

Uses

Ethanol Amines

Detergent, Soap solvent, Cosmetics, Morpholine

Mono Ethylene Glycol

Polyester, Staple fiber yarn, PET Bottles, Film

Diethylene Glycol

Coolants, Pesticides, Rubber Compounding, Plasticizer, Polyurethane,

Alkyl Resin

Tri ethylene Glycol

Natural gas conditioning agents plasticizer

Polyethylene

Glycol

Pharmaceuticals, Brake Fluid, cosmetics

Non-ionic

surfactants,

Ethoxylates

Textile auxiliaries, Binders, Dyes, Pesticides, Pharmaceuticals, Cosmetics

Glycol Ethers

Brake Fluid and Protective Coating

 

Chlorohydrin Process

Ethylene Derivatives (Part - 1) Chemical Engineering Notes | EduRev

Direct Oxidation

Ethylene Derivatives (Part - 1) Chemical Engineering Notes | EduRev

Ethylene Derivatives (Part - 1) Chemical Engineering Notes | EduRev 

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