Class 9 Exam  >  Class 9 Notes  >  English Class 9  >  Introduction:- The Road Not Taken

Introduction:- The Road Not Taken | English Class 9 PDF Download

About the Poet - Robert Frost 

  • Robert Lee Frost (26 March 1874-29 January 1963) was an American Poet born in San Francisco, but he spent most of his adult life in rural New England. His work frequently employed themes from the early 1900s rural life in New England, U.S.A. Quite naturally, therefore, his poetry is identified with this region. Robert Frost
    Robert Frost
  • Frost employed traditional patterns, or as he said, he chose “the old-fashioned way to be new”. He is best known for his shooter lyrics. He admired the qualities of honesty, simplicity, love and hard work. 
  • At the centre of most of his poems lies an antithesis (contrast) between fact and fancy, reality and imagination, pleasure and purpose, nature and civilization, country and city. Instead of imposing arbitrary resolutions, he gives a fair chance to each side for reconciliation. He examines complex social and philosophical themes. 
  • Frost was honoured frequently during his lifetime, receiving four Pulitzer Prizes for poetry. His style is unique because he usually employs a kind of moral lesson after describing a scene or an incident. Despite his later association with rural life, Frost grew up in the city and published his first poem in his high school magazine. 
  • Frost attended Dartmouth and Harvard but never earned a degree, and as a young man with a growing family, he attempted to write poetry while working on a farm or teaching in a school. 
  • Frost moved his family to England in 1912 and the following year, a London publisher brought out his first book. After publishing the second book, Frost returned to America, determined to win a reputation in his own country. 
  • He became one of the country’s best-loved poets after a lot of struggle. Despite the surface cheerfulness and descriptive accuracy of his poems, he often presents a dark, sober vision of life, and there is a decidedly thoughtful quality to his work. 
  • Some of the best known famous poems of this four-time Pulitzer Award winner poet are ‘Mending Wall’‘Stopping By Woods on a Snowy Evening’‘The Onset’‘Provide Provide’‘Neither Far Nor in Deep’‘Death of the Hired Man’ and of course 'The Road Not Taken'.

Introduction to the Poem 

First published in 1916, “The Road Not Taken” shows Frost at his best as a pastoral poet who combines rustic simplicity with hidden, indirect and implied meanings. Rhyming abaab, the poem has remarkable simplicity and clarity of style and language.

Theme/ Central Idea of the Poem

“The Road Not Taken” deals with the dilemmas that man faces in life. The two roads serve as a metaphor for the choices we make in life. Life throws up many alternatives. Man being an individual cannot take up all choices.Introduction:- The Road Not Taken | English Class 9

The choice we make has far-reaching consequences. Hence, our decision is a shot in the dark though our future is dependent on it. If the choice made by us happens to be not correct, we have to face the consequences as steps once taken cannot be retracted.

The Significance of the Title The Road Not Taken/ Path Not Taken

'The road’ is the symbol of the choice made by us in life. Many times, we regret the choice made by us, but what is done once cannot be undone. Man yearns for what he has denied himself in life, rather than what he has chosen. Hence, the poet has given his poem the title “The Road Not Taken”. Some critics also call this poem ‘The World Less Traveled’.

Literary Devices/ Figures of Speech/ Poetic Devices Used in the Poem

 

Alliteration: It is the repetition of usually consonant sounds in a sequence of words. Only when the recurrent sound occurs in a conspicuous position at the beginning of a word or of a stressed syllable within a word. It gives a musical effect and also enhances the poem’s stress.

Symbolism

The two roads described by the poet are the symbols of the challenges and choices that life offers. The beaten track symbolizes the easier path and the less travelled road is a more challenging path. The selection of the difficult road by the poet symbolizes man’s urge to live life boldly.

Word Meanings

  • Diverged: went in different directions, separated 
  • Better claim: preferable  
  • Equally lay: lying in the same manner 
  • Yellow wood: the forest turned yellow in autumn,पतझड़ में वन के पेड़ों के पत्ते पीले हो गये
    थे | 
  • Bent: took a turn, मुड़ी | 
  • Undergrowth: bushes and low trees, झाड़ियाँ तथा छोटे पौधें | 
  • The other: the other road, दूसरी सड़क |
  • Just: exactly the same, ठीक वैसी ही | 
  • Fair: beautiful,सुन्दर | 
  • About the same: equally, बराबर | 
  • Wanted wear: had not been crushed or worn out under human feet, has not been used and worn so frequently, जो इतनी इस्तेमाल न की गयी हो और घिसी हुई न हो | 
  • Passing: the passing of travellers, यात्रियों का उन सड़कों से गुजरना | 
  • Worn them really about the same: both of them were worn equally or the same,दोनों एक जैसी ही घिसी हुई थीं |
  • Both: both the roads,दोनों सडकें |
  • Equally lay: lying in the same manner, ठीक वैसे ही पड़ी थीं | 
  • Trodden: walked on,चला था | 
  • First: the first road, पहली सड़क |
  • For another day: to be used on any other day, किसी और दिन के प्रयोग के लिये |
  • Sigh: the deep breath of sorrow, अफसोस की गहरी साँस, आह | 
  • Ages and ages: (after) many years, बहुत सालों बाद | 
  • Hence: from now, अब के बाद |
The document Introduction:- The Road Not Taken | English Class 9 is a part of the Class 9 Course English Class 9.
All you need of Class 9 at this link: Class 9
122 videos|702 docs|82 tests

FAQs on Introduction:- The Road Not Taken - English Class 9

1. Who is Robert Frost?
Ans. Robert Frost was an American poet who is widely regarded as one of the greatest poets in the history of American literature. He was born in 1874 and died in 1963. Frost's work often explores rural life in New England and he is known for his use of colloquial language and vivid imagery.
2. What is the central idea of the poem "The Road Not Taken"?
Ans. The central idea of the poem "The Road Not Taken" is the theme of choices and their consequences. The poem portrays a person standing at a fork in the road, having to choose between two paths. The speaker reflects on the choice they made and wonders about the other path they did not take. The poem explores the idea that the choices we make in life have a significant impact on the journey and ultimately shape our destiny.
3. Why is the title of the poem "The Road Not Taken" significant?
Ans. The title of the poem "The Road Not Taken" is significant because it highlights the theme of choices and the consequences of those choices. The speaker in the poem emphasizes the path they did not take and how it made a difference in their life. The title suggests that the poem is about reflecting on the path not chosen and the impact it had on the speaker's life.
4. What are some literary devices used in the poem "The Road Not Taken"?
Ans. The poem "The Road Not Taken" uses several literary devices, such as: - Metaphor: The two roads in the poem are metaphorical for life choices and the different paths one can take. - Personification: The speaker personifies the two roads by describing them as having different appearances and qualities. - Symbolism: The roads and the fork in the road symbolize the choices we make in life and the different paths we can take. - Imagery: The poem uses vivid imagery to describe the roads, the yellow wood, and the speaker's contemplation.
5. What is the symbolism in the poem "The Road Not Taken"?
Ans. The poem "The Road Not Taken" uses symbolism to represent the choices we make in life. The two roads symbolize different paths or choices that the speaker has to choose from. The road less traveled by symbolizes the unconventional or less popular choice, while the other road represents the more common or mainstream choice. The choices represented by the roads symbolize the decisions we make in life and the impact they have on our journey.
122 videos|702 docs|82 tests
Download as PDF
Explore Courses for Class 9 exam
Signup for Free!
Signup to see your scores go up within 7 days! Learn & Practice with 1000+ FREE Notes, Videos & Tests.
10M+ students study on EduRev
Download the FREE EduRev App
Track your progress, build streaks, highlight & save important lessons and more!
Related Searches

practice quizzes

,

Introduction:- The Road Not Taken | English Class 9

,

study material

,

MCQs

,

Extra Questions

,

Introduction:- The Road Not Taken | English Class 9

,

video lectures

,

Objective type Questions

,

past year papers

,

mock tests for examination

,

Previous Year Questions with Solutions

,

Introduction:- The Road Not Taken | English Class 9

,

Free

,

Semester Notes

,

Sample Paper

,

pdf

,

Summary

,

shortcuts and tricks

,

Exam

,

Important questions

,

Viva Questions

,

ppt

;