Introduction to Animal Husbandry NEET Notes | EduRev

Biology Class 12

Created by: Sushil Kumar

NEET : Introduction to Animal Husbandry NEET Notes | EduRev

The document Introduction to Animal Husbandry NEET Notes | EduRev is a part of the NEET Course Biology Class 12.
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"DOMESTICATION OF ANIMALS"
ANIMAL HUSBANDRY' is Science of rearing, improvement and caring of domesticated animals.

Introduction to Animal Husbandry NEET Notes | EduRev

Fig: Animal Husbandry

- Livestock Cattle in particular are very useful in Indian agriculture.
- Cow, Buffaloes, goats & Sheep are domesticated for milk.
- Many animals as horse cattles, mules, asses, camels, elephants & reindeers are used for transport.
- Sheep, rabbit and silkworms provide wool, fur & silk respectively.
- The first animal to be domesticated was dog followed goat.
- Huskies are thick coated dogs used by eskimos to draw their sledges.

Livestock 
Domesticated animals, especially the farm animals, kept for profit are collectively called live stock. eg. Cattle, buffaloes, sheep, goat, pigs, horses, camel.

Introduction to Animal Husbandry NEET Notes | EduRev

Fig: Live Stock

a. Agriculture operations- They are main source by pulling carts & wagons.
 They are also helpful in agriculture operations like ploughing, harrowing, levelling etc.

b. Milk- They provide milk which is an important food having all essential nutrients.

c. Transport- They are used in driving carts for transportation of men & materials.

d. Manure & fuel- The dung provided by them acts as a valuable manure for maintaining the fertility of soil.
- It is also used for preparation of biogas.
- Dung cakes provide cheap fuel.
e. Leather- Hides obtained from these animals are used for the preparation of leather goods.
f. Glue & Gelatin- Their bones, horns and hoofs yield glue & gelatin.
g. Meat- Beef & Buffalo meat are eaten by certain people.

Breeds of buffaloes

Surti, Niliravi, Nagpuri (ellichpuri), Jaffrabadi, Bandawari, Murrah, Mehsana.

Introduction to Animal Husbandry NEET Notes | EduRev

Fig: Breeds of Buffaloes

Breeds of cattle
- There is a variety of breeds of cattle & buffaloes in our country.
- All of them differ in general body build, colour, forehead, form of horns and geographical distribution.
- The best cattle breeds occur in the drier region of the country. There are 26 breeds of cattle.

  • The most important breeds of milk cows are Holstein-Friesian, Jersey, Quernsey, Ayrshire, Brown swiss, Red Dane.

  • Depending upon the utility, the cattle are classified into the following groups -

    i. Milch breeds
    (Milk producing animal)
    ii. Draught breeds
    (Used for working)
    iii. General utility breeds
    (Used for safety) 

Important breeds of Indian Cattle

MILCH BREEDS

Distribution

1. Gir

Raj, Gujrat

2. Sahiwai

Punjab, Haryana, U.P.

3. Red Sindhi

Andhra Pradesh

4. Decani

Andhra Pradesh

DRAUGHT BREEDS

Distribution

1. Malvi

Raj.,M.P.

2. Hallikar

Karnataka

3. Naceri

Haryana, Delhi, U.P.

4. Kangayam

Tamilnadu & other parts of South India

General Utility Breeds

Distribution

1. Haryana

Haryana, Punjab, M.P.

2. Ongole

Andhra Pradesh

3. Kankrej

Gujrat

4. Thaparkar

Gujrat , Ardhra Pradesh


Feeding of Cattle: In order to get good results cattle should be given a balanced feed containing sufficient quantities of carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins minerals & water.

Introduction to Animal Husbandry NEET Notes | EduRev

Fig: Feeding of Cattle

Feed constitutes two main components i.e.,

(i) Roughage

(ii) Concentrate

  • Roughage contain large amount of fibre which include hay fibre and silage.

  • The concentrate is a mixture of cereal broken grams, rice polish, cotton seeds gram bran and oil take moisted in water.

  • These are rich in proteins highly palatable & digestable

  • In our country, paucity of food & fodder is responsible for low milk production.

  • Along with underfeeding & overfeeding also affect the productivity of animals.

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