How a Major Policy Decision is Taken?
Need for Political Institutions
(i) It is needed as final authority to make laws in the country.
(ii) To exercise control over the workings of the government.
(iii) To control the expenditure of the government, and control public money.
(iv) As the highest forum of discussion and debate it decides public issues and national policies.
Two Houses of Parliament. Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha. The former has elected representatives and is the House of People.
The Judiciary : India has one of the most powerful judiciaries.