Class 5  >  Lakhmir Singh & Manjit Kaur Solutions: Class 5 Science  >  Lakhmir Singh & Manjit Kaur Solutions: Health & Hygiene

Lakhmir Singh & Manjit Kaur Solutions: Health & Hygiene Notes | Study Lakhmir Singh & Manjit Kaur Solutions: Class 5 Science - Class 5

Document Description: Lakhmir Singh & Manjit Kaur Solutions: Health & Hygiene for Class 5 2022 is part of Lakhmir Singh & Manjit Kaur Solutions: Class 5 Science preparation. The notes and questions for Lakhmir Singh & Manjit Kaur Solutions: Health & Hygiene have been prepared according to the Class 5 exam syllabus. Information about Lakhmir Singh & Manjit Kaur Solutions: Health & Hygiene covers topics like and Lakhmir Singh & Manjit Kaur Solutions: Health & Hygiene Example, for Class 5 2022 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises and tests below for Lakhmir Singh & Manjit Kaur Solutions: Health & Hygiene.

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Q.1. ________ are body building nutrients.

Proteins


Q.2. ________ fight with diseases.

Vitamins


Q.3. ________ and ________ are energy giving nutrients.

Carbohydrates, Fats


Q.4. Besides eating a balanced diet, we must maintain ________.

Cleanliness


Q.5. Fruits and Vegetables keep us ________ and ________.

Fit, Healthy


Q.6. ________ helps in removal of undigested food.

Roughage


Q.7. ________ repairs our body cells.

Proteins


True & False

Q.8. Meat is a rich source of protein.

True


Q.9. Bread is a rich source of fat.

False (Bread is rich source of Carbohydrate).


Q.10. Carbohydrates give more energy than fat.

False (Fats give more energy than carbohydrate).


Q.11. Green leafy vegetables give us vitamins.

True


Q.12. Cabbage is a source of minerals.

True


Q.13. Choose the correct vitamin / mineral.

(i) Beri Beri is caused due to deficiency of (Vitamin A / Vitamin B)

Vitamin B

(ii) Scurvy is caused by deficiency of (Vitamin C / Vitamin K)

Vitamin C

(iii) Goitre is caused by deficiency of (iodine / calcium)

Iodine

(iv) Night Blindness is caused by deficiency of (Vitamin A / Vitamin D)

Vitamin A

(v) Bones become brittle due to deficiency of (Phosphorus / calcium)

Phosphorus

(vi) Rickets is caused by deficiency of (Vitamin D / Vitamin E)

Vitamin D

(vii) Early ageing is caused by deficiency of (Vitamin A / Vitamin E)

Vitamin E

(viii) Delayed clotting of blood is caused by deficiency of (Vitamin D / Vitamin K)

Vitamin K


Q.14. Name the germ causing organism for the following:
(i) Dysentery
(ii) Measles
(iii) Tuberculosis
(iv) Skin infection
(v) Pneumonia

Lakhmir Singh & Manjit Kaur Solutions: Health & Hygiene Notes | Study Lakhmir Singh & Manjit Kaur Solutions: Class 5 Science - Class 5


Subjective Type Questions

Q.15. Name the two important components needed by the body apart from nutrients. Why is it important to drink water?

The important components needed by the body apart from nutrients are Water and Roughage.
It is important to drink water because water gets rid of wastes from our body in the form of sweat and urine.


Q.16. What is a balanced diet? Name the five components of a balanced diet.

A balanced diet is a diet that gives out body the nutrition it needs to function properly.
The five components of a balanced diet are Whole grains, Legumes and soy, fruits, vegetables, Nuts and seeds.


Q.17. What are deficiency diseases?

The diseases caused by lack of minerals and vitamins called deficiency diseases.


Q.18. Why should we maintain proper distance while reading a book.

This is because keeping it too close or too far can strain our system.


Q.19. How do you prevent communicable diseases?

The prevention are following:

  • There should be proper ventilation in the houses so that the house gets sanitized with the sunlight.
  • Purified water should be used for drinking. It can also be boiled and chlorinated.
  • Hands should be washed frequently with Soap and water and especially after passing stools.
  • Drains must be kept covered.


Q.20. How is Jaundice caused?

Jaundice is caused by a buildup of bilirubin, a waste material, in the blood. An inflamed liver or obstructed bile duct can lead to jaundice, as well as other underlying conditions. Symptoms include a yellow tinge to the skin and whites of the eyes, dark urine, and itchiness.


Q.21. Why should we exercise?

This is because regular exercise tones up our muscles and improves the blood circulation in our body.


Q.22. Explain the different ways in which we get communicable diseases.

The different ways in which we get communicable diseases are following:
Through direct contact: some disease spreads through direct contact and they cause diseases like common cold, chickenpox etc.
Through food and water: Flies and cockroach carry germs and contaminate the food and water. Some diseases that are caused by eating infected food or drinking polluted water are typhoid, cholera etc.
Through air: When a person who has infection sneezes or coughs without covering his nose or mouth, the germs spread around and the other person gets infected.
Through animals and insects: Mosquitoes, flies and bugs spread diseases like malaria, dengue etc.
Through infected equipments: When blood or any other liquid from an infected person enters the body of another person some communicable disease are caused like AIDS.


Q.23. Difference between communicable and non communicable diseases.

Lakhmir Singh & Manjit Kaur Solutions: Health & Hygiene Notes | Study Lakhmir Singh & Manjit Kaur Solutions: Class 5 Science - Class 5


Q.24. How much should be the protein intake of a child weighing 30 kg?

Children should be intake 35 g of protein.

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