A garden is a planned space, usually outdoors, set aside for the display, cultivation and enjoyment of plants and other forms of nature. Below we have give the list of gardens and their details.
Few gardens of India
Name of the Garden
Name of the location
Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden
Kolkata, West Bengal
The gardens exhibit a wide variety of rare plants and a total collection of over 12,000 specimens spread over 109 hectares.
Auroville Botanical Gardens,
Auroville, Tamil Nadu
The Auroville Botanical Garden was started in August 2000 on 50 acres of old cashew land rescued from the threat of real estate development.More than 250 tree species have been planted in the 25-acre arboretum, 5,500 specimens have been planted in the 10-acre conservation forest.
It is spread across an area of 60 acres (240,000 m2 ). Adjoining it is also a fruit orchard spread across 75 acres (300,000 m2 ) and 2 horticultural farms, Nagavana (30 acres) and Chandravana (5 acres).
The well-groomed garden's centerpiece is a pond replete with gharials, which used to house magars as well. The pond can be crossed via a suspension bridge or by boat to allow a closeup view of the fish-eating reptiles.
Srinagar, J & K
The garden was constructed around the spring by the Mughal Governor Ali Mardan Khan in 1632.
Allahabad , Uttar Pradesh
The garden was originally created in the 1650s by the region's first European settlers and provided fertile ground to grow fresh produce to replenish ships rounding the Cape. It is watered from the Molteno Dam which uses water from the springs on the lower slopes of Table Mountain.
Mumbai , Maharashtra
The Gardens, also known as Pherozeshah Mehta Gardens were first built in 1881. Designed by Ulhas Ghapokar, it is said to have been built over one of Bombay’s main water reservoir to protect it from getting polluted, particularly by the nearby towers of silence.
The Jallianwalla Bagh is a public garden of 6 to 7 acres (28,000 m2), walled on all sides, with five entrances. To enter, troops first blocked the entry by a tank and locked the exit.
Jawaharlal Nehru Botanical Garden
Established large living collection of trees and woody lianas (1000 species); Medicinal, Aromatic and Spice plants (1500 species), Pre-tsunami living collections from Andaman-Nicobar Islands (125 species), Orchids (600 species and 150 hybrids); Bamboos (60 species); Rare and Threatened plants( 550 species); Ferns and Fern allies ( 165 species); Palms (105 species), Cyclades ( 35 species) and special groups like Zingibers ( 50 species)
Jhansi Botanical Garden
Jhansi, Uttar Pradesh
It has a number of rides to bring you endless hours of fun. Spending a day at this water park especially during summers is the best gift you can give to yourself.
Lalbagh is a 240 acres (0.97 km2) garden and is located in south Bengaluru. It holds a number of flower shows, especially on the Republic Day (26 January). The garden has over 1,000 species of flora. The garden also has trees that are over 100 years old.
The market outside the garden is very famous for the handicraft goods sold by local people. The road at the side of the garden is filled with street hawkers selling all kinds of food items.
Lloyd’s Botanical Garden
Darjeeling, West Bengal
Lloyd's Botanical Garden was established in 1878 when 40 acres (160,000 m2) of land was acquired at Darjeeling to form a botanic garden as a distant annexe of the Calcutta Botanical Garden. The land was provided by William Lloyd, in whose name the botanical garden has been named.
Spread over 90 acres (360,000 m 2 )
It is a combination of a masonry dam with a length of 1,849 metres and an earthen dam with a length of 220 metres
The founder of the Mughal empire, Babur, described his favourite type of garden as a charbagh.
Srinagar , J & K
It is the second largest Mughal garden in the Kashmir Valley.
Pilikula Botanical Garden
The Pilikula Arboretum (Pilikula Botanical Garden) extends over 35 ha. About 60,000 seedlings belonging to 236 taxa of flowering plants of Western Ghats, spread over 60 families, have been planted randomly as well as family clusters.
Panchkula , Haryana
English author-painter C.M. Villiers-Stuart, who resided in the gardens for a time, included a description in her book on "Gardens of the Great Mughals" (1913).
Typically, plants found in rock gardens are small and do not grow larger than 1 meter in height, though small trees and shrubs up to 6 meters may be used to create a shaded area for a woodland rock garden.
Rock Garden of Chandigarh
Today it is spread over an area of 40 acres (161874.25 m²).
Saharanpur Botanical Garden,
Saharanpur, Uttar Pradesh
Provisional 2011 census data indicates that Saharanpur has a population of 705,478, out of which males were 371,740 and females were 333,738. The literacy rate was 76.32 per cent.
Sajjan Niwas Garden(Gulab Bagh)
It is spread over 100 acres (40 ha) of land. The garden has innumerable varieties of roses. Gulab Bagh gets its name from the abundance of rose flowers
The name ‘SaritaUdyan’ itself suggests its geographical position as ‘Sarita’ means river and ‘Udyan’ means garden.
Srinagar, J & K
The garden, as finally laid out, covers an area of 12.4 hectares (31 acres) built with a size of 587 metres (1,926 ft) length on the main axis channel and with a total width of 251 metres (823 ft).
Coonoor, Tamil nadu
Here the maximum temperature goes up to 30 degree Celsius and the minimum falls to 5°C. The average rain fall of this garden is 150 cm. It extends over an area of 12 hectares of undulating land and possesses a number of natural advantages. This park has more than 1000 species of 255 generas belonging to 85 families widely covering different group of plants.
The Royal Botanical Garden
Howrah, West Bengal
The organisation has an average of 1 million paying visitors per year. Its 326-acre site at Kew has 40 historically important buildings and collections of over 40,000 species of plants and it became a United Nations World Heritage Site on 3 July 2003.
Srinagar, J & K
It is the largest tulip garden in Asia spread over an area of about 30 hectares.The garden was opened in 2007 with the aim to boost floriculture and tourism in Kashmir Valley.
|1. What are some famous gardens in India?|
|2. How many gardens are there in India?|
|3. What is the significance of Mughal Gardens in Srinagar?|
|4. Which is the largest botanical garden in India?|
|5. What is the specialty of Brindavan Gardens in Mysore?|