The most powerful EMPOWER tactic for the Quantitative section of the GMAT
WHY Learn GMAT Math Formulas?
1. Including Geometry, more than half the questions in the Quant section involve a speciﬁc math formula (or more than 1), so knowing the formulas is a must to solving the problem.
2. Math formulas can be used to answer many different versions of the same question.
3. TRIAGE can become easier in some cases by using the formula to estimate the approximate answer to a question.
Area & Perimeter Formulas
Central angle = 2*(inscribed angle)
Area of a sector = where x is the measurement of the central angle of the circle portion in degrees
Pyramid: 1/3 (base length*base width*height)
GMAT Arithmetic Formulas
Arithmetic concepts are one of the most heavily tested content areas on the GMAT quant section, making up nearly 50% of GMAT quant question types. These GMAT quant formulas address the majority of concepts covered on the GMAT.
Order of operations
Parentheses – Exponents – Multiplication – Division – Addition – Subtraction (PEMDAS)
(Positive Number) * (Positive Number) = (Positive Number)
(Positive Number) * (Negative Number) = (Negative Number)
(Negative Number) * (Negative Number) = (Positive Number)
(Positive Number) / (Positive Number) = (Positive Number)
(Positive Number) / (Negative Number) = (Negative Number)
(Negative Number) / (Negative Number) = (Positive Number)
(Odd Number) + (Odd Number) = (Even Number)
(Odd Number) – (Odd Number) = (Even Number)
(Odd Number) + (Even Number) = (Odd Number)
(Odd Number) – (Even Number) = (Odd Number)
(Even Number) + (Even Number) = (Even Number)
(Even Number) – (Even Number) = (Even Number)
(Odd Number) * (Odd Number) = (Odd Number)
(Odd Number) * (Even Number) = (Even Number)
(Even Number) * (Even Number) = (Even Number)
Permutations and Combinations
Probability = (Number of favorable outcomes) / (Number of all possible outcomes)
Probability of events A & B happening = (Probability of A) * (Probability of B)
Probability of either event A or B happening = (Probability of A) + (Probability of B)
GMAT Algebra Formulas
Algebra questions make up about 20% of the question types you’ll see on the GMAT quant section.
|x| depicts absolute value.
|x| = x
|-x| = x
|x| = |-x|
|x| ≥ 0
|x| + |y| ≥ |x+y|
In the expression xn, ‘x’ is the base and ‘n’ is the exponent. The way to interpret is that the base ‘x’ gets multiplied ‘n’ times. For example, 23=2*2*2.
Some key rules and formulas for exponents:
All interest formulas use the following variables: P = starting principle; r = annual interest rate; t = number of years.
Simple Interest = P*r*t
Annual Compound Interest = P(1+r)t
Compound Interest = P(1 + r/x)^(xt); x = number of times the interest compounds over the year
Other Algebra Formulas
Distance = Speed * Time
Wage = Rate * Time