Math Formulas For GMAT GMAT Notes | EduRev

Quantitative Aptitude for GMAT

Created by: Wizius Careers

GMAT : Math Formulas For GMAT GMAT Notes | EduRev

The document Math Formulas For GMAT GMAT Notes | EduRev is a part of the GMAT Course Quantitative Aptitude for GMAT.
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MATH FORMULAS 

The most powerful EMPOWER tactic for the Quantitative section of the GMAT

WHY Learn GMAT Math Formulas?

1. Including Geometry, more than half the questions in the Quant section involve a specific math formula (or more than 1), so knowing the formulas is a must to solving the problem.
2. Math formulas can be used to answer many different versions of the same question.
3. TRIAGE can become easier in some cases by using the formula to estimate the approximate answer to a question.


Area & Perimeter Formulas
Square:

  • Area = length2 
  • Perimeter = 4*length

Rectangle:

  • Area = length*width
  • Perimeter = 2(length) + 2(width)

Parallelogram:

  • Area = base*height
  • Perimeter = 2(base) + 2(height)

Math Formulas For GMAT GMAT Notes | EduRev
Math Formulas For GMAT GMAT Notes | EduRev


Circles:

  • Area = πr2 
  • Circumference = 2πr

Triangle:

  • Math Formulas For GMAT GMAT Notes | EduRev
  • Pythagorean Theorem: a2+b2=c2

Math Formulas For GMAT GMAT Notes | EduRev


Trapezoid:

  • Area = Math Formulas For GMAT GMAT Notes | EduRev where a and b are the length of the parallel sides 

Math Formulas For GMAT GMAT Notes | EduRev


Circle Formulas
Central angle = 2*(inscribed angle) 
Area of a sector = Math Formulas For GMAT GMAT Notes | EduRevwhere x is the measurement of the central angle of the circle portion in degrees 
Math Formulas For GMAT GMAT Notes | EduRev


Volume formulas
Cube: (length)3 
Cylinder: πr2*h 

Math Formulas For GMAT GMAT Notes | EduRev
Pyramid: 1/3 (base length*base width*height)

Math Formulas For GMAT GMAT Notes | EduRev


GMAT Arithmetic Formulas
Arithmetic concepts are one of the most heavily tested content areas on the GMAT quant section, making up nearly 50% of GMAT quant question types. These GMAT quant formulas address the majority of concepts covered on the GMAT.


Order of operations
Parentheses – Exponents – Multiplication – Division – Addition – Subtraction (PEMDAS)


Number properties
(Positive Number) * (Positive Number) = (Positive Number)
(Positive Number) * (Negative Number) = (Negative Number)
(Negative Number) * (Negative Number) = (Positive Number)
(Positive Number) / (Positive Number) = (Positive Number)
(Positive Number) / (Negative Number) = (Negative Number)
(Negative Number) / (Negative Number) = (Positive Number)
(Odd Number) + (Odd Number) = (Even Number)
(Odd Number) – (Odd Number) = (Even Number)
(Odd Number) + (Even Number) = (Odd Number)
(Odd Number) – (Even Number) = (Odd Number)
(Even Number) + (Even Number) = (Even Number)
(Even Number) – (Even Number) = (Even Number)
(Odd Number) * (Odd Number) = (Odd Number)
(Odd Number) * (Even Number) = (Even Number)
(Even Number) * (Even Number) = (Even Number)

Math Formulas For GMAT GMAT Notes | EduRev


Permutations and Combinations


Permutation formula: Math Formulas For GMAT GMAT Notes | EduRev
Combination formula: Math Formulas For GMAT GMAT Notes | EduRev


Probability
Probability = (Number of favorable outcomes) / (Number of all possible outcomes)

Probability of events A & B happening = (Probability of A) * (Probability of B)
Probability of either event A or B happening = (Probability of A) + (Probability of B)


GMAT Algebra Formulas
Algebra questions make up about 20% of the question types you’ll see on the GMAT quant section.

Absolute Value
|x| depicts absolute value. 
|x| = x 
|-x| = x 
|x| = |-x| 
|x| ≥ 0 
|x| + |y| ≥ |x+y|

 

Exponent Rules
In the expression xn, ‘x’ is the base and ‘n’ is the exponent. The way to interpret is that the base ‘x’ gets multiplied ‘n’ times. For example, 23=2*2*2.
Some key rules and formulas for exponents: 
0n=0 
1n=1 
x0=1

x1=x
Math Formulas For GMAT GMAT Notes | EduRev
xm*xn=x(m+n) 
Math Formulas For GMAT GMAT Notes | EduRev
Math Formulas For GMAT GMAT Notes | EduRev

Quadratic Equations
ax2+bx+c=0
Math Formulas For GMAT GMAT Notes | EduRev 

Interest 
All interest formulas use the following variables: P = starting principle; r = annual interest rate; t = number of years.
Simple Interest = P*r*t 
Annual Compound Interest = P(1+r)t
Compound Interest = P(1 + r/x)^(xt); x = number of times the interest compounds over the year 

Other Algebra Formulas
Distance = Speed * Time 
Wage = Rate * Time 

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