Meaning and Scope of Accounting (Summary) CA CPT Notes | EduRev

Principles and Practice of Accounting

Created by: Sushil Kumar

CA CPT : Meaning and Scope of Accounting (Summary) CA CPT Notes | EduRev

The document Meaning and Scope of Accounting (Summary) CA CPT Notes | EduRev is a part of the CA CPT Course Principles and Practice of Accounting.
All you need of CA CPT at this link: CA CPT

“Accounting is the art of recording, classifying, and summarising in a significant manner and in terms of money, transactions and events which are, in part at least, of a financial character, and interpreting the result thereof.
Accounting procedure can be basically divided into two parts:
(i)  Generating financial information and 

(ii)  Using the financial information.

The objectives of accounting can be given as follows:
(i) Systematic recording of transactions
(ii) Ascertainment of results of above recorded transactions 

(iii) Ascertainment of the financial position of the business
(iv) Providing information to the users for rational decision-making

(v) To know the solvency position

 The main functions of accounting are as follows:
(i) Measurement
(ii) Forecasting
(iii) Decision-making 

(iv) Comparison & Evaluation
(v) Control
(vi) Government Regulation and Taxation

Objectives of Book-keeping:

(i) Complete Recording of Transactions and
(ii)  Ascertainment of Financial Effect on the Business

The various sub-fields of accounting are:
(i)  Financial Accounting 

(ii) Management Accounting

(iii) Cost Accounting 

(iv) Social Responsibility Accounting
(v) Human Resource Accounting

The various users of accounting information:

(i)  Investors
(ii) Employees 

(iii) Lenders
(iv) Suppliers and Creditors
(v)  Customers
(vi) Government and their agencies
(vii) Public 

(viii)  Management

Accounting is closely related with several other disciplines and thus to acquire a good knowledge in accounting one should be conversant with the relevant portions of such disciplines.
An accountant with his education, training, analytical mind and experience is best qualified to provide multiple need-based services to the ever growing society.  The accountants of today can do full justice not only to matters relating to taxation, costing, management accounting, financial lay-out, company legislation and procedures but they can delve deep into the fields relating to financial policies, budgetary policies and even economic principles.

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