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NCERT Exemplar Solutions: Electricity and Circuits | Science Class 6 PDF Download

Multiple Choice Questions

Q.1. Choose from the options a, b, c and d given in the fig 12.1 which shows the correct direction of current.
NCERT Exemplar Solutions: Electricity and Circuits | Science Class 6
Ans: 
b
Solution:
In an electric circuit, the direction of current flows from the positive terminal to the negative terminal of the electric cell.

Q.2. Choose the incorrect statement.
(a) A switch is the source of electric current in a circuit.
(b) A switch helps to complete or break the circuit.
(c) A switch helps us to use electricity as per our requirement.
(d) When the switch is open there is an air gap between its terminals.
Ans: 
a
Solution: An electric cell is the source of electric current in a circuit not the switch.

Q.3. In an electric bulb, light is produced due to the glowing of
(a) the glass case of the bulb
(b) the thin filament
(c) the thick wires supporting the filament
(d) gases inside glass case of the bulb.
Ans:
b

Q.4. In the following arrangement shown in fig 12.2, the bulb will not glow if the ends A and B are connected with
NCERT Exemplar Solutions: Electricity and Circuits | Science Class 6
(a) A steel spoon
(b) A metal clip
(c) A plastic clip
(d) A copper wire
Ans: 
c
Solution: 
Plastic clip is a poor conductor of electricity, it is an insulator.

Q.5. In the circuit shown in fig 12.3, when the switch is moved to ‘ON’ position,
NCERT Exemplar Solutions: Electricity and Circuits | Science Class 6
(a) the bulb A will glow first
(b) the bulb B will glow first
(c) the bulb C will glow first
(d) all bulbs will glow together
Ans: 
d
Solution: As soon as the circuit gets completed, current is found at every point in the circuit instantly.

Q.6. Filament of a torch bulb is
(a) a metal case
(b) metal tip at the centre of the base
(c) two thick wires
(d) a thin wire
Ans: 
d

Q.7. Paheli is running short of connecting wires. To complete an electric circuit, she may use a
(a) glass bangle
(b) thick thread
(c) rubber pipe
(d) steel spoon
Ans: 
d
Solution: Steel spoon is a good conductor of electricity. Hence, we use steel spoon to complete an electric circuit.

Q.8. In which of the following circuits A, B and C given in fig 12.4, the cell will be used up very rapidly?
NCERT Exemplar Solutions: Electricity and Circuits | Science Class 6
Ans: 
In circuit A, the cell will be used up very rapidly.

Q.9. Fig. 12.5 shows a bulb with its different parts marked as 1,2,3,4 and 5. Which of them label the terminals of the bulb?
NCERT Exemplar Solutions: Electricity and Circuits | Science Class 6
Ans:
Labels 3 and 4 are the terminals of the bulb.

Short Answer Questions

Q.10. You are provided with a bulb, a cell, a switch and some connecting wires. Draw a diagram to show the connections between them to make the bulb glow.
Ans:

NCERT Exemplar Solutions: Electricity and Circuits | Science Class 6

Q.11. Will the bulb glow in the circuit shown in fig 12.6 ? Explain.
NCERT Exemplar Solutions: Electricity and Circuits | Science Class 6
Ans:
No, the bulb will not glow in this circuit because the switch is open and the circuit is broken. Current flows only in a closed circuit.

Q.12. An electric bulb is connected to a cell through a switch as shown in fig 12.7. When the switch is brought in ‘ON’ position, the bulb does not glow. What could be the possible reason/s for it? Mention any two of them.
NCERT Exemplar Solutions: Electricity and Circuits | Science Class 6
Ans:
When the switch is brought in ‘ON’ position, the bulb does not glow. There could be following reasons for it:
(i) Loose connections.
(ii) Connecting wires are broken.
(iii) The cell is a used one.
(iv) The bulb is fused.

Q.13. A torch requires 3 cells. Show the arrangement of the cells, with a diagram, inside the torch so that the bulb glows.
Ans:

NCERT Exemplar Solutions: Electricity and Circuits | Science Class 6

Q.14. When the chemicals in the electric cell are used up, the electric cell stops producing electricity. The electric cell is then replaced with a new one. In case of rechargeable batteries (such – as the type used in mobile phones, camera and inverters), they are used again and again. How?
Ans: 
Rechargeable batteries can be recharged by providing them appropriate current through secondary cells or storage cells.

Q.15. Paheli connected two bulbs to a cell as shown in fig 12.8,
NCERT Exemplar Solutions: Electricity and Circuits | Science Class 6
She found that filament of bulb B is broken. Will the bulb A glow in this circuit? Give reason.
Ans: 
No, the bulb will not glow in this circuit as the filament of bulb B is broken. Due to the breakage in the circuit current does not flow.

Q.16. Why do bulbs have two terminals?
Ans:
A bulb has a tiny thin wire called filament which consists of two terminals to connect the filament within the circuit so that current can pass through it.

Q.17. Which of the following arrangement A, B, C and D given in fig 12.9 should not be set up? Explain, why?
NCERT Exemplar Solutions: Electricity and Circuits | Science Class 6
Ans: Arrangement A should not be set up since the current flows from a negative terminal to the positive terminal which will exhaust the cell very quickly as the large current will flow through it.

Q.18. A fused bulb does not glow. Why?
Ans:
A fused bulb does not glow since the filament inside it is broken and the circuit is incomplete.

Q.19. Paheli wanted to glow a torch bulb using a cell. She could not get connecting wires, instead, she got two strips of aluminium foil. Will she succeed? Explain, how?
Ans: 
Yes, Paheli will succeed. Aluminium foil being a good conductor of electricity it can be used as connecting wires for the supply of electricity.

Long Answer Questions

Q.20. Boojho has a cell and a single piece of connecting wire. Without cutting the wire in two, will he be able to make the bulb glow? Explain with the help of a circuit diagram.
Ans: 
Yes, he can succeed in getting the bulb glow by using the given arrangements.
He can connect by connecting to a positive terminal of the cell directly from the second terminal of the bulb as given in the figure. In this way, the circuit will get completed without using another piece of connecting wire.
NCERT Exemplar Solutions: Electricity and Circuits | Science Class 6

Q.21. Fig 12.10 A and B, show a bulb connected to a cell in two different ways.
NCERT Exemplar Solutions: Electricity and Circuits | Science Class 6
(i) What will be the direction of the current through the bulb in both the cases (Q to P or P to Q)?
(ii) Will the bulb glow in both the cases?
(iii) Does the brightness of the glowing bulb depend on the direction of current through it?
Ans: 
(i) In the case of Q to P: the current flows from the positive terminal to the negative terminal. In case of P to Q: the current flows from the negative terminal to the positive terminal.
(ii) Yes, the bulb will glow in both the cases as the current is flowing and the circuit is complete.
(iii) No, the brightness of the glowing bulb does not depend on the direction of current through it. Amount of current and voltage in the circuit decides the brightness of the glowing blub.

Q.22. Think of six activities which use electric current. Also name the devices used to perform the activity.
NCERT Exemplar Solutions: Electricity and Circuits | Science Class 6
Ans:
NCERT Exemplar Solutions: Electricity and Circuits | Science Class 6

Q.23. A torch is not functioning, though contact points in the torch are in working condition. What can be the possible reasons for this? Mention any three.
Ans: 
The possible reasons for the torch to not function could be
(i) The switch may be faulty.
(ii) The cells may not be placed in the correct order.
(iii) The cells may have been used up.
(iv) The filament may be fused in the bulb.

The document NCERT Exemplar Solutions: Electricity and Circuits | Science Class 6 is a part of the Class 6 Course Science Class 6.
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FAQs on NCERT Exemplar Solutions: Electricity and Circuits - Science Class 6

1. What is electricity?
Ans. Electricity is a form of energy produced by the flow of electrons. It is the flow of electrons through a conductor that creates an electric current.
2. How does a circuit work?
Ans. A circuit is a closed loop or path through which electricity flows. It consists of a power source (such as a battery), wires to carry the current, and a load (such as a light bulb) that uses the electricity. When the circuit is complete, the electric current flows from the power source to the load and back, allowing the load to work.
3. What is the difference between series and parallel circuits?
Ans. In a series circuit, the components are connected in a single path so that the current flows sequentially through each component. In a parallel circuit, the components are connected in multiple paths, allowing the current to split and flow through each component simultaneously. This means that if one component in a series circuit stops working, the entire circuit is broken, while in a parallel circuit, other components can still function even if one stops working.
4. What is resistance?
Ans. Resistance is the property of a material or component that opposes the flow of electric current. It is measured in ohms (Ω) and determines how much current can flow through a circuit. Materials with high resistance, such as rubber or plastic, restrict the flow of current, while materials with low resistance, such as metals, allow current to flow easily.
5. How can we calculate electrical power?
Ans. Electrical power is calculated using the formula P = VI, where P represents power in watts (W), V represents voltage in volts (V), and I represents current in amperes (A). By multiplying the voltage and current values, you can determine the amount of power consumed or produced by a circuit or device.
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