NCERT Solutions Chapter 6 - Lines And Angles (I), Class 9, Maths Class 9 Notes | EduRev

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Class 9 : NCERT Solutions Chapter 6 - Lines And Angles (I), Class 9, Maths Class 9 Notes | EduRev

The document NCERT Solutions Chapter 6 - Lines And Angles (I), Class 9, Maths Class 9 Notes | EduRev is a part of Class 9 category.
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Exercise 6.1

 1. In Fig. 6.13, lines AB and CD intersect at O. If ∠AOC  ∠BOE = 70° and ∠BOD = 40°, find ∠BOE and reflex ∠COE
.

 

Class IX, Mathematics, NCERT, CBSE, Questions and Answer, Q and A, Important

Answer Given,
∠AOC + ∠BOE = 70° and ∠BOD = 40°
A/q,
∠AOC + ∠BOE +∠COE = 180° (Forms a straight line)
⇒ 70° +∠COE = 180°
⇒ ∠COE = 110°
also,
∠COE +∠BOD + ∠BOE = 180° (Forms a straight line)
⇒ 110° +40° + ∠BOE = 180°
⇒ 150° + ∠BOE = 180°
⇒ ∠BOE = 30°



2. In Fig. 6.14, lines XY and MN intersect at O. If ∠POY = 90° and a : b = 2 : 3, find c.

Class IX, Mathematics, NCERT, CBSE, Questions and Answer, Q and A, Important

Answer

Given,
∠POY = 90° and a : b = 2 : 3
A/q,
∠POY + a + b = 180°
⇒ 90° + a + b = 180°
⇒ a + b = 90°
Let a be 2x then will be 3x
2x + 3x = 90°
⇒ 5x = 90°
⇒ x = 18°
∴ a = 2×18° = 36°
and b = 3×18° = 54°
also,
b + c = 180° (Linear Pair)
⇒ 54° + c = 180°
⇒ c = 126°

3. In Fig. 6.15, ∠PQR = ∠PRQ, then prove that ∠PQS = ∠PRT.

Class IX, Mathematics, NCERT, CBSE, Questions and Answer, Q and A, Important

Answer

Given,
∠PQR = ∠PRQ
To prove,
∠PQS = ∠PRT
A/q,
∠PQR +∠PQS = 180° (Linear Pair)
⇒ ∠PQS = 180° - ∠PQR --- (i)
also,
∠PRQ +∠PRT = 180° (Linear Pair) 
⇒ ∠PRT = 180° - ∠PRQ
⇒ ∠PRQ = 180° - ∠PQR --- (ii) (∠PQR = ∠PRQ)
From (i) and (ii)
∠PQS = ∠PRT = 180° - ∠PQR
Therefore,  ∠PQS = ∠PRT

4. In Fig. 6.16, if x y = w z, then prove that AOB is a line.

Class IX, Mathematics, NCERT, CBSE, Questions and Answer, Q and A, Important

Answer
Given,
x + y = w + z
To Prove,
AOB is a line or x + y = 180° (linear pair.)
A/q,
x + y + w + z = 360° (Angles around a point.)
⇒ (x + y) +  (w + z) = 360° 
⇒ (x + y) +  (x + y) = 360° (Given x + y = w + z)
⇒ 2(x + y) = 360°
⇒ (x + y) = 180°
Hence, x + y makes a linear pair. Therefore, AOB is a straight line.


5. In Fig. 6.17, POQ is a line. Ray OR is perpendicular to line PQ. OS is another ray lying between rays OP and OR. Prove that ∠ROS = 1/2(∠QOS – ∠POS).

Class IX, Mathematics, NCERT, CBSE, Questions and Answer, Q and A, Important

Answer
Given,
OR is perpendicular to line PQ
To prove,
∠ROS = 1/2(∠QOS – ∠POS)
A/q,
∠POR = ∠ROQ = 90° (Perpendicular)
∠QOS = ∠ROQ + ∠ROS = 90° + ∠ROS --- (i)
∠POS = ∠POR - ∠ROS = 90° - ∠ROS --- (ii)
Subtracting (ii) from (i)
∠QOS - ∠POS = 90° + ∠ROS - (90° - ∠ROS)
⇒ ∠QOS - ∠POS = 90° + ∠ROS - 90° + ∠ROS
⇒ ∠QOS - ∠POS = 2∠ROS
⇒ ∠ROS = 1/2(∠QOS – ∠POS)
Hence, Proved.
 

6. It is given that ∠XYZ = 64° and XY is produced to point P. Draw a figure from the given information. If ray YQ bisects ∠ZYP, find ∠XYQ and reflex ∠QYP.

Answer

Given,
∠XYZ = 64°
YQ bisects ∠ZYP

Class IX, Mathematics, NCERT, CBSE, Questions and Answer, Q and A, Important

∠XYZ +∠ZYP = 180° (Linear Pair)
⇒ 64° +∠ZYP = 180° 
⇒ ∠ZYP = 116°
also, ∠ZYP = ∠ZYQ + ∠QYP 
∠ZYQ = ∠QYP (YQ bisects ∠ZYP)
⇒ ∠ZYP = 2∠ZYQ 
⇒ 2∠ZYQ = 116°
⇒ ∠ZYQ = 58° = ∠QYP
Now,
∠XYQ = ∠XYZ + ∠ZYQ 
⇒ ∠XYQ = 64° + 58°
⇒ ∠XYQ = 122°
also,
reflex ∠QYP = 180° + ∠XYQ
∠QYP = 180° + 122°
⇒ ∠QYP = 302°


Exercise 6.2

 1. In Fig. 6.28, find the values of x and y and then show that AB || CD.

Class IX, Mathematics, NCERT, CBSE, Questions and Answer, Q and A, Important

Answer
x + 50° = 180° (Linear pair)
⇒ x = 130°
also,
y = 130° (Vertically opposite) 
Now,
x = y = 130° (Alternate interior angles)
Alternate interior angles are equal.
Therefore, AB || CD.

2. In Fig. 6.29, if AB || CD, CD || EF and y : z = 3 : 7, find x.

Class IX, Mathematics, NCERT, CBSE, Questions and Answer, Q and A, Important

Answer
Given,
AB || CD and CD || EF
y : z = 3 : 7 
Now,
x + y = 180° (Angles on the same side of transversal.)
also,
∠O = z (Corresponding angles) 
and, y + ∠O = 180° (Linear pair) 
⇒ y + z = 180°
A/q,
y = 3w and z = 7w 
3w + 7w = 180°
⇒ 10 w = 180°
⇒ w = 18°
∴ y = 3×18° = 54°
and, z = 7×18° = 126°
Now, 
x + y = 180°
⇒ x + 54° = 180°
⇒ x = 126°

3. In Fig. 6.30, if AB || CD, EF ⊥ CD and ∠GED = 126°, find ∠AGE, ∠GEF and ∠FGE. 

Class IX, Mathematics, NCERT, CBSE, Questions and Answer, Q and A, Important

Answer
Given,
AB || CD
EF ⊥ CD
∠GED = 126°
A/q,
∠FED = 90° (EF ⊥ CD)
Now,
∠AGE = ∠GED (Since, AB || CD and GE is transversal. Alternate interior angles.)
∴ ∠AGE = 126°
Also, ∠GEF = ∠GED - ∠FED
⇒ ∠GEF = 126° - 90°
⇒ ∠GEF = 36°
Now,
∠FGE +∠AGE = 180° (Linear pair)
⇒ ∠FGE = 180° - 126°
⇒ ∠FGE = 54°

4. In Fig. 6.31, if PQ || ST, ∠PQR = 110° and ∠RST = 130°, find ∠QRS.
 [Hint : Draw a line parallel to ST through point R.]

 

Class IX, Mathematics, NCERT, CBSE, Questions and Answer, Q and A, Important

 Answer

 

Given,

PQ || ST, ∠PQR = 110° and ∠RST = 130°

Construction,

A line XY parallel to PQ and ST is drawn.

Class IX, Mathematics, NCERT, CBSE, Questions and Answer, Q and A, Important

∠PQR + ∠QRX = 180° (Angles on the same side of transversal.)
⇒ 110° + ∠QRX = 180°
⇒ ∠QRX = 70°
Also,
∠RST + ∠SRY = 180° (Angles on the same side of transversal.) 
⇒ 130° + ∠SRY = 180°
⇒ ∠SRY = 50°
Now,
∠QRX +∠SRY + ∠QRS = 180°
⇒ 70° + 50° + ∠QRS = 180°
⇒ ∠QRS = 60°

5. In Fig. 6.32, if AB || CD, ∠APQ = 50° and ∠PRD = 127°, find x and y.

Class IX, Mathematics, NCERT, CBSE, Questions and Answer, Q and A, Important

Answer Given,
AB || CD, ∠APQ = 50° and ∠PRD = 127°
A/q,
x = 50° (Alternate interior angles.)
∠PRD + ∠RPB = 180° (Angles on the same side of transversal.)
⇒ 127° + ∠RPB = 180°
⇒ ∠RPB = 53° 
Now,
y + 50° + ∠RPB = 180° (AB is a straight line.)
⇒ y + 50° + 53° = 180°
⇒ y + 103° = 180°
⇒ y = 77°

 

6. In Fig. 6.33, PQ and RS are two mirrors placed parallel to each other. An incident ray AB strikes the mirror PQ at B, the reflected ray moves along the path BC and strikes the mirror RS at C and again reflects back along CD. Prove that AB || CD.

Class IX, Mathematics, NCERT, CBSE, Questions and Answer, Q and A, Important

Answer

Class IX, Mathematics, NCERT, CBSE, Questions and Answer, Q and A, Important

Let us draw BE ⟂ PQ and CF ⟂ RS.

 As PQ || RS
So, BE || CF

By laws of reflection we know that,

Angle of incidence = Angle of reflection

Thus, ∠1 = ∠2 and ∠3 = ∠4  --- (i)

also, ∠2 = ∠3     (alternate interior angles because BE || CF and a transversal line BC cuts them at B and C)    --- (ii)

From (i) and (ii),

∠1 + ∠2 = ∠3 + ∠4

⇒ ∠ABC = ∠DCB

⇒ AB || CD      (alternate interior angles are equal)

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