The document NCERT Solutions - Halves And Quarters Notes | EduRev is a part of the Class 4 Course Mathematics (Maths) for Class 4.

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**Ques 1: Half-Half If the cats ask you to divide the chapati equally, how will you divide it?**

**Ques 2: Half of Half If two more cats come for food, how will you divide one chapati equally for four cats?**

**Ques 3: Half of Many Pieces Rani got a chocolate. She divided it equally and gave half to her friend Reena. **

**Ans: **

There are 6 pieces of chocolate.

Rani gave half of her chocolate to her friend Reena. Rani was left with the remaining half, that is, 3 pieces.

**Ques 1: Draw different shapes using these triangles. One such shape is shown here.**

**Ans:**

**Ques 1: In how many different ways can you cut a rectangle into half? ****Draw 5 different ways.**

**Can you check if they are equal?****Ans: **

Yes, they are equal.**Ques 2: ****In how many different ways can you cut a rectangle into four equal parts? Draw 5 different ways.**

**Can you check if they are equal?****Ans: **

Yes, they are equal.

**Ques 1: Cutting the Cake Rajniâ€™s father brought a cake. She divided the cake into 4 equal parts â€” for herself, her brother Raju, her father and her mother.**

**â€¢ Colour each share with different colours. ****â€¢ How much does each get? ________****Ans: ****â€¢**

â€¢ Each of them gets 14of the cake.**Ques 2: Mother gave her share of cake to Rajni. Now colour the total part that Rajni will get.**

**Ans: **

**Ques 3: ****Out of 4 parts Rajni will get _________ parts, which is equal to half of the cake. So she can write it as 4 or 12.****Ans: **Out of 4 parts Rajni will get 2 parts, which is equal to half of the cake. So she can write it as 24 or 12.**Ques 4: Colour the share Raju got.**

**Ans: **

**Ques 5: How much of the cake do Rajni and Raju together get? Colour their total share. Altogether they get 3 parts out of 4, so we can write it as 34.**

**Ans: **Rajni and Raju together get 34 of the total cake.

**Ques 1: One day he wants to eat pumpkin halwa (sweet dish). He tries to buy a big pumpkin with only Rs 10. He asks the first pumpkin seller the price of a big pumpkin. First pumpkin-sellerâ€” 14 of this pumpkin is for Rs 10. This full pumpkin will cost Rs __________.****Ans: **Cost of 14 of the pumpkin = Rs 10

âˆ´ Cost of 1 full pumpkin = 4Ã—Rs 10 = Rs 40

This full pumpkin will cost Rs 40.**Ques 2: Kundu walks to the next seller and looks for a pumpkin of the same size. Kundu â€” How much of this pumpkin will I get for Rs 10? Second pumpkin-seller â€” Half. This full pumpkin will cost Rs ****Ans: **Cost of 12 of the pumpkin = Rs 10

âˆ´ Cost of the full pumpkin = 2Ã— 10 = Rs 20

This full pumpkin will cost Rs 20.

**Ques 1: ****Using a Price List**

Item | Price in Rs (per kg) |

Tomato | 8 |

Potato | 12 |

Onion | 10 |

Potato | 16 |

Pumpkin | 4 |

**(a) How much does 12kg of tomatoes cost? (b) Which costs more â€“ 12kg of onionsor**

(c) What is the price of 34kg of potatoes?

(d) Keerthi is going for shopping. She has only Rs 20 with her. Can she buy all the things in her shopping list?

**Ans: **(a) Cost of 1 kg tomatoes = Rs 8

âˆ´ Cost of 12kg tomatoes = Rs 8 Ã· 2 = Rs 4

(b) Cost of 1 kg onions = Rs 10

Cost of 1 kg carrots = Rs 16

âˆ´ Cost of 12kg onions = Rs 10 Ã· 2 = Rs 5 And,

Cost of 14kg carrots = Rs 16 Ã· 4 = Rs 4

The cost of 12kg onions is more than the cost of 14kg carrots.

(c) Cost of 1 kg potatoes = Rs 12 Cost of 14kg carrots = Rs 12 Ã· 4 = Rs 3

âˆ´ Cost of 34kg potatoes = Rs 3 Ã— 3 = Rs 9

(d) Keerthi has Rs 20. Her shopping list includes 12kg potatoes, 2 kg pumpkins and 14kg carrots.

Cost of 12kg potatoes = Rs 12 Ã· 2 = Rs 6

Cost of 2 kg pumpkins = Rs 2Ã—4 = Rs 8

Cost of 14kg carrots = Rs 16 Ã· 4 = Rs 4

Total cost of all vegetables = Rs 6 + Rs 8 + Rs 4 = Rs 18 Keerthi can purchase all the vegetables in her shopping list, as she has Rs 20.

**Ques 1: What part of the whole is coloured? Write below each shape.**

**Ans:**

12

14**Ques 2: Colour that part of the shape which is written below.**

**Ans: **

**Ques 3: Cut in half Draw a line which divides these shapes into half.**

**Ans: **

**Ques 1: Colour half the number of shapes as shown here.**

**Ans:**

**Ques 2: ****Colour 14 of these shapes.**

**Ans: **

**Ques 3: Match the coloured part as shown.**

**Ans: **

**Ques 1: ****Make the other half 12 of the picture is drawn here. Can you complete the picture by drawing the other half?**

**Ans: **

**Ques 2: This is a quarter of a picture. Can you complete it? How many more quarters will you draw to complete it? ___________**

**Ans: **

Three more quarters are required to complete the picture.**Ques 3: ****Half and Quarter of a Metre Using your metre scale, cut a string of one metre. â€¢ On this string, mark the length 12metre, 14metre and 34metre. â€¢ Using your string, draw a line of length 12metre on the floor. How many centimetres long is the line? ___________ Remember, 1 metre = 100 cm So 12metre = â€¦â€¦. cm 14metre = â€¦â€¦. cm 34metre = â€¦â€¦. cm Can you see that when we add 12 and 14 we get 34?Ans:** 1 m = 100 cm Line of 12m on the floor = 100 cm Ã· 2 = 50 cm So, a line of 12m on the floor is 50 cm long.

12m = 100 cm Ã· 2 = 50 cm

14m = 100 cm Ã· 4 = 25 cm

34m = 25 cm Ã— 3 = 75 cm

**Ques 1: Sharing Milk This bottle is full of milk and it holds one litre. The milk is put into 4 other bottles so that each bottle has 14litre of milk. **

**Remember, 1 litre = 1000 millilitres ****â€¢ How many millilitres of milk does each bottle have? _________****Ans: **

1 litre = 1000 millilitres

Each bottle contains 14litre of milk.

Thus, Quantity of milk in each bottle = 1000 mL Ã· 4 = 250 mL

Thus, each bottle contains 250 mL milk**Ques 2: ***Sharing Milk* Shan poured 1 litre of milk into two bottles so that the first bottle holds 34litre and the other holds 14litre.

**â€¢ Shade the level of milk in each bottle. ****â€¢ How many millilitres of milk does each bottle hold?****Ans: **

1 litre = 1000 millilitres

One of the bottle holds 14L milk.

Thus, Quantity of milk = 1000 mL Ã· 4 = 250 mL Another bottle holds 34L milk.

Thus, Quantity of milk = 250 mL Ã— 3 = 750 mL

**Ques 1: Balance the Weight**

**Choose from the weights above to make the two pans equal. In how many ways can you do it? (a) Draw the weights in the empty pan. Remember, 1kg = 1000 g**

Following are the different ways in which we can make the two weights equal.

(1) 1 kg + 500 g + 500 g = 2000 g

(2) 1 kg + 500 g + 250 g + 250 g = 2000 g

(3) 1 kg + 500 g + 250 g + 200 g + 50 g = 2000 g

(4) 1 kg + 500 g + 200 g + 200 g + 100 g = 2000 g

(5) 1 kg + 250 g + 250 g + 250 g + 200 g + 50 g = 2000 g

We can make five different combinations to get 2 kg weight.

**Ques 2: Balance the Weight**

**In how many different ways can you balance this weight of 34kg? ****(1) â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦ ****(2) â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦ ****(3) â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦****Ans: **

**Ans: **We know 1 kg = 1000 g

Thus, 14kg = 1000Ã·4 =250 g 34kg = 250 gÃ—3=750 g

Following are the different ways in which we can balance the weight of 34kg:

(1) 500 g + 200 g + 50 g = 750 g

(2) 250 g + 250 g + 250 g = 750 g

(3) 250 g + 250 g + 200 g + 50 g = 750 g

**Ques 1: There are 60 mangoes.12 of them are ripe. How many mangoes are ripe?â€¢ There are 32 children. 12of them are girls. How many children are boys?â€¢ There are 20 stars. A quarter of them are red. How many stars are red? How many are not red?â€¢ Ravi wants a pencil. It costs Rs 2. He gives a one-rupee coin, one half-rupee coin and one quarter-rupee coin. Is it enough?**

**Ans: **Total mangoes = 60

12 of them are ripe.

Number of ripe mangoes = 60 Ã· 2 = 30 30 out of 60 mangoes are ripe.

Total children = 32

12 of them are girls. So, 12 of them are boys.

Number of boys = 32 Ã· 2 = 16 16 out of 32 children are boys.

Total stars = 20

Quarter of them are red, which means 14 of them are red.

Number of stars that are red = 20 Ã· 4 = 5 5 out of 20 stars are red.

Number of stars that are not red = 20 âˆ’ 5 = 15

Cost of a pencil = Rs 2

Money given by Ravi = Rs (1 + 0.50 + 0.25) = Rs 1.75 But, the pencil is for Rs 2.

Money required = Rs (2.00 âˆ’ 1.75) = Rs 0.25

Ravi did not give enough money to buy the pencil. Rs 0.25 more is required to buy the pencil.

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