Q.1. Choose the correct answer:
Sound can travel through
(a) Gases only
(b) Solids only
(c) Liquids only
(d) Solids, Liquids, and Gases.
Ans. (d) Solids, Liquids, and Gases.
Sound speed in various mediumQ.2. Which of the following voices is likely to have a minimum frequency?
(a) Baby girl
(b) Baby boy
(c) A man
(d) A woman
Ans. (c) A man
Q.3. In the following statements, tick T against those which are true, and F against those which are false:
(a) Sound cannot travel in a vacuum. (T/F)
(b) The number of oscillations per second of a vibrating object is called its time period. (T/F)
(c) If the amplitude of vibration is large, the sound is feeble. (T/F)
(d) For human ears, the audible range is 20 Hz to 20,000 Hz. (T/F)
(e) The lower the frequency of vibration, the higher is the pitch. (T/F)
(f) Unwanted or unpleasant sound is termed as music. (T/F)
(g) Noise pollution may cause partial hearing impairment. (T/F)
(a) Sound cannot travel in a vacuum. (T)
(b) The number of oscillations per second of a vibrating object is called its time period. (F)
(c) If the amplitude of vibration is large, the sound is feeble. (F)
(d) For human ears, the audible range is 20 Hz to 20,000 Hz. (T)
(e) The lower the frequency of vibration, the higher is the pitch. (F)
(f) Unwanted or unpleasant sound is termed as music. (F)
(g) Noise pollution may cause partial hearing impairment. (T)
Q.4. Fill in the blanks with suitable words.
(a) Time taken by an object to complete one oscillation is called ....................
(b) Loudness is determined by the .........................of vibration.
(c) The unit of frequency is..........................
(d) Unwanted sound is called ..........................
(e) Shrillness of a sound is determined by the ................. of vibration.
(a) Time period
(e) Frequency and Amplitude.
Q.5. A pendulum oscillates 40 times in 4 seconds. Find its time period and frequency.
Ans. Frequency is defined as the number of oscillations per second.
Since the time period is the time taken to complete one oscillation. It is the inverse of the frequency.
Q.6. The sound from a mosquito is produced when it vibrates its wings at an average rate of 500 vibrations per second. What is the time period of the vibration?
Ans. Since the time period is the time taken to complete one oscillation.
Q.7. Identify the part which vibrates to produce sound in the following instruments:
(c) FluteMusical InstrumentsAns. (a) In Dholak, there is a stretched membrane at the top known as the head. When the head is beaten, the stretched membrane vibrates and thus the sound is produced.
(b) In Sitar, there are many stretched strings. When these strings are plucked, the string vibrates and thus the sound is produced.
(c) In Flute, there is a hollow pipe. When air is blown into it, the air inside it starts vibrating, and thus the sound is produced.
Q.8. What is the difference between noise and music? Can music become noise sometimes?
Q.9. List sources of noise pollution in your surroundings.
Ans. Following is the list of sources of noise pollution in my surroundings:
(i) Horns of vehicles.
(ii) Bursting of crackers.
(v) Television and radio at high volumes.
(vi) Kitchen appliances like mixer, etc.
(vii) Air conditioners
Q.10. Explain in what way noise pollution is harmful to humans.
Ans. There are many harmful effects of noise pollution on humans like:
(i) Lack of sleep.
(ii) High blood pressure (Hypertension).
(iii) Temporary or permanent impairment of hearing.
Q.11. Your parents are going to buy a house. They have been offered one on the roadside and another three lanes away from the roadside. Which house would you suggest your parents should buy? Explain your answer.
Ans. I will suggest my parent buy a house which is away from the roadside because the house at the roadside would be noisy because of running vehicles. On the other hand, the house which is three lanes away from the roadside would be quieter.
Q.12. Sketch the larynx and explain its function in your own words.
Q.13. Lightning and thunder take place in the sky at the same time and at the same distance from us. Lightning is seen earlier and thunder is heard later. Can you explain?
Ans. The speed of sound is 330 m/s while that of light is 3 x 108 m/s. Thus, the speed of light is much higher than the speed of sound. This is the reason light reaches us before sound during lightning.