Q1. Draw up a list of the different festivals celebrated in your locality. Which of these celebrations are shared by members of different regional and religious communities?
Ans: List of the different festivals with regional and religious communities:
Festivals of India
Q2. What do you think living in India with its rich heritage of diversity adds to your life?
Q3. Do you think the term “unity in diversity” is an appropriate term to describe India? What do you think Nehru is trying to say about Indian unity in the sentence quoted above from his book "The Discovery of India"?
Yes, the term “unity in diversity” is an appropriate term to describe India. The diversity in India has always been recognized as a source of its strength.
(i) Even during freedom movements, women and men from different cultural, religious, and regional backgrounds came together to decide joint actions and opposes British rule. This strength of unity made Indians win the battle for independence.
(ii) Though from different cultures and backgrounds still we celebrate the National Festivals together, sing the National Anthem together.
In his book "The Discovery of India" Jawaharlal Nehru says that Indian unity is not something imposed from the outside but rather it was something deeper and within its fold, the widest tolerance of belief and custom was practiced and every variety acknowledged and even encouraged. This suggests that despite having geographical, language, and cultural differences, but the tolerance and unity of the people has made the country diverse
Q4. Underline the line in the poem sung after the Jallianwala Bagh massacre, which according to you, reflects India’s essential unity.
Ans: "The blood of Hindus and Muslims flows together today". This line in the poem sung after the Jallianwala Bagh massacre reflects India’s essential unity.
Q5. Choose another region in India and do a similar study of the historical and geographical factors that influence the diversity found there. Are these historical and geographical factors connected to each other? How?
Location of West Bengal on India's Map
Location of Kerala on India's Map
|1. What is diversity?|
|2. Why is it important to understand diversity?|
|3. What are some challenges of diversity?|
|4. How can we promote diversity in our communities?|
|5. What are some benefits of diversity?|