1. Read the following passage on New Zealand.
New Zealand is a Mecca for nature lovers. Throughout most of New Zealand's geological history, it was a bird's paradise. The islands were once part of the southern super - continent Gondwana from which they broke off around 80 million years ago before mammals had evolved and spread.
The underlined words express a relationship usually of space or time between the words with which they stand. Such 'Positional' words which are used before nouns (pre-position) are called ___prepositions_____
2. Identify the functions of the prepositions in each of these sentences.
3. Fill in the blanks with suitable prepositions.
a) The magician made the girl disappear ___ my own eyes.
b) He climbed __ the ladder.
c) There is a super market ____ our house.
d) The train was late ______ 3 hrs.
a) The magician made the girl disappear __before__ my own eyes. ('before' here means 'in front of')
b) He climbed __up__ the ladder.
c) There is a super market _near/near to/next to__ our house.
d) The train was late ___by______ 3 hrs.
4. Group the prepositions in the box below to indicate their use as prepositions of place (P), movement (M) or time (T). There may be more than one category for each.
|between __Place__||past Time___||before _Time__|
|along _Movement_||on _Place___||until _Time__|
|since _Time_____||behind _Place___||beside _Place__|
|up _Place_____||round _Movement_||out of _Place__|
|among _Place_____||for _Time___||at _Place,Time__|
|in front of _Place____||across _Movement_||under _Place__|
|after _Time_____||through _Movement__||during _Time___|
5. A student from a lower class asks you to help her illustrate for her class, the use of different prepositions.
In groups of four, choose one of the following lists of prepositions and draw simple pictures to illustrate their meaning
Answer: A few are illustrated below:
Prepositions of Location
7. This description is taken from a well-known film. Can you guess which one?
A man in a red cape and blue tights is flying over a city. On his chest is the letter S. Below him a large crowd is pointing up at him.
Imagine a scene from a play, film or TV show you have seen.
Describe (a) where things and people are, and (b) any movement. Follow the example.
Show your description to your partner. Guess each other's play or film.
Before us is the Salesman’s house. We are aware of towering, angular shapes behind it, surrounding it on all sides. Only the blue light of the sky falls upon the house and forestage; the surrounding area shows an angry glow of orange. As more light appears, we see a solid vault of apartment houses around the small, fragile-seeming home. An air of the dream dings to the place, a dream rising out of reality. The kitchen at center seems actual enough, for there is a kitchen table with three chairs, and a refrigerator. But no other fixtures are seen. At the back of the kitchen there is a draped entrance, which leads to the living room. To the right of the kitchen, on a level raised two feet, is a bedroom furnished only with a brass bedstead and a straight chair. On a shelf over the bed a silver athletic trophy stands. A window opens onto the apartment house at the side.
8. Study the map and the key given below carefully, and complete the sentences that follow.
Complete the following
|_Lakshmanpur_||| is||| half-way along the west coast of Halsi Island.|
|Rampur||| is situated||||
|| lies _on/at__||| on the south coast of the island, north of _Strange Lake_|
|| is located||||
(Note the use of words like along, north of etc.)
Now describe the position of the other eight places, using some of the words in the box.
9. Look at the map below.
You have invited three friends to a party at your house. Write three separate notes, giving them directions from 1, 2 and 3 to your house. You may use the words in the box.
You may use:
as far as
in front of
The directions from (1) are given here as an example
Go down Diwan Marg and turn right down Antonio Avenue. Walk as far as the traffic lights then turn right into Mount Road. Turn first left into The Crescent and my house is on the left.
Directions from ❷: From Station, go down Osborne road upto High street roundabout and then walk down Mount road till you reach the traffic lights. Turn left to the Crescent and skip first two left turns and walk along the park upto its end. My house is on the right opposite to park end.
Directions from ❸: Go down Pen Lane and turn right to High street. Walk as far as the crossing and turn left and take a walk towards October Drive. In front of you there is park. Walk straight and cross October Drive, turn right and walk along the park to its end. When you reach the Crescent, turn left and walk along the park upto its end. My house is on the right opposite to park end.
11. You have recently been to a wedding. A British pen friend asks you to describe it. Using the words in the box, describe the different stages. Write only the body of the letter below.
How are you doing? Last week I got a chance to attend a North Indian marriage. If you happen to be in India and do not attend Indian marriage, you a miss a lot! A big fat Indian marriage is a show which never fails to entertain! All you can say, it full of music, dance, fun and family ties. Usually it is multi-tier events which last for a week. Throughout theses events you have exotic food, sweets, dances and music. I reached the groom's house a day before the wedding. The house was fully decorated with flowers and garlands. It was illuminated with lights. The bridegroom's family has been busy formany weeks preparing for the events. The groom himself has been shopping since he got engaged. By evening the Ladies Sangeet started which is followed by dinner. Boys were busy outside the house with loud music and dance. No body complained at such events until it was past two midnight. Next day was the final day of the celestial knot. On that day, there was lot of hustle and bustle. Everybody from groom's family was busy to materialize this majestic occasion. By evening all were ready to march towards the bride's house with band baja and barati. The venue was a marriage hall not very far but it took us nearly two hours. During this procession, everybody was dancing with joy. The marriage venue was splendidly decorated and illuminated. Bride's relatives welcomed us. The groom was escorted to a stage where after few rituals bride joined him. The bride was looking gorgeous wearing a lovely red attire and heavy jewelry. Both exchanged garlands and sat on the grand sofa at the stage side by side. Dinner was served with sumptuous dishes. After dinner, almost all the guests except near relatives left. Later bride and his groom sat beside the holy fire and performed various Hindu rituals and tied their knot. At dawn, the bride's relatives saw her off with tearful eyes.
I'll share the video and pictures with you. Till then ... good bye!
12. Link the words from the different columns to produce meaningful sentences. One has been completed as an example. If you wish, write out the correct sentences in your notebook.
| He went |
She is ill
They're so much
The Prince came
The poor animal is
The style is
My house is not
| for |
e.g. He went on foot.
13. Verbs and Prepositions
Fill in the gaps with suitable prepositions
1. You're right. I agree __________ you.
2. The conclusions are based __________ extensive research.
3. He arrived __________ Delhi airport at 2 am and then arrived _____________ the
city at 4 am.
4. He angrily shouted _____________ the pupil.
5. "Remember the party!" she shouted _____________ her friend.
6. A differs _____________ B in a number of ways.
7. He applied______________ the teaching job but was turned down.
8. She replied _____________ his last letter.
9. They apologized _____________ breaking the vase.
10. Do you believe ___________ ghosts?
14. Adjectives and Prepositions
Look at the table below. Decide which of the adjectives in Column A commonly go with which preposition. Tick the table as shown. (There may be more then one tick for each adjective)
15. Use the adjectives and prepositions from the box above to fill in the gaps below. Add eight sentences of your own.
1. Mary is bad _________ Maths.
2. Fruit is good __________ you.
3. Ram was married __________ Beena for 10 years. They were very happy.
4. This tool is more ________ ________ planing wood.
5. What good news! I'm so ________ _________ you.
6. He's _____ ______ her; she looks ill.
7. She's ashamed _____ her bad behaviour.
8. They are fond __________ dancing.
9. He was absent ____ the Science Club yesterday.
10. He is sensitive ____ criticism.
16. Think of a person in your class, and use adjective + prepositions from 14 to describe him/her in about two or three sentences. Don't give a name