NCERT Solutions - Verb Forms Class 9 Notes | EduRev

English Grammar (Communicative) Interact In English- Class 9

Class 9 : NCERT Solutions - Verb Forms Class 9 Notes | EduRev

The document NCERT Solutions - Verb Forms Class 9 Notes | EduRev is a part of the Class 9 Course English Grammar (Communicative) Interact In English- Class 9.
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Simple Past and Past Perfect

1. Complete this story by Julius Lester. Choose the correct forms of the words

given in the brackets.

Brer Rabbit (a) ___________ (decided/ had decided) gardening was too much hard work. So he (b) ________ (had gone/ went) back to his old ways of eating from every body else's garden. Earlier, he (c) _________ (made/ had made) a tour through the community to see what everybody (d) _________ (had been/was) planting that summer and his eye (e) _______ (was/ had been) caught by Brer Fox's peanut patch.

Soon as the peanuts (f) _______________ (had been/ were) ready, Brer Rabbit (g) ______ (decided/ had decided) to make his acquaintance with them. Every night he (h) ______ (had eaten/ ate) his fill and even started bringing his family. Brer Fox (i) ________ (had/ had had) a good idea who was eating his peanuts, but he couldn't catch him. He inspected his fence and finally (j) __________ (had found/found) a small hole on the north side. He tied a rope with a loop knot and put it inside the hole. If anybody (k) ______ (stepped/had stepped) in it, the rope would grab his leg and hoist him up in the air.

That night Brer Rabbit (l) __________ (came/ had come) down to the peanut patch. He climbed through the hole and WHOOSH! Next thing he (m)________ (had known/knew), he was hanging in the air upside down. There (n)________ (wasn't/ hadn't been) a thing he could do, so he made himself comfortable to catch a little sleep!

Answer:
(a) had decided
(b) went back
(c) had made
(d) was planting
(e) was caught
(f) were
(g) had decided
(h) ate
(i) had
(j) found
(k) stepped
(l) had come down/came
(m) known
(n) wasn’t 

1.1 Answer the following questions based on the story you have read.

(a) What had Brer Rabbit found out?
Ans. 
That gardening was a very complex task for him. 

(b) What did he do when the plants grew?
Ans. 
The Rabbit decided to make his acquaintance with them. 

(c) How did he enter Brer Fox's peanut patch?
Ans. 
Through the fence, he entered Brer Fox's peanut patch. 

(d) Brer Fox had an idea of who was stealing from his patch. What did he do to trap Brer Rabbit?
Ans. 
Brer Fox laid a trap to catch the rabbit. He tied a rope with a loop knot and put it inside the hole.

2. Here is a news story about how crops are saved by climate-proofing them. Complete it by choosing the right words from those given in the brackets.

Among the most worrying aspects of climate change today (a)______ (is/has been) the effect it (b) ________ (has had/have had) on the food supply of the world. Scientists (c) _______ (have focussed/focus) their attention and efforts on increasing crop yield and improving crop resilience. Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa (d) ________ (have been/are) the most affected today. Their population (e) ________ (is/ has been) the world's fastest growing rice consumer. The most vulnerable agricultural systems (f) ______ (are/have been) the rain-fed uplands and lowlands that form 80% of total rice land. Until recently, scientists (g) _________ (have focussed /focussed) on improving crop yields, and in a relatively short period of time, (h) _____ (give/ have given) us, higher yields. Reports warning of increased droughts and floods, (i) ___________ (shift/ have shifted) scientists' attention to making crops "climate - proof"

Answer:

(a) has been the effect
(b) has had
(c) have focused
(d) have been
(e) has been
(f) are
(g) have focused
(h) have given
(i) have shifted

2.1. Answer the questions based on your reading of the passage above.

(a) What have been the most worrying aspects of agricultural growth?
Ans. Its affect on climate change.

(b) What do scientists today focus on?
 Ans.
How to make the crops 'climate proof'.

(c) Where is the negative impact of climate most felt?
 Ans.
Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa.

(d) What have the scientists focussed on so far?
 Ans.  
Increasing crop yield.

(e) How has their attention shifted?
 Ans.
rising droughts and floods.

3. Write a brief account of his/her actions on the specified times and days, in the space below. Ask further questions, if necessary. Use the simple past/the past perfect tense to write your description.
 e.g. (a) Rani visited the zoo on Sunday.
        (b) She had finished all her homework by 5.00 am on that day.

Answer: 
(a) Divshaan woke up at 8.30 am last Sunday.
(b) Then he went for a walk with his father.
(c) He had completed his homework by 3pm on that day.
(d) Then he went to play football.
(e) By 10 pm he made sure that he had revised one chapter.

Simple Past and Past Continuous

5. There was a burglary in your neighbourhood. You saw something suspicious. Tell the police officer all about it by filling in the blanks choosing the correct forms of the words from the options given below. It (a) ________________  last night. I (b) ________________ TV. I (c) ________________ a little restless. I (d) _____________ to the window and was looking out when I (e) ________________ that Mr Sharma, my neighbour (f) ________________ near the door. I thought he had gone to shut it. I also (g) ________________ Mrs Sharma walking up and down in her garden. Then I heard Mr Sharma calling his wife to come in. I (h) ________________ back to my table and opened my book. I (i) ________________ when I heard a thud and a scream. I (j) ________________ out of the house and saw a man in a black coat and hat running towards the gate. Mr and Mrs Sharma (k) ________________ in the street. I saw a car speeding away with the burglar.

Answer: 
(a) was raining
(b) was watching
(c) felt
(d) went
(e) noticed
(f) was standing
(g) saw
(h) came
(i) was reading
(j) rushed
(k) were screaming

6. Look at the verbs in the box and put them in the correct columns in the table that follows

believe,  hate,  know , weigh ,smell, think, suppose, wish, own ,understand, prefer, find/ consider, cost, like, see, regret, forget,  hear,  imagine,  remember, taste, belong, measure, touch

Answer: 

thought    emotion      possession    perception
(often used with can)     
  measurement
know, supposehateowntastecost
imaginelikebelongsmellmeasure
understand   regret seeweigh
forget,consider   wish touch 
rememberprefer hear 
believe, find   

7. The Verb 'to have'
Put a tick (✔) or cross (x) against each sentence according to whether it is correct or incorrect. 

(a) Mr Sinha has a severe headache. - (✔)

(b) He is having a blue-coloured Maruti car. (x)

Correction: He has a blue-coloured Maruti car.

(c) Mr Sinha has two daughters and no sons.- (✔)

8 Now, work individually, and with the help of the information in the box below, write six appropriate sentences.

NCERT Solutions - Verb Forms Class 9 Notes | EduRev

Answer:

  1. Mrs. Sharma has a fever.
  2. Mrs. Sharma has a nice palatial house.
  3. Mrs. Sharma has a brother-in-law living with them.
  4. Shyam has sound health.
  5. Shyam has a personal computer.
  6. Shyam has a small dog.

9 'Since' and 'For'
Which expressions go with since and which go with for?

NCERT Solutions - Verb Forms Class 9 Notes | EduRev

We use 'since' to express a point in time, whereas 'for' is used to express period/duration of time. 

10. Choose three 'since' expressions and three 'for' expressions from the table above. Then write six sentences using the pattern in the box below.

Answer: 

  1. I have been experiencing numbness in my right arm for several weeks.
  2. We haven't bought a new car since 2009.
  3. He has been working on this project since 22nd June
  4. We haven't met since Deepawali
  5. We have lived in Mumbai for a decade.
  6. he has been to the USA for 6 months.

11. The News

a. Narendra Singh - broke record - long jump - regional meet - Principal sent congratulations - also President Youth Federation

b. Narendra Singh from St. Michael's School has broken the regional long jump record. The principal of St. Michael's has sent his congratulations. Best wishes have also come from the President of the Youth Federation.

Work individually, and note down some events that occurred recently in your school or local area in the same way as the example in (a). Write a short report about it in the space given below.

Answer:
XYZ School has organised a sports meet at zonal level. The principal has invited our education minister as the chief guest. Director of Education has sent his good wishes to the participants.  Different schools have participated in the event and have won many prizes. Our students have participated both in a group and individual events and have won laurels.
(Note: Present perfect tense is often used for reporting or announcing an event of the recent past. Present perfect tense is also used in technical writing.)

Present Perfect Continuous

12. "What have you been doing?"
Imagine what people have been doing or what are the things that have been happening.

(a) Ashok comes in wearing white shorts, a T-shirt and carrying a racquet. He is sweating.
(b) I think       |   he has been playing     |          tennis
      I imagine  |                                        |          badminton
      Perhaps   |

Answer:
(a) Mohan comes in wearing overalls and is covered in paint.
(i)  I think he has been painting the wall.
(ii) Perhaps he has been painting his house.

(b) Ramesh comes in with a smile on his face. He is holding a trophy.
(i)  I think he has been participating in a competition.
(ii) Perhaps he has been the part of the winning team.

(c) Monica returns home with lots of packets in her hands.
(i)  I imagine she has been shopping since morning.
(ii) Perhaps she has been shopping for her marriage.

(d) Sheela comes in with red eyes and a wet handkerchief.
(i) I think she has been crying.
(ii) Perhaps she has been exposed to some one with conjunctivitis.
(ii) Perhaps she has been suffering from conjunctivitis.

12.2 Now write three situations similar to (a) in the box. Exchange the information with your partner and guess the answer to each other's situations as in (b)

Answer:
 1. Somesh comes in wearing shorts and spikes. He is breathing heavily.

(i) I think he has been running since morning.
(ii) Perhaps he has been participating in the athletic meet.

2. Nancy looks pale and yellow.
(i) I think she has been ill since last March.
(ii) Perhaps she has not been taking her medicines.

3. We hardly see Mohan at the coffee house.
(i) Perhaps he has been busy writing his novel.
(ii) I imagine he has been working on his latest novel.


Note: Present Perfect vs Present Perfect Continuous

  • When a result is important, it is expressed as present perfect.
    Example: He has written four letters.
  • When the emphasis is on duration, it is expressed in present perfect continuous.
    Example: He has been writing since morning.

13. "Living conditions have been improving…."

NCERT Solutions - Verb Forms Class 9 Notes | EduRev

Key 
    -------       Number of children in secondary school.
    _____     Number of people dying from malnutrition.
    __ . __    Number of homes with running water.
    ………    Number of women working outside the home.

Write a report on the changes in living conditions in Medland between 1950 and now. Suggest reasons for these changes. Use the present perfect continuous where necessary. You may wish to use the words in the vertical box above right.

a) Over the years since 1950, the number of children in secondary schools has been increasing noticeably. This is possibly because the Government has been building more schools.
b) The number of homes with running water has been rising sharply since 1985, whereas…………

Answer:

Improved Living Conditions in Medland

Medland
August 5, 2012
Student Correspondent

Over the years, the living conditions of Medland has been improving. Since 1950 the number of children has been increasing noticeably in secondary schools. This is possibly because the Government has been building more schools. Since 1985, the number of homes with running water has been rising gradually whereas the number of deaths due to malnutrition has been falling sharply,
Around 1960, there has been spurt increase in a number of women working outside the home but after that, this number has been falling slightly.

14. used to and would

Read the passage given below. Substitute 'used to' with 'would' wherever appropriate so that the passage reads better

When I was a student, I used to visit the library frequently. The librarian was a kind man and he used to help me select my books. There used to be a small tea shop near the library. After spending a few hours in the reading room of the library, I used to go to this tea shop to meet my friends. There used to be an old waiter who kept a corner table reserved for us.

Could you replace 'used to' with 'would' in every instance?
No. This is because they are used differently.
Read the passage again and complete the sentences below.

1. 'used to' is used describe _past habits/ possession/past states_ in the present as well as situations that existed in the past.
2. 'would' is used to describe only _repeated actions_ in the past.

Think of the days when you were eight years old. Write down four or five things you would do or used to do or be. Make sentences like those in the box. Share your experiences with your partner.

Answer:
1. I used to play foot ball but now I've stopped.
2. I would go to the playground daily. (Note: past habit, you may use used to also).
3. When I was young I used to/would sit in the garden painting for hours. (past habit, both would or used to can be used).
4. I used to have a model plane. (Note: possession, you cannot use would here)
5. I would use pencil not pen.

18. Reviewing verb forms

18.1. Edit the following letter by choosing the appropriate word for each underlined word from the given options.

Hill Mount School
Bilaspur

20 February 20xx

The Principal
National Public School
Bilaspur
Madam

Our school (a) conducted a cultural fiesta on the 26th of this month. The events for competition (b) includes music, dance and skit. Each school (c) are requested to send not more than fifteen participants. We would appreciate if the students of your prestigious institution (d) are participating in the competition and make our show a grand success. Attractive prizes will be awarded to the winners.

Thank you very much
Yours sincerely
Gayathri Sundaram
Principal

Options;-

(a) (i) is being conducted (ii) is conducting (iii) are conducting (iv) conducts
(b) (i) is included (ii) are included (iii) is being included (iv) include
(c) (i) requested (ii) is requested (iii) are requested (iv) request
(d) (i) participated (ii) participate (iii) is participated (iv) participating

Answer:

Hill Mount School
Bilaspur

20 February 20xx

The Principal
National Public School
Bilaspur
Madam

Our school (a) is conducting a cultural fiesta on the 26th of this month. The events for competition (b) include music, dance and skit. Each school (c) is requested to send not more than fifteen participants. We would appreciate if the students of your prestigious institution (d)participate in the competition and make our show a grand success. Attractive prizes will be awarded to the winners.

Thank you very much

Yours sincerely
Gayathri Sundaram
Principal

18.2 Complete the following news item by choosing the correct word from the options given below.

Vana Mahotsava Celebrated at PPS School

-- Aastha/ Anshul, Secretary Green Fingers

Vanamahotsava (a) ______________ by Green Fingers, the Environment Club of the school, with great enthusiasm on the 24th August.

The District Forest Officer, Mr S. D. Bhambri (b) ___________ the chief guest. He (c) _________________ the Bio-diversity Park in the school. The Principal, Ms Rajni Patel, (d) ____________ a sapling in the Park.

Speaking on the occasion, Mr Bhambri (e) _____________ the students to plant more trees and to launch a campaign to save the environment. Students of the Primary Wing of the school (f) ______________ a skit on conservation of the environment.

Options:-

(a) (i) has celebrated (ii) was celebrating (iii) celebrated (iv) was celebrated
 (b) (i) were (ii) was (iii) was being (iv) has been
 (c) (i) was inaugurating (ii) had inaugurated (iii) inaugurated (iv) inaugurating
 (d) (i) had been planting (ii) planted (iii) were planting (iv) had planted
 (e) (i) had urged (ii) had been urging (iii) urged (iv) urging
 (f) (i) presented (ii) was presented (iii) were presenting (iv) had presented

Answer:

Vana Mahotsava Celebrated at PPS School

-- Aastha/ Anshul, Secretary Green Fingers

Vanamahotsava (a) was celebrated by Green Fingers, the Environment Club of the school, with great enthusiasm on the 24th August.
The District Forest Officer, Mr S. D. Bhambri (b) was the chief guest. He (c) inaugurated the Bio-diversity Park in the school. The Principal, Ms Rajni Patel, (d) planted a sapling in the Park.
Speaking on the occasion, Mr Bhambri (e) urged the students to plant more trees and to launch a campaign to save the environment. Students of the Primary Wing of the school (f) presented a skit on the conservation of the environment.

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