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NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Geography - Mineral and Power Resources


Q1. Answer the following questions.
(i) Name any three common minerals used by you every day.
Ans: Salt, Gold and Copper are three common minerals used every day.

Copper Coins.Copper Coins.

(ii) What is an ore? Where are the ores of metallic minerals generally located?
Rocks from which minerals are mined are known as ores. For any material to be called ore of any mineral, it must contain minimum adequate quantity of that mineral so that it can be extracted profitably.

Examples of ores.Examples of ores.

(iii) Name two regions rich in natural gas resources.
Ans: Russia and Norway are the two regions rich in natural gas resources.

(iv) Which sources of energy would you suggest for
(a) Rural areas
(b) Coastal areas
(c) Arid regions

(a) Biogas energy for rural areas
(b) Hydel and tidal energy for coastal areas

Hydel power.Hydel power.(c) Wind and solar energy for arid regions

(v) Give five ways in which you can save energy at home.
Ans: Five ways in which energy can be saved at home:

  • Switching off lights, fans and other electrical appliances when not in use
  • By seeing to it that electrical devices are operating efficiently; for example, defrosting refrigerator regularly and not keeping the refrigerator door open for longer than necessary
  • Using energy-efficient devices such as fluorescent bulbs and tubes
  • Using energy efficiently while cooking; for example, keeping the lids of pans on while cooking
  • Unplugging electrical devices when not in use prevents leakage of electricity; thus saving energy.

Q2. Tick the correct answer.
(i) Which one of the following is not a characteristic of minerals?

(a) They are created by natural processes.
(b) They have a definite chemical composition.
(c) They are inexhaustible.
(d) Their distribution is uneven.

Correct Answer is Option (c)

(ii) Which one of the following is not a producer of mica?
Andhra Pradesh

Correct Answer is Option (b)

(iii) Which one of the following is a leading producer of copper in the world?
(a) Bolivia

Correct Answer is Option (c)

(iv) Which one of the following practices will not conserve LPG in your kitchen?
Soaking the dal for some time before cooking it.
Cooking food in a pressure cooker.
Keeping the vegetables chopped before lighting the gas for cooking. 

(d) Cooking food in an open pan kept on low flame.

Correct Answer is Option (d)

Q3. Give reasons.
(i) Environmental aspects must be carefully looked into before building huge dams.
Environmental aspects must be carefully looked into before building huge dams because of the following reasons -

  • Dams create imbalance in the earth’s equilibrium.
  • Deforestation leads to environmental pollution.
  • People become displaced.
  • Cities/villages/ towns may require shifting causing a lot of hardships for the people.
  • Flood threats loom large.
  • Earthquake threats
  • Silting of lakes is a problem.

(ii) Most industries are concentrated around coal mines.
Ans: Coal is used as a source of energy and power and also as a raw material in most of the industries. Hence most industries are concentrated around coal mines of the purpose of saving cost of transportation of coal (cost-effectiveness).

(iii) Petroleum is referred to as “black gold”.
Ans: Petroleum is referred to as “black gold” because it is black in colour in the crude form and its derivatives are extremely valuable as petroleum itself. Today it is almost inevitable in our day-to-day life. A variety of products like – kerosene, diesel, petrol, wax, plastics, lubricants etc. are produced from these mineral resources.

Petroleum: Black gold.Petroleum: Black gold.

(iv) Quarrying can become a major environmental concern.
Quarrying can become a major environmental concern because of the following reasons:

  • It may destroy the humus of soil which is much required for the growth of plants and crops.
  • It produces a lot of noise pollution due to use of explosives at times in order to break the huge chunks of rocks.
  • In the process of quarrying lot of dust is generated which causes air pollution and occupational hazards.
  • Blasting done in the process of quarrying generate vibration which damage in the nearby buildings, dams or any other similar structure.

Q4. Distinguish between the following.

(i) Conventional and non-conventional sources of energy

Conventional sources of energy

Non-conventional sources of energy

Have been in common use for a long time

Are not commonly used

Are generally exhaustible

Are generally inexhaustible

Are mostly polluting

Are mostly non-polluting

Example: Firewood, coal

Example: Solar energy, nuclear energy

(ii) Biogas and natural gas


Natural gas

Formed using organic wastes such as dead plants.

Found along with petroleum deposits and gets

and animal matter, animal dung and kitchen waste

released when crude oil is brought to the surface

Is a non-conventional source of energy

Is a conventional source of energy

Is easily available, especially in rural areas

Is not easily available; very few countries have sufficient natural gas reserves of their own

Is polluting; causes greenhouse effect as it releases carbon dioxide

Is a cleaner fuel

Used as a domestic fuel for cooking and lighting

Used as a domestic fuel as well as an industrial


(iii) Ferrous and non-ferrous minerals

Ferrous mineral

Non-ferrous mineral

A metallic mineral that contains iron

A metallic mineral that does not contain iron

Example: Iron ore, manganese

Example: Gold, silver

(iv) Metallic and non-metallic minerals

Metallic mineral

Non-metallic mineral

A mineral containing metal in raw form

A mineral not containing metal

Example: Bauxite, iron ore

Example: Limestone, gypsum

The document NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Geography - Mineral and Power Resources is a part of the Class 8 Course NCERT Textbooks & Solutions for Class 8.
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FAQs on NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Geography - Mineral and Power Resources

1. What are mineral resources?
Ans. Mineral resources refer to substances that are naturally occurring and are formed in the earth's crust. These resources have a commercial value and are extracted for their use in various industries.
2. How are power resources classified?
Ans. Power resources are classified into two categories, namely conventional and non-conventional sources. Conventional sources of power include fossil fuels such as coal, oil, and natural gas, while non-conventional sources include wind, solar, hydro, and geothermal energy.
3. What are the negative impacts of mining on the environment?
Ans. Mining can have several negative impacts on the environment, including soil erosion, deforestation, water pollution, air pollution, and loss of biodiversity. Mining activities can also lead to the displacement of local communities and the destruction of cultural and historical sites.
4. What is the importance of power resources in today's world?
Ans. Power resources are essential for modern society as they provide energy for various activities such as transportation, heating, and electricity generation. With the growing demand for energy, the use of non-conventional sources of power has become increasingly important to reduce the dependence on fossil fuels and mitigate their negative impact on the environment.
5. What are the challenges faced in the exploration and extraction of mineral resources?
Ans. The exploration and extraction of mineral resources face several challenges, including the high cost of exploration, a shortage of skilled labor, technological limitations, and environmental regulations. Additionally, the depletion of easily accessible mineral deposits has made it more challenging to find new deposits, increasing the cost of exploration and extraction.
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