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NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Ratio and Proportion (Exercise 12.2 and 12.3)

Exercise 12.2

Q1. Determine if the following are in proportion.
(a) 15, 45, 40, 120 
(b) 33, 121, 9, 96
(c) 24, 28, 36, 48 
(d) 32, 48, 70, 210
(e) 4, 6, 8, 12 
(f) 33, 44, 75, 100
Ans: (a) 
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Ratio and Proportion (Exercise 12.2 and 12.3)
Since 15:45 = 40:120
Therefore, 15,45,40,120 are in proportion.

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Ratio and Proportion (Exercise 12.2 and 12.3)
Since 33:121 ≠ 9:96
Therefore. 33,121, 9,96 are not in proportion.
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Ratio and Proportion (Exercise 12.2 and 12.3)
Since 24 : 28 ≠ 36 : 48
Therefore, 24, 28,36, 48 are not in proportion.

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Ratio and Proportion (Exercise 12.2 and 12.3)
Since 32:48 ≠ 70:210
Therefore, 32,48, 70, 210 are not in proportion.

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Ratio and Proportion (Exercise 12.2 and 12.3)
Since 4:6 = 8:12
Therefore, 4, 6, 8,12 are in proportion.
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Ratio and Proportion (Exercise 12.2 and 12.3)

Since 33:44 = 75:100
Therefore, 33, 44, 75,100 are in proportion.

Q2. Write True (T) or False (F) against each of the following statements:
(a) 16:24::20:30 
(b) 21:6::35:10
(c) 12:18::28:12 
(d) 8:9::24:27
(e) 5.2:3.9::3:4 
(f) 0.9:0.36::10:4
Ans:
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Ratio and Proportion (Exercise 12.2 and 12.3)
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Ratio and Proportion (Exercise 12.2 and 12.3)
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Ratio and Proportion (Exercise 12.2 and 12.3)
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Ratio and Proportion (Exercise 12.2 and 12.3)
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Ratio and Proportion (Exercise 12.2 and 12.3)
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Ratio and Proportion (Exercise 12.2 and 12.3)

Q3. Are the following statements true?
(a) 40 persons: 200 persons = Rs 15: Rs 75
(b) 7.5 litres: 15 litres = 5 kg: 10 kg
(c) 99 kg: 45 kg = Rs 44: Rs 20
(d) 32 m: 64 m = 6 sec: 12 sec
(e) 45 km: 60 km = 12 hours: 15 hours
Ans:
(a) 40 persons: 200 persons = NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Ratio and Proportion (Exercise 12.2 and 12.3)
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Ratio and Proportion (Exercise 12.2 and 12.3)
Since, 40 persons : 200 persons = Rs 15 : Rs75
Hence, the statement is true.

(b) 7.5 litres : 15 litres  NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Ratio and Proportion (Exercise 12.2 and 12.3)
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Ratio and Proportion (Exercise 12.2 and 12.3)
Since, 7.5 litres : 15 litres = 5 kg : 10 kg
Hence, the statement is true.

(c)
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Ratio and Proportion (Exercise 12.2 and 12.3)
Since, 99 kg: 45 kg = Rs 44 : Rs 20
Hence, the statement is true.
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Ratio and Proportion (Exercise 12.2 and 12.3)
Since, 32 m : 64 m = 6 sec : 12 sec
Hence, the statement is true.

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Ratio and Proportion (Exercise 12.2 and 12.3)
Since, 45 km : 60 km ≠ 12 hours : 15 hours
Hence, the statement is not true.

Q4. Determine if the following ratios form a proportion. Also, write the middle terms and extreme terms where the ratios form a proportion.
(a) 25 cm: 1 m and Rs 40 : Rs 160
(b) 39 litres: 65 litres and 6 bottles: 10 bottles
(c) 2 kg: 80 kg and 25 g: 625 g
(d) 200 mL: 2.5 litre and Rs 4: Rs 50
Ans:
(a) 25 cm : 1 m = 25 cm : (1 x 100) cm = 25 cm : 100 cm   NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Ratio and Proportion (Exercise 12.2 and 12.3)

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Ratio and Proportion (Exercise 12.2 and 12.3)
Since the ratios are equal, therefore these are in proportion.
Middle terms = 1 m, Rs 40 and Extreme terms = 25 cm, Rs 160

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Ratio and Proportion (Exercise 12.2 and 12.3)
Since the ratios are equal, therefore these are in proportion.
Middle terms = 65 litres, 6 bottles and Extreme terms = 39 litres, 10 bottles

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Ratio and Proportion (Exercise 12.2 and 12.3)
Since the ratios are not equal, therefore these are not in proportion,

(d) 200 ml :2.5 litres = 200 ml:(25000) litres = 200 ml: 2500 ml NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Ratio and Proportion (Exercise 12.2 and 12.3)

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Ratio and Proportion (Exercise 12.2 and 12.3)
Since the ratios are equal, therefore these are in proportion.
Middle terms = 2.5 litres, Rs 4 and Extreme terms = 200 ml, Rs 50


Exercise 12.3 

Q1. If the cost of 7 m of cloth is Rs 294, find the cost of 5 m of cloth.
Ans: Cost of 7 m of cloth = Rs 294
∴ Cost of 1 m of cloth  NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Ratio and Proportion (Exercise 12.2 and 12.3)
 Cost of 5 m of cloth = 42 x 5 = Rs 210
Thus, the cost of 5 m of cloth is Rs 210.

Q2. Ekta earns Rs 1500 in 10 days. How much will she earn in 30 days? 
Ans: Earning of 10 days = Rs 1500
∴ Earning of 1 day  NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Ratio and Proportion (Exercise 12.2 and 12.3)
∴ Earning of 30 days = 150 x 30 = Rs 4500
Thus, the earning of 30 days is Rs 4,500.

Q3. If it has rained 276 mm in the last 3 days, how many cm of rain will fall in one full week (7 days)? Assume that the rain continues to fall at the same rate. 
Ans: Rain in 3 days = 276 mm
Rain in 1 day   NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Ratio and Proportion (Exercise 12.2 and 12.3)
∴ Rain in 7 days = 92x7 = 644 mm
As 1mm = 0.1cm
∴ 644mm = 64.4cm
Thus, the rain in 7 days is 64.4 cm.

Q4. Cost of 5 kg of wheat is Rs 30.50. 
(a) What will be the cost of 8 kg of wheat? 
(b) What quantity of wheat can be purchased in Rs 61? 
Ans: (a) Cost of 5 kg of wheat = Rs 30.50
∴ Cost of 1 kg of wheat NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Ratio and Proportion (Exercise 12.2 and 12.3)
∴ Cost of 8 kg of wheat = 6.10 x 8 = Rs 48.80 

(b) From Rs 30.50, quantity of wheat can be purchased = 5 kg
∴ From Rs 1, quantity of wheat can be purchased NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Ratio and Proportion (Exercise 12.2 and 12.3)
From Rs 61, quantity of wheat can be purchase
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Ratio and Proportion (Exercise 12.2 and 12.3)

Q5. The temperature dropped 15 degree Celsius in the last 30 days. If the rate of temperature drop remains the same, how many degrees will the temperature drop in the next ten days? 
Ans: Degree of temperature dropped in last 30 days = 15 degrees
Temperature drop in 1 day  NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Ratio and Proportion (Exercise 12.2 and 12.3)
Temperature drop in next 10 days NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Ratio and Proportion (Exercise 12.2 and 12.3)
So, there will be a temperature drop of 5° Celsius in next 10 days.

Q6. Shaina pays Rs 7500 as rent for 3 months. How much does she has to pay for a whole year, if the rent per month remains same?
Ans: Rent paid for 3 months = Rs 7500
∴ Rent paid for 1 month NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Ratio and Proportion (Exercise 12.2 and 12.3)
∴ Rent paid for 12 months = 2500 x 12 = Rs 30,000
Thus, the total rent for one year is Rs 30,000.

Q7. Cost of 4 dozens bananas is Rs 60. How many bananas can be purchased for Rs 12.50? 
Ans: Cost of 4 dozen bananas = Rs 60
Cost of 48 bananas = Rs 60    [4 dozen = 4 x 12 = 48]
∴From Rs 60, number of bananas which can be purchased = 48
From Rs 1, number of bananas which can be purchased NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Ratio and Proportion (Exercise 12.2 and 12.3)
From Rs 12.50, number of bananas which can be purchased NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Ratio and Proportion (Exercise 12.2 and 12.3)        =10 bananas
Thus, 10 bananas can be purchased for Rs 12.50.

Q8. The weight of 72 books is 9 kg what is the weight of 40 such books? 
Ans: The weight of 72 books = 9 kg
The weight of 1 book   NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Ratio and Proportion (Exercise 12.2 and 12.3)
∴ The weight of 40 books  NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Ratio and Proportion (Exercise 12.2 and 12.3)
Thus, the weight of 40 books is 5 kg.

Q9. A truck requires 108 litres of diesel for covering a distance of 594 km. How much diesel will be required by the truck to cover a distance of 1650 km? 
Ans: For covering 594 km, a truck will be required diesel = 108 litres
∴ For covering 1 km, a truck will be required diesel NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Ratio and Proportion (Exercise 12.2 and 12.3)
 For covering 1650 km, a truck will be required diesel NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Ratio and Proportion (Exercise 12.2 and 12.3)
Thus, 300 litres diesel is required by the truck to cover a distance of 1650 km.

Q10. Raju purchases 10 pens for Rs 150 and Manish buys 7 pens for Rs 84. Can you say who got the pen cheaper? 
Ans: Raju purchase 10 pens for = Rs 150
∴ Raju purchases 1 pen for NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Ratio and Proportion (Exercise 12.2 and 12.3)
Manish purchases 7 pens for = Rs 84
∴ Manish purchases 1 pen for    NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Ratio and Proportion (Exercise 12.2 and 12.3)
Thus, Manish got the pens cheaper.

Q11. Anish made 42 runs in 6 overs and Anup made 63 runs in 7 overs. Who made more runs per over? 
Ans: Anish made in 6 overs = 42 runs
 Anish made in 1 overs  NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Ratio and Proportion (Exercise 12.2 and 12.3)
∴ Anup made in 1 overs NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Ratio and Proportion (Exercise 12.2 and 12.3)
Thus, Anup made more runs per over.

The document NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Ratio and Proportion (Exercise 12.2 and 12.3) is a part of the Class 6 Course NCERT Textbooks & Solutions for Class 6.
All you need of Class 6 at this link: Class 6
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FAQs on NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 12 - Ratio and Proportion (Exercise 12.2 and 12.3)

1. What is ratio in mathematics?
Ans. In mathematics, a ratio is a comparison of two or more numbers or quantities of the same kind. It is usually expressed in the form of a fraction or with a colon between the two numbers.
2. What is the difference between ratio and proportion?
Ans. Ratio and proportion are both mathematical concepts that involve the comparison of two or more quantities. While a ratio is simply a comparison of two or more numbers, a proportion is a statement that two ratios are equal.
3. How is the ratio of two numbers calculated?
Ans. The ratio of two numbers can be calculated by dividing one number by the other. For example, if the two numbers are 6 and 8, the ratio of the two numbers would be 6/8 or 3/4.
4. What is the use of ratio and proportion in real life?
Ans. Ratio and proportion are used in many real-life situations such as cooking, construction, and finance. For example, in cooking, recipes often call for ingredients to be used in certain proportions, while in construction, workers use ratios to determine the length and width of structures.
5. How are problems related to ratio and proportion solved?
Ans. Problems related to ratio and proportion are typically solved by first setting up a proportion and then cross-multiplying to solve for the unknown variable. It is important to simplify the ratio or proportion before solving to make the process easier.
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