NCERT Textbook: पाठ 7 - मेरे बचपन के दिन, क्षितिज, हिंदी, कक्षा - 9 Class 9 Notes | EduRev

Hindi Class 9

Class 9 : NCERT Textbook: पाठ 7 - मेरे बचपन के दिन, क्षितिज, हिंदी, कक्षा - 9 Class 9 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


egknsoh oekZ
egknsoh oekZ dk tUe lu~ 1907 esa mÙkj izns'k osQ I
+
kQ#Z[kkckn 'kgj esa
gqvk FkkA mudh f'k{kk&nh{kk iz;kx esa gqbZA iz;kx efgyk fo|kihB esa
izkpk;kZ in ij yacs le; rd dk;Z djrs gq, mUgksaus yM+fd;ksa dh f'k{kk
osQ fy, dkI
+
kQh iz;Ru fd,A lu~ 1987 esa mudk nsgkar gks x;kA
egknsoh th Nk;kokn osQ izeq[k dfo;ksa esa ls ,d FkhaA uhgkj] jf'e]
uhjtk] ;kek] nhif'k[kk muosQ izeq[k dkO; laxzg gSaA dfork osQ
lkFk&lkFk mUgksaus l'kDr x| jpuk,¡ Hkh fy[kh gSa ftuesa js[kkfp=k rFkk
laLej.k izeq[k gSaA vrhr osQ pyfp=k] Le`fr dh js[kk,¡] iFk osQ
lkFkh] Üka`[kyk dh dfM+;k¡ mudh egRoiw.kZ x| jpuk,¡ gSaA egknsoh
oekZ dks lkfgR; vdkneh ,oa KkuihB iqjLdkj ls lEekfur fd;k x;kA
Hkkjr ljdkj us mUgsa in~eHkw"k.k ls vyaÑr fd;kA
egknsoh oekZ dh lkfgR; lkèkuk osQ ihNs ,d vksj vk”kknh osQ
vkanksyu dh izsj.kk gS rks nwljh vksj Hkkjrh; lekt esa L=kh thou dh
okLrfod fLFkfr dk cksèk Hkh gSA fganh x| lkfgR; esa laLej.k ,oa
js[kkfp=k dks cqyafn;ksa rd igq¡pkus dk Js; egknsoh th dks gSA muosQ
laLej.kksa vkSj js[kkfp=kksa esa 'kksf"kr] ihfM+r yksxksa osQ izfr gh ugha cfYd
i'kq&if{k;ksa osQ fy, Hkh vkReh;rk ,oa v{k; d#.kk izdV gqbZ gSA mudh
Hkk"kk&'kSyh ljy ,oa Li"V gS rFkk 'kCn p;u izHkkoiw.kZ vkSj fp=kkRedA
2020-21
Page 2


egknsoh oekZ
egknsoh oekZ dk tUe lu~ 1907 esa mÙkj izns'k osQ I
+
kQ#Z[kkckn 'kgj esa
gqvk FkkA mudh f'k{kk&nh{kk iz;kx esa gqbZA iz;kx efgyk fo|kihB esa
izkpk;kZ in ij yacs le; rd dk;Z djrs gq, mUgksaus yM+fd;ksa dh f'k{kk
osQ fy, dkI
+
kQh iz;Ru fd,A lu~ 1987 esa mudk nsgkar gks x;kA
egknsoh th Nk;kokn osQ izeq[k dfo;ksa esa ls ,d FkhaA uhgkj] jf'e]
uhjtk] ;kek] nhif'k[kk muosQ izeq[k dkO; laxzg gSaA dfork osQ
lkFk&lkFk mUgksaus l'kDr x| jpuk,¡ Hkh fy[kh gSa ftuesa js[kkfp=k rFkk
laLej.k izeq[k gSaA vrhr osQ pyfp=k] Le`fr dh js[kk,¡] iFk osQ
lkFkh] Üka`[kyk dh dfM+;k¡ mudh egRoiw.kZ x| jpuk,¡ gSaA egknsoh
oekZ dks lkfgR; vdkneh ,oa KkuihB iqjLdkj ls lEekfur fd;k x;kA
Hkkjr ljdkj us mUgsa in~eHkw"k.k ls vyaÑr fd;kA
egknsoh oekZ dh lkfgR; lkèkuk osQ ihNs ,d vksj vk”kknh osQ
vkanksyu dh izsj.kk gS rks nwljh vksj Hkkjrh; lekt esa L=kh thou dh
okLrfod fLFkfr dk cksèk Hkh gSA fganh x| lkfgR; esa laLej.k ,oa
js[kkfp=k dks cqyafn;ksa rd igq¡pkus dk Js; egknsoh th dks gSA muosQ
laLej.kksa vkSj js[kkfp=kksa esa 'kksf"kr] ihfM+r yksxksa osQ izfr gh ugha cfYd
i'kq&if{k;ksa osQ fy, Hkh vkReh;rk ,oa v{k; d#.kk izdV gqbZ gSA mudh
Hkk"kk&'kSyh ljy ,oa Li"V gS rFkk 'kCn p;u izHkkoiw.kZ vkSj fp=kkRedA
2020-21
68@f{kfrt
esjs cpiu osQ fnu esa egknsoh th us vius cpiu osQ mu fnuksa dks Le`fr osQ lgkjs
fy[kk gS tc os fo|ky; esa i<+ jgh FkhaA bl va'k esa yM+fd;ksa osQ izfr lkekftd
joS;s] fo|ky; dh lgikfBuksa] Nk=kkokl osQ thou vkSj Lora=krk vkanksyu osQ izlaxksa
dk cgqr gh ltho o.kZu gSA
2020-21
Page 3


egknsoh oekZ
egknsoh oekZ dk tUe lu~ 1907 esa mÙkj izns'k osQ I
+
kQ#Z[kkckn 'kgj esa
gqvk FkkA mudh f'k{kk&nh{kk iz;kx esa gqbZA iz;kx efgyk fo|kihB esa
izkpk;kZ in ij yacs le; rd dk;Z djrs gq, mUgksaus yM+fd;ksa dh f'k{kk
osQ fy, dkI
+
kQh iz;Ru fd,A lu~ 1987 esa mudk nsgkar gks x;kA
egknsoh th Nk;kokn osQ izeq[k dfo;ksa esa ls ,d FkhaA uhgkj] jf'e]
uhjtk] ;kek] nhif'k[kk muosQ izeq[k dkO; laxzg gSaA dfork osQ
lkFk&lkFk mUgksaus l'kDr x| jpuk,¡ Hkh fy[kh gSa ftuesa js[kkfp=k rFkk
laLej.k izeq[k gSaA vrhr osQ pyfp=k] Le`fr dh js[kk,¡] iFk osQ
lkFkh] Üka`[kyk dh dfM+;k¡ mudh egRoiw.kZ x| jpuk,¡ gSaA egknsoh
oekZ dks lkfgR; vdkneh ,oa KkuihB iqjLdkj ls lEekfur fd;k x;kA
Hkkjr ljdkj us mUgsa in~eHkw"k.k ls vyaÑr fd;kA
egknsoh oekZ dh lkfgR; lkèkuk osQ ihNs ,d vksj vk”kknh osQ
vkanksyu dh izsj.kk gS rks nwljh vksj Hkkjrh; lekt esa L=kh thou dh
okLrfod fLFkfr dk cksèk Hkh gSA fganh x| lkfgR; esa laLej.k ,oa
js[kkfp=k dks cqyafn;ksa rd igq¡pkus dk Js; egknsoh th dks gSA muosQ
laLej.kksa vkSj js[kkfp=kksa esa 'kksf"kr] ihfM+r yksxksa osQ izfr gh ugha cfYd
i'kq&if{k;ksa osQ fy, Hkh vkReh;rk ,oa v{k; d#.kk izdV gqbZ gSA mudh
Hkk"kk&'kSyh ljy ,oa Li"V gS rFkk 'kCn p;u izHkkoiw.kZ vkSj fp=kkRedA
2020-21
68@f{kfrt
esjs cpiu osQ fnu esa egknsoh th us vius cpiu osQ mu fnuksa dks Le`fr osQ lgkjs
fy[kk gS tc os fo|ky; esa i<+ jgh FkhaA bl va'k esa yM+fd;ksa osQ izfr lkekftd
joS;s] fo|ky; dh lgikfBuksa] Nk=kkokl osQ thou vkSj Lora=krk vkanksyu osQ izlaxksa
dk cgqr gh ltho o.kZu gSA
2020-21
esjs cpiu osQ fnu
cpiu dh Le`fr;ksa esa ,d fofp=k&lk vkd"kZ.k gksrk gSA dHkh&dHkh yxrk gS] tSls
lius esa lc ns[kk gksxkA ifjfLFkfr;k¡ cgqr cny tkrh gSaA
vius ifjokj esa eSa dbZ ihf<+;ksa osQ ckn mRiUu gqbZA esjs ifjokj esa izk;% nks
lkS o"kZ rd dksbZ yM+dh Fkh gh ughaA lquk gS] mlosQ igys yM+fd;ksa dks iSnk gksrs
gh ijeèkke Hkst nsrs FksA fiQj esjs ckck us cgqr nqxkZ&iwtk dhA gekjh oqQy&nsoh
nqxkZ FkhaA eSa mRiUu gqbZ rks esjh cM+h [kkfrj gqbZ vkSj eq>s og lc ugha lguk iM+k
tks vU; yM+fd;ksa dks lguk iM+rk gSA ifjokj esa ckck I
+
kQkjlh vkSj mnwZ tkurs FksA
firk us vaxzs”kh i<+h FkhA fganh dk dksbZ okrkoj.k ugha FkkA
esjh ekrk tcyiqj ls vkb± rc os vius lkFk fganh ykb±A os iwtk&ikB Hkh cgqr
djrh FkhaA igys&igy mUgksaus eq>dks ^iapra=k* i<+uk fl[kk;kA
ckck dgrs Fks] bldks ge fonq"kh cuk,¡xsA esjs lacaèk esa mudk fopkj cgqr
mQ¡pk jgkA blfy, ^iapra=k* Hkh i<+k eSaus] laLÑr Hkh i<+hA ;s vo'; pkgrs Fks
fd eSa mnwZ&I
+
kQkjlh lh[k yw¡] ysfdu og esjs o'k dh ugha FkhA eSaus tc ,d fnu
ekSyoh lkgc dks ns[kk rks cl] nwljs fnu eSa pkjikbZ osQ uhps tk fNihA rc iafMr
th vk, laLÑr i<+kusA ek¡ FkksM+h laLÑr tkurh FkhaA xhrk esa mUgsa fo'ks"k #fp FkhA
iwtk&ikB osQ le; eSa Hkh cSB tkrh Fkh vkSj laLÑr lqurh FkhA mlosQ mijkar
mUgksaus fe'ku LowQy esa j[k fn;k eq>dksA fe'ku LowQy eas okrkoj.k nwljk Fkk]
izkFkZuk nwljh FkhA esjk eu ugha yxkA ogk¡ tkuk can dj fn;kA tkus esa jksus&èkksus
yxhA rc mUgksaus eq>dks ØkLFkosV xYlZ dkWyst esa Hkstk] tgk¡ eSa ik¡posa ntsZ esa
2020-21
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egknsoh oekZ
egknsoh oekZ dk tUe lu~ 1907 esa mÙkj izns'k osQ I
+
kQ#Z[kkckn 'kgj esa
gqvk FkkA mudh f'k{kk&nh{kk iz;kx esa gqbZA iz;kx efgyk fo|kihB esa
izkpk;kZ in ij yacs le; rd dk;Z djrs gq, mUgksaus yM+fd;ksa dh f'k{kk
osQ fy, dkI
+
kQh iz;Ru fd,A lu~ 1987 esa mudk nsgkar gks x;kA
egknsoh th Nk;kokn osQ izeq[k dfo;ksa esa ls ,d FkhaA uhgkj] jf'e]
uhjtk] ;kek] nhif'k[kk muosQ izeq[k dkO; laxzg gSaA dfork osQ
lkFk&lkFk mUgksaus l'kDr x| jpuk,¡ Hkh fy[kh gSa ftuesa js[kkfp=k rFkk
laLej.k izeq[k gSaA vrhr osQ pyfp=k] Le`fr dh js[kk,¡] iFk osQ
lkFkh] Üka`[kyk dh dfM+;k¡ mudh egRoiw.kZ x| jpuk,¡ gSaA egknsoh
oekZ dks lkfgR; vdkneh ,oa KkuihB iqjLdkj ls lEekfur fd;k x;kA
Hkkjr ljdkj us mUgsa in~eHkw"k.k ls vyaÑr fd;kA
egknsoh oekZ dh lkfgR; lkèkuk osQ ihNs ,d vksj vk”kknh osQ
vkanksyu dh izsj.kk gS rks nwljh vksj Hkkjrh; lekt esa L=kh thou dh
okLrfod fLFkfr dk cksèk Hkh gSA fganh x| lkfgR; esa laLej.k ,oa
js[kkfp=k dks cqyafn;ksa rd igq¡pkus dk Js; egknsoh th dks gSA muosQ
laLej.kksa vkSj js[kkfp=kksa esa 'kksf"kr] ihfM+r yksxksa osQ izfr gh ugha cfYd
i'kq&if{k;ksa osQ fy, Hkh vkReh;rk ,oa v{k; d#.kk izdV gqbZ gSA mudh
Hkk"kk&'kSyh ljy ,oa Li"V gS rFkk 'kCn p;u izHkkoiw.kZ vkSj fp=kkRedA
2020-21
68@f{kfrt
esjs cpiu osQ fnu esa egknsoh th us vius cpiu osQ mu fnuksa dks Le`fr osQ lgkjs
fy[kk gS tc os fo|ky; esa i<+ jgh FkhaA bl va'k esa yM+fd;ksa osQ izfr lkekftd
joS;s] fo|ky; dh lgikfBuksa] Nk=kkokl osQ thou vkSj Lora=krk vkanksyu osQ izlaxksa
dk cgqr gh ltho o.kZu gSA
2020-21
esjs cpiu osQ fnu
cpiu dh Le`fr;ksa esa ,d fofp=k&lk vkd"kZ.k gksrk gSA dHkh&dHkh yxrk gS] tSls
lius esa lc ns[kk gksxkA ifjfLFkfr;k¡ cgqr cny tkrh gSaA
vius ifjokj esa eSa dbZ ihf<+;ksa osQ ckn mRiUu gqbZA esjs ifjokj esa izk;% nks
lkS o"kZ rd dksbZ yM+dh Fkh gh ughaA lquk gS] mlosQ igys yM+fd;ksa dks iSnk gksrs
gh ijeèkke Hkst nsrs FksA fiQj esjs ckck us cgqr nqxkZ&iwtk dhA gekjh oqQy&nsoh
nqxkZ FkhaA eSa mRiUu gqbZ rks esjh cM+h [kkfrj gqbZ vkSj eq>s og lc ugha lguk iM+k
tks vU; yM+fd;ksa dks lguk iM+rk gSA ifjokj esa ckck I
+
kQkjlh vkSj mnwZ tkurs FksA
firk us vaxzs”kh i<+h FkhA fganh dk dksbZ okrkoj.k ugha FkkA
esjh ekrk tcyiqj ls vkb± rc os vius lkFk fganh ykb±A os iwtk&ikB Hkh cgqr
djrh FkhaA igys&igy mUgksaus eq>dks ^iapra=k* i<+uk fl[kk;kA
ckck dgrs Fks] bldks ge fonq"kh cuk,¡xsA esjs lacaèk esa mudk fopkj cgqr
mQ¡pk jgkA blfy, ^iapra=k* Hkh i<+k eSaus] laLÑr Hkh i<+hA ;s vo'; pkgrs Fks
fd eSa mnwZ&I
+
kQkjlh lh[k yw¡] ysfdu og esjs o'k dh ugha FkhA eSaus tc ,d fnu
ekSyoh lkgc dks ns[kk rks cl] nwljs fnu eSa pkjikbZ osQ uhps tk fNihA rc iafMr
th vk, laLÑr i<+kusA ek¡ FkksM+h laLÑr tkurh FkhaA xhrk esa mUgsa fo'ks"k #fp FkhA
iwtk&ikB osQ le; eSa Hkh cSB tkrh Fkh vkSj laLÑr lqurh FkhA mlosQ mijkar
mUgksaus fe'ku LowQy esa j[k fn;k eq>dksA fe'ku LowQy eas okrkoj.k nwljk Fkk]
izkFkZuk nwljh FkhA esjk eu ugha yxkA ogk¡ tkuk can dj fn;kA tkus esa jksus&èkksus
yxhA rc mUgksaus eq>dks ØkLFkosV xYlZ dkWyst esa Hkstk] tgk¡ eSa ik¡posa ntsZ esa
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70@f{kfrt
HkrhZ gqbZA ;gk¡ dk okrkoj.k cgqr vPNk Fkk ml le;A fganw yM+fd;k¡ Hkh Fkha]
bZlkbZ yM+fd;k¡ Hkh FkhaA ge yksxksa dk ,d gh esl FkkA ml esl esa I;k”k rd ugha
curk FkkA
ogk¡ Nk=kkokl osQ
gj ,d dejs esa ge
pkj Nk=kk,¡ jgrh FkhaA
muesa igyh gh lkfFku
lqHknzk oqQekjh feyhaA
lkrosa ntsZ esa os eq>lss
nks lky lhfu;j FkhaA
os dfork fy[krh Fkha
vkSj eSa Hkh cpiu ls
rqd feykrh vkbZ FkhA
cpiu esa ek¡ fy[krh
Fkha] in Hkh xkrh FkhaA
ehjk osQ in fo'ks"k :i ls xkrh FkhaA losjs ^tkfx, Ñikfuèkku iaNh cu cksys* ;gh
lquk tkrk FkkA izHkkrh xkrh FkhaA 'kke dks ehjk dk dksbZ in xkrh FkhaA lqu&lqudj
eSaus Hkh cztHkk"kk esa fy[kuk vkjaHk fd;kA ;gk¡ vkdj ns[kk fd lqHknzk oqQekjh th
[kM+h cksyh esa fy[krh FkhaA eSa Hkh oSlk gh fy[kus yxhA ysfdu lqHknzk th cM+h
Fkha] izfrf"Br gks pqdh FkhaA muls fNik&fNikdj fy[krh Fkh eSaA ,d fnu mUgksaus
dgk] ^egknsoh] rqe dfork fy[krh gks\* rks eSaus Mj osQ ekjs dgk] ^ughaA* var
esa mUgksaus esjh MsLd dh fdrkcksa dh ryk'kh yh vkSj cgqr&lk fudy iM+k mlesa
lsA rCk tSls fdlh vijkèkh dks idM+rs gSa] ,sls mUgksaus ,d gkFk esa dkx”k fy,
vkSj ,d gkFk ls eq>dks idM+k vkSj iwjs gksLVy esa fn[kk vkb± fd ;s dfork
fy[krh gSA fiQj ge nksuksa dh fe=krk gks xbZA ØkLFkosV esa ,d isM+ dh Mky uhph
FkhA ml Mky ij ge yksx cSB tkrs FksA tc vkSj yM+fd;k¡ [ksyrh Fkha rc ge
2020-21
Page 5


egknsoh oekZ
egknsoh oekZ dk tUe lu~ 1907 esa mÙkj izns'k osQ I
+
kQ#Z[kkckn 'kgj esa
gqvk FkkA mudh f'k{kk&nh{kk iz;kx esa gqbZA iz;kx efgyk fo|kihB esa
izkpk;kZ in ij yacs le; rd dk;Z djrs gq, mUgksaus yM+fd;ksa dh f'k{kk
osQ fy, dkI
+
kQh iz;Ru fd,A lu~ 1987 esa mudk nsgkar gks x;kA
egknsoh th Nk;kokn osQ izeq[k dfo;ksa esa ls ,d FkhaA uhgkj] jf'e]
uhjtk] ;kek] nhif'k[kk muosQ izeq[k dkO; laxzg gSaA dfork osQ
lkFk&lkFk mUgksaus l'kDr x| jpuk,¡ Hkh fy[kh gSa ftuesa js[kkfp=k rFkk
laLej.k izeq[k gSaA vrhr osQ pyfp=k] Le`fr dh js[kk,¡] iFk osQ
lkFkh] Üka`[kyk dh dfM+;k¡ mudh egRoiw.kZ x| jpuk,¡ gSaA egknsoh
oekZ dks lkfgR; vdkneh ,oa KkuihB iqjLdkj ls lEekfur fd;k x;kA
Hkkjr ljdkj us mUgsa in~eHkw"k.k ls vyaÑr fd;kA
egknsoh oekZ dh lkfgR; lkèkuk osQ ihNs ,d vksj vk”kknh osQ
vkanksyu dh izsj.kk gS rks nwljh vksj Hkkjrh; lekt esa L=kh thou dh
okLrfod fLFkfr dk cksèk Hkh gSA fganh x| lkfgR; esa laLej.k ,oa
js[kkfp=k dks cqyafn;ksa rd igq¡pkus dk Js; egknsoh th dks gSA muosQ
laLej.kksa vkSj js[kkfp=kksa esa 'kksf"kr] ihfM+r yksxksa osQ izfr gh ugha cfYd
i'kq&if{k;ksa osQ fy, Hkh vkReh;rk ,oa v{k; d#.kk izdV gqbZ gSA mudh
Hkk"kk&'kSyh ljy ,oa Li"V gS rFkk 'kCn p;u izHkkoiw.kZ vkSj fp=kkRedA
2020-21
68@f{kfrt
esjs cpiu osQ fnu esa egknsoh th us vius cpiu osQ mu fnuksa dks Le`fr osQ lgkjs
fy[kk gS tc os fo|ky; esa i<+ jgh FkhaA bl va'k esa yM+fd;ksa osQ izfr lkekftd
joS;s] fo|ky; dh lgikfBuksa] Nk=kkokl osQ thou vkSj Lora=krk vkanksyu osQ izlaxksa
dk cgqr gh ltho o.kZu gSA
2020-21
esjs cpiu osQ fnu
cpiu dh Le`fr;ksa esa ,d fofp=k&lk vkd"kZ.k gksrk gSA dHkh&dHkh yxrk gS] tSls
lius esa lc ns[kk gksxkA ifjfLFkfr;k¡ cgqr cny tkrh gSaA
vius ifjokj esa eSa dbZ ihf<+;ksa osQ ckn mRiUu gqbZA esjs ifjokj esa izk;% nks
lkS o"kZ rd dksbZ yM+dh Fkh gh ughaA lquk gS] mlosQ igys yM+fd;ksa dks iSnk gksrs
gh ijeèkke Hkst nsrs FksA fiQj esjs ckck us cgqr nqxkZ&iwtk dhA gekjh oqQy&nsoh
nqxkZ FkhaA eSa mRiUu gqbZ rks esjh cM+h [kkfrj gqbZ vkSj eq>s og lc ugha lguk iM+k
tks vU; yM+fd;ksa dks lguk iM+rk gSA ifjokj esa ckck I
+
kQkjlh vkSj mnwZ tkurs FksA
firk us vaxzs”kh i<+h FkhA fganh dk dksbZ okrkoj.k ugha FkkA
esjh ekrk tcyiqj ls vkb± rc os vius lkFk fganh ykb±A os iwtk&ikB Hkh cgqr
djrh FkhaA igys&igy mUgksaus eq>dks ^iapra=k* i<+uk fl[kk;kA
ckck dgrs Fks] bldks ge fonq"kh cuk,¡xsA esjs lacaèk esa mudk fopkj cgqr
mQ¡pk jgkA blfy, ^iapra=k* Hkh i<+k eSaus] laLÑr Hkh i<+hA ;s vo'; pkgrs Fks
fd eSa mnwZ&I
+
kQkjlh lh[k yw¡] ysfdu og esjs o'k dh ugha FkhA eSaus tc ,d fnu
ekSyoh lkgc dks ns[kk rks cl] nwljs fnu eSa pkjikbZ osQ uhps tk fNihA rc iafMr
th vk, laLÑr i<+kusA ek¡ FkksM+h laLÑr tkurh FkhaA xhrk esa mUgsa fo'ks"k #fp FkhA
iwtk&ikB osQ le; eSa Hkh cSB tkrh Fkh vkSj laLÑr lqurh FkhA mlosQ mijkar
mUgksaus fe'ku LowQy esa j[k fn;k eq>dksA fe'ku LowQy eas okrkoj.k nwljk Fkk]
izkFkZuk nwljh FkhA esjk eu ugha yxkA ogk¡ tkuk can dj fn;kA tkus esa jksus&èkksus
yxhA rc mUgksaus eq>dks ØkLFkosV xYlZ dkWyst esa Hkstk] tgk¡ eSa ik¡posa ntsZ esa
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70@f{kfrt
HkrhZ gqbZA ;gk¡ dk okrkoj.k cgqr vPNk Fkk ml le;A fganw yM+fd;k¡ Hkh Fkha]
bZlkbZ yM+fd;k¡ Hkh FkhaA ge yksxksa dk ,d gh esl FkkA ml esl esa I;k”k rd ugha
curk FkkA
ogk¡ Nk=kkokl osQ
gj ,d dejs esa ge
pkj Nk=kk,¡ jgrh FkhaA
muesa igyh gh lkfFku
lqHknzk oqQekjh feyhaA
lkrosa ntsZ esa os eq>lss
nks lky lhfu;j FkhaA
os dfork fy[krh Fkha
vkSj eSa Hkh cpiu ls
rqd feykrh vkbZ FkhA
cpiu esa ek¡ fy[krh
Fkha] in Hkh xkrh FkhaA
ehjk osQ in fo'ks"k :i ls xkrh FkhaA losjs ^tkfx, Ñikfuèkku iaNh cu cksys* ;gh
lquk tkrk FkkA izHkkrh xkrh FkhaA 'kke dks ehjk dk dksbZ in xkrh FkhaA lqu&lqudj
eSaus Hkh cztHkk"kk esa fy[kuk vkjaHk fd;kA ;gk¡ vkdj ns[kk fd lqHknzk oqQekjh th
[kM+h cksyh esa fy[krh FkhaA eSa Hkh oSlk gh fy[kus yxhA ysfdu lqHknzk th cM+h
Fkha] izfrf"Br gks pqdh FkhaA muls fNik&fNikdj fy[krh Fkh eSaA ,d fnu mUgksaus
dgk] ^egknsoh] rqe dfork fy[krh gks\* rks eSaus Mj osQ ekjs dgk] ^ughaA* var
esa mUgksaus esjh MsLd dh fdrkcksa dh ryk'kh yh vkSj cgqr&lk fudy iM+k mlesa
lsA rCk tSls fdlh vijkèkh dks idM+rs gSa] ,sls mUgksaus ,d gkFk esa dkx”k fy,
vkSj ,d gkFk ls eq>dks idM+k vkSj iwjs gksLVy esa fn[kk vkb± fd ;s dfork
fy[krh gSA fiQj ge nksuksa dh fe=krk gks xbZA ØkLFkosV esa ,d isM+ dh Mky uhph
FkhA ml Mky ij ge yksx cSB tkrs FksA tc vkSj yM+fd;k¡ [ksyrh Fkha rc ge
2020-21
egknsoh oekZ@71
yksx rqd feykrs FksA ml le; ,d if=kdk fudyrh Fkhµ^L=kh niZ.k*µmlh esa
Hkst nsrs FksA viuh rqdcanh Ni Hkh tkrh FkhA fiQj ;gk¡ dfo&lEesyu gksus yxs
rks ge yksx Hkh muesa tkus yxsA fganh dk ml le; izpkj&izlkj FkkA eSa lu~ 1917
esa ;gk¡ vkbZ FkhA mlosQ mijkar xkaèkh th dk lR;kxzg vkjaHk gks x;k vkSj vkuan
Hkou Lora=krk osQ la?k"kZ dk osaQnz gks x;kA tgk¡&rgk¡ ¯gnh dk Hkh izpkj pyrk FkkA
dfo&lEesyu gksrs Fks rks ØkLFkosV ls eSMe gedks lkFk ysdj tkrh FkhaA ge
dfork lqukrs FksA dHkh gfjvkSèk th vè;{k gksrs Fks] dHkh Jhèkj ikBd gksrs Fks]
dHkh jRukdj th gksrs Fks] dHkh dksbZ gksrk FkkA dc gekjk uke iqdkjk tk,] cspSuh
ls lqurs jgrs FksA eq>dks izk;% izFke iqjLdkj feyrk FkkA lkS ls de ind ugha
feys gksaxs mlesaA
,d ckj dh ?kVuk ;kn vkrh gS fd ,d dfork ij eq>s pk¡nh dk ,d dVksjk
feykA cM+k uDdk'khnkj] lqanjA ml fnu lqHknzk ugha xbZ FkhaA lqHknzk izk;% ugha
tkrh Fkha dfo&lEesyu esaA eSaus muls vkdj dgk] ^ns[kks] ;g feykA*
lqHknzk us dgk] ^Bhd gS] vc rqe ,d fnu [khj cukvks vkSj eq>dks bl
dVksjs esa f[kykvksA*
mlh chp vkuan Hkou esa ckiw vk,A ge yksx rc vius tsc&[kpZ esa ls
ges'kk ,d&,d] nks&nks vkus ns'k osQ fy, cpkrs Fks vkSj tc ckiw vkrs Fks rks og
iSlk mUgsa ns nsrs FksA ml fnu tc ckiw osQ ikl eSa xbZ rks viuk dVksjk Hkh ysrh
xbZA eSaus fudkydj ckiw dks fn[kk;kA eSaus dgk] ^dfork lqukus ij eq>dks ;g
dVksjk feyk gSA* dgus yxs] ^vPNk] fn[kk rks eq>dksA* eSaus dVksjk mudh vksj
c<+k fn;k rks mls gkFk esa ysdj cksys] ^rw nsrh gS bls\* vc eSa D;k dgrh\ eSaus
ns fn;k vkSj ykSV vkbZA nq[k ;g gqvk fd dVksjk ysdj dgrs] dfork D;k gS\
ij dfork lqukus dks mUgksaus ugha dgkA ykSVdj vc eSaus lqHknzk th ls dgk fd
dVksjk rks pyk x;kA lqHknzk th us dgk] ^vkSj tkvks fn[kkus!* fiQj cksyha] ^ns[kks
HkkbZ] [khj rks rqedks cukuh gksxhA vc rqe pkgs ihry dh dVksjh esa f[kykvks]
2020-21
Read More
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