NCERT Textbook, पाठ 12 - कैदी और कोकिला , कक्षा - 9, क्षितिज, हिन्दी Class 9 Notes | EduRev

Hindi Class 9

Created by: Trisha Vashisht

Class 9 : NCERT Textbook, पाठ 12 - कैदी और कोकिला , कक्षा - 9, क्षितिज, हिन्दी Class 9 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


ek[kuyky prqosZnh
ek[kuyky prqosZnh dk tUe eè; izns'k osQ gks'kaxkckn f”kys osQ ckcbZ
xk¡o esa lu~ 1889 esa gqvkA ek=k 16 o"kZ dh voLFkk esa os f'k{kd cusA
ckn esa vè;kiu dk;Z NksM+dj mUgksaus izHkk if=kdk dk laiknu 'kq:
fd;kA os ns'kHkDr dfo ,oa iz[kj i=kdkj FksA mUgksaus deZohj vkSj izrki
dk Hkh laiknu fd;kA lu~ 1968 eas mudk nsgkar gks x;kA
fge fdjhVuh] lkfgR; nsork] fge rjafxuh] os.kq yks xw¡ts èkjk
mudh izeq[k Ñfr;k¡ gSaA mUgsa in~eHkw"k.k ,oa lkfgR; vdkneh iqjLdkj ls
lEekfur fd;k x;k gSA
ek[kuyky prqosZnh dh jpuk,¡ jk"Vªh; Hkkouk ls ;qDr gSaA muesa
Lora=krk dh psruk osQ lkFk ns'k osQ fy, R;kx vkSj cfynku dh Hkkouk
feyrh gSA blhfy, mUgsa ,d Hkkjrh; vkRek dgk tkrk gSA bl miuke
ls mUgksaus dfork,¡ Hkh fy[kh gSaA os ,d dfo&dk;ZdrkZ Fks vkSj Lokèkhurk
vkanksyu osQ nkSjku dbZ ckj tsy x,A mUgksaus HkfDr] izse vkSj izÑfr
lacaèkh dfork,¡ Hkh fy[kh gSaA
prqosZnh th dfork esa f'kYi dh rqyuk esa Hkko dks vfèkd egRo nsrs
gSaA mUgksaus ijaijkxr Nanc¼rk ,oa rRle 'kCnkoyh osQ LFkku ij cksypky
dh Hkk"kk osQ lkFk&lkFk mnwZ] I
+
kQkjlh osQ 'kCnksa dk Hkh iz;ksx fd;k gSA
Page 2


ek[kuyky prqosZnh
ek[kuyky prqosZnh dk tUe eè; izns'k osQ gks'kaxkckn f”kys osQ ckcbZ
xk¡o esa lu~ 1889 esa gqvkA ek=k 16 o"kZ dh voLFkk esa os f'k{kd cusA
ckn esa vè;kiu dk;Z NksM+dj mUgksaus izHkk if=kdk dk laiknu 'kq:
fd;kA os ns'kHkDr dfo ,oa iz[kj i=kdkj FksA mUgksaus deZohj vkSj izrki
dk Hkh laiknu fd;kA lu~ 1968 eas mudk nsgkar gks x;kA
fge fdjhVuh] lkfgR; nsork] fge rjafxuh] os.kq yks xw¡ts èkjk
mudh izeq[k Ñfr;k¡ gSaA mUgsa in~eHkw"k.k ,oa lkfgR; vdkneh iqjLdkj ls
lEekfur fd;k x;k gSA
ek[kuyky prqosZnh dh jpuk,¡ jk"Vªh; Hkkouk ls ;qDr gSaA muesa
Lora=krk dh psruk osQ lkFk ns'k osQ fy, R;kx vkSj cfynku dh Hkkouk
feyrh gSA blhfy, mUgsa ,d Hkkjrh; vkRek dgk tkrk gSA bl miuke
ls mUgksaus dfork,¡ Hkh fy[kh gSaA os ,d dfo&dk;ZdrkZ Fks vkSj Lokèkhurk
vkanksyu osQ nkSjku dbZ ckj tsy x,A mUgksaus HkfDr] izse vkSj izÑfr
lacaèkh dfork,¡ Hkh fy[kh gSaA
prqosZnh th dfork esa f'kYi dh rqyuk esa Hkko dks vfèkd egRo nsrs
gSaA mUgksaus ijaijkxr Nanc¼rk ,oa rRle 'kCnkoyh osQ LFkku ij cksypky
dh Hkk"kk osQ lkFk&lkFk mnwZ] I
+
kQkjlh osQ 'kCnksa dk Hkh iz;ksx fd;k gSA
106@f{kfrt
fczrkuh mifuos'kokn osQ 'kks"k.k ra=k dk ckjhd fo'ys"k.k djrh oSQnh vkSj dksfdyk
dfork cgqr yksdfiz; jgh gSA ;g dfork Hkkjrh; Lokèkhurk lsukfu;ksa osQ lkFk tsy esa
fd, x, nqO;Zogkjksa vkSj ;krukvksa dk ekfeZd lk{; izLrqr djrh gSA
dfo tsy esa ,dkdh vkSj mnkl gSA dksfdy ls vius eu dk nq[k] vlarks"k
vkSj fczrkuh 'kklu osQ izfr vius vkØks'k dks O;Dr djrs gq, og dgrk gS fd
;g le; eèkqj xhr xkus dk ugha cfYd eqfDr dk xhr lqukus dk gSA dfo dks
yxrk gS fd dks;y Hkh iwjs ns'k dks ,d dkjkxkj osQ :i esa ns[kus yxh gS blhfy,
v¼Zjkf=k esa ph[k mBh gSA
Page 3


ek[kuyky prqosZnh
ek[kuyky prqosZnh dk tUe eè; izns'k osQ gks'kaxkckn f”kys osQ ckcbZ
xk¡o esa lu~ 1889 esa gqvkA ek=k 16 o"kZ dh voLFkk esa os f'k{kd cusA
ckn esa vè;kiu dk;Z NksM+dj mUgksaus izHkk if=kdk dk laiknu 'kq:
fd;kA os ns'kHkDr dfo ,oa iz[kj i=kdkj FksA mUgksaus deZohj vkSj izrki
dk Hkh laiknu fd;kA lu~ 1968 eas mudk nsgkar gks x;kA
fge fdjhVuh] lkfgR; nsork] fge rjafxuh] os.kq yks xw¡ts èkjk
mudh izeq[k Ñfr;k¡ gSaA mUgsa in~eHkw"k.k ,oa lkfgR; vdkneh iqjLdkj ls
lEekfur fd;k x;k gSA
ek[kuyky prqosZnh dh jpuk,¡ jk"Vªh; Hkkouk ls ;qDr gSaA muesa
Lora=krk dh psruk osQ lkFk ns'k osQ fy, R;kx vkSj cfynku dh Hkkouk
feyrh gSA blhfy, mUgsa ,d Hkkjrh; vkRek dgk tkrk gSA bl miuke
ls mUgksaus dfork,¡ Hkh fy[kh gSaA os ,d dfo&dk;ZdrkZ Fks vkSj Lokèkhurk
vkanksyu osQ nkSjku dbZ ckj tsy x,A mUgksaus HkfDr] izse vkSj izÑfr
lacaèkh dfork,¡ Hkh fy[kh gSaA
prqosZnh th dfork esa f'kYi dh rqyuk esa Hkko dks vfèkd egRo nsrs
gSaA mUgksaus ijaijkxr Nanc¼rk ,oa rRle 'kCnkoyh osQ LFkku ij cksypky
dh Hkk"kk osQ lkFk&lkFk mnwZ] I
+
kQkjlh osQ 'kCnksa dk Hkh iz;ksx fd;k gSA
106@f{kfrt
fczrkuh mifuos'kokn osQ 'kks"k.k ra=k dk ckjhd fo'ys"k.k djrh oSQnh vkSj dksfdyk
dfork cgqr yksdfiz; jgh gSA ;g dfork Hkkjrh; Lokèkhurk lsukfu;ksa osQ lkFk tsy esa
fd, x, nqO;Zogkjksa vkSj ;krukvksa dk ekfeZd lk{; izLrqr djrh gSA
dfo tsy esa ,dkdh vkSj mnkl gSA dksfdy ls vius eu dk nq[k] vlarks"k
vkSj fczrkuh 'kklu osQ izfr vius vkØks'k dks O;Dr djrs gq, og dgrk gS fd
;g le; eèkqj xhr xkus dk ugha cfYd eqfDr dk xhr lqukus dk gSA dfo dks
yxrk gS fd dks;y Hkh iwjs ns'k dks ,d dkjkxkj osQ :i esa ns[kus yxh gS blhfy,
v¼Zjkf=k esa ph[k mBh gSA
oSQnh vkSj dksfdyk
D;k xkrh gks\
D;ksa jg&jg tkrh gks\
dksfdy cksyks rks!
D;k ykrh gks\
lans'kk fdldk gS\
dksfdy cksyks rks!
mQ¡ph dkyh nhokjksa osQ ?ksjs esa]
MkowQ] pksjksa] cVekjksa osQ Msjs esa]
thus dks nsrs ugha isV&Hkj [kkuk]
ejus Hkh nsrs ugha] rM+i jg tkuk!
thou ij vc fnu&jkr dM+k igjk gS]
'kklu gS] ;k re dk izHkko xgjk gS\
fgedj fujk'k dj pyk jkr Hkh dkyh]
bl le; dkfyeke;h txh D;w¡ vkyh\
D;ksa gwd iM+h\
osnuk cks> okyh&lh_
dksfdy cksyks rks!
D;k ywVk\
Page 4


ek[kuyky prqosZnh
ek[kuyky prqosZnh dk tUe eè; izns'k osQ gks'kaxkckn f”kys osQ ckcbZ
xk¡o esa lu~ 1889 esa gqvkA ek=k 16 o"kZ dh voLFkk esa os f'k{kd cusA
ckn esa vè;kiu dk;Z NksM+dj mUgksaus izHkk if=kdk dk laiknu 'kq:
fd;kA os ns'kHkDr dfo ,oa iz[kj i=kdkj FksA mUgksaus deZohj vkSj izrki
dk Hkh laiknu fd;kA lu~ 1968 eas mudk nsgkar gks x;kA
fge fdjhVuh] lkfgR; nsork] fge rjafxuh] os.kq yks xw¡ts èkjk
mudh izeq[k Ñfr;k¡ gSaA mUgsa in~eHkw"k.k ,oa lkfgR; vdkneh iqjLdkj ls
lEekfur fd;k x;k gSA
ek[kuyky prqosZnh dh jpuk,¡ jk"Vªh; Hkkouk ls ;qDr gSaA muesa
Lora=krk dh psruk osQ lkFk ns'k osQ fy, R;kx vkSj cfynku dh Hkkouk
feyrh gSA blhfy, mUgsa ,d Hkkjrh; vkRek dgk tkrk gSA bl miuke
ls mUgksaus dfork,¡ Hkh fy[kh gSaA os ,d dfo&dk;ZdrkZ Fks vkSj Lokèkhurk
vkanksyu osQ nkSjku dbZ ckj tsy x,A mUgksaus HkfDr] izse vkSj izÑfr
lacaèkh dfork,¡ Hkh fy[kh gSaA
prqosZnh th dfork esa f'kYi dh rqyuk esa Hkko dks vfèkd egRo nsrs
gSaA mUgksaus ijaijkxr Nanc¼rk ,oa rRle 'kCnkoyh osQ LFkku ij cksypky
dh Hkk"kk osQ lkFk&lkFk mnwZ] I
+
kQkjlh osQ 'kCnksa dk Hkh iz;ksx fd;k gSA
106@f{kfrt
fczrkuh mifuos'kokn osQ 'kks"k.k ra=k dk ckjhd fo'ys"k.k djrh oSQnh vkSj dksfdyk
dfork cgqr yksdfiz; jgh gSA ;g dfork Hkkjrh; Lokèkhurk lsukfu;ksa osQ lkFk tsy esa
fd, x, nqO;Zogkjksa vkSj ;krukvksa dk ekfeZd lk{; izLrqr djrh gSA
dfo tsy esa ,dkdh vkSj mnkl gSA dksfdy ls vius eu dk nq[k] vlarks"k
vkSj fczrkuh 'kklu osQ izfr vius vkØks'k dks O;Dr djrs gq, og dgrk gS fd
;g le; eèkqj xhr xkus dk ugha cfYd eqfDr dk xhr lqukus dk gSA dfo dks
yxrk gS fd dks;y Hkh iwjs ns'k dks ,d dkjkxkj osQ :i esa ns[kus yxh gS blhfy,
v¼Zjkf=k esa ph[k mBh gSA
oSQnh vkSj dksfdyk
D;k xkrh gks\
D;ksa jg&jg tkrh gks\
dksfdy cksyks rks!
D;k ykrh gks\
lans'kk fdldk gS\
dksfdy cksyks rks!
mQ¡ph dkyh nhokjksa osQ ?ksjs esa]
MkowQ] pksjksa] cVekjksa osQ Msjs esa]
thus dks nsrs ugha isV&Hkj [kkuk]
ejus Hkh nsrs ugha] rM+i jg tkuk!
thou ij vc fnu&jkr dM+k igjk gS]
'kklu gS] ;k re dk izHkko xgjk gS\
fgedj fujk'k dj pyk jkr Hkh dkyh]
bl le; dkfyeke;h txh D;w¡ vkyh\
D;ksa gwd iM+h\
osnuk cks> okyh&lh_
dksfdy cksyks rks!
D;k ywVk\
108@f{kfrt
e`nqy oSHko dh
j[kokyh&lh]
dksfdy cksyks rks!
D;k gqbZ ckoyh\
v¼Zjkf=k dks ph[kh]
dksfdy cksyks rks!
fdl nkokuy dh
Tokyk,¡ gSa nh[kha\
dksfdy cksyks rks!
D;k\µns[k u ldrh ”kathjksa dk xguk\
gFkdfM+;k¡ D;ksa\ ;g fczfV'k&jkt dk xguk]
dksYgw dk pjZd pw¡\µthou dh rku]
fx^h ij v¡xqfy;ksa us fy[ks xku!
gw¡ eksV [khaprk yxk isV ij twvk]
[kkyh djrk gw¡ fczfV'k vdM+ dk ow¡QvkA
fnu esa d#.kk D;ksa txs] #ykusokyh]
blfy, jkr esa x”kc <k jgh vkyh\
bl 'kkar le; esa]
vaèkdkj dks csèk] jks jgh D;ksa gks\
dksfdy cksyks rks!
pqipki] eèkqj fonzksg&cht
bl Hkk¡fr cks jgh D;ksa gks\
dksfdy cksyks rks!
Page 5


ek[kuyky prqosZnh
ek[kuyky prqosZnh dk tUe eè; izns'k osQ gks'kaxkckn f”kys osQ ckcbZ
xk¡o esa lu~ 1889 esa gqvkA ek=k 16 o"kZ dh voLFkk esa os f'k{kd cusA
ckn esa vè;kiu dk;Z NksM+dj mUgksaus izHkk if=kdk dk laiknu 'kq:
fd;kA os ns'kHkDr dfo ,oa iz[kj i=kdkj FksA mUgksaus deZohj vkSj izrki
dk Hkh laiknu fd;kA lu~ 1968 eas mudk nsgkar gks x;kA
fge fdjhVuh] lkfgR; nsork] fge rjafxuh] os.kq yks xw¡ts èkjk
mudh izeq[k Ñfr;k¡ gSaA mUgsa in~eHkw"k.k ,oa lkfgR; vdkneh iqjLdkj ls
lEekfur fd;k x;k gSA
ek[kuyky prqosZnh dh jpuk,¡ jk"Vªh; Hkkouk ls ;qDr gSaA muesa
Lora=krk dh psruk osQ lkFk ns'k osQ fy, R;kx vkSj cfynku dh Hkkouk
feyrh gSA blhfy, mUgsa ,d Hkkjrh; vkRek dgk tkrk gSA bl miuke
ls mUgksaus dfork,¡ Hkh fy[kh gSaA os ,d dfo&dk;ZdrkZ Fks vkSj Lokèkhurk
vkanksyu osQ nkSjku dbZ ckj tsy x,A mUgksaus HkfDr] izse vkSj izÑfr
lacaèkh dfork,¡ Hkh fy[kh gSaA
prqosZnh th dfork esa f'kYi dh rqyuk esa Hkko dks vfèkd egRo nsrs
gSaA mUgksaus ijaijkxr Nanc¼rk ,oa rRle 'kCnkoyh osQ LFkku ij cksypky
dh Hkk"kk osQ lkFk&lkFk mnwZ] I
+
kQkjlh osQ 'kCnksa dk Hkh iz;ksx fd;k gSA
106@f{kfrt
fczrkuh mifuos'kokn osQ 'kks"k.k ra=k dk ckjhd fo'ys"k.k djrh oSQnh vkSj dksfdyk
dfork cgqr yksdfiz; jgh gSA ;g dfork Hkkjrh; Lokèkhurk lsukfu;ksa osQ lkFk tsy esa
fd, x, nqO;Zogkjksa vkSj ;krukvksa dk ekfeZd lk{; izLrqr djrh gSA
dfo tsy esa ,dkdh vkSj mnkl gSA dksfdy ls vius eu dk nq[k] vlarks"k
vkSj fczrkuh 'kklu osQ izfr vius vkØks'k dks O;Dr djrs gq, og dgrk gS fd
;g le; eèkqj xhr xkus dk ugha cfYd eqfDr dk xhr lqukus dk gSA dfo dks
yxrk gS fd dks;y Hkh iwjs ns'k dks ,d dkjkxkj osQ :i esa ns[kus yxh gS blhfy,
v¼Zjkf=k esa ph[k mBh gSA
oSQnh vkSj dksfdyk
D;k xkrh gks\
D;ksa jg&jg tkrh gks\
dksfdy cksyks rks!
D;k ykrh gks\
lans'kk fdldk gS\
dksfdy cksyks rks!
mQ¡ph dkyh nhokjksa osQ ?ksjs esa]
MkowQ] pksjksa] cVekjksa osQ Msjs esa]
thus dks nsrs ugha isV&Hkj [kkuk]
ejus Hkh nsrs ugha] rM+i jg tkuk!
thou ij vc fnu&jkr dM+k igjk gS]
'kklu gS] ;k re dk izHkko xgjk gS\
fgedj fujk'k dj pyk jkr Hkh dkyh]
bl le; dkfyeke;h txh D;w¡ vkyh\
D;ksa gwd iM+h\
osnuk cks> okyh&lh_
dksfdy cksyks rks!
D;k ywVk\
108@f{kfrt
e`nqy oSHko dh
j[kokyh&lh]
dksfdy cksyks rks!
D;k gqbZ ckoyh\
v¼Zjkf=k dks ph[kh]
dksfdy cksyks rks!
fdl nkokuy dh
Tokyk,¡ gSa nh[kha\
dksfdy cksyks rks!
D;k\µns[k u ldrh ”kathjksa dk xguk\
gFkdfM+;k¡ D;ksa\ ;g fczfV'k&jkt dk xguk]
dksYgw dk pjZd pw¡\µthou dh rku]
fx^h ij v¡xqfy;ksa us fy[ks xku!
gw¡ eksV [khaprk yxk isV ij twvk]
[kkyh djrk gw¡ fczfV'k vdM+ dk ow¡QvkA
fnu esa d#.kk D;ksa txs] #ykusokyh]
blfy, jkr esa x”kc <k jgh vkyh\
bl 'kkar le; esa]
vaèkdkj dks csèk] jks jgh D;ksa gks\
dksfdy cksyks rks!
pqipki] eèkqj fonzksg&cht
bl Hkk¡fr cks jgh D;ksa gks\
dksfdy cksyks rks!
ek[kuyky prqosZnh@109
dkyh rw] jtuh Hkh dkyh]
'kklu dh djuh Hkh dkyh]
dkyh ygj dYiuk dkyh]
esjh dky dksBjh dkyh]
Vksih dkyh] deyh dkyh]
esjh ykSg& Ük`a[kyk dkyh]
igjs dh gqaÑfr dh C;kyh]
frl ij gS xkyh] ,s vkyh!
bl dkys ladV&lkxj ij
ejus dh] enekrh!
dksfdy cksyks rks!
vius pedhys xhrksa dks
D;ksadj gks rSjkrh!
dksfdy cksyks rks!
rq>s feyh gfj;kyh Mkyh]
eq>s ulhc dksBjh dkyh!
rsjk uHk&Hkj esa lapkj
esjk nl iqQV dk lalkj!
rsjs xhr dgkosa okg]
jksuk Hkh gS eq>s xqukg!
ns[k fo"kerk rsjh&esjh]
ctk jgh frl ij j.kHksjh!
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