NCERT Textbook - Alo Andhari Humanities/Arts Notes | EduRev

Hindi Class 11

Humanities/Arts : NCERT Textbook - Alo Andhari Humanities/Arts Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


csch gkynkj vkyks&vk¡èkkfj  21
vkyks&vk¡èkkfj*
& csch gkynkj
vc vius fdjk;s osQ ?kj esa FkhA lc le; lksprh jgrh fd dke u
feyk rks cPpksa dks D;k f[kykÅ¡xh] oSQls mUgsa ikyw¡xh&ikslw¡xh! eSa Lo;a
,d ?kj ls nwljs ?kj dke [kkstus tkrh vkSj nwljksa ls Hkh dke tqVkus osQ
fy, dgrhA eq>s ;g ¯prk Hkh Fkh fd eghuk [kRe gksus ij ?kj dk fdjk;k nsuk
gksxkA irk ugha blls de fdjk;s esa dksbZ ?kj feysxk ;k ugha! dke osQ lkFk eSa ?kj
Hkh <w¡<+ jgh FkhA Ms<+ lIrkg gq, tk jgs Fks vkSj dke dgha fey ugha jgk FkkA eq>s
cPpksa osQ lkFk ml ?kj esa vosQys jgrs ns[k vkl&ikl osQ lHkh yksx iwNrs] rqe ;gk¡
vosQyh jgrh gks\ rqEgkjk Lokeh dgk¡ jgrk gS\ rqe fdrus fnuksa ls ;gk¡ gks\ rqEgkjk
Lokeh ogk¡ D;k djrk gS\ rqe D;k ;gk¡ vosQyh jg ldksxh\ rqEgkjk Lokeh D;ksa ugha
vkrk\ ,slh ckrsa lqu esjh fdlh osQ ikl [kM+s gksus dh bPNk ugha gksrh] fdlh ls
ckr djus dh bPNk ugha gksrhA cPpksa dks lkFk ys eSa mlh le; dke [kkstus fudy
iM+rhA oqQN ?kaVksa ckn tc eSa ?kj ykSVrh rc fiQj iM+ksl dh vkSjrsa vkdj iwNrha]
D;ksa] dke feyk\ fiQj esjs psgjs dk Hkko ns[k dksbZ&dksbZ eq¡g ls pqd&pqd vkok”k
fudky dgrh] fey tk,xkA bèkj&mèkj <w¡<+us&<k¡<+us ls fey gh tk,xkA eSa mudh
ckrsa vulquh dj vius cPpksa dh ckrsa djus yxrhA
*
 v¡èksjs dk mtkyk
Page 2


csch gkynkj vkyks&vk¡èkkfj  21
vkyks&vk¡èkkfj*
& csch gkynkj
vc vius fdjk;s osQ ?kj esa FkhA lc le; lksprh jgrh fd dke u
feyk rks cPpksa dks D;k f[kykÅ¡xh] oSQls mUgsa ikyw¡xh&ikslw¡xh! eSa Lo;a
,d ?kj ls nwljs ?kj dke [kkstus tkrh vkSj nwljksa ls Hkh dke tqVkus osQ
fy, dgrhA eq>s ;g ¯prk Hkh Fkh fd eghuk [kRe gksus ij ?kj dk fdjk;k nsuk
gksxkA irk ugha blls de fdjk;s esa dksbZ ?kj feysxk ;k ugha! dke osQ lkFk eSa ?kj
Hkh <w¡<+ jgh FkhA Ms<+ lIrkg gq, tk jgs Fks vkSj dke dgha fey ugha jgk FkkA eq>s
cPpksa osQ lkFk ml ?kj esa vosQys jgrs ns[k vkl&ikl osQ lHkh yksx iwNrs] rqe ;gk¡
vosQyh jgrh gks\ rqEgkjk Lokeh dgk¡ jgrk gS\ rqe fdrus fnuksa ls ;gk¡ gks\ rqEgkjk
Lokeh ogk¡ D;k djrk gS\ rqe D;k ;gk¡ vosQyh jg ldksxh\ rqEgkjk Lokeh D;ksa ugha
vkrk\ ,slh ckrsa lqu esjh fdlh osQ ikl [kM+s gksus dh bPNk ugha gksrh] fdlh ls
ckr djus dh bPNk ugha gksrhA cPpksa dks lkFk ys eSa mlh le; dke [kkstus fudy
iM+rhA oqQN ?kaVksa ckn tc eSa ?kj ykSVrh rc fiQj iM+ksl dh vkSjrsa vkdj iwNrha]
D;ksa] dke feyk\ fiQj esjs psgjs dk Hkko ns[k dksbZ&dksbZ eq¡g ls pqd&pqd vkok”k
fudky dgrh] fey tk,xkA bèkj&mèkj <w¡<+us&<k¡<+us ls fey gh tk,xkA eSa mudh
ckrsa vulquh dj vius cPpksa dh ckrsa djus yxrhA
*
 v¡èksjs dk mtkyk
22   forku
ese lkgc dh dksBh osQ lkeus dh ,d dksBh esa lquhy uke dk rhl&cÙkhl
lky dk ,d ;qod eksVj pykrk FkkA og eq>s igpkurk Fkk blfy, eSaus mlls
Hkh vius dke osQ ckjs esa dg j[kk FkkA ,d fnu jkLrs esa eq>s ns[kdj mlus iwNk]
rqe D;k vc ml dksBh esa dke ugha djrha\ eSaus dgk] eq>s ml dksBh dks NksM+s
Ms<+ lIrkg gks x,A vHkh rd eq>s dksbZ dke ugha feyk gSA og cksyk] Bhd gS]
eq>s dke osQ ckjs esa oqQN irk pysxk rks crkšxkA nks&,d fnu ckn nksigj dks
cPpksa dks f[kyk&fiykdj eSa muosQ lkFk lks jgh Fkh fd lquhy vk;k vkSj cksyk]
D;ksa] dke feyk\ eSaus dgk] ugha] vHkh rd oqQN ugha feykA og cksyk] rks pyks
esjs lkFkA eSaus iwNk] dgk¡\ rks og cksyk] dke djuk gS rks eSa rqEgsa fy, pyrk
gw¡] ckdh ckrsa rqe Lo;a ogk¡ dj ysukA mldh ckr lqu eSa I
+
kQkSju mlosQ lkFk
fudy iM+hA ogk¡ igq¡pdj lquhy us xsV osQ ckgj yxh csy ctkbZ rks ml ?kj
osQ lkgc ckgj vk,A lquhy us muls dgk] lj] vkius dgk Fkk u\ eSa bls ys
vk;k gw¡A mUgksaus eq>ls iwNk] rqe caxkyh gks\ eSa cksyh] gk¡A blosQ ckn dke osQ
ckjs esa ckrsa gqb± mUgksaus dgk] ns[kks] ;gk¡ tks vkSjr dke djrh gS mls eSa vkB lkS
#i;s nsrk gw¡A rqEgkjs iSlksa osQ ckjs esa eSa rqEgkjk dke ns[kdj crkÅ¡xkA eSa cksyh]
Bhd gSA ;gk¡ fdrus cts vkus ls Bhd gksxk\ mUgksaus dgk] rqe ftruh tYnh vk
ldks D;ksafd eSa cgqr lcsjs mBrk gw¡A eSa cksyh] eq>s rks tkdj cPpksa osQ fy,
[kkuk&okuk cukuk gksxkA eSa Ng&lkr cts rd vkšxhA bruk dgdj eSa pyus
yxh rks eq>s yxk og iSlksa osQ ckjs esa oqQN dguk pkgrs gSaA lquhy tkus dks gqvk
rks mlls eSaus FkksM+k #d tkus dks dgkA og cksyk] rqe ckr djosQ vk tkuk] eSa
pyrk gw¡A eSaus dgk] cl FkksM+k lk #d tkvksA ysfdu lkgc us fiQj iSlksa dh ckr
ugha mBkbZ vkSj flI
+
kZQ bruk dgk] dy ls rqe dke ij vk tkvksA
vxys fnu eSa dke ij vkbZ rks nwj ls gh iSarhl&pkyhl o"kZ dh ,d foèkok
dks mlh ?kj esa dke osQ fy, tkrs ns[kkA lkgc ckgj isM+ksa esa ikuh ns jgs FksA eq>s
ns[krs gh og Hkhrj x, vkSj ml vkSjr ls lkI
+
kQ&lkI
+
kQ ckrsa dj mlh le; mls
dke ls gVk fn;kA og vkSjr Hkh caxkyh FkhA ckgj vkrs gh mlus eq>s xkfy;k¡
Page 3


csch gkynkj vkyks&vk¡èkkfj  21
vkyks&vk¡èkkfj*
& csch gkynkj
vc vius fdjk;s osQ ?kj esa FkhA lc le; lksprh jgrh fd dke u
feyk rks cPpksa dks D;k f[kykÅ¡xh] oSQls mUgsa ikyw¡xh&ikslw¡xh! eSa Lo;a
,d ?kj ls nwljs ?kj dke [kkstus tkrh vkSj nwljksa ls Hkh dke tqVkus osQ
fy, dgrhA eq>s ;g ¯prk Hkh Fkh fd eghuk [kRe gksus ij ?kj dk fdjk;k nsuk
gksxkA irk ugha blls de fdjk;s esa dksbZ ?kj feysxk ;k ugha! dke osQ lkFk eSa ?kj
Hkh <w¡<+ jgh FkhA Ms<+ lIrkg gq, tk jgs Fks vkSj dke dgha fey ugha jgk FkkA eq>s
cPpksa osQ lkFk ml ?kj esa vosQys jgrs ns[k vkl&ikl osQ lHkh yksx iwNrs] rqe ;gk¡
vosQyh jgrh gks\ rqEgkjk Lokeh dgk¡ jgrk gS\ rqe fdrus fnuksa ls ;gk¡ gks\ rqEgkjk
Lokeh ogk¡ D;k djrk gS\ rqe D;k ;gk¡ vosQyh jg ldksxh\ rqEgkjk Lokeh D;ksa ugha
vkrk\ ,slh ckrsa lqu esjh fdlh osQ ikl [kM+s gksus dh bPNk ugha gksrh] fdlh ls
ckr djus dh bPNk ugha gksrhA cPpksa dks lkFk ys eSa mlh le; dke [kkstus fudy
iM+rhA oqQN ?kaVksa ckn tc eSa ?kj ykSVrh rc fiQj iM+ksl dh vkSjrsa vkdj iwNrha]
D;ksa] dke feyk\ fiQj esjs psgjs dk Hkko ns[k dksbZ&dksbZ eq¡g ls pqd&pqd vkok”k
fudky dgrh] fey tk,xkA bèkj&mèkj <w¡<+us&<k¡<+us ls fey gh tk,xkA eSa mudh
ckrsa vulquh dj vius cPpksa dh ckrsa djus yxrhA
*
 v¡èksjs dk mtkyk
22   forku
ese lkgc dh dksBh osQ lkeus dh ,d dksBh esa lquhy uke dk rhl&cÙkhl
lky dk ,d ;qod eksVj pykrk FkkA og eq>s igpkurk Fkk blfy, eSaus mlls
Hkh vius dke osQ ckjs esa dg j[kk FkkA ,d fnu jkLrs esa eq>s ns[kdj mlus iwNk]
rqe D;k vc ml dksBh esa dke ugha djrha\ eSaus dgk] eq>s ml dksBh dks NksM+s
Ms<+ lIrkg gks x,A vHkh rd eq>s dksbZ dke ugha feyk gSA og cksyk] Bhd gS]
eq>s dke osQ ckjs esa oqQN irk pysxk rks crkšxkA nks&,d fnu ckn nksigj dks
cPpksa dks f[kyk&fiykdj eSa muosQ lkFk lks jgh Fkh fd lquhy vk;k vkSj cksyk]
D;ksa] dke feyk\ eSaus dgk] ugha] vHkh rd oqQN ugha feykA og cksyk] rks pyks
esjs lkFkA eSaus iwNk] dgk¡\ rks og cksyk] dke djuk gS rks eSa rqEgsa fy, pyrk
gw¡] ckdh ckrsa rqe Lo;a ogk¡ dj ysukA mldh ckr lqu eSa I
+
kQkSju mlosQ lkFk
fudy iM+hA ogk¡ igq¡pdj lquhy us xsV osQ ckgj yxh csy ctkbZ rks ml ?kj
osQ lkgc ckgj vk,A lquhy us muls dgk] lj] vkius dgk Fkk u\ eSa bls ys
vk;k gw¡A mUgksaus eq>ls iwNk] rqe caxkyh gks\ eSa cksyh] gk¡A blosQ ckn dke osQ
ckjs esa ckrsa gqb± mUgksaus dgk] ns[kks] ;gk¡ tks vkSjr dke djrh gS mls eSa vkB lkS
#i;s nsrk gw¡A rqEgkjs iSlksa osQ ckjs esa eSa rqEgkjk dke ns[kdj crkÅ¡xkA eSa cksyh]
Bhd gSA ;gk¡ fdrus cts vkus ls Bhd gksxk\ mUgksaus dgk] rqe ftruh tYnh vk
ldks D;ksafd eSa cgqr lcsjs mBrk gw¡A eSa cksyh] eq>s rks tkdj cPpksa osQ fy,
[kkuk&okuk cukuk gksxkA eSa Ng&lkr cts rd vkšxhA bruk dgdj eSa pyus
yxh rks eq>s yxk og iSlksa osQ ckjs esa oqQN dguk pkgrs gSaA lquhy tkus dks gqvk
rks mlls eSaus FkksM+k #d tkus dks dgkA og cksyk] rqe ckr djosQ vk tkuk] eSa
pyrk gw¡A eSaus dgk] cl FkksM+k lk #d tkvksA ysfdu lkgc us fiQj iSlksa dh ckr
ugha mBkbZ vkSj flI
+
kZQ bruk dgk] dy ls rqe dke ij vk tkvksA
vxys fnu eSa dke ij vkbZ rks nwj ls gh iSarhl&pkyhl o"kZ dh ,d foèkok
dks mlh ?kj esa dke osQ fy, tkrs ns[kkA lkgc ckgj isM+ksa esa ikuh ns jgs FksA eq>s
ns[krs gh og Hkhrj x, vkSj ml vkSjr ls lkI
+
kQ&lkI
+
kQ ckrsa dj mlh le; mls
dke ls gVk fn;kA og vkSjr Hkh caxkyh FkhA ckgj vkrs gh mlus eq>s xkfy;k¡
csch gkynkj vkyks&vk¡èkkfj  23
nsuk 'kq: dj fn;kA eSaus dgk] ns[kks] eSa oqQN ugha tkurhA ;fn tkurh gksrh fd
;gk¡ igys ls gh dksbZ dke dj jgk gS rks eSa ugha vkrhA eq>ls dgus ls dksbZ
ykHk ughaA rqe lkgc dks esjh rjI
+
kQ ls tkdj crk nks fd og bl rjg dke djus
dks jk”kh ugha gSA mlus ,slk oqQN ugha fd;k vkSj eq>s cdrs&cdrs pyh xbZA
lkgc vkdj eq>s Hkhrj ys x, vkSj lc le>k&cq>k fn;k fd D;k djuk gksxk
D;k ugha djuk gksxkA cl ml fnu ls eSa vius eu ls [kkuk&okuk cukdj] Vsfcy
ij j[kdj ?kj tkus yxhA esjk dke ns[kdj ?kj esa lHkh vk'p;Z djrsA ,d fnu
lkgc us iwNk] rqe bruk <sj lkjk dke brus de le; esa vkSj bruh vPNh rjg
oSQls dj ysrh gks\ dgk¡ lh[kk rqeus ;g lc\ eSaus dgk] ?kj osQ dke esa eq>s
vlqfoèkk ugha gksrh D;ksafd cpiu ls vH;kl gSA cpiu ls gh eSa fcuk ek
1
 osQ
jgh gw¡A esjs ckck Hkh lc le; ?kj ij ugha gksrs FksA blh dkj.k esjk i<+uk&
fy[kuk Hkh ugha gks ldkA
eSa blh rjg jks”k lcsjs vkrh vkSj nksigj rd lkjk dke [kRe dj pyh
tkrhA chp&chp esa lkgc esjs ckjs esa bèkj&mèkj dh ckrsa iwN ysrsA ,d fnu
mUgksaus esjs cPpksa dh i<+kbZ&fy[kkbZ osQ ckjs esa iwNk rks eSaus dgk] eSa rks i<+kuk
pkgrh gw¡ ysfdu oSlk lq;ksx dgk¡ gS] fiQj Hkh ps"Vk rks d:¡xh gh cPpksa osQ fy,A
mUgksaus ,d fnu cqykdj fiQj dgk] rqe vius yM+osQ vkSj yM+dh dks ysdj
vkukA ;gk¡ ,d NksVk&lk Ldwy gSA eSa ogk¡ cksy nw¡xkA rqe jks”k cPpksa dks ogk¡
NksM+ nsuk vkSj ?kj tkrs le; vius lkFk ys tkukA eSa vc cPpksa dks lkFk ysdj
vkus yxhA mUgsa LowQy esa NksM+] ?kj vkdj vius dke esa yx tkrhA LowQy ls
cPps tc esjs ikl vkrs rks lkgc oqQN u oqQN mUgsa [kkus dks nsrsA
vc eSa lkspus yxh fd eq>s dgha vkSj Hkh dke djuk pkfg, D;ksafd brus
iSlksa esa D;k cPpksa dks ikyw¡xh&ikslw¡xh vkSj D;k ?kj dk fdjk;k nw¡xh! eSaus lkgc
ls dgk fd ;fn mUgsa irk pys fd fdlh dks dke djus okys dh ”k:jr gS rks
1- ek¡
Page 4


csch gkynkj vkyks&vk¡èkkfj  21
vkyks&vk¡èkkfj*
& csch gkynkj
vc vius fdjk;s osQ ?kj esa FkhA lc le; lksprh jgrh fd dke u
feyk rks cPpksa dks D;k f[kykÅ¡xh] oSQls mUgsa ikyw¡xh&ikslw¡xh! eSa Lo;a
,d ?kj ls nwljs ?kj dke [kkstus tkrh vkSj nwljksa ls Hkh dke tqVkus osQ
fy, dgrhA eq>s ;g ¯prk Hkh Fkh fd eghuk [kRe gksus ij ?kj dk fdjk;k nsuk
gksxkA irk ugha blls de fdjk;s esa dksbZ ?kj feysxk ;k ugha! dke osQ lkFk eSa ?kj
Hkh <w¡<+ jgh FkhA Ms<+ lIrkg gq, tk jgs Fks vkSj dke dgha fey ugha jgk FkkA eq>s
cPpksa osQ lkFk ml ?kj esa vosQys jgrs ns[k vkl&ikl osQ lHkh yksx iwNrs] rqe ;gk¡
vosQyh jgrh gks\ rqEgkjk Lokeh dgk¡ jgrk gS\ rqe fdrus fnuksa ls ;gk¡ gks\ rqEgkjk
Lokeh ogk¡ D;k djrk gS\ rqe D;k ;gk¡ vosQyh jg ldksxh\ rqEgkjk Lokeh D;ksa ugha
vkrk\ ,slh ckrsa lqu esjh fdlh osQ ikl [kM+s gksus dh bPNk ugha gksrh] fdlh ls
ckr djus dh bPNk ugha gksrhA cPpksa dks lkFk ys eSa mlh le; dke [kkstus fudy
iM+rhA oqQN ?kaVksa ckn tc eSa ?kj ykSVrh rc fiQj iM+ksl dh vkSjrsa vkdj iwNrha]
D;ksa] dke feyk\ fiQj esjs psgjs dk Hkko ns[k dksbZ&dksbZ eq¡g ls pqd&pqd vkok”k
fudky dgrh] fey tk,xkA bèkj&mèkj <w¡<+us&<k¡<+us ls fey gh tk,xkA eSa mudh
ckrsa vulquh dj vius cPpksa dh ckrsa djus yxrhA
*
 v¡èksjs dk mtkyk
22   forku
ese lkgc dh dksBh osQ lkeus dh ,d dksBh esa lquhy uke dk rhl&cÙkhl
lky dk ,d ;qod eksVj pykrk FkkA og eq>s igpkurk Fkk blfy, eSaus mlls
Hkh vius dke osQ ckjs esa dg j[kk FkkA ,d fnu jkLrs esa eq>s ns[kdj mlus iwNk]
rqe D;k vc ml dksBh esa dke ugha djrha\ eSaus dgk] eq>s ml dksBh dks NksM+s
Ms<+ lIrkg gks x,A vHkh rd eq>s dksbZ dke ugha feyk gSA og cksyk] Bhd gS]
eq>s dke osQ ckjs esa oqQN irk pysxk rks crkšxkA nks&,d fnu ckn nksigj dks
cPpksa dks f[kyk&fiykdj eSa muosQ lkFk lks jgh Fkh fd lquhy vk;k vkSj cksyk]
D;ksa] dke feyk\ eSaus dgk] ugha] vHkh rd oqQN ugha feykA og cksyk] rks pyks
esjs lkFkA eSaus iwNk] dgk¡\ rks og cksyk] dke djuk gS rks eSa rqEgsa fy, pyrk
gw¡] ckdh ckrsa rqe Lo;a ogk¡ dj ysukA mldh ckr lqu eSa I
+
kQkSju mlosQ lkFk
fudy iM+hA ogk¡ igq¡pdj lquhy us xsV osQ ckgj yxh csy ctkbZ rks ml ?kj
osQ lkgc ckgj vk,A lquhy us muls dgk] lj] vkius dgk Fkk u\ eSa bls ys
vk;k gw¡A mUgksaus eq>ls iwNk] rqe caxkyh gks\ eSa cksyh] gk¡A blosQ ckn dke osQ
ckjs esa ckrsa gqb± mUgksaus dgk] ns[kks] ;gk¡ tks vkSjr dke djrh gS mls eSa vkB lkS
#i;s nsrk gw¡A rqEgkjs iSlksa osQ ckjs esa eSa rqEgkjk dke ns[kdj crkÅ¡xkA eSa cksyh]
Bhd gSA ;gk¡ fdrus cts vkus ls Bhd gksxk\ mUgksaus dgk] rqe ftruh tYnh vk
ldks D;ksafd eSa cgqr lcsjs mBrk gw¡A eSa cksyh] eq>s rks tkdj cPpksa osQ fy,
[kkuk&okuk cukuk gksxkA eSa Ng&lkr cts rd vkšxhA bruk dgdj eSa pyus
yxh rks eq>s yxk og iSlksa osQ ckjs esa oqQN dguk pkgrs gSaA lquhy tkus dks gqvk
rks mlls eSaus FkksM+k #d tkus dks dgkA og cksyk] rqe ckr djosQ vk tkuk] eSa
pyrk gw¡A eSaus dgk] cl FkksM+k lk #d tkvksA ysfdu lkgc us fiQj iSlksa dh ckr
ugha mBkbZ vkSj flI
+
kZQ bruk dgk] dy ls rqe dke ij vk tkvksA
vxys fnu eSa dke ij vkbZ rks nwj ls gh iSarhl&pkyhl o"kZ dh ,d foèkok
dks mlh ?kj esa dke osQ fy, tkrs ns[kkA lkgc ckgj isM+ksa esa ikuh ns jgs FksA eq>s
ns[krs gh og Hkhrj x, vkSj ml vkSjr ls lkI
+
kQ&lkI
+
kQ ckrsa dj mlh le; mls
dke ls gVk fn;kA og vkSjr Hkh caxkyh FkhA ckgj vkrs gh mlus eq>s xkfy;k¡
csch gkynkj vkyks&vk¡èkkfj  23
nsuk 'kq: dj fn;kA eSaus dgk] ns[kks] eSa oqQN ugha tkurhA ;fn tkurh gksrh fd
;gk¡ igys ls gh dksbZ dke dj jgk gS rks eSa ugha vkrhA eq>ls dgus ls dksbZ
ykHk ughaA rqe lkgc dks esjh rjI
+
kQ ls tkdj crk nks fd og bl rjg dke djus
dks jk”kh ugha gSA mlus ,slk oqQN ugha fd;k vkSj eq>s cdrs&cdrs pyh xbZA
lkgc vkdj eq>s Hkhrj ys x, vkSj lc le>k&cq>k fn;k fd D;k djuk gksxk
D;k ugha djuk gksxkA cl ml fnu ls eSa vius eu ls [kkuk&okuk cukdj] Vsfcy
ij j[kdj ?kj tkus yxhA esjk dke ns[kdj ?kj esa lHkh vk'p;Z djrsA ,d fnu
lkgc us iwNk] rqe bruk <sj lkjk dke brus de le; esa vkSj bruh vPNh rjg
oSQls dj ysrh gks\ dgk¡ lh[kk rqeus ;g lc\ eSaus dgk] ?kj osQ dke esa eq>s
vlqfoèkk ugha gksrh D;ksafd cpiu ls vH;kl gSA cpiu ls gh eSa fcuk ek
1
 osQ
jgh gw¡A esjs ckck Hkh lc le; ?kj ij ugha gksrs FksA blh dkj.k esjk i<+uk&
fy[kuk Hkh ugha gks ldkA
eSa blh rjg jks”k lcsjs vkrh vkSj nksigj rd lkjk dke [kRe dj pyh
tkrhA chp&chp esa lkgc esjs ckjs esa bèkj&mèkj dh ckrsa iwN ysrsA ,d fnu
mUgksaus esjs cPpksa dh i<+kbZ&fy[kkbZ osQ ckjs esa iwNk rks eSaus dgk] eSa rks i<+kuk
pkgrh gw¡ ysfdu oSlk lq;ksx dgk¡ gS] fiQj Hkh ps"Vk rks d:¡xh gh cPpksa osQ fy,A
mUgksaus ,d fnu cqykdj fiQj dgk] rqe vius yM+osQ vkSj yM+dh dks ysdj
vkukA ;gk¡ ,d NksVk&lk Ldwy gSA eSa ogk¡ cksy nw¡xkA rqe jks”k cPpksa dks ogk¡
NksM+ nsuk vkSj ?kj tkrs le; vius lkFk ys tkukA eSa vc cPpksa dks lkFk ysdj
vkus yxhA mUgsa LowQy esa NksM+] ?kj vkdj vius dke esa yx tkrhA LowQy ls
cPps tc esjs ikl vkrs rks lkgc oqQN u oqQN mUgsa [kkus dks nsrsA
vc eSa lkspus yxh fd eq>s dgha vkSj Hkh dke djuk pkfg, D;ksafd brus
iSlksa esa D;k cPpksa dks ikyw¡xh&ikslw¡xh vkSj D;k ?kj dk fdjk;k nw¡xh! eSaus lkgc
ls dgk fd ;fn mUgsa irk pys fd fdlh dks dke djus okys dh ”k:jr gS rks
1- ek¡
24   forku
eq>s crk,¡A mUgksaus dgk fd vkl&ikl irk dj og eq>s crk,¡xs ysfdu eq>s vc
dgha dke <w¡<+us ugha tkuk gSA fiQj Hkh eq>s viuk ;g ?kj rks NksM+uk gh gksxk]
;g lkspdj eSa vius nknk
1
 yksxksa osQ vkl&ikl gh ?kj <w¡<+us xbZA
?kj fey Hkh x;k vkSj mlh fnu iqjkuk ?kj NksM+ eSa mlesa pyh vkbZA bl ?kj
dk HkkM+k rks ik¡p lkS #i;s gh Fkk ysfdu V^h&is'kkc osQ fy, ckgj tkuk gksrk
FkkA eSaus lkspk tc lc blh rjg jg jgs gSa rks eSa D;ksa ugha jg lo¡wQxh! ogk¡ Hkh
yksx esjs ckjs esa lc oqQN tkuus dh ps"Vk djrs vkSj eq>s ysdj rjg&rjg dh
ckrsa djrsA dksbZ eq>ls vPNk O;ogkj djrk rks dksbZ ughaA dksbZ eq>s vPNh lykg
nsrk rks dksbZ eq>s ns[k nch ”kcku ls oqQN dgus yxrkA bu lc ckrksa ls eq>s oqQN
ysuk&nsuk ugha FkkA eSa lcsjs mBdj cPpksa dks f[kyk&fiykdj jsMh djrh vkSj ?kj
esa rkyk yxkdj muosQ lkFk fudy iM+rhA eSa ,d gh dksBh esa dke djrs oSQls
viuk dke pykÅ¡xh vkSj oSQls ?kj dk fdjk;k nw¡xh] bl ckr dks ysdj yksx
vkil esa [kwc ckrsa djrsA eSa Lo;a Hkh fpafrr Fkh fd eq>s vkSj nks&,d dksfB;ksa
esa dke ugha feyk rks brus iSlksa esa xq”kkjk oSQls gksxkA eSa jks”k lkgc ls iwNrh fd
fdlh us mUgsa dke osQ ckjs esa oqQN crk;k D;kA og esjk iz'u vkSj dksbZ ckr dj
Vky nsrs ysfdu mUgsa ns[kdj eq>s yxrk tSls og ugha pkgrs fd eSa dgha vkSj
Hkh dke d:¡A 'kk;n og lksprs jgs gksa fd eq>ls og lc gksxk ugha vkSj gksxk
Hkh rks mlls cPpksa dh i<+kbZ&fy[kkbZ Bhd ls ugha py ik,xhA 'kk;n blhfy,
mUgksaus ,d fnu gBkr~ eq>ls iwNk] csch] eghus esa rqEgkjk fdruk [kpkZ gks tkrk
gS\ 'kje ls eSa oqQN ugha cksyh vkSj mUgksaus Hkh nqckjk ugha iwNkA
eq>s lcsjs tYnh mBdj] fcuk oqQN [kk,&fi,] dke ij vkuk iM+rk FkkA
[kkuk&okuk cukdj eSa ?kj tkrh vkSj ogh lc dke ogk¡ tkdj djrhA lkgc
dgrs rks oqQN ugha ysfdu dHkh&dHkh ,slk oqQN dj cSBrs ftlls eSa tku tkrh
fd muosQ eu esa esjs fy, ek;k gSA lcsjs muosQ ;gk¡ tkus ij dHkh ns[krh fd
1- cM+k HkkbZ
Page 5


csch gkynkj vkyks&vk¡èkkfj  21
vkyks&vk¡èkkfj*
& csch gkynkj
vc vius fdjk;s osQ ?kj esa FkhA lc le; lksprh jgrh fd dke u
feyk rks cPpksa dks D;k f[kykÅ¡xh] oSQls mUgsa ikyw¡xh&ikslw¡xh! eSa Lo;a
,d ?kj ls nwljs ?kj dke [kkstus tkrh vkSj nwljksa ls Hkh dke tqVkus osQ
fy, dgrhA eq>s ;g ¯prk Hkh Fkh fd eghuk [kRe gksus ij ?kj dk fdjk;k nsuk
gksxkA irk ugha blls de fdjk;s esa dksbZ ?kj feysxk ;k ugha! dke osQ lkFk eSa ?kj
Hkh <w¡<+ jgh FkhA Ms<+ lIrkg gq, tk jgs Fks vkSj dke dgha fey ugha jgk FkkA eq>s
cPpksa osQ lkFk ml ?kj esa vosQys jgrs ns[k vkl&ikl osQ lHkh yksx iwNrs] rqe ;gk¡
vosQyh jgrh gks\ rqEgkjk Lokeh dgk¡ jgrk gS\ rqe fdrus fnuksa ls ;gk¡ gks\ rqEgkjk
Lokeh ogk¡ D;k djrk gS\ rqe D;k ;gk¡ vosQyh jg ldksxh\ rqEgkjk Lokeh D;ksa ugha
vkrk\ ,slh ckrsa lqu esjh fdlh osQ ikl [kM+s gksus dh bPNk ugha gksrh] fdlh ls
ckr djus dh bPNk ugha gksrhA cPpksa dks lkFk ys eSa mlh le; dke [kkstus fudy
iM+rhA oqQN ?kaVksa ckn tc eSa ?kj ykSVrh rc fiQj iM+ksl dh vkSjrsa vkdj iwNrha]
D;ksa] dke feyk\ fiQj esjs psgjs dk Hkko ns[k dksbZ&dksbZ eq¡g ls pqd&pqd vkok”k
fudky dgrh] fey tk,xkA bèkj&mèkj <w¡<+us&<k¡<+us ls fey gh tk,xkA eSa mudh
ckrsa vulquh dj vius cPpksa dh ckrsa djus yxrhA
*
 v¡èksjs dk mtkyk
22   forku
ese lkgc dh dksBh osQ lkeus dh ,d dksBh esa lquhy uke dk rhl&cÙkhl
lky dk ,d ;qod eksVj pykrk FkkA og eq>s igpkurk Fkk blfy, eSaus mlls
Hkh vius dke osQ ckjs esa dg j[kk FkkA ,d fnu jkLrs esa eq>s ns[kdj mlus iwNk]
rqe D;k vc ml dksBh esa dke ugha djrha\ eSaus dgk] eq>s ml dksBh dks NksM+s
Ms<+ lIrkg gks x,A vHkh rd eq>s dksbZ dke ugha feyk gSA og cksyk] Bhd gS]
eq>s dke osQ ckjs esa oqQN irk pysxk rks crkšxkA nks&,d fnu ckn nksigj dks
cPpksa dks f[kyk&fiykdj eSa muosQ lkFk lks jgh Fkh fd lquhy vk;k vkSj cksyk]
D;ksa] dke feyk\ eSaus dgk] ugha] vHkh rd oqQN ugha feykA og cksyk] rks pyks
esjs lkFkA eSaus iwNk] dgk¡\ rks og cksyk] dke djuk gS rks eSa rqEgsa fy, pyrk
gw¡] ckdh ckrsa rqe Lo;a ogk¡ dj ysukA mldh ckr lqu eSa I
+
kQkSju mlosQ lkFk
fudy iM+hA ogk¡ igq¡pdj lquhy us xsV osQ ckgj yxh csy ctkbZ rks ml ?kj
osQ lkgc ckgj vk,A lquhy us muls dgk] lj] vkius dgk Fkk u\ eSa bls ys
vk;k gw¡A mUgksaus eq>ls iwNk] rqe caxkyh gks\ eSa cksyh] gk¡A blosQ ckn dke osQ
ckjs esa ckrsa gqb± mUgksaus dgk] ns[kks] ;gk¡ tks vkSjr dke djrh gS mls eSa vkB lkS
#i;s nsrk gw¡A rqEgkjs iSlksa osQ ckjs esa eSa rqEgkjk dke ns[kdj crkÅ¡xkA eSa cksyh]
Bhd gSA ;gk¡ fdrus cts vkus ls Bhd gksxk\ mUgksaus dgk] rqe ftruh tYnh vk
ldks D;ksafd eSa cgqr lcsjs mBrk gw¡A eSa cksyh] eq>s rks tkdj cPpksa osQ fy,
[kkuk&okuk cukuk gksxkA eSa Ng&lkr cts rd vkšxhA bruk dgdj eSa pyus
yxh rks eq>s yxk og iSlksa osQ ckjs esa oqQN dguk pkgrs gSaA lquhy tkus dks gqvk
rks mlls eSaus FkksM+k #d tkus dks dgkA og cksyk] rqe ckr djosQ vk tkuk] eSa
pyrk gw¡A eSaus dgk] cl FkksM+k lk #d tkvksA ysfdu lkgc us fiQj iSlksa dh ckr
ugha mBkbZ vkSj flI
+
kZQ bruk dgk] dy ls rqe dke ij vk tkvksA
vxys fnu eSa dke ij vkbZ rks nwj ls gh iSarhl&pkyhl o"kZ dh ,d foèkok
dks mlh ?kj esa dke osQ fy, tkrs ns[kkA lkgc ckgj isM+ksa esa ikuh ns jgs FksA eq>s
ns[krs gh og Hkhrj x, vkSj ml vkSjr ls lkI
+
kQ&lkI
+
kQ ckrsa dj mlh le; mls
dke ls gVk fn;kA og vkSjr Hkh caxkyh FkhA ckgj vkrs gh mlus eq>s xkfy;k¡
csch gkynkj vkyks&vk¡èkkfj  23
nsuk 'kq: dj fn;kA eSaus dgk] ns[kks] eSa oqQN ugha tkurhA ;fn tkurh gksrh fd
;gk¡ igys ls gh dksbZ dke dj jgk gS rks eSa ugha vkrhA eq>ls dgus ls dksbZ
ykHk ughaA rqe lkgc dks esjh rjI
+
kQ ls tkdj crk nks fd og bl rjg dke djus
dks jk”kh ugha gSA mlus ,slk oqQN ugha fd;k vkSj eq>s cdrs&cdrs pyh xbZA
lkgc vkdj eq>s Hkhrj ys x, vkSj lc le>k&cq>k fn;k fd D;k djuk gksxk
D;k ugha djuk gksxkA cl ml fnu ls eSa vius eu ls [kkuk&okuk cukdj] Vsfcy
ij j[kdj ?kj tkus yxhA esjk dke ns[kdj ?kj esa lHkh vk'p;Z djrsA ,d fnu
lkgc us iwNk] rqe bruk <sj lkjk dke brus de le; esa vkSj bruh vPNh rjg
oSQls dj ysrh gks\ dgk¡ lh[kk rqeus ;g lc\ eSaus dgk] ?kj osQ dke esa eq>s
vlqfoèkk ugha gksrh D;ksafd cpiu ls vH;kl gSA cpiu ls gh eSa fcuk ek
1
 osQ
jgh gw¡A esjs ckck Hkh lc le; ?kj ij ugha gksrs FksA blh dkj.k esjk i<+uk&
fy[kuk Hkh ugha gks ldkA
eSa blh rjg jks”k lcsjs vkrh vkSj nksigj rd lkjk dke [kRe dj pyh
tkrhA chp&chp esa lkgc esjs ckjs esa bèkj&mèkj dh ckrsa iwN ysrsA ,d fnu
mUgksaus esjs cPpksa dh i<+kbZ&fy[kkbZ osQ ckjs esa iwNk rks eSaus dgk] eSa rks i<+kuk
pkgrh gw¡ ysfdu oSlk lq;ksx dgk¡ gS] fiQj Hkh ps"Vk rks d:¡xh gh cPpksa osQ fy,A
mUgksaus ,d fnu cqykdj fiQj dgk] rqe vius yM+osQ vkSj yM+dh dks ysdj
vkukA ;gk¡ ,d NksVk&lk Ldwy gSA eSa ogk¡ cksy nw¡xkA rqe jks”k cPpksa dks ogk¡
NksM+ nsuk vkSj ?kj tkrs le; vius lkFk ys tkukA eSa vc cPpksa dks lkFk ysdj
vkus yxhA mUgsa LowQy esa NksM+] ?kj vkdj vius dke esa yx tkrhA LowQy ls
cPps tc esjs ikl vkrs rks lkgc oqQN u oqQN mUgsa [kkus dks nsrsA
vc eSa lkspus yxh fd eq>s dgha vkSj Hkh dke djuk pkfg, D;ksafd brus
iSlksa esa D;k cPpksa dks ikyw¡xh&ikslw¡xh vkSj D;k ?kj dk fdjk;k nw¡xh! eSaus lkgc
ls dgk fd ;fn mUgsa irk pys fd fdlh dks dke djus okys dh ”k:jr gS rks
1- ek¡
24   forku
eq>s crk,¡A mUgksaus dgk fd vkl&ikl irk dj og eq>s crk,¡xs ysfdu eq>s vc
dgha dke <w¡<+us ugha tkuk gSA fiQj Hkh eq>s viuk ;g ?kj rks NksM+uk gh gksxk]
;g lkspdj eSa vius nknk
1
 yksxksa osQ vkl&ikl gh ?kj <w¡<+us xbZA
?kj fey Hkh x;k vkSj mlh fnu iqjkuk ?kj NksM+ eSa mlesa pyh vkbZA bl ?kj
dk HkkM+k rks ik¡p lkS #i;s gh Fkk ysfdu V^h&is'kkc osQ fy, ckgj tkuk gksrk
FkkA eSaus lkspk tc lc blh rjg jg jgs gSa rks eSa D;ksa ugha jg lo¡wQxh! ogk¡ Hkh
yksx esjs ckjs esa lc oqQN tkuus dh ps"Vk djrs vkSj eq>s ysdj rjg&rjg dh
ckrsa djrsA dksbZ eq>ls vPNk O;ogkj djrk rks dksbZ ughaA dksbZ eq>s vPNh lykg
nsrk rks dksbZ eq>s ns[k nch ”kcku ls oqQN dgus yxrkA bu lc ckrksa ls eq>s oqQN
ysuk&nsuk ugha FkkA eSa lcsjs mBdj cPpksa dks f[kyk&fiykdj jsMh djrh vkSj ?kj
esa rkyk yxkdj muosQ lkFk fudy iM+rhA eSa ,d gh dksBh esa dke djrs oSQls
viuk dke pykÅ¡xh vkSj oSQls ?kj dk fdjk;k nw¡xh] bl ckr dks ysdj yksx
vkil esa [kwc ckrsa djrsA eSa Lo;a Hkh fpafrr Fkh fd eq>s vkSj nks&,d dksfB;ksa
esa dke ugha feyk rks brus iSlksa esa xq”kkjk oSQls gksxkA eSa jks”k lkgc ls iwNrh fd
fdlh us mUgsa dke osQ ckjs esa oqQN crk;k D;kA og esjk iz'u vkSj dksbZ ckr dj
Vky nsrs ysfdu mUgsa ns[kdj eq>s yxrk tSls og ugha pkgrs fd eSa dgha vkSj
Hkh dke d:¡A 'kk;n og lksprs jgs gksa fd eq>ls og lc gksxk ugha vkSj gksxk
Hkh rks mlls cPpksa dh i<+kbZ&fy[kkbZ Bhd ls ugha py ik,xhA 'kk;n blhfy,
mUgksaus ,d fnu gBkr~ eq>ls iwNk] csch] eghus esa rqEgkjk fdruk [kpkZ gks tkrk
gS\ 'kje ls eSa oqQN ugha cksyh vkSj mUgksaus Hkh nqckjk ugha iwNkA
eq>s lcsjs tYnh mBdj] fcuk oqQN [kk,&fi,] dke ij vkuk iM+rk FkkA
[kkuk&okuk cukdj eSa ?kj tkrh vkSj ogh lc dke ogk¡ tkdj djrhA lkgc
dgrs rks oqQN ugha ysfdu dHkh&dHkh ,slk oqQN dj cSBrs ftlls eSa tku tkrh
fd muosQ eu esa esjs fy, ek;k gSA lcsjs muosQ ;gk¡ tkus ij dHkh ns[krh fd
1- cM+k HkkbZ
csch gkynkj vkyks&vk¡èkkfj  25
og crZu iksaN jgs gSa rks dHkh mUgsa >kM+w ysdj tkys <w¡<+rs ns[krhA eSa iwNrh fd
mUgsa ;g lc djus dh D;k njdkj
1
 gS rks og bèkj&mèkj dk dksbZ cgkuk cukdj
ckr dks Vky nsrsA muosQ ;gk¡ dke djus esa eq>s cgqr lq[k feyrkA ogk¡ dksbZ
Hkh esjs dke dks ysdj oqQN ugha dgrkA dksbZ ;g rd ugha ns[krk fd eSa oqQN
dj Hkh jgh gw¡ ;k ughaA eq>s lcsjs ns[krs gh lkgc dk psgjk f[ky mBrk ysfdu
og cksyrs oqQN Hkh ughaA og ftl rjg ls eq>s ns[krs mlls eq>s yxrk tSls lksp
jgs gksa fd bl cspkjh dks fdl vijkèk osQ ihNs viuk ?kj&ifjokj NksM+ cPpksa
osQ lkFk ;gk¡ vosQys jgus dks ckè; gksuk iM+k! mUgsa rc rd ftruk eSa tku ldh
Fkh mlls eq>s yxrk fd dgha eq>s nq[k u igq¡ps] bl Mj ls og eq>ls bl rjg
dh dksbZ ckr ugha djrs FksA og oqQN dguk 'kq: djrs fiQj vpkud pqi gks
tkrsA
oqQN fnuksa ckn ,d fnu gBkr~ mUgksaus iwNk] vPNk] csch ;g rks crkvks fd
;gk¡ ls tkdj rqe D;k djrh gks\ eSaus dgk] eSa tkrs gh [kkuk cukus esa yx tkrh
gw¡ vkSj lkFk gh lkFk cPpksa dks ugykrh&èkqykrh gw¡A fiQj mUgsa f[kyk&fiykdj lqyk
nsrh gw¡A rhljs igj muosQ lkFk FkksM+k ?kwerh&?kkerh gw¡ vkSj 'kke dks laè;k&iwtkdj
mUgsa i<+us fcBk nsrh gw¡A jkr esa fiQj mUgsa f[kykuk&fiykuk vkSj lqykuk vkSj lcsjs
tYnh ls tYnh ;gk¡ osQ fy, fudy iM+ukA cl ;gh gS esjs lkjs fnu dk dkeA
og cksys] vPNk] fiQj tks rqe vkSj dke <w¡<+ jgh gks rks mlosQ fy, rqEgsa le;
dgk¡ ls feysxk\ eSa cksyh] blh esa ls fudkyuk gksxk] vkSj ugha rks D;k! fcuk fd,
vkSj dksbZ pkjk Hkh rks ugha! bl ij mUgksaus dgk] ns[kks] ;fn eSa rqEgkjh oqQN enn
dj nw¡ rc rks rqe dgha vkSj dke ugha djksxh u\ mudh ckr lqu eSa lkspus yxh
og esjk fdruk [k;ky j[krs gSa] fdruk eq>s pkgrs gSa! mUgksaus fiQj iwNk] D;ksa D;k
gqvk\ rqeus oqQN crk;k ugha! D;k lksp jgh gks\ eSa cl] oqQN Hkh rks ugha]
1- ”k:jr
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