NCERT Textbook - Panchayati Raj Class 6 Notes | EduRev

Social Studies (SST) Class 6

Created by: Rohini Seth

Class 6 : NCERT Textbook - Panchayati Raj Class 6 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


Chapter 5
Panchayati Raj
t's a special day today! Everyone's
rushing to get to the Gram Sabha!
Do you know why? Because the Gram
Sabha is holding its first meeting after
theelectionofthenewGramPanchayat.
The people of Hardas village are keen
to find out what their new Panchayat
leaders have planned for the village.
Gram Sabha
The Gram Sabha meeting begins with
the Panchayat President (who is also
called the Sarpanch) and the members
of the Panchayat (the Panchs)
presenting a plan on repairing the road
that connects the village to the main
highway. After this, the discussion
moves to the subject of water and
water shortages.
The Gram Sabha is a meeting of all
adults who live in the area covered
by a Panchayat.  This could be only
one village or a few villages.  In some
states, as in the example above, a
village meeting is held for each
village.  Anyone who is 18 years old
or more and who has the right to vote
is a member of the Gram Sabha.  
What happens after people elect their
representatives? How are decisions made? Let's
look at how this takes place in rural areas. Here,
we look at the Gram Sabha, which is a meeting
where people directly participate and seek
answers from their elected representatives.
I
© NCERT
not to be republished
© NCERT
not to be republished
Page 2


Chapter 5
Panchayati Raj
t's a special day today! Everyone's
rushing to get to the Gram Sabha!
Do you know why? Because the Gram
Sabha is holding its first meeting after
theelectionofthenewGramPanchayat.
The people of Hardas village are keen
to find out what their new Panchayat
leaders have planned for the village.
Gram Sabha
The Gram Sabha meeting begins with
the Panchayat President (who is also
called the Sarpanch) and the members
of the Panchayat (the Panchs)
presenting a plan on repairing the road
that connects the village to the main
highway. After this, the discussion
moves to the subject of water and
water shortages.
The Gram Sabha is a meeting of all
adults who live in the area covered
by a Panchayat.  This could be only
one village or a few villages.  In some
states, as in the example above, a
village meeting is held for each
village.  Anyone who is 18 years old
or more and who has the right to vote
is a member of the Gram Sabha.  
What happens after people elect their
representatives? How are decisions made? Let's
look at how this takes place in rural areas. Here,
we look at the Gram Sabha, which is a meeting
where people directly participate and seek
answers from their elected representatives.
I
© NCERT
not to be republished
© NCERT
not to be republished
44 / Social and Political Life
A villager called Tijia begins the
meeting by saying, "The water problem
in Hardas has become very acute. The
hand pump water has gone well below
the point up to which the ground has
been drilled.  We hardly get any water
in the taps.  Women have to go to the
Suru river which is 3 k.m. away to get
water." One of the members suggests
piping water from the Suru and making
an overhead tank in the village to
increase the supply. But the others
think that this will be expensive. It's
better, they feel, to deepen the
handpumps and clean the wells for this
season. Tijia says, "This is not enough.
We need to do something more
permanent as groundwater levels seem
to be going down every year. We're
using more water than is seeping into
the ground."
Another member, Anwar then tells
everyone that he has seen ways of
conserving water and recharging
(refilling) it in a village in Maharashtra
where he'd once gone to visit his
brother. It was called watershed
development and he had heard that the
government gave money for this work.
In his brother's village people had
planted trees, constructed check-dams
and tanks.  Everyone thought this was
an interesting idea and the Gram
Panchayat was asked to find out about
it in detail.
The next item on the agenda for the
Gram Sabha is the finalisation of the
list of people below the poverty line
(BPL) which had to be approved by the
Gram Sabha. As soon as the list is read
out people begin to whisper. "Natwar
has just bought a colour T.V. and his
son has sent him a new motorcycle.
How can he be below the poverty line?"
Soorajmal mutters to the person sitting
next to him. Saroj says to Sukhi bai
"How did Birju's name get on to the list?
He has so much land. This list should
1.  What is a Gram Sabha?
2.  In the meeting of the Gram
Sabha so far what are the
problems that are being
discussed? What sort of solutions
are being suggested? 
Every village Panchayat is
divided into wards, i.e. smaller
areas. Each ward elects a
representative who is known as
the Ward Member (Panch). All
the members of the Gram Sabha
also elect a Sarpanch who is the
Panchayat President.  The Ward
Panchs and the Sarpanch form
the Gram Panchayat. The Gram
Panchayat is elected for five
years.
The Gram Panchayat has a
Secretary who is also the
Secretary of the Gram Sabha.
This person is not an elected
person but is appointed by the
government. The Secretary is
responsible for calling the
meeting of the Gram Sabha and
Gram Panchayat and keeping a
record of the proceedings.
© NCERT
not to be republished
© NCERT
not to be republished
Page 3


Chapter 5
Panchayati Raj
t's a special day today! Everyone's
rushing to get to the Gram Sabha!
Do you know why? Because the Gram
Sabha is holding its first meeting after
theelectionofthenewGramPanchayat.
The people of Hardas village are keen
to find out what their new Panchayat
leaders have planned for the village.
Gram Sabha
The Gram Sabha meeting begins with
the Panchayat President (who is also
called the Sarpanch) and the members
of the Panchayat (the Panchs)
presenting a plan on repairing the road
that connects the village to the main
highway. After this, the discussion
moves to the subject of water and
water shortages.
The Gram Sabha is a meeting of all
adults who live in the area covered
by a Panchayat.  This could be only
one village or a few villages.  In some
states, as in the example above, a
village meeting is held for each
village.  Anyone who is 18 years old
or more and who has the right to vote
is a member of the Gram Sabha.  
What happens after people elect their
representatives? How are decisions made? Let's
look at how this takes place in rural areas. Here,
we look at the Gram Sabha, which is a meeting
where people directly participate and seek
answers from their elected representatives.
I
© NCERT
not to be republished
© NCERT
not to be republished
44 / Social and Political Life
A villager called Tijia begins the
meeting by saying, "The water problem
in Hardas has become very acute. The
hand pump water has gone well below
the point up to which the ground has
been drilled.  We hardly get any water
in the taps.  Women have to go to the
Suru river which is 3 k.m. away to get
water." One of the members suggests
piping water from the Suru and making
an overhead tank in the village to
increase the supply. But the others
think that this will be expensive. It's
better, they feel, to deepen the
handpumps and clean the wells for this
season. Tijia says, "This is not enough.
We need to do something more
permanent as groundwater levels seem
to be going down every year. We're
using more water than is seeping into
the ground."
Another member, Anwar then tells
everyone that he has seen ways of
conserving water and recharging
(refilling) it in a village in Maharashtra
where he'd once gone to visit his
brother. It was called watershed
development and he had heard that the
government gave money for this work.
In his brother's village people had
planted trees, constructed check-dams
and tanks.  Everyone thought this was
an interesting idea and the Gram
Panchayat was asked to find out about
it in detail.
The next item on the agenda for the
Gram Sabha is the finalisation of the
list of people below the poverty line
(BPL) which had to be approved by the
Gram Sabha. As soon as the list is read
out people begin to whisper. "Natwar
has just bought a colour T.V. and his
son has sent him a new motorcycle.
How can he be below the poverty line?"
Soorajmal mutters to the person sitting
next to him. Saroj says to Sukhi bai
"How did Birju's name get on to the list?
He has so much land. This list should
1.  What is a Gram Sabha?
2.  In the meeting of the Gram
Sabha so far what are the
problems that are being
discussed? What sort of solutions
are being suggested? 
Every village Panchayat is
divided into wards, i.e. smaller
areas. Each ward elects a
representative who is known as
the Ward Member (Panch). All
the members of the Gram Sabha
also elect a Sarpanch who is the
Panchayat President.  The Ward
Panchs and the Sarpanch form
the Gram Panchayat. The Gram
Panchayat is elected for five
years.
The Gram Panchayat has a
Secretary who is also the
Secretary of the Gram Sabha.
This person is not an elected
person but is appointed by the
government. The Secretary is
responsible for calling the
meeting of the Gram Sabha and
Gram Panchayat and keeping a
record of the proceedings.
© NCERT
not to be republished
© NCERT
not to be republished
have only poor people. And Om
Prakash is a landless labourer who can
barely make ends meet, yet his name is
not on the list."  "You know that both
Natwar and Birju are friends of
Amirchand. Who can counter
Amirchand's power?” Sukhi bai says,
"Amirchand was the earlier Zamindar
(landowner) of the village and still has
control over a lot of land. But we should
get Om Prakash's name put in."
The Sarpanch (Panchayat Presi-
dent) notices people whispering and
asks if anyone has anything to say.
Saroj tries to provoke Soorajmal to ask
about Natwar and Birju. But he keeps
quiet. Amirchand is sitting in the Gram
Sabha keeping an eye on everyone.
Then Saroj gets up and says that Om
Prakash's name should be in the BPL
list. Others agree that he and his family
are very poor. The Sarpanch asks how
his name had been missed out. The
teacher who did the survey of BPL
families says, "Om Prakash's house
was locked when I went there.  He may
have gone somewhere to look for work."
The Sarpanch gives instructions that
Om Prakash's family income be looked
at and if it is less than what has been
decided by the government, his name
should be included in the list.
Panchayati Raj / 45
1. Was there a problem with the BPL
list that the Gram Sabha was
finalising?  What was this problem?
2. Why do you think Soorajmal kept
quiet even though Saroj asked him to
speak?
3. Have you seen any similar
incidents when people are unable to
speak for themselves?  Why do you
think that happened and what
prevented the person from speaking?
4. How can the Gram Sabha prevent
the Panchayat from doing what it
likes?
The Gram Sabha is a 
key factor in making 
the Gram Panchayat 
play its role and be
responsible.  It is the
place where all plans for
the work of the Gram
Panchayat are placed
before the people.
The Gram Sabha
prevents the Panchayat
from doing wrong things
like misusing money 
or favouring certain
people. It plays an
important role in keeping
an eye on the elected
representatives and in
making them responsible
to the persons who
elected them.
© NCERT
not to be republished
© NCERT
not to be republished
Page 4


Chapter 5
Panchayati Raj
t's a special day today! Everyone's
rushing to get to the Gram Sabha!
Do you know why? Because the Gram
Sabha is holding its first meeting after
theelectionofthenewGramPanchayat.
The people of Hardas village are keen
to find out what their new Panchayat
leaders have planned for the village.
Gram Sabha
The Gram Sabha meeting begins with
the Panchayat President (who is also
called the Sarpanch) and the members
of the Panchayat (the Panchs)
presenting a plan on repairing the road
that connects the village to the main
highway. After this, the discussion
moves to the subject of water and
water shortages.
The Gram Sabha is a meeting of all
adults who live in the area covered
by a Panchayat.  This could be only
one village or a few villages.  In some
states, as in the example above, a
village meeting is held for each
village.  Anyone who is 18 years old
or more and who has the right to vote
is a member of the Gram Sabha.  
What happens after people elect their
representatives? How are decisions made? Let's
look at how this takes place in rural areas. Here,
we look at the Gram Sabha, which is a meeting
where people directly participate and seek
answers from their elected representatives.
I
© NCERT
not to be republished
© NCERT
not to be republished
44 / Social and Political Life
A villager called Tijia begins the
meeting by saying, "The water problem
in Hardas has become very acute. The
hand pump water has gone well below
the point up to which the ground has
been drilled.  We hardly get any water
in the taps.  Women have to go to the
Suru river which is 3 k.m. away to get
water." One of the members suggests
piping water from the Suru and making
an overhead tank in the village to
increase the supply. But the others
think that this will be expensive. It's
better, they feel, to deepen the
handpumps and clean the wells for this
season. Tijia says, "This is not enough.
We need to do something more
permanent as groundwater levels seem
to be going down every year. We're
using more water than is seeping into
the ground."
Another member, Anwar then tells
everyone that he has seen ways of
conserving water and recharging
(refilling) it in a village in Maharashtra
where he'd once gone to visit his
brother. It was called watershed
development and he had heard that the
government gave money for this work.
In his brother's village people had
planted trees, constructed check-dams
and tanks.  Everyone thought this was
an interesting idea and the Gram
Panchayat was asked to find out about
it in detail.
The next item on the agenda for the
Gram Sabha is the finalisation of the
list of people below the poverty line
(BPL) which had to be approved by the
Gram Sabha. As soon as the list is read
out people begin to whisper. "Natwar
has just bought a colour T.V. and his
son has sent him a new motorcycle.
How can he be below the poverty line?"
Soorajmal mutters to the person sitting
next to him. Saroj says to Sukhi bai
"How did Birju's name get on to the list?
He has so much land. This list should
1.  What is a Gram Sabha?
2.  In the meeting of the Gram
Sabha so far what are the
problems that are being
discussed? What sort of solutions
are being suggested? 
Every village Panchayat is
divided into wards, i.e. smaller
areas. Each ward elects a
representative who is known as
the Ward Member (Panch). All
the members of the Gram Sabha
also elect a Sarpanch who is the
Panchayat President.  The Ward
Panchs and the Sarpanch form
the Gram Panchayat. The Gram
Panchayat is elected for five
years.
The Gram Panchayat has a
Secretary who is also the
Secretary of the Gram Sabha.
This person is not an elected
person but is appointed by the
government. The Secretary is
responsible for calling the
meeting of the Gram Sabha and
Gram Panchayat and keeping a
record of the proceedings.
© NCERT
not to be republished
© NCERT
not to be republished
have only poor people. And Om
Prakash is a landless labourer who can
barely make ends meet, yet his name is
not on the list."  "You know that both
Natwar and Birju are friends of
Amirchand. Who can counter
Amirchand's power?” Sukhi bai says,
"Amirchand was the earlier Zamindar
(landowner) of the village and still has
control over a lot of land. But we should
get Om Prakash's name put in."
The Sarpanch (Panchayat Presi-
dent) notices people whispering and
asks if anyone has anything to say.
Saroj tries to provoke Soorajmal to ask
about Natwar and Birju. But he keeps
quiet. Amirchand is sitting in the Gram
Sabha keeping an eye on everyone.
Then Saroj gets up and says that Om
Prakash's name should be in the BPL
list. Others agree that he and his family
are very poor. The Sarpanch asks how
his name had been missed out. The
teacher who did the survey of BPL
families says, "Om Prakash's house
was locked when I went there.  He may
have gone somewhere to look for work."
The Sarpanch gives instructions that
Om Prakash's family income be looked
at and if it is less than what has been
decided by the government, his name
should be included in the list.
Panchayati Raj / 45
1. Was there a problem with the BPL
list that the Gram Sabha was
finalising?  What was this problem?
2. Why do you think Soorajmal kept
quiet even though Saroj asked him to
speak?
3. Have you seen any similar
incidents when people are unable to
speak for themselves?  Why do you
think that happened and what
prevented the person from speaking?
4. How can the Gram Sabha prevent
the Panchayat from doing what it
likes?
The Gram Sabha is a 
key factor in making 
the Gram Panchayat 
play its role and be
responsible.  It is the
place where all plans for
the work of the Gram
Panchayat are placed
before the people.
The Gram Sabha
prevents the Panchayat
from doing wrong things
like misusing money 
or favouring certain
people. It plays an
important role in keeping
an eye on the elected
representatives and in
making them responsible
to the persons who
elected them.
© NCERT
not to be republished
© NCERT
not to be republished
The Gram Panchayat
The Gram Panchayat meets regularly
and one of its main tasks is to
implement development programmes
for all villages that come under it.  As
you have seen, the work of the Gram
Panchayat has to be approved by the
Gram Sabha.  
In some states, Gram Sabhas form
committees like construction and
development  committees. These
committees include some members of
the Gram Sabha and some from the
Gram Panchayat who work together to
carry out specific tasks.
Let's see what the Hardas Gram
Panchayat was able to do.
Do you remember the options that
were suggested to solve the water
problem in the Gram Sabha of Hardas
village? When the Hardas Gram
Panchayat held a meeting, this point
was brought up again by some of the
members (Panchs). This meeting was
attended by the Sarpanch, Ward
Members (Panchs) and the Secretary.
Gram Panchayat members first
discussed the suggestion to deepen two
handpumps and clean one well, so that
the village would not go without water.
The Sarpanch (Panchayat President)
suggested that since the Panchayat had
received some money for maintenance
of handpumps,  this could be used 
TwovillagePanchsfromMaharashtra whowere
awarded the Nirmal Gram Puruskar in 2005 for
the excellent work done by them in the Panchayat.
The work of a Gram Panchayat
includes
1. The construction and maintenance
of water sources, roads, drainage,
school buildings and other
common property resources.
2. Levying and collecting local taxes. 
3. Executing government schemes
related to generating employment
in the village.
Sources of funds for the
Panchayat
 Collection of taxes on houses,
market places etc.
 Government scheme funds received
through various departments of the
government – through the Janpad
and Zila Panchayats.
 Donations for community works etc.
46 / Social and Political Life
© NCERT
not to be republished
© NCERT
not to be republished
Page 5


Chapter 5
Panchayati Raj
t's a special day today! Everyone's
rushing to get to the Gram Sabha!
Do you know why? Because the Gram
Sabha is holding its first meeting after
theelectionofthenewGramPanchayat.
The people of Hardas village are keen
to find out what their new Panchayat
leaders have planned for the village.
Gram Sabha
The Gram Sabha meeting begins with
the Panchayat President (who is also
called the Sarpanch) and the members
of the Panchayat (the Panchs)
presenting a plan on repairing the road
that connects the village to the main
highway. After this, the discussion
moves to the subject of water and
water shortages.
The Gram Sabha is a meeting of all
adults who live in the area covered
by a Panchayat.  This could be only
one village or a few villages.  In some
states, as in the example above, a
village meeting is held for each
village.  Anyone who is 18 years old
or more and who has the right to vote
is a member of the Gram Sabha.  
What happens after people elect their
representatives? How are decisions made? Let's
look at how this takes place in rural areas. Here,
we look at the Gram Sabha, which is a meeting
where people directly participate and seek
answers from their elected representatives.
I
© NCERT
not to be republished
© NCERT
not to be republished
44 / Social and Political Life
A villager called Tijia begins the
meeting by saying, "The water problem
in Hardas has become very acute. The
hand pump water has gone well below
the point up to which the ground has
been drilled.  We hardly get any water
in the taps.  Women have to go to the
Suru river which is 3 k.m. away to get
water." One of the members suggests
piping water from the Suru and making
an overhead tank in the village to
increase the supply. But the others
think that this will be expensive. It's
better, they feel, to deepen the
handpumps and clean the wells for this
season. Tijia says, "This is not enough.
We need to do something more
permanent as groundwater levels seem
to be going down every year. We're
using more water than is seeping into
the ground."
Another member, Anwar then tells
everyone that he has seen ways of
conserving water and recharging
(refilling) it in a village in Maharashtra
where he'd once gone to visit his
brother. It was called watershed
development and he had heard that the
government gave money for this work.
In his brother's village people had
planted trees, constructed check-dams
and tanks.  Everyone thought this was
an interesting idea and the Gram
Panchayat was asked to find out about
it in detail.
The next item on the agenda for the
Gram Sabha is the finalisation of the
list of people below the poverty line
(BPL) which had to be approved by the
Gram Sabha. As soon as the list is read
out people begin to whisper. "Natwar
has just bought a colour T.V. and his
son has sent him a new motorcycle.
How can he be below the poverty line?"
Soorajmal mutters to the person sitting
next to him. Saroj says to Sukhi bai
"How did Birju's name get on to the list?
He has so much land. This list should
1.  What is a Gram Sabha?
2.  In the meeting of the Gram
Sabha so far what are the
problems that are being
discussed? What sort of solutions
are being suggested? 
Every village Panchayat is
divided into wards, i.e. smaller
areas. Each ward elects a
representative who is known as
the Ward Member (Panch). All
the members of the Gram Sabha
also elect a Sarpanch who is the
Panchayat President.  The Ward
Panchs and the Sarpanch form
the Gram Panchayat. The Gram
Panchayat is elected for five
years.
The Gram Panchayat has a
Secretary who is also the
Secretary of the Gram Sabha.
This person is not an elected
person but is appointed by the
government. The Secretary is
responsible for calling the
meeting of the Gram Sabha and
Gram Panchayat and keeping a
record of the proceedings.
© NCERT
not to be republished
© NCERT
not to be republished
have only poor people. And Om
Prakash is a landless labourer who can
barely make ends meet, yet his name is
not on the list."  "You know that both
Natwar and Birju are friends of
Amirchand. Who can counter
Amirchand's power?” Sukhi bai says,
"Amirchand was the earlier Zamindar
(landowner) of the village and still has
control over a lot of land. But we should
get Om Prakash's name put in."
The Sarpanch (Panchayat Presi-
dent) notices people whispering and
asks if anyone has anything to say.
Saroj tries to provoke Soorajmal to ask
about Natwar and Birju. But he keeps
quiet. Amirchand is sitting in the Gram
Sabha keeping an eye on everyone.
Then Saroj gets up and says that Om
Prakash's name should be in the BPL
list. Others agree that he and his family
are very poor. The Sarpanch asks how
his name had been missed out. The
teacher who did the survey of BPL
families says, "Om Prakash's house
was locked when I went there.  He may
have gone somewhere to look for work."
The Sarpanch gives instructions that
Om Prakash's family income be looked
at and if it is less than what has been
decided by the government, his name
should be included in the list.
Panchayati Raj / 45
1. Was there a problem with the BPL
list that the Gram Sabha was
finalising?  What was this problem?
2. Why do you think Soorajmal kept
quiet even though Saroj asked him to
speak?
3. Have you seen any similar
incidents when people are unable to
speak for themselves?  Why do you
think that happened and what
prevented the person from speaking?
4. How can the Gram Sabha prevent
the Panchayat from doing what it
likes?
The Gram Sabha is a 
key factor in making 
the Gram Panchayat 
play its role and be
responsible.  It is the
place where all plans for
the work of the Gram
Panchayat are placed
before the people.
The Gram Sabha
prevents the Panchayat
from doing wrong things
like misusing money 
or favouring certain
people. It plays an
important role in keeping
an eye on the elected
representatives and in
making them responsible
to the persons who
elected them.
© NCERT
not to be republished
© NCERT
not to be republished
The Gram Panchayat
The Gram Panchayat meets regularly
and one of its main tasks is to
implement development programmes
for all villages that come under it.  As
you have seen, the work of the Gram
Panchayat has to be approved by the
Gram Sabha.  
In some states, Gram Sabhas form
committees like construction and
development  committees. These
committees include some members of
the Gram Sabha and some from the
Gram Panchayat who work together to
carry out specific tasks.
Let's see what the Hardas Gram
Panchayat was able to do.
Do you remember the options that
were suggested to solve the water
problem in the Gram Sabha of Hardas
village? When the Hardas Gram
Panchayat held a meeting, this point
was brought up again by some of the
members (Panchs). This meeting was
attended by the Sarpanch, Ward
Members (Panchs) and the Secretary.
Gram Panchayat members first
discussed the suggestion to deepen two
handpumps and clean one well, so that
the village would not go without water.
The Sarpanch (Panchayat President)
suggested that since the Panchayat had
received some money for maintenance
of handpumps,  this could be used 
TwovillagePanchsfromMaharashtra whowere
awarded the Nirmal Gram Puruskar in 2005 for
the excellent work done by them in the Panchayat.
The work of a Gram Panchayat
includes
1. The construction and maintenance
of water sources, roads, drainage,
school buildings and other
common property resources.
2. Levying and collecting local taxes. 
3. Executing government schemes
related to generating employment
in the village.
Sources of funds for the
Panchayat
 Collection of taxes on houses,
market places etc.
 Government scheme funds received
through various departments of the
government – through the Janpad
and Zila Panchayats.
 Donations for community works etc.
46 / Social and Political Life
© NCERT
not to be republished
© NCERT
not to be republished
Panchayati Raj / 47
for completing this work. The
members agreed and the Secretary
recorded their decision.
The members then went on to
discuss the options for a long-term
solution. They were sure that the
Gram Sabha members would ask
questions at the next meeting.  Some
Panchs asked whether the watershed
programme would make a substantial
difference to the water level. A lot of
discussion followed. In the end it was
decided that the Gram Panchayat
would approach the Block
Development Officer and get more
information on the scheme.
Three Levels of Panchayats
After reading about what happened in
the Gram Sabha and the Gram
Panchayat in Hardas village you can
understand that the Panchayati Raj
System is a process through which
people participate in their own
government. The Panchayati Raj
system is the first tier or level of
democratic government.  The Panchs
and the Gram Panchayat are
answerable to the Gram Sabha
because it is the members of the Gram
Sabha who elected them.
This idea of people's participation
in the Panchayati Raj system extends
to two other levels. One is the Block
level, which is called the Janpad
Panchayat or the Panchayat Samiti.
The Panchayat Samiti has many Gram
Panchayats under it. Above the
Panchayat Samiti  is the District
Panchayat or the Zila Parishad. The
What decisions were taken by the
Gram panchayat?
Do you think it was necessary for
them to take these decisions?
Why?
From the above description, write
down one question that people
could ask of the Panchayat in the
next Gram Sabha meeting.
Watershed management has transformed
this barren slope to a green meadow in
just two years.
© NCERT
not to be republished
© NCERT
not to be republished
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