NCERT Textbook - Future Time Reference Class 9 Notes | EduRev

English Grammar (Communicative) Interact In English- Class 9

Class 9 : NCERT Textbook - Future Time Reference Class 9 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


CBSE
INTERACT IN ENGLISH WORK BOOK 37
1 1
FUTURE TIME REFERENCE
3 3
1. Read the following story
There lived a wise old man in Purkul, Dehradun. The villagers looked up to him and 
approached him for all their problems.
Three naughty boys Amar, Naveen and Praveen wanted to test the old man's wisdom.
One fine morning they caught a butterfly while playing in the garden. Amar had the 
butterfly in his hand. He said, "We will go to the old man and ask him if the butterfly is 
dead or alive. If the old man says, 'the butterfly is dead', I will open my hands and 
release the butterfly. It will fly away."
"If he says it is alive?" asked Naveen looking at Amar with a smirk. 
"I will crush the butterfly and show him the dead insect," said Amar.
The three of them set forth with their wonderful plan.
Amar went to the old man and said, "Sir, the villagers say you can predict the future. 
Now tell us if the butterfly in my hand is dead or alive?"
The old man looked at the three boys with a serene smile and said, "It is in your 
hands."
1. We will go to the old man.
2. I will open my hands.
3. It will fly away.
4. I will crush the butterfly. 
The modal will is used to talk about a temporary event in progress at some 
point in future.
Will is used to denote _____________________ time.
Did you know?
There are different constructions in English which can be used to refer to 
future time.
1.1  Read these sentences from the story.
Page 2


CBSE
INTERACT IN ENGLISH WORK BOOK 37
1 1
FUTURE TIME REFERENCE
3 3
1. Read the following story
There lived a wise old man in Purkul, Dehradun. The villagers looked up to him and 
approached him for all their problems.
Three naughty boys Amar, Naveen and Praveen wanted to test the old man's wisdom.
One fine morning they caught a butterfly while playing in the garden. Amar had the 
butterfly in his hand. He said, "We will go to the old man and ask him if the butterfly is 
dead or alive. If the old man says, 'the butterfly is dead', I will open my hands and 
release the butterfly. It will fly away."
"If he says it is alive?" asked Naveen looking at Amar with a smirk. 
"I will crush the butterfly and show him the dead insect," said Amar.
The three of them set forth with their wonderful plan.
Amar went to the old man and said, "Sir, the villagers say you can predict the future. 
Now tell us if the butterfly in my hand is dead or alive?"
The old man looked at the three boys with a serene smile and said, "It is in your 
hands."
1. We will go to the old man.
2. I will open my hands.
3. It will fly away.
4. I will crush the butterfly. 
The modal will is used to talk about a temporary event in progress at some 
point in future.
Will is used to denote _____________________ time.
Did you know?
There are different constructions in English which can be used to refer to 
future time.
1.1  Read these sentences from the story.
CBSE
INTERACT IN ENGLISH WORK BOOK
3 3
38
1. Use of the simple present tense. 
a. The IPL begins on 20th April.
b. If the newly introduced vaccine works, AIDS can be cured.
2. Use of shall/will
Will/shall is used to make a prediction about future events, in 
advertisements, posters etc.
e.g. a. You will win the 1st prize.
b. The Nano car will be on the roads soon.
c. You shall lead a happy life.
3. Use of going to
Going to is normally used to refer to future events in two cases
(a) If there is a present indication of the future event.
e.g. India is going to emerge as a Super Power in 2020.
(b) to express intention
e.g. Smitha is going to marry Akshay.
4. Use of present continuous tense (be + verb + ing)
Present continuous tense is used to refer to future events that have been 
already planned.
e.g. a. I'm meeting the Project Manger this evening. 
b. I'm sorry I can't meet you tomorrow. I'm visiting my friend.
5. Use of  be + about to  +  infinitive.
e.g. The train is about to leave.
6. Use of be + to + v
e.g. Obama is to visit India in October.
Page 3


CBSE
INTERACT IN ENGLISH WORK BOOK 37
1 1
FUTURE TIME REFERENCE
3 3
1. Read the following story
There lived a wise old man in Purkul, Dehradun. The villagers looked up to him and 
approached him for all their problems.
Three naughty boys Amar, Naveen and Praveen wanted to test the old man's wisdom.
One fine morning they caught a butterfly while playing in the garden. Amar had the 
butterfly in his hand. He said, "We will go to the old man and ask him if the butterfly is 
dead or alive. If the old man says, 'the butterfly is dead', I will open my hands and 
release the butterfly. It will fly away."
"If he says it is alive?" asked Naveen looking at Amar with a smirk. 
"I will crush the butterfly and show him the dead insect," said Amar.
The three of them set forth with their wonderful plan.
Amar went to the old man and said, "Sir, the villagers say you can predict the future. 
Now tell us if the butterfly in my hand is dead or alive?"
The old man looked at the three boys with a serene smile and said, "It is in your 
hands."
1. We will go to the old man.
2. I will open my hands.
3. It will fly away.
4. I will crush the butterfly. 
The modal will is used to talk about a temporary event in progress at some 
point in future.
Will is used to denote _____________________ time.
Did you know?
There are different constructions in English which can be used to refer to 
future time.
1.1  Read these sentences from the story.
CBSE
INTERACT IN ENGLISH WORK BOOK
3 3
38
1. Use of the simple present tense. 
a. The IPL begins on 20th April.
b. If the newly introduced vaccine works, AIDS can be cured.
2. Use of shall/will
Will/shall is used to make a prediction about future events, in 
advertisements, posters etc.
e.g. a. You will win the 1st prize.
b. The Nano car will be on the roads soon.
c. You shall lead a happy life.
3. Use of going to
Going to is normally used to refer to future events in two cases
(a) If there is a present indication of the future event.
e.g. India is going to emerge as a Super Power in 2020.
(b) to express intention
e.g. Smitha is going to marry Akshay.
4. Use of present continuous tense (be + verb + ing)
Present continuous tense is used to refer to future events that have been 
already planned.
e.g. a. I'm meeting the Project Manger this evening. 
b. I'm sorry I can't meet you tomorrow. I'm visiting my friend.
5. Use of  be + about to  +  infinitive.
e.g. The train is about to leave.
6. Use of be + to + v
e.g. Obama is to visit India in October.
CBSE
INTERACT IN ENGLISH WORK BOOK
3 3
39
2. Look at sentences in Column A. Match them with the appropriate 
explanation in Column B.
3. Look at the following pictures/diagrams. Fill in the blanks with an 
appropriate sentence/phrase, using suitable future time reference. The 
first one has been done for you as an example.
A B
1. Next Friday is the 29th of May. a. emphasizing that something will 
happen very soon
2. I'll have left by the time you b. making a promise
get here.
3. I'm visiting my uncle on Sunday. c. predicting that something will be 
true at a given time in the future
4. I'll send the photographs as d. stating something which is a 
soon as I can. certainty
5. The lesson is about to start….. e. reporting a decision made earlier 
hurry! 
6. The population of our country f. making a prediction about future 
will increase in the next ten events.
years.
The bridge is going to collapse. 
or
The bridge is about to collapse.
Page 4


CBSE
INTERACT IN ENGLISH WORK BOOK 37
1 1
FUTURE TIME REFERENCE
3 3
1. Read the following story
There lived a wise old man in Purkul, Dehradun. The villagers looked up to him and 
approached him for all their problems.
Three naughty boys Amar, Naveen and Praveen wanted to test the old man's wisdom.
One fine morning they caught a butterfly while playing in the garden. Amar had the 
butterfly in his hand. He said, "We will go to the old man and ask him if the butterfly is 
dead or alive. If the old man says, 'the butterfly is dead', I will open my hands and 
release the butterfly. It will fly away."
"If he says it is alive?" asked Naveen looking at Amar with a smirk. 
"I will crush the butterfly and show him the dead insect," said Amar.
The three of them set forth with their wonderful plan.
Amar went to the old man and said, "Sir, the villagers say you can predict the future. 
Now tell us if the butterfly in my hand is dead or alive?"
The old man looked at the three boys with a serene smile and said, "It is in your 
hands."
1. We will go to the old man.
2. I will open my hands.
3. It will fly away.
4. I will crush the butterfly. 
The modal will is used to talk about a temporary event in progress at some 
point in future.
Will is used to denote _____________________ time.
Did you know?
There are different constructions in English which can be used to refer to 
future time.
1.1  Read these sentences from the story.
CBSE
INTERACT IN ENGLISH WORK BOOK
3 3
38
1. Use of the simple present tense. 
a. The IPL begins on 20th April.
b. If the newly introduced vaccine works, AIDS can be cured.
2. Use of shall/will
Will/shall is used to make a prediction about future events, in 
advertisements, posters etc.
e.g. a. You will win the 1st prize.
b. The Nano car will be on the roads soon.
c. You shall lead a happy life.
3. Use of going to
Going to is normally used to refer to future events in two cases
(a) If there is a present indication of the future event.
e.g. India is going to emerge as a Super Power in 2020.
(b) to express intention
e.g. Smitha is going to marry Akshay.
4. Use of present continuous tense (be + verb + ing)
Present continuous tense is used to refer to future events that have been 
already planned.
e.g. a. I'm meeting the Project Manger this evening. 
b. I'm sorry I can't meet you tomorrow. I'm visiting my friend.
5. Use of  be + about to  +  infinitive.
e.g. The train is about to leave.
6. Use of be + to + v
e.g. Obama is to visit India in October.
CBSE
INTERACT IN ENGLISH WORK BOOK
3 3
39
2. Look at sentences in Column A. Match them with the appropriate 
explanation in Column B.
3. Look at the following pictures/diagrams. Fill in the blanks with an 
appropriate sentence/phrase, using suitable future time reference. The 
first one has been done for you as an example.
A B
1. Next Friday is the 29th of May. a. emphasizing that something will 
happen very soon
2. I'll have left by the time you b. making a promise
get here.
3. I'm visiting my uncle on Sunday. c. predicting that something will be 
true at a given time in the future
4. I'll send the photographs as d. stating something which is a 
soon as I can. certainty
5. The lesson is about to start….. e. reporting a decision made earlier 
hurry! 
6. The population of our country f. making a prediction about future 
will increase in the next ten events.
years.
The bridge is going to collapse. 
or
The bridge is about to collapse.
CBSE
INTERACT IN ENGLISH WORK BOOK
3 3
40
Aarti is __________________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
_______________________________
Karnika promises she  ____________
_________________________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
_______________________________
The only bus in the afternoon  
_________________________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
_______________________________
He ______________________________
Monday._________________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
What are you going 
to be when you grow up, 
Aarti?
A biologist.
Buses to Jaipur
10.15
15.15
23.15
Mon. go to doctor 9 am
Tues. visit Hari 1 pm
Wed. see tutor 5 pm
Promise me 
you'll come, 
Kanika.
Of course !
I promise.
Page 5


CBSE
INTERACT IN ENGLISH WORK BOOK 37
1 1
FUTURE TIME REFERENCE
3 3
1. Read the following story
There lived a wise old man in Purkul, Dehradun. The villagers looked up to him and 
approached him for all their problems.
Three naughty boys Amar, Naveen and Praveen wanted to test the old man's wisdom.
One fine morning they caught a butterfly while playing in the garden. Amar had the 
butterfly in his hand. He said, "We will go to the old man and ask him if the butterfly is 
dead or alive. If the old man says, 'the butterfly is dead', I will open my hands and 
release the butterfly. It will fly away."
"If he says it is alive?" asked Naveen looking at Amar with a smirk. 
"I will crush the butterfly and show him the dead insect," said Amar.
The three of them set forth with their wonderful plan.
Amar went to the old man and said, "Sir, the villagers say you can predict the future. 
Now tell us if the butterfly in my hand is dead or alive?"
The old man looked at the three boys with a serene smile and said, "It is in your 
hands."
1. We will go to the old man.
2. I will open my hands.
3. It will fly away.
4. I will crush the butterfly. 
The modal will is used to talk about a temporary event in progress at some 
point in future.
Will is used to denote _____________________ time.
Did you know?
There are different constructions in English which can be used to refer to 
future time.
1.1  Read these sentences from the story.
CBSE
INTERACT IN ENGLISH WORK BOOK
3 3
38
1. Use of the simple present tense. 
a. The IPL begins on 20th April.
b. If the newly introduced vaccine works, AIDS can be cured.
2. Use of shall/will
Will/shall is used to make a prediction about future events, in 
advertisements, posters etc.
e.g. a. You will win the 1st prize.
b. The Nano car will be on the roads soon.
c. You shall lead a happy life.
3. Use of going to
Going to is normally used to refer to future events in two cases
(a) If there is a present indication of the future event.
e.g. India is going to emerge as a Super Power in 2020.
(b) to express intention
e.g. Smitha is going to marry Akshay.
4. Use of present continuous tense (be + verb + ing)
Present continuous tense is used to refer to future events that have been 
already planned.
e.g. a. I'm meeting the Project Manger this evening. 
b. I'm sorry I can't meet you tomorrow. I'm visiting my friend.
5. Use of  be + about to  +  infinitive.
e.g. The train is about to leave.
6. Use of be + to + v
e.g. Obama is to visit India in October.
CBSE
INTERACT IN ENGLISH WORK BOOK
3 3
39
2. Look at sentences in Column A. Match them with the appropriate 
explanation in Column B.
3. Look at the following pictures/diagrams. Fill in the blanks with an 
appropriate sentence/phrase, using suitable future time reference. The 
first one has been done for you as an example.
A B
1. Next Friday is the 29th of May. a. emphasizing that something will 
happen very soon
2. I'll have left by the time you b. making a promise
get here.
3. I'm visiting my uncle on Sunday. c. predicting that something will be 
true at a given time in the future
4. I'll send the photographs as d. stating something which is a 
soon as I can. certainty
5. The lesson is about to start….. e. reporting a decision made earlier 
hurry! 
6. The population of our country f. making a prediction about future 
will increase in the next ten events.
years.
The bridge is going to collapse. 
or
The bridge is about to collapse.
CBSE
INTERACT IN ENGLISH WORK BOOK
3 3
40
Aarti is __________________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
_______________________________
Karnika promises she  ____________
_________________________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
_______________________________
The only bus in the afternoon  
_________________________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
_______________________________
He ______________________________
Monday._________________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
What are you going 
to be when you grow up, 
Aarti?
A biologist.
Buses to Jaipur
10.15
15.15
23.15
Mon. go to doctor 9 am
Tues. visit Hari 1 pm
Wed. see tutor 5 pm
Promise me 
you'll come, 
Kanika.
Of course !
I promise.
CBSE
INTERACT IN ENGLISH WORK BOOK
3 3
41
4. Simple Present and Present Continuous
Mr. Madan is going on tour next week. Look at his itinerary.
Mon 7th Mumbai 0630 Delhi 0830
Peace Conference
Tues 8th Delhi 0730 Agra 1030
Cultural Centre
Wed 9th Agra 0930 Varanasi 1330
Local School 
Head Teacher
Thurs 10th Varanasi 0800 Patna 1830
Discuss Trade Unions
Fri 11th Patna 1400 Kathmandu 1700
Himalayan Project
Sat 12th Kathmandu 1100 Delhi 1400
Mr. Madan Tour of North India and Nepal
The airplane  ____________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
_______________________________
Doctor to a patient 
Don't worry _____________________ 
_________________________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
_______________________________
Doctor, will I
get well soon?
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