NCERT Textbook - Joojh Humanities/Arts Notes | EduRev

Hindi Class 12

Created by: Anant Ahuja

Humanities/Arts : NCERT Textbook - Joojh Humanities/Arts Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


ikB'kkyk tkus osQ fy, eu rM+irk FkkA
ysfdu nknk osQ lkeus [kM+s gksdj ;g dgus dh fgEer ugha gksrh fd] ¶eSa i<+us tkm¡QxkA¸
Mj yxrk Fkk fd gah&ilyh ,d dj nsxkA blfy, eSa bl rkd esa jgrk fd dksbZ nknk dks
le>k nsA eq>s bldk fo'okl Fkk fd tUe&Hkj [ksr esa dke djrs jgus ij Hkh gkFk oqQN ugha
yxsxkA tks ckck osQ le; Fkk] og nknk osQ le; ugha jgkA ;g [ksrh gesa xbs esa èkosQy jgh
gSA i<+ tkm¡Qxk rks ukSdjh yx tk,xh] pkj iSls gkFk esa jgsaxs] foBksck vk..kk dh rjg oqQN
èkaèkk dkjksckj fd;k tk losQxkA* vanj&gh&vanj bl rjg osQ fopkj pyrs jgrsA
nhokyh chr tkus ij eghuk&Hkj bZ[k isjus dk dksYgw pykuk gksrkA dksYgw ”kjk tYnh
'kq: fd;k rks nknk dh le> ls bZ[k dh vPNh&[kklh dher fey tkrhA ;g mldh
le> oqQN gn rd lgh FkhA tc pkjksa vksj dksYgw pyus yxrs rks ck”kkj esa xqM+ dh
cgqrk;r gks tkrh vkSj Hkko uhps mrj vkrsA ml le; uacj ,d vkSj uacj nks dk xqM+ cgqr
vkrk vkSj gekjs tSls [ksrksa ij gh cuk, x, uacj rhu osQ xqM+ dks dkSu iwNrkA ckdh osQ
fdlku nwljs <ax ls fopkj djrs FksA mudk er Fkk fd ;fn bZ[k dks vkSj oqQN fnu [ksr esa
[kM+h jgus fn;k x;k rks xqM+ ”kjk ”;knk fudyrk gSA nsj rd [kM+h jgus okyh bZ[k osQ jl
esa ikuh dh ek=kk de gksrh gS vkSj jl xk<+k gks tkrk gS ftlosQ dkj.k ”;knk xqM+ fudyrk
gSA ysfdu nknk dh le> ls xqM+ ”;knk fudyus dh vis{kk Hkko ”;knk feyuk pkfg,A
blfy, lkjs xk¡o Hkj esa gekjk dksYgw lcls igys 'kq: gksrk FkkA
tw>
vkuan ;kno
2
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ikB'kkyk tkus osQ fy, eu rM+irk FkkA
ysfdu nknk osQ lkeus [kM+s gksdj ;g dgus dh fgEer ugha gksrh fd] ¶eSa i<+us tkm¡QxkA¸
Mj yxrk Fkk fd gah&ilyh ,d dj nsxkA blfy, eSa bl rkd esa jgrk fd dksbZ nknk dks
le>k nsA eq>s bldk fo'okl Fkk fd tUe&Hkj [ksr esa dke djrs jgus ij Hkh gkFk oqQN ugha
yxsxkA tks ckck osQ le; Fkk] og nknk osQ le; ugha jgkA ;g [ksrh gesa xbs esa èkosQy jgh
gSA i<+ tkm¡Qxk rks ukSdjh yx tk,xh] pkj iSls gkFk esa jgsaxs] foBksck vk..kk dh rjg oqQN
èkaèkk dkjksckj fd;k tk losQxkA* vanj&gh&vanj bl rjg osQ fopkj pyrs jgrsA
nhokyh chr tkus ij eghuk&Hkj bZ[k isjus dk dksYgw pykuk gksrkA dksYgw ”kjk tYnh
'kq: fd;k rks nknk dh le> ls bZ[k dh vPNh&[kklh dher fey tkrhA ;g mldh
le> oqQN gn rd lgh FkhA tc pkjksa vksj dksYgw pyus yxrs rks ck”kkj esa xqM+ dh
cgqrk;r gks tkrh vkSj Hkko uhps mrj vkrsA ml le; uacj ,d vkSj uacj nks dk xqM+ cgqr
vkrk vkSj gekjs tSls [ksrksa ij gh cuk, x, uacj rhu osQ xqM+ dks dkSu iwNrkA ckdh osQ
fdlku nwljs <ax ls fopkj djrs FksA mudk er Fkk fd ;fn bZ[k dks vkSj oqQN fnu [ksr esa
[kM+h jgus fn;k x;k rks xqM+ ”kjk ”;knk fudyrk gSA nsj rd [kM+h jgus okyh bZ[k osQ jl
esa ikuh dh ek=kk de gksrh gS vkSj jl xk<+k gks tkrk gS ftlosQ dkj.k ”;knk xqM+ fudyrk
gSA ysfdu nknk dh le> ls xqM+ ”;knk fudyus dh vis{kk Hkko ”;knk feyuk pkfg,A
blfy, lkjs xk¡o Hkj esa gekjk dksYgw lcls igys 'kq: gksrk FkkA
tw>
vkuan ;kno
2
22
forku
22
ek¡ us dgk] ¶vc rw gh crk] eSa dk d:¡\¸ i<+us&fy[kus dh ckr dh rks og cjgsyk lwvj
dh rjg xqjkZrk gSA rq>s ekywe gSA¸---ek¡ osQ eu esa taxyh lwvj cgqr xgjkbZ esa cSBk gqvk FkkA
¶vc e›k ([ksrh) osQ lHkh dke chr x, gSaA esjs fy, vc oqQN rks djuk ugha jg
x;k gSA blfy, dgrk gw¡_ rw nÙkk th jko ljdkj ls esjs i<+us osQ ckjs esa dgA vkt gh
jkr dks muosQ ;gk¡ pysaxsA eSa pyw¡xk rsjs lkFkA rw mUgsa lc oqQN le>kdj crk nsA rks os
nknk dks Bhd rjg ls le>k losaQxsA¸
blh dkj.k og bl o"kZ Hkh 'kq: gqvk vkSj ge mlls tYnh fuiV x,A vkxs osQ dke
esa yx x,A
lHkh tu èkwi esa ysVs gq, FksA ek¡ èkwi esa oaQMs Fkki jgh FkhµeSa ckYVh esa ikuh
Hkj&Hkjdj mls ns jgk FkkA oqQN&u&oqQN ckrphr Hkh dj jgs FksA ge nksuksa gh Fks blfy,
;g lkspdj fd ckr ek¡ ls dguh pkfg, vkSj eSaus vius i<+us dh ckr NsM+ nhA
Page 3


ikB'kkyk tkus osQ fy, eu rM+irk FkkA
ysfdu nknk osQ lkeus [kM+s gksdj ;g dgus dh fgEer ugha gksrh fd] ¶eSa i<+us tkm¡QxkA¸
Mj yxrk Fkk fd gah&ilyh ,d dj nsxkA blfy, eSa bl rkd esa jgrk fd dksbZ nknk dks
le>k nsA eq>s bldk fo'okl Fkk fd tUe&Hkj [ksr esa dke djrs jgus ij Hkh gkFk oqQN ugha
yxsxkA tks ckck osQ le; Fkk] og nknk osQ le; ugha jgkA ;g [ksrh gesa xbs esa èkosQy jgh
gSA i<+ tkm¡Qxk rks ukSdjh yx tk,xh] pkj iSls gkFk esa jgsaxs] foBksck vk..kk dh rjg oqQN
èkaèkk dkjksckj fd;k tk losQxkA* vanj&gh&vanj bl rjg osQ fopkj pyrs jgrsA
nhokyh chr tkus ij eghuk&Hkj bZ[k isjus dk dksYgw pykuk gksrkA dksYgw ”kjk tYnh
'kq: fd;k rks nknk dh le> ls bZ[k dh vPNh&[kklh dher fey tkrhA ;g mldh
le> oqQN gn rd lgh FkhA tc pkjksa vksj dksYgw pyus yxrs rks ck”kkj esa xqM+ dh
cgqrk;r gks tkrh vkSj Hkko uhps mrj vkrsA ml le; uacj ,d vkSj uacj nks dk xqM+ cgqr
vkrk vkSj gekjs tSls [ksrksa ij gh cuk, x, uacj rhu osQ xqM+ dks dkSu iwNrkA ckdh osQ
fdlku nwljs <ax ls fopkj djrs FksA mudk er Fkk fd ;fn bZ[k dks vkSj oqQN fnu [ksr esa
[kM+h jgus fn;k x;k rks xqM+ ”kjk ”;knk fudyrk gSA nsj rd [kM+h jgus okyh bZ[k osQ jl
esa ikuh dh ek=kk de gksrh gS vkSj jl xk<+k gks tkrk gS ftlosQ dkj.k ”;knk xqM+ fudyrk
gSA ysfdu nknk dh le> ls xqM+ ”;knk fudyus dh vis{kk Hkko ”;knk feyuk pkfg,A
blfy, lkjs xk¡o Hkj esa gekjk dksYgw lcls igys 'kq: gksrk FkkA
tw>
vkuan ;kno
2
22
forku
22
ek¡ us dgk] ¶vc rw gh crk] eSa dk d:¡\¸ i<+us&fy[kus dh ckr dh rks og cjgsyk lwvj
dh rjg xqjkZrk gSA rq>s ekywe gSA¸---ek¡ osQ eu esa taxyh lwvj cgqr xgjkbZ esa cSBk gqvk FkkA
¶vc e›k ([ksrh) osQ lHkh dke chr x, gSaA esjs fy, vc oqQN rks djuk ugha jg
x;k gSA blfy, dgrk gw¡_ rw nÙkk th jko ljdkj ls esjs i<+us osQ ckjs esa dgA vkt gh
jkr dks muosQ ;gk¡ pysaxsA eSa pyw¡xk rsjs lkFkA rw mUgsa lc oqQN le>kdj crk nsA rks os
nknk dks Bhd rjg ls le>k losaQxsA¸
blh dkj.k og bl o"kZ Hkh 'kq: gqvk vkSj ge mlls tYnh fuiV x,A vkxs osQ dke
esa yx x,A
lHkh tu èkwi esa ysVs gq, FksA ek¡ èkwi esa oaQMs Fkki jgh FkhµeSa ckYVh esa ikuh
Hkj&Hkjdj mls ns jgk FkkA oqQN&u&oqQN ckrphr Hkh dj jgs FksA ge nksuksa gh Fks blfy,
;g lkspdj fd ckr ek¡ ls dguh pkfg, vkSj eSaus vius i<+us dh ckr NsM+ nhA
tw>
23
¶Bhd gS pysaxsA¸ ek¡ us gk¡ rks dh ysfdu vanj ls ek¡ osQ
Loj esa mnklh FkhA eq>s Hkh ekywe Fkk fd bruk djus ij Hkh dksbZ
ykHk ugha gksxkA ysfdu og esjk eu j[kus osQ fy, tkus dks rS;kj
gks xbZA esjh rM+iu og le>rh FkhA lkroha rd i<+kus dh mlosQ
eu esa rS;kjh FkhA ysfdu nknk osQ vkxs mldk cl ugha pyrk FkkA
jkr dks eSa vkSj ek¡ nÙkk th jko nslkbZ osQ ;gk¡ x,A ek¡ us
nhokj osQ lgkjs cSBdj nÙkk th jko ls lc oqQN dg fn;kA os
Hkh bl ckr ls lger gks x,A ek¡ us ;g Hkh crk;k fd nknk lkjs
fnu ck”kkj esa j[kekckbZ osQ ikl xq”kkj nsrk gSA [ksrh osQ dke esa
gkFk ugha yxkrk gSA ek¡ us nslkbZ dks ;g fo'okl fnyk fn;k fd
nknk dks lkjs xk¡o Hkj vk”kknh osQ lkFk ?kweus dks feyrk jgs]
blfy, mlus esjk i<+uk can dj eq>s [ksrh esa tksr fn;k gSA ;g
lqurs gh nslkbZ nknk fp<+ x, vkSj cksys] ¶vkus ns vc mls] eSa
mls lqukrk gw¡ fd ugha vPNh rjg] ns[kA¸
mBrs&mBrs eSaus Hkh nÙkk th jko ls dgk] ¶vc tuojh dk
eghuk gSA vc ijh{kk u”knhd vk xbZ gSA eSa ;fn vHkh Hkh d{kk
esa tkdj cSB x;k vkSj i<+kbZ dh nqgjkbZ dj yh rks nks eghus esa
ik¡poha dh lkjh rS;kjh gks tk,xh vkSj eSa ijh{kk esa ikl gks
tkm¡QxkA bl rjg esjk lky cp tk,xkA vc [ksrh esa ,slk oqQN
dke ugha gSA esjk igys gh ,d o"kZ csdkj esa pyk x;k gSA¸
¶Bhd gS] Bhd gSA vc rqe nksuksa vius ?kj tkvksµtc og
vk tk, rks esjs ikl Hkst nsuk vkSj mlosQ ihNs ls ?kM+h Hkj ckn
esa rw Hkh vk tkuk js NksjkA¸
¶th!¸ dgdj ge [kM+s gks x,A mBrs&mBrs geus ;g Hkh
dgk fd ¶geus ;gk¡ vkdj ;s lHkh ckrsa dgh gSa] ;g er crk
nsuk] ugha rks ge nksuksa dh [kSj ugha gSA ek¡ vosQyh lkx&Hkkth nsuss
vkbZ FkhA ;g crk nsaxs rks vPNk gksxkA¸
¶Bhd gS] Bhd gSA eq>s tks djuk gS eSa d:¡xkA ns[k] mlosQ
lkeus gh rq>ls oqQN iwNw¡xk rks fuMj gksdj lkI
+
kQ&lkI
+
kQ mÙkj nsukA
Mjuk erA¸
Page 4


ikB'kkyk tkus osQ fy, eu rM+irk FkkA
ysfdu nknk osQ lkeus [kM+s gksdj ;g dgus dh fgEer ugha gksrh fd] ¶eSa i<+us tkm¡QxkA¸
Mj yxrk Fkk fd gah&ilyh ,d dj nsxkA blfy, eSa bl rkd esa jgrk fd dksbZ nknk dks
le>k nsA eq>s bldk fo'okl Fkk fd tUe&Hkj [ksr esa dke djrs jgus ij Hkh gkFk oqQN ugha
yxsxkA tks ckck osQ le; Fkk] og nknk osQ le; ugha jgkA ;g [ksrh gesa xbs esa èkosQy jgh
gSA i<+ tkm¡Qxk rks ukSdjh yx tk,xh] pkj iSls gkFk esa jgsaxs] foBksck vk..kk dh rjg oqQN
èkaèkk dkjksckj fd;k tk losQxkA* vanj&gh&vanj bl rjg osQ fopkj pyrs jgrsA
nhokyh chr tkus ij eghuk&Hkj bZ[k isjus dk dksYgw pykuk gksrkA dksYgw ”kjk tYnh
'kq: fd;k rks nknk dh le> ls bZ[k dh vPNh&[kklh dher fey tkrhA ;g mldh
le> oqQN gn rd lgh FkhA tc pkjksa vksj dksYgw pyus yxrs rks ck”kkj esa xqM+ dh
cgqrk;r gks tkrh vkSj Hkko uhps mrj vkrsA ml le; uacj ,d vkSj uacj nks dk xqM+ cgqr
vkrk vkSj gekjs tSls [ksrksa ij gh cuk, x, uacj rhu osQ xqM+ dks dkSu iwNrkA ckdh osQ
fdlku nwljs <ax ls fopkj djrs FksA mudk er Fkk fd ;fn bZ[k dks vkSj oqQN fnu [ksr esa
[kM+h jgus fn;k x;k rks xqM+ ”kjk ”;knk fudyrk gSA nsj rd [kM+h jgus okyh bZ[k osQ jl
esa ikuh dh ek=kk de gksrh gS vkSj jl xk<+k gks tkrk gS ftlosQ dkj.k ”;knk xqM+ fudyrk
gSA ysfdu nknk dh le> ls xqM+ ”;knk fudyus dh vis{kk Hkko ”;knk feyuk pkfg,A
blfy, lkjs xk¡o Hkj esa gekjk dksYgw lcls igys 'kq: gksrk FkkA
tw>
vkuan ;kno
2
22
forku
22
ek¡ us dgk] ¶vc rw gh crk] eSa dk d:¡\¸ i<+us&fy[kus dh ckr dh rks og cjgsyk lwvj
dh rjg xqjkZrk gSA rq>s ekywe gSA¸---ek¡ osQ eu esa taxyh lwvj cgqr xgjkbZ esa cSBk gqvk FkkA
¶vc e›k ([ksrh) osQ lHkh dke chr x, gSaA esjs fy, vc oqQN rks djuk ugha jg
x;k gSA blfy, dgrk gw¡_ rw nÙkk th jko ljdkj ls esjs i<+us osQ ckjs esa dgA vkt gh
jkr dks muosQ ;gk¡ pysaxsA eSa pyw¡xk rsjs lkFkA rw mUgsa lc oqQN le>kdj crk nsA rks os
nknk dks Bhd rjg ls le>k losaQxsA¸
blh dkj.k og bl o"kZ Hkh 'kq: gqvk vkSj ge mlls tYnh fuiV x,A vkxs osQ dke
esa yx x,A
lHkh tu èkwi esa ysVs gq, FksA ek¡ èkwi esa oaQMs Fkki jgh FkhµeSa ckYVh esa ikuh
Hkj&Hkjdj mls ns jgk FkkA oqQN&u&oqQN ckrphr Hkh dj jgs FksA ge nksuksa gh Fks blfy,
;g lkspdj fd ckr ek¡ ls dguh pkfg, vkSj eSaus vius i<+us dh ckr NsM+ nhA
tw>
23
¶Bhd gS pysaxsA¸ ek¡ us gk¡ rks dh ysfdu vanj ls ek¡ osQ
Loj esa mnklh FkhA eq>s Hkh ekywe Fkk fd bruk djus ij Hkh dksbZ
ykHk ugha gksxkA ysfdu og esjk eu j[kus osQ fy, tkus dks rS;kj
gks xbZA esjh rM+iu og le>rh FkhA lkroha rd i<+kus dh mlosQ
eu esa rS;kjh FkhA ysfdu nknk osQ vkxs mldk cl ugha pyrk FkkA
jkr dks eSa vkSj ek¡ nÙkk th jko nslkbZ osQ ;gk¡ x,A ek¡ us
nhokj osQ lgkjs cSBdj nÙkk th jko ls lc oqQN dg fn;kA os
Hkh bl ckr ls lger gks x,A ek¡ us ;g Hkh crk;k fd nknk lkjs
fnu ck”kkj esa j[kekckbZ osQ ikl xq”kkj nsrk gSA [ksrh osQ dke esa
gkFk ugha yxkrk gSA ek¡ us nslkbZ dks ;g fo'okl fnyk fn;k fd
nknk dks lkjs xk¡o Hkj vk”kknh osQ lkFk ?kweus dks feyrk jgs]
blfy, mlus esjk i<+uk can dj eq>s [ksrh esa tksr fn;k gSA ;g
lqurs gh nslkbZ nknk fp<+ x, vkSj cksys] ¶vkus ns vc mls] eSa
mls lqukrk gw¡ fd ugha vPNh rjg] ns[kA¸
mBrs&mBrs eSaus Hkh nÙkk th jko ls dgk] ¶vc tuojh dk
eghuk gSA vc ijh{kk u”knhd vk xbZ gSA eSa ;fn vHkh Hkh d{kk
esa tkdj cSB x;k vkSj i<+kbZ dh nqgjkbZ dj yh rks nks eghus esa
ik¡poha dh lkjh rS;kjh gks tk,xh vkSj eSa ijh{kk esa ikl gks
tkm¡QxkA bl rjg esjk lky cp tk,xkA vc [ksrh esa ,slk oqQN
dke ugha gSA esjk igys gh ,d o"kZ csdkj esa pyk x;k gSA¸
¶Bhd gS] Bhd gSA vc rqe nksuksa vius ?kj tkvksµtc og
vk tk, rks esjs ikl Hkst nsuk vkSj mlosQ ihNs ls ?kM+h Hkj ckn
esa rw Hkh vk tkuk js NksjkA¸
¶th!¸ dgdj ge [kM+s gks x,A mBrs&mBrs geus ;g Hkh
dgk fd ¶geus ;gk¡ vkdj ;s lHkh ckrsa dgh gSa] ;g er crk
nsuk] ugha rks ge nksuksa dh [kSj ugha gSA ek¡ vosQyh lkx&Hkkth nsuss
vkbZ FkhA ;g crk nsaxs rks vPNk gksxkA¸
¶Bhd gS] Bhd gSA eq>s tks djuk gS eSa d:¡xkA ns[k] mlosQ
lkeus gh rq>ls oqQN iwNw¡xk rks fuMj gksdj lkI
+
kQ&lkI
+
kQ mÙkj nsukA
Mjuk erA¸
24
forku
24
¶ugha thA¸
eSa ek¡ osQ lkFk ykSV vk;kA ,d ?kaVk jkr chrs nknk ?kj ij vk;kA eSa ?kj esa gh FkkA
vkrs gh ek¡ us nknk ls dgk] ¶lkx&Hkkth nsus nslkbZ ljdkj osQ ;gk¡ xbZ Fkh rks mUgksaus
dgk fd cgqr fnuksa ls rsjk ekfyd fn[kkbZ ugha fn;k gSA [ksr ls vk tkus ij ”kjk bèkj
Hkst nsukA¸
¶oqQN dke&oke Fkk\¸ nknk us vèkhjrk ls iwNkA
¶eq>s rks oqQN crk;k ugha mUgksausA¸
¶rks eSa gks vkrk gw¡A rc rd rw jksfV;k¡ lsad ysA x.kik vk, rks mls [ksrksa ij Hkst nsuk
igys ghA¸
nknk rqjar mB [kM+k gqvkA nslkbZ osQ ckM+s dk cqykok nknk osQ fy, lEeku dh ckr FkhA
vkèkk ?kaVk chrus ij ek¡ us eq>ls dgk fd ¶vc rw tk] dguk theus
1
 cqyk;k gSA¸
¶vPNkA¸
eSa igq¡pk rks ljdkj esjh jkg ns[k jgs FksA
¶D;ksa vk;k js Nksjs\¸
¶nknk dks cqykus vk;k gw¡] vHkh [kkuk ugha [kk;k gSA¸
¶cSB] cSB FkksM+h nsjA vHkh rks vk;k gS og esjs iklA¸
¶th]¸ eSa cSB x;kA
èkhjs&èkhjs nÙkk th jko iwNus yxs] ¶dkSu&lh esa i<+rk gS js rw\¸
¶th] ik¡poha esa Fkk ¯drq vc ugha tkrk gw¡A¸
¶D;ksa js\¸
¶nknk us euk dj fn;k gSA [ksrksa esa ikuh yxkus okyk dksbZ ugha gSA¸
¶D;ksa jrukIik\¸
¶gk¡ th!¸
¶fiQj rw D;k djrk gS\¸ ljdkj us nknk ls ftjg djuk 'kq: fd;k rks lkjk bfrgkl
ckgj fudy vk;kA ljdkj us nknk ij [kwc xqLlk fd;kA mUgksaus nknk dh [kwc gtker
1- Hkkstu xzg.k djuk
Page 5


ikB'kkyk tkus osQ fy, eu rM+irk FkkA
ysfdu nknk osQ lkeus [kM+s gksdj ;g dgus dh fgEer ugha gksrh fd] ¶eSa i<+us tkm¡QxkA¸
Mj yxrk Fkk fd gah&ilyh ,d dj nsxkA blfy, eSa bl rkd esa jgrk fd dksbZ nknk dks
le>k nsA eq>s bldk fo'okl Fkk fd tUe&Hkj [ksr esa dke djrs jgus ij Hkh gkFk oqQN ugha
yxsxkA tks ckck osQ le; Fkk] og nknk osQ le; ugha jgkA ;g [ksrh gesa xbs esa èkosQy jgh
gSA i<+ tkm¡Qxk rks ukSdjh yx tk,xh] pkj iSls gkFk esa jgsaxs] foBksck vk..kk dh rjg oqQN
èkaèkk dkjksckj fd;k tk losQxkA* vanj&gh&vanj bl rjg osQ fopkj pyrs jgrsA
nhokyh chr tkus ij eghuk&Hkj bZ[k isjus dk dksYgw pykuk gksrkA dksYgw ”kjk tYnh
'kq: fd;k rks nknk dh le> ls bZ[k dh vPNh&[kklh dher fey tkrhA ;g mldh
le> oqQN gn rd lgh FkhA tc pkjksa vksj dksYgw pyus yxrs rks ck”kkj esa xqM+ dh
cgqrk;r gks tkrh vkSj Hkko uhps mrj vkrsA ml le; uacj ,d vkSj uacj nks dk xqM+ cgqr
vkrk vkSj gekjs tSls [ksrksa ij gh cuk, x, uacj rhu osQ xqM+ dks dkSu iwNrkA ckdh osQ
fdlku nwljs <ax ls fopkj djrs FksA mudk er Fkk fd ;fn bZ[k dks vkSj oqQN fnu [ksr esa
[kM+h jgus fn;k x;k rks xqM+ ”kjk ”;knk fudyrk gSA nsj rd [kM+h jgus okyh bZ[k osQ jl
esa ikuh dh ek=kk de gksrh gS vkSj jl xk<+k gks tkrk gS ftlosQ dkj.k ”;knk xqM+ fudyrk
gSA ysfdu nknk dh le> ls xqM+ ”;knk fudyus dh vis{kk Hkko ”;knk feyuk pkfg,A
blfy, lkjs xk¡o Hkj esa gekjk dksYgw lcls igys 'kq: gksrk FkkA
tw>
vkuan ;kno
2
22
forku
22
ek¡ us dgk] ¶vc rw gh crk] eSa dk d:¡\¸ i<+us&fy[kus dh ckr dh rks og cjgsyk lwvj
dh rjg xqjkZrk gSA rq>s ekywe gSA¸---ek¡ osQ eu esa taxyh lwvj cgqr xgjkbZ esa cSBk gqvk FkkA
¶vc e›k ([ksrh) osQ lHkh dke chr x, gSaA esjs fy, vc oqQN rks djuk ugha jg
x;k gSA blfy, dgrk gw¡_ rw nÙkk th jko ljdkj ls esjs i<+us osQ ckjs esa dgA vkt gh
jkr dks muosQ ;gk¡ pysaxsA eSa pyw¡xk rsjs lkFkA rw mUgsa lc oqQN le>kdj crk nsA rks os
nknk dks Bhd rjg ls le>k losaQxsA¸
blh dkj.k og bl o"kZ Hkh 'kq: gqvk vkSj ge mlls tYnh fuiV x,A vkxs osQ dke
esa yx x,A
lHkh tu èkwi esa ysVs gq, FksA ek¡ èkwi esa oaQMs Fkki jgh FkhµeSa ckYVh esa ikuh
Hkj&Hkjdj mls ns jgk FkkA oqQN&u&oqQN ckrphr Hkh dj jgs FksA ge nksuksa gh Fks blfy,
;g lkspdj fd ckr ek¡ ls dguh pkfg, vkSj eSaus vius i<+us dh ckr NsM+ nhA
tw>
23
¶Bhd gS pysaxsA¸ ek¡ us gk¡ rks dh ysfdu vanj ls ek¡ osQ
Loj esa mnklh FkhA eq>s Hkh ekywe Fkk fd bruk djus ij Hkh dksbZ
ykHk ugha gksxkA ysfdu og esjk eu j[kus osQ fy, tkus dks rS;kj
gks xbZA esjh rM+iu og le>rh FkhA lkroha rd i<+kus dh mlosQ
eu esa rS;kjh FkhA ysfdu nknk osQ vkxs mldk cl ugha pyrk FkkA
jkr dks eSa vkSj ek¡ nÙkk th jko nslkbZ osQ ;gk¡ x,A ek¡ us
nhokj osQ lgkjs cSBdj nÙkk th jko ls lc oqQN dg fn;kA os
Hkh bl ckr ls lger gks x,A ek¡ us ;g Hkh crk;k fd nknk lkjs
fnu ck”kkj esa j[kekckbZ osQ ikl xq”kkj nsrk gSA [ksrh osQ dke esa
gkFk ugha yxkrk gSA ek¡ us nslkbZ dks ;g fo'okl fnyk fn;k fd
nknk dks lkjs xk¡o Hkj vk”kknh osQ lkFk ?kweus dks feyrk jgs]
blfy, mlus esjk i<+uk can dj eq>s [ksrh esa tksr fn;k gSA ;g
lqurs gh nslkbZ nknk fp<+ x, vkSj cksys] ¶vkus ns vc mls] eSa
mls lqukrk gw¡ fd ugha vPNh rjg] ns[kA¸
mBrs&mBrs eSaus Hkh nÙkk th jko ls dgk] ¶vc tuojh dk
eghuk gSA vc ijh{kk u”knhd vk xbZ gSA eSa ;fn vHkh Hkh d{kk
esa tkdj cSB x;k vkSj i<+kbZ dh nqgjkbZ dj yh rks nks eghus esa
ik¡poha dh lkjh rS;kjh gks tk,xh vkSj eSa ijh{kk esa ikl gks
tkm¡QxkA bl rjg esjk lky cp tk,xkA vc [ksrh esa ,slk oqQN
dke ugha gSA esjk igys gh ,d o"kZ csdkj esa pyk x;k gSA¸
¶Bhd gS] Bhd gSA vc rqe nksuksa vius ?kj tkvksµtc og
vk tk, rks esjs ikl Hkst nsuk vkSj mlosQ ihNs ls ?kM+h Hkj ckn
esa rw Hkh vk tkuk js NksjkA¸
¶th!¸ dgdj ge [kM+s gks x,A mBrs&mBrs geus ;g Hkh
dgk fd ¶geus ;gk¡ vkdj ;s lHkh ckrsa dgh gSa] ;g er crk
nsuk] ugha rks ge nksuksa dh [kSj ugha gSA ek¡ vosQyh lkx&Hkkth nsuss
vkbZ FkhA ;g crk nsaxs rks vPNk gksxkA¸
¶Bhd gS] Bhd gSA eq>s tks djuk gS eSa d:¡xkA ns[k] mlosQ
lkeus gh rq>ls oqQN iwNw¡xk rks fuMj gksdj lkI
+
kQ&lkI
+
kQ mÙkj nsukA
Mjuk erA¸
24
forku
24
¶ugha thA¸
eSa ek¡ osQ lkFk ykSV vk;kA ,d ?kaVk jkr chrs nknk ?kj ij vk;kA eSa ?kj esa gh FkkA
vkrs gh ek¡ us nknk ls dgk] ¶lkx&Hkkth nsus nslkbZ ljdkj osQ ;gk¡ xbZ Fkh rks mUgksaus
dgk fd cgqr fnuksa ls rsjk ekfyd fn[kkbZ ugha fn;k gSA [ksr ls vk tkus ij ”kjk bèkj
Hkst nsukA¸
¶oqQN dke&oke Fkk\¸ nknk us vèkhjrk ls iwNkA
¶eq>s rks oqQN crk;k ugha mUgksausA¸
¶rks eSa gks vkrk gw¡A rc rd rw jksfV;k¡ lsad ysA x.kik vk, rks mls [ksrksa ij Hkst nsuk
igys ghA¸
nknk rqjar mB [kM+k gqvkA nslkbZ osQ ckM+s dk cqykok nknk osQ fy, lEeku dh ckr FkhA
vkèkk ?kaVk chrus ij ek¡ us eq>ls dgk fd ¶vc rw tk] dguk theus
1
 cqyk;k gSA¸
¶vPNkA¸
eSa igq¡pk rks ljdkj esjh jkg ns[k jgs FksA
¶D;ksa vk;k js Nksjs\¸
¶nknk dks cqykus vk;k gw¡] vHkh [kkuk ugha [kk;k gSA¸
¶cSB] cSB FkksM+h nsjA vHkh rks vk;k gS og esjs iklA¸
¶th]¸ eSa cSB x;kA
èkhjs&èkhjs nÙkk th jko iwNus yxs] ¶dkSu&lh esa i<+rk gS js rw\¸
¶th] ik¡poha esa Fkk ¯drq vc ugha tkrk gw¡A¸
¶D;ksa js\¸
¶nknk us euk dj fn;k gSA [ksrksa esa ikuh yxkus okyk dksbZ ugha gSA¸
¶D;ksa jrukIik\¸
¶gk¡ th!¸
¶fiQj rw D;k djrk gS\¸ ljdkj us nknk ls ftjg djuk 'kq: fd;k rks lkjk bfrgkl
ckgj fudy vk;kA ljdkj us nknk ij [kwc xqLlk fd;kA mUgksaus nknk dh [kwc gtker
1- Hkkstu xzg.k djuk
tw>
25
cukbZA nslkbZ osQ e›k ([ksr) dks NksM+ nsus osQ ckn nknk dk è;ku
fdl rjg dke dh rjI
+
kQ ugha jgkA eu yxkdj og [ksr esa fdl
rjg Je ugha djrk gS_ I
+
kQly esa ykxr ugha yxkrk gS] yqxkbZ
vkSj cPpksa dks dke esa tksrdj fdl rjg [kqn xk¡o Hkj esa [kqys
lk¡M+ dh rjg ?kwerk gS vkSj vc viuh eLrh osQ fy, fdl rjg
Nksjk osQ thou dh cfy p<+k jgk gSA ;g lc mUgkasus lquk;kA
nknk osQ gjsd roZQ dks nÙkk th jko us dkV fn;k vkSj eq>ls
dgk] ¶losjs ls rw ikB'kkyk tkrk jg] oqQN Hkh gks] iwjh I
+
kQhl Hkj
ns ml ekLVj dhA vkSj eu yxkdj i<+kbZ dj vkSj fdlh Hkh
rjg lky ugha ekjk tk,] bldk è;ku j[kA ;fn blus rq>s i<+us
ugha Hkstk rks lhèkk pyk vk bèkjA lqcg&'kke tks gks losQ] og
dke dj ;gk¡ vkSj ikB'kkyk tkrs jgukA eSa i<+km¡Qxk rq>sA blosQ
ikl ”kjk ”;knk cPps gks x, gSa blfy, rqEgkjs lkFk oqQÙkksa dh rjg
crkZo djrk gSA¸
¶eSaus euk dc fd;k gS th\ bldks ”kjk xyr&lyr vknr
iM+ xbZ Fkh blfy, ikB'kkyk ls fudkydj ”kjk u”kjksa osQ lkeus
j[k fy;k gSA¸
¶oSQlh vknrsa\¸
¶pkgs tSlhA ;gk¡&ogk¡ oqQN Hkh djrk gSA dHkh oaQMs csprk]
dHkh pkjk csprk] flusek ns[krk] dHkh [ksyus tkrkA [ksrh vkSj ?kj
osQ dke esa bldk fcyoqQy è;ku ugha gSA¸ nknk us esjs Åij
vpkud gYyk cksy fn;kA
¶D;ksa js Nksdjs\¸
¶ugha th! dHkh ,d ckj esys esa iVk ij iSls yxk fn, FksA
nknk rks dHkh Hkh flusek osQ fy, iSls ugha nsrs gSaA blfy, [ksr
ij xkscj chu&chudj ek¡ ls oaQMs Fkiok fy, Fks vkSj mUgsa cspdj
gh diM+s Hkh cuok, FksA mlh le; ,d ckj flusek Hkh x;k
FkkA¸ eSaus Hkh >wB&lp feykdj Bksad fn;kA
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