NCERT Textbook - Poem Akka Mahadevi Humanities/Arts Notes | EduRev

Hindi Class 11

Humanities/Arts : NCERT Textbook - Poem Akka Mahadevi Humanities/Arts Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


vDd osQ opu/169
f'kyk ij pyh f'kyk gqbZ pwj] fxfj ij pyh rks fxfj esa iM+h njkj
     (opu lkSjHk)
vDdegknsoh
tUe% 12oha lnh] dukZVd osQ mMqrjh xk¡o
f”kykµf'koeksxk
izeq[k jpuk,¡%  fganh esa opu lkSjHk uke ls
vaxzs”kh esa Lihfdax vkWI
+
kQ f'kok (la-&,- osQ-
jkekuqtu)
bfrgkl esa ohj 'kSo vkanksyu ls tqM+s dfo;ksa]
jpukdkjksa dh ,d yach lwph gSA vDdegknsoh
bl vkanksyu ls tqM+h ,d egRoiw.kZ dof;=kh
FkhaA pUuefYydktZqu nso (f'ko) buosQ vkjkè;
FksA cloUuk vkSj vYykek izHkq buosQ  ledkyhu dUuM+ lar dfo FksA dUuM+ Hkk"kk
esa vDd 'kCn dk vFkZ cfgu gksrk gSA
vDdegknsoh viwoZ lqanjh FkhaA ,d ckj ogk¡ dk LFkkuh; jktk budk
vn~Hkqr&vykSfdd lkSan;Z ns[kdj eqXèk gks x;k rFkk buls fookg gsrq buosQ ifjokj
ij ncko MkykA vDdegknsoh us fookg osQ fy, jktk osQ lkeus rhu 'krs± j[khaA
fookg osQ ckn jktk us mu 'krks± dk ikyu ugha fd;k] blfy, egknsoh us mlh {k.k
jkt&ifjokj dks NksM+ fn;kA ij vDd us tks blosQ vkxs fd;k] og Hkkjrh; ukjh
osQ bfrgkl dh ,d foy{k.k ?kVuk cu xbZ] ftlls muosQ fonzksgh pfj=k dk irk
pyrk gSA lcls pkSadkus vkSj fryfeyk nsusokyk rF; ;g gS fd vDd us flI
+
kZQ
jktegy ugha NksM+k] ogk¡ ls fudyrs le; iq#"k opZLo osQ fo#¼ vius vkØks'k
© NCERT
not to be republished
Page 2


vDd osQ opu/169
f'kyk ij pyh f'kyk gqbZ pwj] fxfj ij pyh rks fxfj esa iM+h njkj
     (opu lkSjHk)
vDdegknsoh
tUe% 12oha lnh] dukZVd osQ mMqrjh xk¡o
f”kykµf'koeksxk
izeq[k jpuk,¡%  fganh esa opu lkSjHk uke ls
vaxzs”kh esa Lihfdax vkWI
+
kQ f'kok (la-&,- osQ-
jkekuqtu)
bfrgkl esa ohj 'kSo vkanksyu ls tqM+s dfo;ksa]
jpukdkjksa dh ,d yach lwph gSA vDdegknsoh
bl vkanksyu ls tqM+h ,d egRoiw.kZ dof;=kh
FkhaA pUuefYydktZqu nso (f'ko) buosQ vkjkè;
FksA cloUuk vkSj vYykek izHkq buosQ  ledkyhu dUuM+ lar dfo FksA dUuM+ Hkk"kk
esa vDd 'kCn dk vFkZ cfgu gksrk gSA
vDdegknsoh viwoZ lqanjh FkhaA ,d ckj ogk¡ dk LFkkuh; jktk budk
vn~Hkqr&vykSfdd lkSan;Z ns[kdj eqXèk gks x;k rFkk buls fookg gsrq buosQ ifjokj
ij ncko MkykA vDdegknsoh us fookg osQ fy, jktk osQ lkeus rhu 'krs± j[khaA
fookg osQ ckn jktk us mu 'krks± dk ikyu ugha fd;k] blfy, egknsoh us mlh {k.k
jkt&ifjokj dks NksM+ fn;kA ij vDd us tks blosQ vkxs fd;k] og Hkkjrh; ukjh
osQ bfrgkl dh ,d foy{k.k ?kVuk cu xbZ] ftlls muosQ fonzksgh pfj=k dk irk
pyrk gSA lcls pkSadkus vkSj fryfeyk nsusokyk rF; ;g gS fd vDd us flI
+
kZQ
jktegy ugha NksM+k] ogk¡ ls fudyrs le; iq#"k opZLo osQ fo#¼ vius vkØks'k
© NCERT
not to be republished
170/vkjksg
dh vfHkO;fDr osQ :i esa vius oL=kksa dks Hkh mrkj isaQdkA oL=kksa dks mrkj isaQduk
osQoy oL=kksa dk R;kx ugha cfYd ,dkaxh e;kZnkvksa vkSj osQoy fL=k;ksa osQ fy,
fufeZr fu;eksa dk rh[kk fojks/ FkkA L=kh osQoy 'kjhj ugha gS blosQ xgjs cks/ osQ
lkFk egkohj vkfn egkiq#"kksa osQ le{k [kM+s gksus dk iz;kl FkkA bl n`f"V ls ns[ksa
rks ehjk dh iafDr ru dh vkl dcgw ugha dhuh T;ksa j.kek¡gh lwjks vDd
ij iw.kZr% pfjrkFkZ gksrh gSA
vDd osQ dkj.k 'kSo vkanksyu ls cM+h la[;k esa fL=k;k¡ (ftuesa vf/dka'k
fupys rcdksa ls Fkha) tqM+ha vkSj vius la?k"kZ vkSj ;kruk dks dfork osQ :i esa
vfHkO;fDr nhA
bl izdkj vDdegknsoh dh dfork iwjs Hkkjrh; lkfgR; esa bl Økafrdkjh
psruk dk igyk ltZukRed nLrkos”k gS vkSj laiw.kZ L=khoknh vkanksyu osQ fy, ,d
vtlz izsj.kklzksr HkhA
;gk¡ buosQ nks opu fy, x, gSaA nksuksa opuksa dk vaxzs”kh ls vuqokn osQnkjukFk
flag us  fd;k gSA izFke dfork ;k opu esa bafnz;ksa ij fu;a=k.k dk lans'k fn;k x;k
gSA ;g mins'kkRed u gksdj izse&Hkjk euqgkj gSA
nwljk opu ,d HkDr dk bZ'oj osQ izfr iw.kZ leiZ.k gSA pUuefYydktqZu dh
vuU; HkDr vDdegknsoh mudh vuqoaQik osQ fy, gj HkkSfrd oLrq ls viuh
>ksyh [kkyh j[kuk pkgrh gSaA os ,slh fuLi`g fLFkfr dh dkeuk djrh gSa ftlls
mudk Lo ;k vgadkj iwjh rjg ls u"V gks tk,A
© NCERT
not to be republished
Page 3


vDd osQ opu/169
f'kyk ij pyh f'kyk gqbZ pwj] fxfj ij pyh rks fxfj esa iM+h njkj
     (opu lkSjHk)
vDdegknsoh
tUe% 12oha lnh] dukZVd osQ mMqrjh xk¡o
f”kykµf'koeksxk
izeq[k jpuk,¡%  fganh esa opu lkSjHk uke ls
vaxzs”kh esa Lihfdax vkWI
+
kQ f'kok (la-&,- osQ-
jkekuqtu)
bfrgkl esa ohj 'kSo vkanksyu ls tqM+s dfo;ksa]
jpukdkjksa dh ,d yach lwph gSA vDdegknsoh
bl vkanksyu ls tqM+h ,d egRoiw.kZ dof;=kh
FkhaA pUuefYydktZqu nso (f'ko) buosQ vkjkè;
FksA cloUuk vkSj vYykek izHkq buosQ  ledkyhu dUuM+ lar dfo FksA dUuM+ Hkk"kk
esa vDd 'kCn dk vFkZ cfgu gksrk gSA
vDdegknsoh viwoZ lqanjh FkhaA ,d ckj ogk¡ dk LFkkuh; jktk budk
vn~Hkqr&vykSfdd lkSan;Z ns[kdj eqXèk gks x;k rFkk buls fookg gsrq buosQ ifjokj
ij ncko MkykA vDdegknsoh us fookg osQ fy, jktk osQ lkeus rhu 'krs± j[khaA
fookg osQ ckn jktk us mu 'krks± dk ikyu ugha fd;k] blfy, egknsoh us mlh {k.k
jkt&ifjokj dks NksM+ fn;kA ij vDd us tks blosQ vkxs fd;k] og Hkkjrh; ukjh
osQ bfrgkl dh ,d foy{k.k ?kVuk cu xbZ] ftlls muosQ fonzksgh pfj=k dk irk
pyrk gSA lcls pkSadkus vkSj fryfeyk nsusokyk rF; ;g gS fd vDd us flI
+
kZQ
jktegy ugha NksM+k] ogk¡ ls fudyrs le; iq#"k opZLo osQ fo#¼ vius vkØks'k
© NCERT
not to be republished
170/vkjksg
dh vfHkO;fDr osQ :i esa vius oL=kksa dks Hkh mrkj isaQdkA oL=kksa dks mrkj isaQduk
osQoy oL=kksa dk R;kx ugha cfYd ,dkaxh e;kZnkvksa vkSj osQoy fL=k;ksa osQ fy,
fufeZr fu;eksa dk rh[kk fojks/ FkkA L=kh osQoy 'kjhj ugha gS blosQ xgjs cks/ osQ
lkFk egkohj vkfn egkiq#"kksa osQ le{k [kM+s gksus dk iz;kl FkkA bl n`f"V ls ns[ksa
rks ehjk dh iafDr ru dh vkl dcgw ugha dhuh T;ksa j.kek¡gh lwjks vDd
ij iw.kZr% pfjrkFkZ gksrh gSA
vDd osQ dkj.k 'kSo vkanksyu ls cM+h la[;k esa fL=k;k¡ (ftuesa vf/dka'k
fupys rcdksa ls Fkha) tqM+ha vkSj vius la?k"kZ vkSj ;kruk dks dfork osQ :i esa
vfHkO;fDr nhA
bl izdkj vDdegknsoh dh dfork iwjs Hkkjrh; lkfgR; esa bl Økafrdkjh
psruk dk igyk ltZukRed nLrkos”k gS vkSj laiw.kZ L=khoknh vkanksyu osQ fy, ,d
vtlz izsj.kklzksr HkhA
;gk¡ buosQ nks opu fy, x, gSaA nksuksa opuksa dk vaxzs”kh ls vuqokn osQnkjukFk
flag us  fd;k gSA izFke dfork ;k opu esa bafnz;ksa ij fu;a=k.k dk lans'k fn;k x;k
gSA ;g mins'kkRed u gksdj izse&Hkjk euqgkj gSA
nwljk opu ,d HkDr dk bZ'oj osQ izfr iw.kZ leiZ.k gSA pUuefYydktqZu dh
vuU; HkDr vDdegknsoh mudh vuqoaQik osQ fy, gj HkkSfrd oLrq ls viuh
>ksyh [kkyh j[kuk pkgrh gSaA os ,slh fuLi`g fLFkfr dh dkeuk djrh gSa ftlls
mudk Lo ;k vgadkj iwjh rjg ls u"V gks tk,A
© NCERT
not to be republished
vDd osQ opu/171
( 1 )
gs Hkw[k! er epy
I;kl] rM+i er
gs uhan ! er lrk
ozQksèk] epk er mFky&iqFky
gs eksg ! ik'k vIkus <hy
yksHk] er yypk
gs en! er dj engks'k
bZ";kZ] tyk er
vks pjkpj! er pwd volj
vkbZ gw¡ lans'k ysdj pUuefYydktqZu dk
( 2 )
gs esjs twgh osQ iwQy tSls bZ'oj
e¡xokvks eq>ls Hkh[k
vkSj oqQN ,slk djks
fd Hkwy tkš viuk ?kj iwjh rjg
>ksyh iSQykš vkSj u feys Hkh[k
dksbZ gkFk c<+k, oqQN nsus dks
rks og fxj tk, uhps
vkSj ;fn eSa >qowQ¡ mls mBkus
rks dksbZ oqQÙkk vk tk,
vkSj mls >iVdj Nhu ys eq>lsA
© NCERT
not to be republished
Page 4


vDd osQ opu/169
f'kyk ij pyh f'kyk gqbZ pwj] fxfj ij pyh rks fxfj esa iM+h njkj
     (opu lkSjHk)
vDdegknsoh
tUe% 12oha lnh] dukZVd osQ mMqrjh xk¡o
f”kykµf'koeksxk
izeq[k jpuk,¡%  fganh esa opu lkSjHk uke ls
vaxzs”kh esa Lihfdax vkWI
+
kQ f'kok (la-&,- osQ-
jkekuqtu)
bfrgkl esa ohj 'kSo vkanksyu ls tqM+s dfo;ksa]
jpukdkjksa dh ,d yach lwph gSA vDdegknsoh
bl vkanksyu ls tqM+h ,d egRoiw.kZ dof;=kh
FkhaA pUuefYydktZqu nso (f'ko) buosQ vkjkè;
FksA cloUuk vkSj vYykek izHkq buosQ  ledkyhu dUuM+ lar dfo FksA dUuM+ Hkk"kk
esa vDd 'kCn dk vFkZ cfgu gksrk gSA
vDdegknsoh viwoZ lqanjh FkhaA ,d ckj ogk¡ dk LFkkuh; jktk budk
vn~Hkqr&vykSfdd lkSan;Z ns[kdj eqXèk gks x;k rFkk buls fookg gsrq buosQ ifjokj
ij ncko MkykA vDdegknsoh us fookg osQ fy, jktk osQ lkeus rhu 'krs± j[khaA
fookg osQ ckn jktk us mu 'krks± dk ikyu ugha fd;k] blfy, egknsoh us mlh {k.k
jkt&ifjokj dks NksM+ fn;kA ij vDd us tks blosQ vkxs fd;k] og Hkkjrh; ukjh
osQ bfrgkl dh ,d foy{k.k ?kVuk cu xbZ] ftlls muosQ fonzksgh pfj=k dk irk
pyrk gSA lcls pkSadkus vkSj fryfeyk nsusokyk rF; ;g gS fd vDd us flI
+
kZQ
jktegy ugha NksM+k] ogk¡ ls fudyrs le; iq#"k opZLo osQ fo#¼ vius vkØks'k
© NCERT
not to be republished
170/vkjksg
dh vfHkO;fDr osQ :i esa vius oL=kksa dks Hkh mrkj isaQdkA oL=kksa dks mrkj isaQduk
osQoy oL=kksa dk R;kx ugha cfYd ,dkaxh e;kZnkvksa vkSj osQoy fL=k;ksa osQ fy,
fufeZr fu;eksa dk rh[kk fojks/ FkkA L=kh osQoy 'kjhj ugha gS blosQ xgjs cks/ osQ
lkFk egkohj vkfn egkiq#"kksa osQ le{k [kM+s gksus dk iz;kl FkkA bl n`f"V ls ns[ksa
rks ehjk dh iafDr ru dh vkl dcgw ugha dhuh T;ksa j.kek¡gh lwjks vDd
ij iw.kZr% pfjrkFkZ gksrh gSA
vDd osQ dkj.k 'kSo vkanksyu ls cM+h la[;k esa fL=k;k¡ (ftuesa vf/dka'k
fupys rcdksa ls Fkha) tqM+ha vkSj vius la?k"kZ vkSj ;kruk dks dfork osQ :i esa
vfHkO;fDr nhA
bl izdkj vDdegknsoh dh dfork iwjs Hkkjrh; lkfgR; esa bl Økafrdkjh
psruk dk igyk ltZukRed nLrkos”k gS vkSj laiw.kZ L=khoknh vkanksyu osQ fy, ,d
vtlz izsj.kklzksr HkhA
;gk¡ buosQ nks opu fy, x, gSaA nksuksa opuksa dk vaxzs”kh ls vuqokn osQnkjukFk
flag us  fd;k gSA izFke dfork ;k opu esa bafnz;ksa ij fu;a=k.k dk lans'k fn;k x;k
gSA ;g mins'kkRed u gksdj izse&Hkjk euqgkj gSA
nwljk opu ,d HkDr dk bZ'oj osQ izfr iw.kZ leiZ.k gSA pUuefYydktqZu dh
vuU; HkDr vDdegknsoh mudh vuqoaQik osQ fy, gj HkkSfrd oLrq ls viuh
>ksyh [kkyh j[kuk pkgrh gSaA os ,slh fuLi`g fLFkfr dh dkeuk djrh gSa ftlls
mudk Lo ;k vgadkj iwjh rjg ls u"V gks tk,A
© NCERT
not to be republished
vDd osQ opu/171
( 1 )
gs Hkw[k! er epy
I;kl] rM+i er
gs uhan ! er lrk
ozQksèk] epk er mFky&iqFky
gs eksg ! ik'k vIkus <hy
yksHk] er yypk
gs en! er dj engks'k
bZ";kZ] tyk er
vks pjkpj! er pwd volj
vkbZ gw¡ lans'k ysdj pUuefYydktqZu dk
( 2 )
gs esjs twgh osQ iwQy tSls bZ'oj
e¡xokvks eq>ls Hkh[k
vkSj oqQN ,slk djks
fd Hkwy tkš viuk ?kj iwjh rjg
>ksyh iSQykš vkSj u feys Hkh[k
dksbZ gkFk c<+k, oqQN nsus dks
rks og fxj tk, uhps
vkSj ;fn eSa >qowQ¡ mls mBkus
rks dksbZ oqQÙkk vk tk,
vkSj mls >iVdj Nhu ys eq>lsA
© NCERT
not to be republished
172/vkjksg
vH;kl
dfork osQ lkFk
1- y{; izkfIr esa bafnz;k¡ ckèkd gksrh gSaµ blosQ lanHkZ esa vius rdZ nhft,A
2- vks pjkpj! er pwd volj µ bl iafDr dk vk'k; Li"V dhft,A
3- bZ'oj osQ fy, fdl n`"Vkar dk iz;ksx fd;k x;k gSA bZ'oj vkSj mlosQ lkE; dk vkèkkj
crkb,A
4- viuk ?kj ls D;k rkRi;Z gS\ bls Hkwyus dh ckr D;ksa dgh xbZ gS\
5- nwljs opu esa bZ'oj ls D;k dkeuk dh xb± gS vkSj D;ksa\
dfork osQ vkl&ikl
1- D;k vDd egknsoh dks dUuM+ dh ehjk dgk tk ldrk gS\ ppkZ djsaA
'kCn&Nfo
ik'k & tdM+
<hy & <hyk djuk
en & u'kk
pjkpj & tM+ vkSj psru
pUuefYydktZqu & f'ko
© NCERT
not to be republished
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