NCERT Textbook - Poem Kabir Humanities/Arts Notes | EduRev

Humanities/Arts : NCERT Textbook - Poem Kabir Humanities/Arts Notes | EduRev

Created by: Anant Ahuja
 Page 1


;fn rksj Mkd 'kqus osQm u vk'ks
     rcs ,Dyk pyks jsA
,Dyk pyks] ,Dyk pyks]
        ,Dyk pyks jsAA
johanz ukFk VSxksj
(rsjh vkok”k is dksbZ uk vk,
   rks fiQj py vosQyk jsA
py vosQyk] py vosQyk]
        py vosQyk jsAA)
© NCERT
not to be republished
Page 2


;fn rksj Mkd 'kqus osQm u vk'ks
     rcs ,Dyk pyks jsA
,Dyk pyks] ,Dyk pyks]
        ,Dyk pyks jsAA
johanz ukFk VSxksj
(rsjh vkok”k is dksbZ uk vk,
   rks fiQj py vosQyk jsA
py vosQyk] py vosQyk]
        py vosQyk jsAA)
© NCERT
not to be republished
128/vkjksg
ftl izdkj vkRek dh eqDrkoLFkk Kkun'kk dgykrh gS] mlh izdkj
ân; dh eqDrkoLFkk jln'kk dgykrh gSA ân; dh blh eqfDr dh
lkèkuk osQ fy, euq"; dh ok.kh tks 'kCn foèkku djrh vkbZ gS] mls
dfork dgrs gSaA
(dfork D;k gS] jkepanz 'kqDy)
txr&thou osQ laosnukRed Kku vkSj KkukRed laosnuk esa dekbZ
gqbZ ekfeZd vkyskpuk n`f"V osQ fcuk dfodeZ v/wjk gSA
(dkO; dh jpuk izfØ;k] xtkuu ekèko eqfDrcks/)
© NCERT
not to be republished
Page 3


;fn rksj Mkd 'kqus osQm u vk'ks
     rcs ,Dyk pyks jsA
,Dyk pyks] ,Dyk pyks]
        ,Dyk pyks jsAA
johanz ukFk VSxksj
(rsjh vkok”k is dksbZ uk vk,
   rks fiQj py vosQyk jsA
py vosQyk] py vosQyk]
        py vosQyk jsAA)
© NCERT
not to be republished
128/vkjksg
ftl izdkj vkRek dh eqDrkoLFkk Kkun'kk dgykrh gS] mlh izdkj
ân; dh eqDrkoLFkk jln'kk dgykrh gSA ân; dh blh eqfDr dh
lkèkuk osQ fy, euq"; dh ok.kh tks 'kCn foèkku djrh vkbZ gS] mls
dfork dgrs gSaA
(dfork D;k gS] jkepanz 'kqDy)
txr&thou osQ laosnukRed Kku vkSj KkukRed laosnuk esa dekbZ
gqbZ ekfeZd vkyskpuk n`f"V osQ fcuk dfodeZ v/wjk gSA
(dkO; dh jpuk izfØ;k] xtkuu ekèko eqfDrcks/)
© NCERT
not to be republished
dchj osQ in/129
eSa dgrk gkSa vk¡f[ku ns[kh] rw dgrk dkxn dh ys[kh
(dchj ok.kh] g”kkjh izlkn f}osnh)
dchj
tUe% lu~~ 1398] okjk.klh
1
 osQ ikl ^ygjrkjk*
(m-iz-)
izeq[k jpuk,¡% ^chtd* ftlesa lk[kh] lcn
,oa jeSuh ladfyr gSa
e`R;q% lu~~ 1518 esa cLrh osQ fudV exgj esa
dchj HkfDrdky dh fuxZq.k èkkjk (KkukJ;h
'kk[kk) osQ izfrfufèk dfo gSaA os viuh ckr dks
lkI
+
kQ ,oa nks Vwd 'kCnksa esa izHkkoh <ax ls dg
nsus osQ fgek;rh Fks] ^cu iM+s rks lh/s&lh/s ugha
rks njsjk nsdjA* blhfy, dchj dks gtkjh izlkn f}osnh us ^ok.kh dk fMDVsVj*
dgk gSA
dchj osQ thou osQ ckjs esa vusd ¯donafr;k¡ izpfyr gSaA mUgksaus viuh
fofHkUu dforkvksa esa [kqn dks dk'kh dk tqykgk dgk gSA dchj osQ fofèkor lk{kj
gksus dk dksbZ izek.k ugha feyrkA efl dkxn Nq;ks ufg dye xfg ufg gkFk
tSlh dchj dh iafDr;k¡ Hkh bldk izek.k nsrh gSaA mUgksaus ns'kkVu vkSj lRlax ls
Kku izkIr fd;kA fdrkch Kku osQ LFkku ij vk¡[kksa ns[ks lR; vkSj vuqHko dks
izeq[krk nhA mudh jpukvksa esa ukFkksa] fl¼ksa vkSj lwI
+
kQh larksa dh ckrksa dk izHkko
feyrk gSA os deZdkaM vkSj osn&fopkj osQ fojksèkh Fks rFkk tkfr&Hksn] o.kZ&Hksn
vkSj laiznk;&Hksn osQ LFkku ij izse] ln~Hkko vkSj lekurk dk leFkZu djrs FksA
1- izkphu uke dk'kh
© NCERT
not to be republished
Page 4


;fn rksj Mkd 'kqus osQm u vk'ks
     rcs ,Dyk pyks jsA
,Dyk pyks] ,Dyk pyks]
        ,Dyk pyks jsAA
johanz ukFk VSxksj
(rsjh vkok”k is dksbZ uk vk,
   rks fiQj py vosQyk jsA
py vosQyk] py vosQyk]
        py vosQyk jsAA)
© NCERT
not to be republished
128/vkjksg
ftl izdkj vkRek dh eqDrkoLFkk Kkun'kk dgykrh gS] mlh izdkj
ân; dh eqDrkoLFkk jln'kk dgykrh gSA ân; dh blh eqfDr dh
lkèkuk osQ fy, euq"; dh ok.kh tks 'kCn foèkku djrh vkbZ gS] mls
dfork dgrs gSaA
(dfork D;k gS] jkepanz 'kqDy)
txr&thou osQ laosnukRed Kku vkSj KkukRed laosnuk esa dekbZ
gqbZ ekfeZd vkyskpuk n`f"V osQ fcuk dfodeZ v/wjk gSA
(dkO; dh jpuk izfØ;k] xtkuu ekèko eqfDrcks/)
© NCERT
not to be republished
dchj osQ in/129
eSa dgrk gkSa vk¡f[ku ns[kh] rw dgrk dkxn dh ys[kh
(dchj ok.kh] g”kkjh izlkn f}osnh)
dchj
tUe% lu~~ 1398] okjk.klh
1
 osQ ikl ^ygjrkjk*
(m-iz-)
izeq[k jpuk,¡% ^chtd* ftlesa lk[kh] lcn
,oa jeSuh ladfyr gSa
e`R;q% lu~~ 1518 esa cLrh osQ fudV exgj esa
dchj HkfDrdky dh fuxZq.k èkkjk (KkukJ;h
'kk[kk) osQ izfrfufèk dfo gSaA os viuh ckr dks
lkI
+
kQ ,oa nks Vwd 'kCnksa esa izHkkoh <ax ls dg
nsus osQ fgek;rh Fks] ^cu iM+s rks lh/s&lh/s ugha
rks njsjk nsdjA* blhfy, dchj dks gtkjh izlkn f}osnh us ^ok.kh dk fMDVsVj*
dgk gSA
dchj osQ thou osQ ckjs esa vusd ¯donafr;k¡ izpfyr gSaA mUgksaus viuh
fofHkUu dforkvksa esa [kqn dks dk'kh dk tqykgk dgk gSA dchj osQ fofèkor lk{kj
gksus dk dksbZ izek.k ugha feyrkA efl dkxn Nq;ks ufg dye xfg ufg gkFk
tSlh dchj dh iafDr;k¡ Hkh bldk izek.k nsrh gSaA mUgksaus ns'kkVu vkSj lRlax ls
Kku izkIr fd;kA fdrkch Kku osQ LFkku ij vk¡[kksa ns[ks lR; vkSj vuqHko dks
izeq[krk nhA mudh jpukvksa esa ukFkksa] fl¼ksa vkSj lwI
+
kQh larksa dh ckrksa dk izHkko
feyrk gSA os deZdkaM vkSj osn&fopkj osQ fojksèkh Fks rFkk tkfr&Hksn] o.kZ&Hksn
vkSj laiznk;&Hksn osQ LFkku ij izse] ln~Hkko vkSj lekurk dk leFkZu djrs FksA
1- izkphu uke dk'kh
© NCERT
not to be republished
130/vkjksg
;gk¡ izLrqr igys in esa dchj us ijekRek dks l`f"V osQ d.k&d.k esa ns[kk gS]
T;ksfr :i esa Lohdkjk gS rFkk mldh O;kfIr pjkpj lalkj esa fn[kkbZ gSA blh O;kfIr
dks v}Sr lÙkk osQ :i esa ns[krs gq, fofHkUu mnkgj.kksa osQ }kjk jpukRed vfHkO;fDr
nh gSA
nwljs in esa dchj us ckákMacjksa ij izgkj fd;k gS] lkFk gh ;g Hkh crk;k gS
fd vf/dka'k yksx vius Hkhrj dh rkdr dks u igpkudj vutkus esa vokLrfod
lalkj ls fj'rk cuk cSBrs gSa vkSj okLrfod lalkj ls cs[kcj jgrs gSaA
nksuksa in t;nso flag vkSj oklqnso flag }kjk ladfyr&laikfnr dchj
okÄ~e;µ[kaM 2 (lcn) ls fy, x, gSaA
© NCERT
not to be republished
Page 5


;fn rksj Mkd 'kqus osQm u vk'ks
     rcs ,Dyk pyks jsA
,Dyk pyks] ,Dyk pyks]
        ,Dyk pyks jsAA
johanz ukFk VSxksj
(rsjh vkok”k is dksbZ uk vk,
   rks fiQj py vosQyk jsA
py vosQyk] py vosQyk]
        py vosQyk jsAA)
© NCERT
not to be republished
128/vkjksg
ftl izdkj vkRek dh eqDrkoLFkk Kkun'kk dgykrh gS] mlh izdkj
ân; dh eqDrkoLFkk jln'kk dgykrh gSA ân; dh blh eqfDr dh
lkèkuk osQ fy, euq"; dh ok.kh tks 'kCn foèkku djrh vkbZ gS] mls
dfork dgrs gSaA
(dfork D;k gS] jkepanz 'kqDy)
txr&thou osQ laosnukRed Kku vkSj KkukRed laosnuk esa dekbZ
gqbZ ekfeZd vkyskpuk n`f"V osQ fcuk dfodeZ v/wjk gSA
(dkO; dh jpuk izfØ;k] xtkuu ekèko eqfDrcks/)
© NCERT
not to be republished
dchj osQ in/129
eSa dgrk gkSa vk¡f[ku ns[kh] rw dgrk dkxn dh ys[kh
(dchj ok.kh] g”kkjh izlkn f}osnh)
dchj
tUe% lu~~ 1398] okjk.klh
1
 osQ ikl ^ygjrkjk*
(m-iz-)
izeq[k jpuk,¡% ^chtd* ftlesa lk[kh] lcn
,oa jeSuh ladfyr gSa
e`R;q% lu~~ 1518 esa cLrh osQ fudV exgj esa
dchj HkfDrdky dh fuxZq.k èkkjk (KkukJ;h
'kk[kk) osQ izfrfufèk dfo gSaA os viuh ckr dks
lkI
+
kQ ,oa nks Vwd 'kCnksa esa izHkkoh <ax ls dg
nsus osQ fgek;rh Fks] ^cu iM+s rks lh/s&lh/s ugha
rks njsjk nsdjA* blhfy, dchj dks gtkjh izlkn f}osnh us ^ok.kh dk fMDVsVj*
dgk gSA
dchj osQ thou osQ ckjs esa vusd ¯donafr;k¡ izpfyr gSaA mUgksaus viuh
fofHkUu dforkvksa esa [kqn dks dk'kh dk tqykgk dgk gSA dchj osQ fofèkor lk{kj
gksus dk dksbZ izek.k ugha feyrkA efl dkxn Nq;ks ufg dye xfg ufg gkFk
tSlh dchj dh iafDr;k¡ Hkh bldk izek.k nsrh gSaA mUgksaus ns'kkVu vkSj lRlax ls
Kku izkIr fd;kA fdrkch Kku osQ LFkku ij vk¡[kksa ns[ks lR; vkSj vuqHko dks
izeq[krk nhA mudh jpukvksa esa ukFkksa] fl¼ksa vkSj lwI
+
kQh larksa dh ckrksa dk izHkko
feyrk gSA os deZdkaM vkSj osn&fopkj osQ fojksèkh Fks rFkk tkfr&Hksn] o.kZ&Hksn
vkSj laiznk;&Hksn osQ LFkku ij izse] ln~Hkko vkSj lekurk dk leFkZu djrs FksA
1- izkphu uke dk'kh
© NCERT
not to be republished
130/vkjksg
;gk¡ izLrqr igys in esa dchj us ijekRek dks l`f"V osQ d.k&d.k esa ns[kk gS]
T;ksfr :i esa Lohdkjk gS rFkk mldh O;kfIr pjkpj lalkj esa fn[kkbZ gSA blh O;kfIr
dks v}Sr lÙkk osQ :i esa ns[krs gq, fofHkUu mnkgj.kksa osQ }kjk jpukRed vfHkO;fDr
nh gSA
nwljs in esa dchj us ckákMacjksa ij izgkj fd;k gS] lkFk gh ;g Hkh crk;k gS
fd vf/dka'k yksx vius Hkhrj dh rkdr dks u igpkudj vutkus esa vokLrfod
lalkj ls fj'rk cuk cSBrs gSa vkSj okLrfod lalkj ls cs[kcj jgrs gSaA
nksuksa in t;nso flag vkSj oklqnso flag }kjk ladfyr&laikfnr dchj
okÄ~e;µ[kaM 2 (lcn) ls fy, x, gSaA
© NCERT
not to be republished
dchj osQ in/131
in 1
ge rkS ,d ,d dfj tkaukaA
nksb dgSa frugha dkSa nkstx ftu ukfgau ifgpkauka AA
,oSQ iou ,d gh ikuha ,oSQ tksfr lekaukaA
,oSQ [kkd x<+s lc HkkaMS+ ,oSQ dksagjk lkaukaAA
tSls ck<+h dk"V gh dkVS vfxfu u dkVS dksbZA
lc ?kfV varfj rw¡gh O;kid èkjS l:iS lksbZAA
ek;k nsf[k osQ txr yqHkkauka dkgs js uj xjckaukaA
fujHkS Hk;k dNw ufga C;kiS dgS dchj fnokaukaAA
in 2
larks ns[kr tx ckSjkukA
lk¡p dgkSa rks ekju èkkoS] >wBs tx ifr;kukAA
useh ns[kk èkjeh ns[kk] izkr djS vlukukA
vkre ekfj i[kkufg iwtS] muesa dNq ufga KkukAA
cgqrd ns[kk ihj vkSfy;k] i<+S fdrsc oqQjkukA
oSQ eqjhn rnchj crkoSa] muesa mgS tks KkukAA
vklu ekfj fMaHk èkfj cSBs] eu esa cgqr xqekukA
ihij ikFkj iwtu ykxs] rhjFk xoZ HkqykukAA
Vksih ifgjs ekyk ifgjs] Nki fryd vuqekukA
© NCERT
not to be republished
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